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PRECAUTIONS

1. CENTERING
Ensure that the theodolite instrument and targets are centered correctly over each survey
station. The angles and distances may be required from or to a known station.

2. ANGLES
When clamping the instrument, apply light clamp to the vertical and horizontal locks as hard
clamp can affect the pointing of the instrument. Keep the target in the center of the field of
view. All movement of theodolite should be kept as smooth as possible and all movements
around the instrument should be kept to a minimum.

3. DISTANCES
All distances should be obtained to 3 decimal places and 3 readings should be taken and the
mean is calculated.

REFERENCES
1. B.C.Punmia . Surveying : Volume 1. Firewall Media, 2005 .
2. C.D. Ghilani . Elementary Surveying : An Introduction to Geomatics. Prentice Hall, 2010.