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AP FRQs Unit 10 Personality

1. Lynne is having aggressive fantasies about her husband. Over a long


period, he has gotten drunk on a regular basis. Lynne remembers her
alcoholic father, who was never there when she needed him. She also
remembers her mother, who suffered silently for years. Lynne swears
this will not happen to her, but she cant seem to make anything
change. She is hostile toward her children and her neighbors. Her
husband is always repentant the next day, but his sorrow never lasts
more than a week. Yet, Lynne doesnt take the final step of leaving.
Identify which approach to personality each of the following set of
comments represents. Define/describe that approach and explain your
answer. (12 points)
A. The perseverance of Lynnes mother is the significant
determinant in this case. Her mothers behavior taught Lynne
that marriage was for better or for worse, but also that silence
produces suffering. Lynnes pattern was acquired from an
important role model.
B. Aggressiveness is Lynnes outstanding characteristic and it
dominates her actions and relationships with most people.
C. Lynnes marriage to and anger with an alcoholic suggests many
unresolved feelings toward her father. Her marriage to an
alcoholic demonstrates her ongoing attachment to her father and
the effort to resolve her issues with him. Her anger most likely is
unresolved anger at her father. Her reluctance to leave reflects
her desire to stay united with her father.
D. Lynne is struggling with her choices. While marriage is important
to her, she realizes that her husbands alcoholism is a source of
despair. She is struggling with her values, principles, desires for
growth and fulfillment, and how they should influence her
choices.
2. Bernard had studied for his psychology test, but before he was
finished studying, he agreed to go partying with his friends and stayed
out late. The test was very difficult and he found he did not know many
of the answers. The class was crowded and a good student was sitting
very close to him. It would have been very easy to look over at her
paper. He was worried because the test grade would make a big
difference on his final grade. He struggled with whether or not he
should cheat. He decided not to cheat because he felt that he would
have let his parents down if he did. Instead, he decided that this grade
really didnt matter so much. He felt guilty about not having studied
enough and about having considered cheating.

Indicate whether the id, ego, or superego is involved in each of the


following examples and explain the basis for your answer. Complete all
seven for homework, choose six for the test. (12 points)
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
F.
G.

Bernards studying for his test


Going out partying with his friends rather than studying
Wanting a good grade under any circumstances
Evaluating whether or not to cheat
Deciding not to cheat
Deciding that the grade did not matter so much
Feeling guilty about his behavior

3. Identify which defense mechanism each example represents.


Define/describe the mechanism and explain your answer. Complete all
for homework, choose four for the test. (12 points)
A. A mother shows exaggerated concern and love for her children,
even though she unconsciously feels trapped and frustrated by
motherhood.
B. Bob often feels that other people dont like him and are talking
behind his back.
C. Jack is unconsciously attracted to his sister-in-law and, though he
seems to have no awareness of it, his sister-in-law senses these
feelings.
D. Even after finding his lighter in the jacket worn the other day,
Tony swears he never misplaces anything and someone must be
playing a trick on him.
E. Whenever he is frustrated, Jack has a tantrum and destroys
anything he can get his hands on.
F. The football coach loves to insult John and make him angry.
Whenever he does this, the opposing team really suffers because
then John begins to hit extra hard.
4. Identify the most likely stage of fixation demonstrated in the
following descriptions. Define/describe that stage of fixation and
explain your answer. At least one answer will be used more than once.
(12 points)
A. A husband has had long-term marital problems due to a
continuing lack of interest in sex.
B. A chain smoker begins to eat whenever he becomes the least bit
upset.
C. A man is attracted to much older women because of their
protective, caring ways.
D. A woman has all her CDs, books, and food organized
alphabetically and the clothes in her closets are organized by

color. The pencils on her desk are must all be sharpened and her
desk cleared off before she can work.
5. Explain the relationship of the following as they relate to well-being:
self-serving bias, self-esteem, locus of control, self-actualization, and
reciprocal determinism. One point is awarded for accurate connections
of the concepts to well-being. Make two connections for each concept.
(10 points)