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Kelsie Wall
Professor Adam Padgett
UWRT 1102-093
March 16, 2015
Annotated Bibliography
Suicide Rates Vs. Social Media
Inquiry: What are the effects of the use of social media towards suicidal rates in
children and adults?
Thesis: The growth in social media use is the main cause of suicide
deaths and intentions, although it could become a more affordable and
protective way for suicide victims.
Jashinsky, Jared, et al. "Tracking Suicide Risk Factors Through Twitter In
The US." Crisis: The Journal Of Crisis Intervention And Suicide
Prevention 35.1 (2014): 51-59. PsycINFO. Web. 10 Mar. 2015.
In this recent article, Jashinsky argued that Twitter does intervene
with suicidal rates or intentions among the users. The author explains
this intervention by discussing the different psychological disorders,
the tension received from other users, and many other ways. This
source of social media is said to be a way users express at-risk tweets,
which encourages the suicide intentions. Although Twitter does have
major impact on attempts of suicide rates and intentions through the
at-risk tweets and other interventions, the author agreed that it could
be a helpful and a more affordable tool to gather statistical data and

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protection to those who have intentions on suicide. Jashinsky also
argues that suicide factors are based upon geographic reasoning.
These arguments have factual information that is easily accessible
when needed and statistical information that can back up the facts.
Phillips, Julie A. "Understanding Recent Changes in Suicide Rates
Among the Middle-aged: Period or Cohort Effects?" Public Health
Reports (1974-) 125.5 (2010): 680-88. JSTOR. Web. 10 Mar. 2015.
This journal from U.S. Public Health Service gives the trends of
the suicide rates for the United States citizens throughout
different years, ages, and genders. Phillips expresses the
increases and decreases among the trends in suicide deaths or
intentions and the factors that caused them. Some of the factors
she gave were being unmarried or not obtaining a college
degree. The journal article briefly discusses the suicide
reasoning among the differences of years, ages, and genders.
This will help in differentiating the public as a whole.
Washington, Edwina Thomas. "An Overview Of Cyberbullying In Higher
Education." Adult Learning 26.1 (2015): 21-27. Academic Search
Premier. Web. 10 Mar. 2015.
In this article, Washington brings issues to notice about bullying
becoming a problem with children and adults. She argues that
social media is the major cause of bullying; this can lead to drop
outs, torment, anxiety, depression, and the main issue suicide.

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The author gives examples of personal experiences within
college and the workforce. Another example she mentions is the
text messages, photos, and videos that harm social media users
without face-to-face conversation. She also makes comments
and opinions that express how technology has became misused
in a new environment and the bullies hunger for social
dominance. These examples and arguments point out that
bullying can be applied anywhere and to anyone.
Mantel, Barbara. "The Issues." CQ Researcher 24.32 (2014): 747753. Academic Search Premier. Web. 10 Mar. 2015.
In this article, Mantel provides many graphs showing the
relationship between the different causes of suicide and
the number of deaths. Also, he provided a graph showing
the relationship between the amount of suicide attempts
and the difference of years. He clarifies the myths and
facts to argue against peoples opinions based on suicide.
Mantel comment about the lack of knowledge behind
suicide, but the growth in suicide deaths or intentions is
affected by the increase in use of social media. The graphs
is a great way to visually show the readers how much the
suicide rates have been effected by the growth of social
media.

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Gini, Gianluca, and Dorothy L. Espelage. "Peer Victimization,
Cyberbullying, And Suicide Risk In Children And
Adolescents." JAMA: Journal Of The American Medical
Association 312.5 (2014): 545-546. Academic Search
Premier. Web. 10 Mar. 2015.
In this article, the authors argue that cyberbullying has
worse effect on the victim than bullying does. The victims
that live this type of life have psychological problems and
physical health symptoms. They also show the data given
from their study that cyber victims have higher suicide
intentions than bully victims. Each bullying issue has the
following risk factors: lack of social skills, lack of
friendships, and lack of peer support. The authors
expressed that parental and community support has major
impact as the protecting factors. These issues have
relationship between people with the same victimization
and suicidal intentions by using the studies done by the
authors to contrast and combine the results.
Howe, Andy. "Media Influence On Suicide." BMJ: British Medical
Journal 326.7387 (2003): 498-99. JSTOR. Web. 10 Mar.
2015.
Howe argues that social media producers and editors
should become more aware on the influences they

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encounter on the publics health matters. He proved that
suicide deaths increase after approximately five years after
being discharged from their clinical. Also, alcohol is a
major factor in suicide rate too. Through his study, he
proved that self-harm can lead to suicide intentions also.
This argument can be an excellent way for me to compare
self harm and harm from others through social media.