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*Some information in this presentation comes form outside


Tire Operations
and Repair

Ismael Baqdounes
Mentor- Nazir Baqdounes
Mentors Place of BusinessEagle Automotive Repair
Teacher- Mrs. Click
ISM Multidisciplinary (Spring


Mentor- Nazir Baqdounes (left)

Me- Ismael Baqdounes (right)
Place of business- Eagle Automotive Repair Inc.
Mentors profession- Business proprietorship
My mentor went to school in Damascus, Syria.
He moved to America when he was 19. He also
attended San Jacinto College for 2 years to study
mechanics then opened up the business soon afterwards.

Mentor Business

The chain of Eagle Inc. started in 1997. This is one of the buildings where I observe my
mentor working, here they fix cars that where in accidents. Other offices that I visit with
my mentor are in Eagle Inc. storage lots, and Eagle Inc. mechanic shop.

ISM-Independent Study

ISM is a course for students wishing to mentor a professional in a career of their choosing.

1. Complete an in-depth mentorship/study in an area of interest (must be approved by ISM teacher)

2. Document a minimum of 2-3 hours of mentorship activities each week (Mentorship Activity Log)

3. Complete a Journal Entry each week documenting your mentorship experiences (ISM Student Journal)

4. Complete an ISM Professional Portfolio (online and binder formats) showcasing all assignments completed during
the course and the final project

5. Complete all of the required assignments (See Class Assignment Calendar)

6. Complete a Mid-Term Presentation (must include PowerPoint)

7. Develop a product and presentation at the collegiate/professional level that is presented to a panel of graders at the
conclusion of the semester (must include PowerPoint, visuals, completed product, portfolio and handouts; See Product
Guidelines section for guidance)
8. Attend the required ISM Presentation Fair on the following date: Saturday, December 13 from 1-4pm

Tire Operations and Repair

My project topic is tire operations and mechanics. It is

about how to take care of tires, explaining the
importance of tires, explaining different tire operations,
and explaining why tires fail to work and how to fix
I choose tire operations and repair because as a
mechanic, it is one of the simplest yet most important
parts of repairing automobiles.

How to Take Care of Tires

Typically check all the below once every month or before a long trip!
Pressure - Under inflation results in unnecessary tire stress, irregular wear, loss of control and accidents. A tire can lose up to half of
its inflation pressure and not appear to be flat!
Alignment - A bad jolt from hitting a curb or pothole can throw your front end out of alignment and damage your tires. Have a tire
dealer check the alignment periodically to ensure that your car is properly aligned.
Rotation - Regularly rotating your vehicle's tires will help you achieve more uniform wear. Unless your vehicle's owners manual has a
specific recommendation, the guideline for tire rotation is approximately every 5,000-8,000 miles.
Tread - Advanced and unusual wear can reduce the ability of tread to grip the road in adverse conditions. Visually check your tires
for uneven wear, looking for high and low areas or unusually smooth areas. Also check for signs of damage.

Analyzing Tires
When the tread is worn down to 2/32 of an inch, tires must be replaced.
All tires have "wear bars," which are small, raised bars of rubber in the groove that indicate when tires are worn out. If your tread is worn
down to the wear bars, it's time for a new tire.

Hold a penny with Abe's head facing down
Select a point on your tire where tread appears the lowest and place Abe's head into one of the grooves.
If any part of Abes head is covered by the tread, you're driving with the legal and safe amount of tread. If your tread gets below that (approximately 2/32
of an inch), your car's ability to grip the road in adverse conditions is greatly reduced.

Visually check your tires for signs of uneven wear. You may have irregular tread wear if there are high and low areas or unusually smooth
areas. Also make sure no nails or other objects are embedded in the tire. Consult your tire dealer as soon as possible if you see problems.
Under inflation causes increased stress in the sidewalls and tread area which can result in irregular wear, hydroplaning, poor fuel economy and
change in vehicle handling stability.
Over inflation causes increased stress to internal materials which can result in premature failure, poor traction and change in vehicle handling/stability.
Driving with under or over inflated tires compromises the following:
Stopping distance: Properly inflated tires maximize tread contact with the pavement, and traction along with it. Stopping with improperly inflated tires
takes more distance to stop the vehicle in an emergency situation.
Ride and handling: When the tires have too much air, they're overly rigid, which means they don't absorb as much impact, so the car rides rougher
and suspension components wear faster. An overinflated tire's tread may crown, allowing only the center portion to contact the pavement, which
decreases traction. When the pressure is too low, the ride might be softer, but the tread may not meet the road uniformly.
Fuel economy: Under-inflated tires greatly reduce fuel economy.
Tread wear: Along with the traction decrease that comes with overinflation, it also causes the tread to wear more quickly in the center. Underinflation
causes wear closer to the sides and allows more heat buildup, speeding wear.
Load bearing: Each tire is rated to carry a maximum amount of weight at a prescribed tire pressure. Some cars specify a higher pressure for greater
loads. At best, a tire that's under-inflated for the load at hand will suffer the problems detailed above. Extra heat generated in the tire can cause it to fail
even if it had held up under a lighter load.

*Picture when I first started mentoring.

*Example of tire operations

at Eagle Automotive

Needed for Final Project

Cover Key Slides over tire operations and tire repair.

Finish my product. To make a video of how to do tire
repairs and operations.


I liked this study because it is something that will benefit

me in many situations.
It is valuable to me because it will help me one day in
my pursuit to own a mechanic shop.
Any Questions?


First off, I want to thank my mentor Nazir Baqdounes for

all the time and effort he has given me.
I also want to thank my teacher, Kristi Click for always
helping me and being an amazing teacher.
And I also thank my parents, Kirsten Baqdounes and
Haitham Baqdounes for assisting me in any way

Works Cited