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Title:Eggsperiment

Names:GarrettBitterling,BrandanBergdall,PeytonJewell

PartA:
OverviewofLesson

StudentswillbelearningabouttheScientific
Methodanddisplayingunderstandingofit
throughanexperimentusingeggstomake
predictions,gatherdata,andanalyze
results.

DescriptionofLearners,Learning
Environment,IntendedLearningGoals,
LessonContent

Thislessonisbeingtaughtto15
sixthgradestudentswhoareinthe
CollegeMentorsforKidsprogram.
Thelearningenvironmentisalarge
classroomwithseveralroundtables
inthebasementofHicksLibrary.The
studentsandtheirmentorswillwatch
avideoandreceivesomeinstruction
herebeforeheadingtotheGrant
streetparkinggaragetoparticipatein
anexperiment.
Theintendedlearninggoalsarefor
studentstounderstandthescientific
method,beabletocompletean
experiment,andcompareresults
betweentheirpredictionsandresults.
Thecontentofthelessonisthe
ScientificMethod.Thiswillbethe
mainfocusandpointofdiscussion
throughouttheexperimentaswellas
afteritwhenresultsarebeing
discussed.

LearningObjectives

Givenachart,studentswillmake
predictionsfollowingtheScientific
Methodguidelineswith100percent
accuracy.
Givenachart,studentswillbeable
tocomparehypothesesandresults
orally.

Standards

TheNatureofScience#4:
Incorporatevariablesthatcanbe
changed,measured,orcontrolled.
TheNatureofScience#10:
Comparethefindingsofaresultwith
theprediction.

TheNatureofScience#11:
Communicatefindingsorallythrough
oralandwrittenreportsusinggraphs,
charts,mapsandmodels.
RequiredMaterials

Procedures

Onecopyforeachstudent(15)ofthe
EggDropExperimentchart.
Thecomputerandinternetaccessin
theHicksLibraryclassroom.
Threeeggsforeachstudent(45)
Tape
Tomarktheappropriate
heightsontheparkinggarage
wall
Tosecurethetrashbagson
theparkinggaragefloor
Tokeepmaterialsonthe
eggsforprotection
Trashbags
Tocatchthebrokeneggsand
makecleanupeasy
Tothrowawayeggsandthe
materialsusedtoprotect
them
Paperforstudentstowrapeggswith
Bubblewrapforstudentstowrap
eggswith
Strawsforstudentstowrapeggs
with
Tobeginthelesson:
Grabstudentsattentionbyaskingif
theyhaveeverhadanideaanddone
somesortofexperimenttotestthat
idea.
Givestudentsaminuteorsotochat
withtheirmentoraboutwhatkindsof
thingstheyhavetestedbefore.
Regainattentionfromthestudents
andtellthemwewillbediscussing
theScientificMethodtoday,thisis
theformalprocessthatcanbeused
totestanidea.
ForInstruction:
Tellstudentstheyareabouttowatch
aYoutubevideothatdefinesthe
ScientificMethodandhighlightsits

steps.Askstudentstowritedownthe
stepswhilewatchingthevideo.
BegintheYouTubevideo.Playiton
thebigscreenatthefrontofthe
room
StartActivity:
Havementorsdisperseatthree
differenttables(5mentorsateach
table).Eachtablewillbedesignated
foradifferentmaterial.Onetablefor
paper,oneforbubblewrap,andone
forthestrawcreation.Eachofthese
tableswillbeequippedwith15eggs
(oneforeachstudent)andits
designatedmaterial.
Whilementorsaregettingsetup,
distributeonecopyoftheEgg
ExperimentCharttoeachstudent.
Linethestudentsupandaskthemto
countoff1,2,3.Placeeachgroup
ofstudents(5ineachgroup)attheir
appropriatetable.Studentswho
countednumber1willgotothe
paperstation,studentswhocounted
number2willgotothebubblewrap
station,andstudentswhocounted
number3willgotothestrawstation.
Oncestudentsareattheirbeginning
stationtheywillbegiveninstruction
byamentor.Theywillfirstbeasked
tomakeahypothesisonwhetheror
nottheeggwillcrackwhendropped
at3feet,6feet,or9feetifitis
wrappedinthisspecificmaterial.
Oncetheyhaverecordedthis
informationinthecharttheycan
beginwrappingtheiregg.
Mentorswillhelpthestudenttoeither
wraptheegginpaper,bubblewrap,
orhelpthembuildaprotective
structurewithstrawsandtape.
Studentswillspend5minutesat
eachstationandbeforeheadingto
thenext.
Onceeverystudenthasmadeafull
circleofrotations(15minutes)the
experimentcanbetested.

Experiment:
Studentsandmentorswillmakea
quickwalktotheGrantstreetparking
garage.
Thisspacehasalreadybeensetup
fortheexperiment.TrashBagshave
beentapedtotheconcretefloorto
catchbrokeneggs,theincrementsof
3ft,6ftand9fthavebeenmeasured
(eachheightislabeledwithtapeon
thewall),andtrashbagsarethereto
pickupanyothertrashormaterials.
Mentorswilldisperseateachstation
each.5willgotothe3ftdrop,5will
gotothe6ftdropand5willgotothe
9ftdrop.Eachstudentwillbe
numberedoffagain1,2,3.The
firstgroupwillgotothe3ftdrop,2nd
grouptothe6ftdropand3rdgroup
tothe9ftdrop.
Ateachstationmentorswillhelp
studentsdroptheireggsfromthe
accurateheight.Studentswillfollow
theorderofthechart....ateach
heighttheywilldropthepaperegg,
bubblewrapegg,andthenstraw
creationegg.
Afterdroppingeacheggstudentswill
recordtheirresults.Studentswill
writeyesornoforeachmaterial
ateachheight.Yesmeaningtheegg
crackedandnomeaningtheegg
stayedintact.
WrapUp:
Onceeverystudenthasmadeafull
rotation(9minutesbecause3
minutesaregivenateachstation)we
willmeetonthesidewalkoutsideof
theparkinggarage.
Here,wewilldiscussourresults.
Assessment

Studentswillnotbegivenaformal
assessmentbutratheranoral
assessment.
Studentswillbeaskedtousetheir
charttocomparetheirpredictions
andtheirresultswiththeirmentor.

Thementorsshouldaskquestions
like:Didthatresultsurpriseyou?
andWhydoyouthinkthatis?
Studentswillbeabletokeeptheir
experimentchartaswellasthenotes
theytookduringtheYouTubevideo
atthebeginningofthelessonthat
outlinedthestepsoftheScientific
Method.

ReferencesandReferenceMaterials

Standardscamefrom:
http://www.doe.in.gov/sites/default/files/stan
dards/science/2010ScienceGrade06.pdf

YouTubevideolink:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Lv95
avk4O8

LinktoYouTubevideoofusteaching:
http://youtu.be/PtHroMecyI

ScholarlyJournals:

Dugger,W.E.(2010).EvolutionofSTEM
intheUnitedStates.In
6thBiennial
internationalconferenceontechnology
educationresearch,8,113.GoldCoast,
Queensland,Australia
.

Sree,K.(2004).MethodsInVogue.In
MethodsofTeachingScience
.Darya
Ganj,New
Delhi:DiscoveryPublishingHouse.

Hereisthechartthestudentswillusetocompletetheexperiment:

EGG DROP EXPERIMENT DATA SHEET

Height (Feet)

Paper

Bubble Wrap

Straw Creation

3 feet

6 feet

12 feet

Hypothesis:

Hypothesis:

Hypothesis:

Results:

Results:

Results:

Hypothesis:

Hypothesis:

Hypothesis:

Results:

Results:

Results:

Hypothesis:

Hypothesis:

Hypothesis:

Results:

Results:

Results:

PartB:DescriptionofInspiration:
Wefoundinspirationforthislessonplaninmanydifferentways.Ourideawassparkedbyan
experimentthatBrandanhaddoneasastudentinmiddleschool.Wedecidedtorelateour
activitytotheScientificMethod.Wetweakedtheeggexperimentmakingitabitmoresimple
fortimessake.Onourownwedecidedoncertainmaterialsforthestudentstouseand
differentheightsforthemtotesttheeggsat.Wecreatedachartforthestudentstouseand
filloutastheexperimentwentalong.Asfarasthelessonlayout,wereallywantedtousethe
mentorstoouradvantagesowedecidedonusingastationteachingmethod.Peytonlearned
aboutstationteachinginaneducationclassatPurdue.Shethoughtthiswouldbeperfectfor
thelessonbecausestudentshavemultiplestepstobothprepareforandcompletethe
experiment.Overall,ourlessonplanwassparkedbyanoldexperimentthatwemadeour
own.

PartC:FullAPAstylereferencesoftwodifferentjournalarticlesthatdiscussresearch
onteachingwithintheSTEMdisciplines

Dugger,W.E.(2010).EvolutionofSTEMintheUnitedStates.In
6thBiennial
internationalconferenceontechnologyeducationresearch,8,113.GoldCoast,
Queensland,Australia
.

Thelinkaboveistoanexcellentscholarlyjournalthatexplainstheimportanceof
Science,Technology,Engineering,andMathematics(STEM)asitpertainstoK12
education.Withinthejournaltheauthordefinestheacronymstemandwhateachpiece
incorporates.STEMeducationisalsobecominganimportantpartofschoolsintheU.S.

Specificallythefollowingjournalsarticleinformedushowtodesignanddevelopour
st
lessonaroundthescientificmethod,STEM,andincorporatethe21
CenturyLearning
Skillsinordertopreparestudentsfortheirfuturecareers.Weusedthesestrategiesin
ourlessonplanbyteachingstudentsaboutSTEMusingtheScientificMethod
challengingthemtouseproblemsolving,communication,andcollaborationskillsin
ordertosuccessfullycompletetheeggdropexperiment.

Sree,K.(2004).MethodsInVogue.In
MethodsofTeachingScience
.DaryaGanj,New
Delhi:DiscoveryPublishingHouse.

Thischapterhighlightedtheuseofthescientificmethodtowardseducating
studentsinthesubjectofscience.Useofthescientificmethodisimportantforstudents
toinvestigateandfindanswersontheirown.Thisinvestigationisimportantbecause
theyareopentofindtheirownanswersbasedofftheirownhypothesisandexperiment.
Theanswersstudentsfindthroughscientificmethodareuniqueinthattheycannotbe
foundinaresourceoutsideoftheexperimentandprocedurestheycreate.Throughthe
scientificmethodtheylearnhowtofindandcollectdataandformobservationsthey
otherwisewouldnotfindontheirown.Thisarticlewasimportanttothelessonplan
becauseitoutlinedwhyeachstepofthescientificmethodwasimportantforthose
takingpartintheactivityorlesson.Thearticleoutlinedwhatstudentsshouldbeableto
dowithinthescientificmethodtohelpproveordisproveahypothesis.Thecontent
withinthischapterhelpedtodevelopourlessonplanaroundthescientificmethodand
relatestoSTEMeducationinthecontentrelatingtoscienceeducation.