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Una mquina de Carnot se acopla a un refrigerador de Carnot en forma tal que todo el trabajo

realizado por la primera es empleado por el refrigerador para extraer calor de un depsito
trmico a 270K a razn de 4 kJs_1. La fuente de energa para la mquina de Carnot es una fuente
a 500K. Si ambos sistemas rechazan calor a los alrededores a 300K, cunto calor absorbe la
mquina desde la fuente a 500K?
Si = Carnot/1.5 es el coeficiente de rendimiento real del refrigerador y la eficiencia trmica de
la mquina es = Carnot/1.5 , cunto calor absorbe la mquina de la fuente a 500K?

mquina de
carnot

refrigerador de
carnot

Ejemplo 9.1
fluido

TaF(F)

TaC(F)

TC(F)

TF(F)

QF(Btu/h)

fren-12

10

70

10

10

120000

TF(F)

TC(F)

80

a) Para el refrigerador de Carnot

b) Ciclo de refrigeracin con expansor

Respuesta

T2(F)

H2(Btu/lbm)

S2(Btu/lbmR)

S3(Btu/lbmR)

T4(F)

H4(Btu/lbm)

77.271

0.16888

0.16888

80

26.365

P4(psi)

P3(psi)

H3(Btu/lbm)

S1(Btu/lbmR)

S1L(Btu/lbmR)

S1V(Btu/lbmR)

98.87

98.87

88.3

0.05475

0.01932

0.16888

H1L(Btu/lbm)

H1V(Btu/lbm)

H1(Btu/lbm)

8.5207

77.271

24.8072949

m(lbm/h)

5.53923258 2287.29556
c) Ciclo con vlvula de estrangulamiento

Respuesta

T2(F)

H2(Btu/lbm)

S2(Btu/lbmR)

S'3(Btu/lbmR)

P3(psi)

H'3(Btu/lbm)

77.271

0.16888

0.16888

98.87

88.3

W'(compresor)

W (compresor)

H3(Btu/lbm)

H4(Btu/lbm)

H1(Btu/lbm)

11.029

0.8

13.78625

91.05725

26.365

26.365

m(lbm/h)

3.69251972 2357.28598
Ejemplo 9.2

invierno

verano

QC(kJ/s)

QF(kJ/s)

Ta(invierno)(C)

Ta(verano)(C)

T(suelo)(C)

TC(invierno)(C)

30

60

20

25

15

10

TR(invierno)(C)

TR(verano)(C)

30

TF(invierno)(C)

TC(invierno)(C)

QF(kJ/s)

W(kJ/s)

283.15

303.15

TF(verano)(C)

TC(verano)(C)

278.15

298.15

28.0207818 1.97921821
QF(kJ/s)

W(kJ/s)

55.9751803 4.31421895

Respuesta

W(kW)

4.31421895
Ejemplo 9.3
fluido

P3(bar)

T3(K)

H3(kJ/kg)

P8(bar)

T8(K)

H8(kJ/kg)

metano

60

300

1140

295

1188.9

T1sat(K)

H6L(kJ/kg)

H7V(kJ/kg)

H4(kJ/kg)

111.45

285.4

796.9

0.05412286 769.216159

Problema 9.3
refrigerante

TF(F)

TC(F)

QF(Btu/s)

amoniaco

30

90

3000

0.8

QC(Btu/s)

T1(F)

a) Para el refrigerador de Carnot

W(Btu/h)

8.16666667 367.346939

3367.34694

90

S2(Btu/lbm)

T2(F)

HL(Btu/lbm)

HV(Btu/lbm)

0.2958

30

75.7

620.5

QF(Btu/lbm)

m(lbm/s)

435.174117

Po(Btu/s)
6.89379235 397.910475

b) Ciclo con vlvula de estrangulamiento


S4(Btu/lbmR)

T2(F)

H3(Btu/lbm)

S3(Btu/lbmR)

S'4(Btu/lbmR)

0.05475

30

620.5

1.279

1.279

x1

P4(psi)

P(psi)

S(Btu/lbmR)

S(Btu/lbmR)

0.23689489

180.6

180
220
-40

1.269
1.26
0.009
1.268865

1.289
1.28
0.009
1.288865

W'(compresor)

W (compresor)

H3(Btu/lbm)

67.0080703

0.8

m(lbm/h)

QC(Btu/lbm)

TF(F)

TC(F)

QF(Btu/s)

10

80

400

Respuesta

5.69483644

refrigerante
fren -12

83.7600878 704.260088

W(Btu/h)
6.28930818 560.760088 526.793005

a) Para el refrigerador de Carnot

W(Btu/s)

6.71428571 59.5744681

QC(Btu/s)

459.574468

H4L(Btu/lbm)

26.365

TF(verano)(C)

25

Respuesta

W(Btu/s)

QC(Btu/s)

6.71428571 59.5744681 459.574468


b) Ciclo con vlvula de estrangulamiento
T2(F)
H2(Btu/lbm)
S2(Btu/lbmR)

m(lbm/s)

7.80037117

S'3(Btu/lbmR)

10

78.335

0.16798

0.16798

P3(psi)

P(psi)

S(Btu/lbmR)

S(Btu/lbmR)

98.87

100
90

0.16996
0.17234

0.17597
0.17824

Respuesta

10

-0.00238
0.1699957

-0.00227
0.17600405

W'(compresor)

W (compresor)

H3(Btu/lbm)

11.0514754

0.77

3.62095544

m(lbm/s)

14.3525655 92.6875655
QC(Btu/lbm)

W(Btu/s)

7.69674812 66.3225655 110.468081

H1L(Btu/lbm)

S1L(Btu/lbm)

T4(F)

H4V(Btu/lbm)

S4V(Btu/lbm)

S3(Btu/lbm)

143.5

0.2958

90

632

1.1846

1.1846

SL(Btu/lbm)

SV(Btu/lbm)

x2

H2(Btu/lbm)

x3

H3(Btu/lbm)

0.1663

1.279

0.11638357

139.10577

H(Btu/lbm)

H(Btu/lbm)

S'3(Btu/lbmR)

S(Btu/lbmR)

H(Btu/lbm)

681
689.1
-8.1
681.1215

693.6
701.9
-8.3
693.7245

1.279

1.268865
1.288865
-0.02

681.1215
687.50807
693.7245
-12.603
687.50807

H4(Btu/lbm)

H1(Btu/lbm)

143.5

143.5

H3V(Btu/lbm)

QC(Btu/lbm)

m(lbm/s)

85.282

58.917

7.80037117

H(Btu/lbm)

H(Btu/lbm)

S'3(Btu/lbmR)

S(Btu/lbmR)

H(Btu/lbm)

H'3(Btu/lbm)

89.175
92.536

88.694
92.116

0.16798

0.1699957
0.17600405

89.225415
88.74533

89.3864754

0.91516132 574.279887

P1(psi)

180.6
H'3(Btu/lbm)

P3(psi)

98.87

-3.361
89.225415

-3.422
88.74533

H4(Btu/lbm)

H1(Btu/lbm)

26.365

26.365

-0.00600835

0.480085
89.3864754

Problema 7-10

a)

b)

QF(kcal/dia)

TF(C)

Texterior(C)

TC(C)

766

-17.8

26.7

26.7

TF(R)

TC(R)

459.426

540.06

Pc(ata)

PF(ata)

11.7

1.3

PF(psia)

PF(psia)

TF(F)

Pc(psia)

Pc(psia)

TC(F)

1.3

0.97034
1.428

-110
-100

171.942958063

151.11
172.35

110
120

-0.45766

-10
-102.796836079

-21.24

-10
119.80836067

condensador

QF(Btu/h)

P = 1.36 ata
1

P = 11.9 ata
T = 82C

fluido
fren - 12

PF(psia)

W(Btu/h)
W(cv)
1.6046488094 78.8786801063 13.2600838599

vlvula de expansin

P = 11.7 ata
lq. saturado

Pc(psia)

W(cv)
3.7344693886

171.942958063 19.1047731181 126.5725801165

TF(R)
TC(R)
357.203163921 579.80836067
c)

W(Btu/h)
5.6976709577 22.2147928613

evaporador

fluido
fren-12

P = 1.29 ata
vapor saturado

P2(ata)

P2(psia)

P3(ata)

P3(psia)

P4(ata)

P4(psia)

P1(ata)

P1(psia)

1.29

19

11.9

175

11.7

172

1.36

20

Respuesta

P3(psia)

T3(F)

H3(Btu/lbm)

P2(psia)

P2(psia)

H2(Btu/lbm)

H2(Btu/lbm)

175

180

99.823

19

15.267
19.189

75.11
76.196

76.13198452

-3.922

-1.086
76.131984516

H1(Btu/lbm)

QF(Btu/h)

P4(psia)

P4(psia)

H4(Btu/lbm)

172

151.11
172.35
-21.24

33.531
35.9654351182 35.9654351182 126.57258012 3.151193767
36.013
-2.482
35.9654351182

P2(psia)
19

P2(psia)
15.267
19.189
-3.922

H2(Btu/lbm)
S2(Btu/lbmR)
75.11
0.17102
76.196
0.16989
-1.086
0.00113
76.1319845158 0.1699566091

P3(psia)

S3(Btu/lbmR)

S3(Btu/lbmR)

175

0.1699566091

0.16859
0.17478
-0.00619

m(lbm/h)

Wcom(Btu/h)

Wcom(hp)

3.1511937673

53.8007209378

0.0211441582

Problema 7-12

H4(Btu/lbm)

H3(Btu/lbm)

m(lbm/h)

H2(Btu/lbm)
S2(Btu/lbmR) S3(Btu/lbmR)
76.1319845158 0.1699566091 0.169956609

H3(Btu/lbm)

W com(Btu/lbm)

Wcom(Btu/h)

92.373
93.2051081985 17.073123683 53.80072094
96.142
-3.769
93.2051081985

Propiedades del fluido

T(C)

Psat(ata)

Sliq. Sat

Svap
kcal/(kg.K)

Svap.sat
T(C)

T(C)

Sliq. Sat

Svap

10
36.7

5.69
8.96

0.0413
0.0623

0.126
0.1036

0.1679
0.1659

37.8
38.9

9.21
9.47

0.0632
0.064

0.1026
0.1018

0.1658
0.1658

38C

condensador

lquido sat.
38C

T(C)
10
36.7
-26.7

compresor
adiabtico
reversible

37.8
38.7
-0.9

T(C)
10

recinto, 21.1C
vapor sat.

38

vlvula de
estrangulamiento
adiabtica

10C

10C

evaporador

calidad, 18.5%

agua del sub suelo, 15.6C

Problema N2
a)

Prueba N3
S4(kcal/kg.K)

S3(kcal/kg.K)

S3L(kcal/kg.K)

S3V(kcal/kg.K)

x3

0.1658

0.1658

0.0413

0.1679

0.9834123223

S2(kcal/kgK)
0.064721

S23(kcal/kgK)
0.101079

Respuesta

x
0.9834123223

b)

S2L(kcal/kgK)
0.0413

S2V(kcal/kgK)
0.1679

x2
0.185

T4(C)
38

S1L(kcal/kg.K)
0.0633777778

S4V(kcal/kg.K)
0.1658

Respuesta

QC/QF
1.1134904511

T2(C)
10

S14(kcal/kgK)
QC(kcal/kg)
QC/QF
0.1024222222 31.8686744444 1.1134904511

QF(kcal/kg)
28.62051885

0.0632
0.064

0.1026
0.1018

-0.0008
0.0008
0.063377778 0.10242222
Sliq. Sat

Svap

0.0413

0.1266

0.0623
-0.021
0.0413

0.1036
0.023
0.1266

c)

QC(kcal/h)
1450

m(kg/h)

W compre(kcal/kg)

W compre(kcal/h)

45.4992253452 3.2481555944 147.788563348

Respuesta Wcompre(kcal/h)
147.788563348
d)

QC(kcal)
1450

Trecinto(C)
22

Respuesta Wcompre(kcalkg) W compre(kcal/h)


31.4416398441 1430.57025649

Ejemplo 7.13

Srecinto(kcal/K) Ssuelo(kcal/kgK) Tagua sub suelo(C)


4.9127562256 4.9127562256
15.6

QF(kcal/kg)
1418.5583602

Problema 7-14
lquido sat.

condensador
4

1
vlvula de
estrangulamiento
adiabtica

compresor
adiabtico

-10F
vapor sat.

fluido
fren-12
a)

Respuesta

-10F

evaporador

relacin.compresin

TF(F)

compresor

QF(Btu/min)

-10

0.7

110

T3(R)

H3(Btu/lbm)

P3(psia)

S3(Btu/lbmR)

P4(psia)

H4'(Btu/lbm)

-10

76.196

19.189

0.16989

172.701

91

P1(psia)
172.701

P(psia)
172.35
195.71
-23.36

P2(psia)
19.189

H2(Btu/lbm)
36.0511652397

H(Btu/lbm)
H1(Btu/lbm)
36.013
36.05116524
38.553
-2.54
36.0511652

m(lbm/min)
2.7400785346

Wcom(hp)
b) Wcom(Btu/lbm) Wcom(Btu/s)
Respuesta 21.148571429 0.9658124435 1.36646213
T3(C)

T3(F)

82

180

c)

expansor

P1(psia)

0.6

172.701

P(psia)
172.35

H(Btu/lbm)

S(Btu/lbmR)

H1(Btu/lbm)

36.013

0.07168

36.0511652397

195.71
-23.36

H2L(Btu/lbm)

H2V(Btu/lbm)

6.3716

70.196

Respuesta Wneto(Btu/lbm)
17.429066211
Problema 7-15

T = 21C

0.07583

-2.54
-0.00415
36.05116524 0.071742357
H(Btu/lbm)'

H2(Btu/lbm)'

H2(Btu/lbm)

29.8519899 6.199175363 32.33166002

Wcom(Btu/s)

W expan(Btu/lbm)
3.719505218

Wcom(hp)

0.79595017 1.12613559

75 ata

Agua de
enfriamiento
T = 10C

38.553

10.2 ata

1'

4'

Compresor
isotrmico
reversible

3'

T = 35C
28.2 ata
Compresor adiabtico
reversible

75 ata

10.2 ata

Agua de
enfriamiento
T = 10C

Iintercambiador
de calor

Cmara
fra

2'

CICLO PROPUESTO

2
10.2 ata

3
75 ata

T = 21C

Compresor adiabtico
reversible

CICLO CONVENCIONAL

CICLO PROPUESTO
fluido
CO2

Svap.sat

Respuesta a

P2(ata)

P2(psia)

H2(Btu/lbm)

10.2

149.89898908

0.33

0.33

75

P4(ata)

P4(psia)

T4(F)

H4(Btu/lbm)

H1(Btu/lbm)

QF(Btu/lbm)

75

1102.1984491

69.8

118

118

-118

QF(Btu/lbm)

S2(Btu/lbmR) S3(Btu/lbmR)

P3(ata)

0.1658
0.1658
0
0.1658
Svap.sat

-118
Respuesta b

W(Btu/lbm)
154
CICLO CONVENCIONAL

0.1679
0.1659
0.002
0.1679

P2(ata)

P2(psia)

H2(Btu/lbm)

10.2

149.89898908

0.33

0.33

75

P4(ata)

P4(psia)

T4(F)

H4(Btu/lbm)

H1(Btu/lbm)

QF(Btu/lbm)

75

1102.1984491

95

118

118

-118

QF(Btu/lbm)
-118
W(Btu/lbm)
60

S2(Btu/lbmR) S3(Btu/lbmR)

P3(ata)

Problema 7-19
fluido
CO2

T1(C)

P1(ata)

P2(ata)

15.6

81.5

1.02
2

T1(F)

P1(psia)

H1(btu/lbm)

H2(btu/lbm)

60.08

1197.7223147

-3870

-3870

P2(psia)

HL(btu/lbm)

HV(btu/lbm)

14.989898908

-4037

-3790

x
0.67611336

H4(Btu/lbm)
97.34457143
H2L(Btu/lbm)
6.3716

H2V(Btu/lbm)
70.196

x2
0.4650191

S1(Btu/lbmR) SL(Btu/lbmR) SV(Btu/lbmR)


0.071742357

0.01462

0.16989

x2
0.36789049

W neto(Btu/lbm)

W com(Btu/s)

W com(hp)

17.42906621 0.79595017 1.12613559

P3(psia)

T3(C)

T3(F)

H3(Btu/lbm)

1102.198449

21

69.8

154

P3(psia)

T3(C)

T3(F)

H3(Btu/lbm)

1102.198449

35

95

60

Problema N2

Propiedades del fluido


T(C)

Psat(ata)

Sliq. Sat

Svap

Svap.sat

vapor sat.

kcal/(kg.K)

10
36.7
37.8
38.9

5.69
8.96
9.21
9.47

0.0413
0.0623
0.0632
0.064

0.126
0.1036
0.1026
0.1018

0.1679
0.1659
0.1658
0.1658

T(C)

T(C)

Sliq. Sat

Svap

Svap.sat

Sliq. Sat

Svap

Svap.sat

38

37.8
38.9
-1.1

0.0632
0.064
-0.0008
0.06335

0.1026
0.1018
0.0008
0.10245

0.1658
0.1658
0
0.1658

0.06335

0.10245

0.1658

T(C)

T(C)

Sliq. Sat

Svap

Svap.sat

Sliq. Sat

Svap

Svap.sat

10

10
36.7
-26.7

0.0413
0.0623
-0.021
0.0413

0.1266
0.1036
0.023
0.1266

0.1679
0.1659
0.002
0.1679

0.0413

0.1266

0.1679

S4(kcal/kg.K)

S3(kcal/kg.K)

S3L(kcal/kg.K)

S3V(kcal/kg.K)

x3

0.1658

0.1658

0.0413

0.1679

0.98341232

compresor
adiabtico
reversible

Respuesta

0.98341232
b)

3
10C

Problema N2
a)

38C

S2L(kcal/kgK)

S2V(kcal/kgK)

x2

S2(kcal/kgK)

S23(kcal/kgK)

T2(C)

QF(kcal/kg)

0.0413

0.1679

0.185

0.064721

0.101079

10

28.6205189

T4(C)

S1L(kcal/kg.K)

S4V(kcal/kg.K)

S14(kcal/kgK)

QC(kcal/kg)

QC/QF

38
Respuesta

0.06335

0.1658

0.10245

m(kg/h)

W compre(kcal/kg)

W compre(kcal/h)

31.8773175

1.11379244

QC/QF

1.11379244
c)

QC(kcal/h)

1450

45.4868889 3.25679865 148.141638

Respuesta Wcompre(kcal/h)

148.141638
d)

QC(kcal)

Trecinto(C)

1450

22

Respuesta Wcompre(kcalkg)

Srecinto(kcal/kg.K)Ssuelo(kcal/kgK) Tagua sub suelo(C)

4.91275623 4.91275623

15.6

QF(kcal/kg)

1418.55836

W compre(kcal/h)

31.4416398 1430.18238

Problema N5
fluido

T2(C)

T1(C)

QF(toneladas)

fren-12

-18

41

18

T2(F)

T3(F)

T1(F)

QF(kcal/h)

QF(Btu/h)

QF(kW)

QF(Btu/min)

-0.4

-0.4

105.8

54.432

216000

820400283

3600

T1(F)

T1(F)

SL(Btu/lbm.R)

HL(Btu/lbm)

P(psia)

H1(Btu/lbm)

105.8

100
110
-10

0.06323
0.06745
-0.00422
0.0656776

31.1
33.531
-2.431
32.50998

131.86
151.11
-19.25
143.025

32.50998

S1(kcal/kg.K)

S2(Btu/lbmkg.R)

0.0656776

0.0656776

T2(F)

T(F)

SL(Btu/lbm.R)

SV(Btu/lbm.R)

V(ft3/lbm)

HL(Btu/lbm)

HV(Btu/lbm)

x2

H2(Btu/lbm)

H3(Btu/lbm)

a)

-0.4

-10
0
-10

0.01462
0.01932
-0.0047
0.019132

P4(psia)

S4(kcal/kg.K)

H4(Btu/lbm)

143.025

0.1689204

73.8

QF(Btul/lbm)

m(lbm/min)

47.4162832 75.9232853
b)

m(g/s)

573.971065
c)

v(cm3/s)

5817.12024

0.16989
0.16888
0.00101
0.1689204

1.9727
1.6089
0.3638
1.623452

6.3716
8.5207
-2.1491
8.434736

76.196
77.271
-1.075
77.228

0.31074235 29.8117168

77.228

recinto, 21.1C
vapor sat.
38C

condensador

compresor
adiabtico
reversible

lquido sat.
38C

vlvula de
estrangulamiento
adiabtica

2
10C

evaporador
agua del sub suelo, 15.6C

10C
calidad, 18.5%

Captulo
Problema 9.1
fluido
vapor de agua

P2(psi)

T2(F)

P3(psi)

P3(psi)

P3(psi)

400

600

14

P2(psi)

T2(F)

S2(Btu/lbmR)

H2(Btu/lbm)

S3(Btu/lbmR)

400

600

1.5901

1307.4

1.5901

P3(psi)

P(psi)
13.586
14.123
-0.537

VL(ft3/lbm)

VV(ft3/lbm)

0.01669
0.0167
-0.00001
0.0166977095

28.88
27.8
1.08
28.0473743017

SL(Btu/lbmR)
0.3061
0.3091
-0.003
0.3084128492

SL(Btu/lbmR)
0.6161
0.6222
-0.0061
0.6217022886

HL(Btu/lbm)
419.03
424.62
-5.59
424.1639004975

HV(Btu/lbm)
1204.4
1204.6
-0.2
1204.58368159

0.308007012
0.3766110615
0.4327995707
0.4752219427

P3(psi)

14

P1(psi)
400

P4(psi)
14

P(psi)
381.54
401.64
-20.1

x4
H4(Btu/lbm)
0.2157165193 387.33372026
x3

0.308007012

0.8825100888

P3(psi)
2

T2(F)
600

P2(psi)
100

P2(psi)
200

P2(psi)
400

P2(psi)

T2(F)

S2(Btu/lbmR)

H2(Btu/lbm)

S3(Btu/lbmR)

100

600

1.7586

1329.6

1.7586

P3(psi)

P(psi)
1.996
2.107
-0.111

VL(ft3/lbm)

VV(ft3/lbm)

0.01623
0.01624
-0.00001
0.0162377095

174.09
165.45
8.64
167.4289944134

SL(Btu/lbmR)
0.1749
0.1783
-0.0034
0.1775212291

Respuesta

14
5
2
1

Problema 9.2

P1(psi)
100

Respuesta

P(psi)
96.16
103.05
-6.89

SL(Btu/lbmR)
0.4706
0.4772
-0.0066
0.4766614925

HL(Btu/lbm)
295.6
300.81
-5.21
300.3849054726

HV(Btu/lbm)
1186.5
1187.7
-1.2
1187.60208955

x3

0.2969184694 0.9090789658

0.2969184694
0.3590076091
0.4327995707

P2(psi)
100
200
400

P3(psi)

P2(psi)

T2(F)

T2(F)

T2(F)

400

445

600

1000

P2(psi)

P(psi)
381.54
401.64
-20.1

T(F)
440
445
-5
445

S(Btu/lbmR)
1.489
1.4843
0.0047
1.4846834826

H(Btu/lbm)
1204.4
1204.6
-0.2
1204.58368159

P2(psi)

T2(F)

S2(Btu/lbmR)

H2(Btu/lbm)

S3(Btu/lbmR)

400

444.5920398

1.4846834826

1204.583681592

1.4846834826

P3(psi)

P(psi)
1.996
2.107

VL(ft3/lbm)

VV(ft3/lbm)

0.01623
0.01624

174.09
165.45

SL(Btu/lbmR)
0.1749
0.1783

-0.111

-0.00001
0.0162303604

8.64
173.7786486486

-0.0034
0.1750225225

P(psi)
381.54
401.64
-20.1

SL(Btu/lbmR)
0.6161
0.6222
-0.0061
0.6217022886

HL(Btu/lbm)
419.03
424.62
-5.59
424.1639004975

HV(Btu/lbm)
1204.4
1204.6
-0.2
1204.58368159

Problema 9.3

400

P1(psi)
400

Respuesta

humedad3

0.3085178902 0.2494845469

0.3085178902

T2(F)
445

Rendimiento

0.5
0.4
0.3
Temperatura
0.2
0.1

Rendimiento

0.5
0.3149503672
0.3474449747
0.3869835533

0.4

600
1000
1400

0.3
Temperatura
0.2
0.1
0
445

Problema 9.4
2

recalentador

3
3
4

P1(psi)

T1(F)

P2(psi)

P3(psi)

T3(F)

400

600

90

90

600

P1(psi)
400

T1(F)
600

S1(Btu/lbmR)
1.5901

H1(Btu/lbm)
1307.4

S2(Btu/lbmR)
1.5901

P2(psi)
90

P(psi)
89.64
96.16
-6.52

SL(Btu/lbmR)
0.464
0.4706
-0.0066
0.4690882682

SV(Btu/lbmR)
1.6116
1.6059
0.0057
1.6072055866

HL(Btu/lbm)
290.4
295.6
-5.2
294.408938547

P3(psi)

T3(F)

S3Btu/lbmR)

H3(Btu/lbm)

S4(Btu/lbmR)

90

600

1.7707

1330.2

1.7707

P4(psi)

P(psi)
1.996
2.107
-0.111

VL(ft3/lbm)

VV(ft3/lbm)

0.01623
0.01624
-0.00001
0.0162377095

174.09
165.45
8.64
167.4289944134

SL(Btu/lbmR)
0.1749
0.1783
-0.0034
0.1775212291

P1(psi)
400

Respuesta

P(psi)
381.54
401.64
-20.1

HL(Btu/lbm)

0.3514747111

x4
0.9160361495

Problema 9.5

regenerador

10
10
8

caldero

H4(Btu/lbm)
96.272849162

regenerador

regenerador

8
4

condensador

P2(psi)

T2(F)

P5(psi)

P3(psi)

P4(psi)

400

600

90

16

P2(psi)

T2(F)

S2(Btu/lbmR)

H2(Btu/lbm)

S3(Btu/lbmR)

400

600

1.5901

1307.4

1.5901

P3(psi)
90

P(psi)
89.64
96.16
-6.52

VL(ft3/lbm)
0.01766
0.01771
-0.00005
0.0176627607

SL(Btu/lbmR)
0.464
0.4706
-0.0066
0.4643644172

SV(Btu/lbmR)
1.6116
1.6059
0.0057
1.6112852761

P10(psi)

VL(ft3/lbm)

90
P4(psi)
16

P8(psi)
16
P5(psi)
2

P6(psi)
2

W bomba(Btu/lbm)

0.0176627607 1.0132442738
P(psi)
15.592
17.186
-1.594

VL(ft3/lbm)

VL(ft3/lbm)
0.01674
0.01678
-0.00004
0.0167502384
W bomba(Btu/lbm)

0.0167502384 0.2293752688
P(psi)
1.996
2.107
-0.111

VL(ft3/lbm)

H1(Btu/lbm)
291.7003608382
SL(Btu/lbmR)
0.3166
0.3241
-0.0075
0.3185196989
H9(Btu/lbm)
184.7094129099

0.01623
0.01624
-0.00001
0.0162325596

SL(Btu/lbmR)
0.1749
0.1783
-0.0034
0.1757702635

VL(ft3/lbm)
W bomba(Btu/lbm)
0.0162325596 0.0420541559

H7(Btu/lbm)
94.5139738547

y3
y4
y5
W bom(tota)l(Btu/lbm)
0.10769675 0.1054752716 0.7868279803
1.2846736984
Respuesta

0.2415228106

SV(Btu/lbmR)
1.752
1.7442
0.0078
1.7500035132

SV(Btu/lbmR)
1.9202
1.9157
0.0045
1.9190481807

W turbina(Btu/lbm)
246.599305242

P3(psi)
1

x3
H3(Btu/lbm)
SV(Btu/lbmR)
HL(Btu/lbm)
HV(Btu/lbm)
1.7632
176.14
1149
0.88251009 1035.35708809
1.76
178.15
1149.7
0.0032
-2.01
-0.7
1.7607329609 177.689608939 1149.5396648
H1(Btu/lbm)
424.1639005

S1(Btu/lbmR)
0.6217022886

Rendimiento Vs presin
0.5
0.4
rendimiento
0.3
trmico
0.2
0.1
0
14

SV(Btu/lbmR)
HL(Btu/lbm)
1.9202
93.96
1.9157
96.96
0.0045
-3
1.9167307263 96.272849162

presin

x3
H3(Btu/lbm)
HV(Btu/lbm)
1116.1
0.90907897 1024.00702945
1117
-0.9
1116.7938547

H1(Btu/lbm)
300.38490547

S1(Btu/lbmR)
0.4766614925

Rendimiento Vs. P2
0.5
0.4
0.3
Rendimiento
0.2
0.1
0
100

200
Presin

T2(F)
1400

SV(Btu/lbmR)
1.9202
1.9157

HL(Btu/lbm)
93.96
96.96

HV(Btu/lbm)
1116.1
1117

x3

humedad3

H3(Btu/lbm)

0.75051545

0.2494845469

861.14317759

0.0045
-3
-0.9
1.9200378378 94.0681081081 1116.1324324

W turbina(Btu/lbm)
343.440504002

H4(Btu/lbm)
W bomba(Btu/lbm)
H1(Btu/lbm)
QC(Btu/lbm)
94.068108108 1.1953775986 95.263485707 1109.3202

W neto(Btu/lbm)
342.245126403

Rendimiento Vs Temperatura T2

0.5
0.4
0.3
Temperatura
0.2
0.1

400

Rendimiento Vs Temperatura T2

0.5
0.4
0.3
Temperatura
0.2
0.1
0
445

600

1000

1400

Rendimiento

P4(psi)
2

HV(Btu/lbm)
1185.2
1186.5
-1.3
1186.2022346

x2
H2(Btu/lbm)
0.9849702783 1172.7988296

SV(Btu/lbmR)
HL(Btu/lbm)
1.9202
93.96
1.9157
96.96
0.0045
-3
1.9167307263 96.272849162

x4
H4(Btu/lbm)
HV(Btu/lbm)
1116.1
0.91603615 1031.10698158
1117
-0.9
1116.7938547

S4(Btu/lbmR)

S5(Btu/lbmR)

1.5901

1.5901

S3(Btu/lbmR)
x3
H3(Btu/lbm)
H10(Btu/lbm)
HL(Btu/lbm)
HV(Btu/lbm)
290.4
1185.2
1.5901
0.98152856 1168.74751515 290.687116564
295.6
1186.5
-5.2
-1.3
290.68711656 1185.27177914

S4(Btu/lbmR)
x4
H4(Btu/lbm)
H8(Btu/lbm)
HL(Btu/lbm)
HV(Btu/lbm)
183.19
1151.6
1.5901
0.88829527 1043.97738786 184.480037641
188.23
1153.4
-5.04
-1.8
184.48003764 1152.06072773

S3(Btu/lbmR)
HL(Btu/lbm)
HV(Btu/lbm)
93.96
1116.1
1.5901
95.96
1117
-2
-0.9
94.471919699 1116.33036386

W neto(Btu/lbm)
Qc(Btu/lbm)
245.31463154 1015.69963916

x5
0.8113048

H5(Btu/lbm)

H6(Btu/lbm)

923.510577183 94.4719196989

fluido
vapor de agua

P2(psi)

T2(F)

P3(psi)

P3(psi)

P3(psi)

400

600

14

P2(psi)

T2(F)

400

600

1.5901

1307.4

P3(psi)

P(psi)
4.972
5.212
-0.24

VL(ft3/lbm)

VV(ft3/lbm)

SL(Btu/lbmR)
0.01641
73.92
0.2345
0.01642
7072
0.2377
-0.00001
-6998.08
-0.0032
0.01641771 5469.0878212 0.2369670391

P(psi)
381.54
401.64
-20.1

SL(Btu/lbmR) HL(Btu/lbm)
HV(Btu/lbm)
0.6161
419.03
1204.4
0.6222
424.62
1204.6
-0.0061
-5.59
-0.2
0.62170229 424.1639005 1204.5836816

P1(psi)
400

P4(psi)
5
Respuesta

S2(Btu/lbmR) H2(Btu/lbm)

S3(Btu/lbmR)
1.5901

x4
H4(Btu/lbm)
0.2397363875 371.265823
x3

0.3766110615 0.84316477

P2(psi)

T2(F)

200

600

1.6776

1322.6

P3(psi)

P(psi)
1.996
2.107
-0.111

VL(ft3/lbm)

VV(ft3/lbm)

S2(Btu/lbmR) H2(Btu/lbm) S3(Btu/lbmR)


1.6776

SL(Btu/lbmR) SV(Btu/lbmR)
0.01623
174.09
0.1749
1.9202
0.01624
165.45
0.1783
1.9157
-0.00001
8.64
-0.0034
0.0045
0.0162377095 167.428994 0.1775212291 1.9167307263

P1(psi)
200

P(psi)
195.73
207.74
-12.01

H1(Btu/lbm)
SL(Btu/lbmR) HL(Btu/lbm) HV(Btu/lbm)
0.5416
353.58
1198
358.49348259
0.5479
358.93
1198.8
-0.0063
-5.35
-0.8
0.5473859701 358.493483 1198.7347264

x3

0.35900761 0.862506083

400

P2(psi)

T2(F)

400

600

1.5901

1307.4

P3(psi)

P(psi)
1.996
2.107

VL(ft3/lbm)

VV(ft3/lbm)

0.01623
0.01624

174.09
165.45

P1(psi)
400

Respuesta

S2(Btu/lbmR) H2(Btu/lbm) S3(Btu/lbmR)


1.5901
SL(Btu/lbmR) SV(Btu/lbmR)
0.1749
1.9202
0.1783
1.9157

-0.111

-0.00001
8.64
-0.0034
0.0045
0.0162377095 167.428994 0.1775212291 1.9167307263

P(psi)
381.54
401.64
-20.1

H4(Btu/lbm)
SL(Btu/lbmR) HL(Btu/lbm) HV(Btu/lbm)
0.6161
419.03
1204.4
96.272849162
0.6222
424.62
1204.6
-0.0061
-5.59
-0.2
0.6217022886 424.1639 1204.5836816

0.1878041299
0.31495037 0.1878041299

P3(psi)
1

SV(Btu/lbmR)
1.8448
1.8409
0.0039
1.8417932961

HL(Btu/lbm) HV(Btu/lbm)
129.96
1131
131.96
1131.8
-2
-0.8
131.501899 1131.61676

x3

H3(Btu/lbm)

0.8431647694

974.763515

H1(Btu/lbm) S1(Btu/lbmR)
424.163900498 0.62170229

P2(psi)
400
HL(Btu/lbm)
93.96
96.96
-3
96.272849162

x3
H3(Btu/lbm)
HV(Btu/lbm)
1116.1
0.86250608 976.478424308
1117
-0.9
1116.79385

P3(psi)
2

S1(Btu/lbmR)

P1(psi)

0.5473859701

400

P2(psi)
400
HL(Btu/lbm)
93.96
96.96
-3
96.272849162

x3
HV(Btu/lbm)
1116.1
0.81219587
1117

humedad3

H3(Btu/lbm)

P3(psi)

0.1878041299

925.135795

-0.9
1116.79385

W turbina(Btu/lbm)
382.264204703

W bomba(Btu/lbm) H1(Btu/lbm) QC(Btu/lbm)


W neto(Btu/lbm)
1.1959188678 97.468768 1209.93123 381.068285836

P1(psi)
400

Respuesta

fluido
vapor de agua

P2(psi)

T2(F)

P3(psi)

P3(psi)

P3(psi)

P3(psi)

400

600

14

P2(psi)

T2(F)

S2(Btu/lbmR)

H2(Btu/lbm)

S3(Btu/lbmR)

400

600

1.5901

1307.4

1.5901

P3(psi)

P(psi)
1.996
2.107
-0.111

VL(ft3/lbm)

VV(ft3/lbm)

SL(Btu/lbmR) SV(Btu/lbmR)
0.01623
174.09
0.1749
1.9202
0.01624
165.45
0.1783
1.9157
-0.00001
8.64
-0.0034
0.0045
0.0162377095 167.42899441 0.1775212291 1.91673073

P(psi)
381.54
401.64
-20.1

H1(Btu/lbm)
SL(Btu/lbmR) HL(Btu/lbm)
HV(Btu/lbm)
0.6161
419.03
1204.4
424.1639
0.6222
424.62
1204.6
-0.0061
-5.59
-0.2
0.6217022886 424.1639005 1204.58368159

P1(psi)
400

P4(psi)
2
Respuesta

T2(F)

x4
H4(Btu/lbm)
0.2553925 356.9062589
x3

0.43279957 0.8121958701

S2(Btu/lbmR) H2(Btu/lbm) S3(Btu/lbmR)

600

1.5901

1307.4

P(psi)
1.996
2.107
-0.111

VL(ft3/lbm)

VV(ft3/lbm)

1.5901

SL(Btu/lbmR) SV(Btu/lbmR)
HL(Btu/lbm)
0.01623
174.09
0.1749
1.9202
93.96
0.01624
165.45
0.1783
1.9157
96.96
-0.00001
8.64
-0.0034
0.0045
-3
0.0162377095 167.428994 0.1775212291 1.9167307263 96.272849162

HV(Btu/lbm)
1116.1
1117
-0.9
1116.79385

P(psi)
381.54
401.64
-20.1

H1(Btu/lbm)
SL(Btu/lbmR) HL(Btu/lbm) HV(Btu/lbm)
0.6161
419.03
1204.4
424.1639005
0.6222
424.62
1204.6
-0.0061
-5.59
-0.2
0.6217022886 424.1639 1204.5836816

S1(Btu/lbmR)
0.6217022886

x3

0.4327995707 0.8121958701

T2(F)

S2(Btu/lbmR) H2(Btu/lbm) S3(Btu/lbmR)

1000

1.7632

1523.3

P(psi)
1.996
2.107

VL(ft3/lbm)

VV(ft3/lbm)

0.01623
0.01624

174.09
165.45

1.7632
SL(Btu/lbmR) SV(Btu/lbmR)
0.1749
1.9202
0.1783
1.9157

HL(Btu/lbm)
93.96
96.96

HV(Btu/lbm)
1116.1
1117

-0.111

-0.00001
8.64
-0.0034
0.0045
-3
0.0162377095 167.428994 0.1775212291 1.9167307263 96.272849162

P(psi)
381.54
401.64
-20.1

H4(Btu/lbm)
W bomba(Btu/lbm) H1(Btu/lbm)
SL(Btu/lbmR) HL(Btu/lbm) HV(Btu/lbm)
0.6161
419.03
1204.4
96.272849162 1.1959188678 97.468768
0.6222
424.62
1204.6
-0.0061
-5.59
-0.2
0.6217022886 424.1639 1204.5836816

humedad3
0.3474449747 0.0882761545

-0.9
1116.79385

fluido
vapor de agua

P2(psi)
400
P2(psi)
400

x3
H3(Btu/lbm)
HL(Btu/lbm)
HV(Btu/lbm)
93.96
1116.1
0.81219587 925.135795
96.96
1117
-3
-0.9
96.2728492 1116.79385475
S1(Btu/lbmR)
0.62170229

P3(psi)
1

P1(psi)
400

P4(psi)
1
Respuesta

x3

H3(Btu/lbm)

0.81219587 925.135795297

P2(psi)

T2(F)

400

1400

1.8955

1741.9

P(psi)
1.996
2.107

VL(ft3/lbm)

VV(ft3/lbm)

0.01623
0.01624

174.09
165.45

x3

humedad3

H3(Btu/lbm)

P3(psi)

0.91172385

0.0882761545

1026.70618

W turbina(Btu/lbm)
496.593815196
QC(Btu/lbm)
W neto(Btu/lbm)
1425.83123 495.397896328

P1(psi)
400

Respuesta

S2(Btu/lbmR) H2(Btu/lbm)

-0.111

-0.00001
8.64
0.0162377095 167.428994

P(psi)
381.54
401.64
-20.1

SL(Btu/lbmR) HL(Btu/lbm)
0.6161
419.03
0.6222
424.62
-0.0061
-5.59
0.6217022886 424.1639

humedad3
0.38698355 0.0122071127

T2(F)

P3(psi)

P3(psi)

P3(psi)

P3(psi)

600

14

T2(F)

S2(Btu/lbmR) H2(Btu/lbm) S3(Btu/lbmR)

600

1.5901

P(psi)
0.9492
1.0079
-0.0587

VL(ft3/lbm)

VV(ft3/lbm) SL(Btu/lbmR)SV(Btu/lbmR) HL(Btu/lbm)


HV(Btu/lbm)
0.01613
68
0.1295
1.9825
68
1105.1
0.01614
69.99
0.1331
1.9775
70
1105.9
-0.00001
-1.99
-0.0036
0.005
-2
-0.8
0.0161377095 69.5341899 0.13227542 1.97864525 69.5418994413 1105.71676

P(psi)
381.54
401.64
-20.1

SL(Btu/lbmR) HL(Btu/lbm) HV(Btu/lbm) H1(Btu/lbm)


0.6161
419.03
1204.4
424.1639
0.6222
424.62
1204.6
-0.0061
-5.59
-0.2
0.6217022886 424.1639 1204.58368

x4
H4(Btu/lbm)
0.26507521 344.2061673
x3

0.47522194 0.7895626084

1307.4

1.5901

S1(Btu/lbmR)
0.6217022886

S3(Btu/lbmR)
1.8955
SL(Btu/lbmR) SV(Btu/lbmR) HL(Btu/lbm)
0.1749
1.9202
93.96
0.1783
1.9157
96.96

x3
HV(Btu/lbm)
1116.1
0.98779289
1117

-0.0034
0.0045
-3
-0.9
0.17752123 1.9167307263 96.2728492 1116.79385

humedad3

H3(Btu/lbm)

0.0122071127

1104.33624

W turbina(Btu/lbm)
637.56376013

W neto(Btu/lbm)
HV(Btu/lbm) H4(Btu/lbm) W bomba(Btu/lbm) H1(Btu/lbm) QC(Btu/lbm)
1204.4
96.272849162 1.19591887 97.468768 1644.43123 636.367841262
1204.6
-0.2
1204.58368

x3

H3(Btu/lbm)

0.78956261 887.666825

Ejemplo 1
ancho(ft)

largo(ft)

alto(ft)

Tex-Tin(F)

aislante(in)

aislante

10

12

60

poliuretano
moldeado

aislante

k(Btu/ft2.F.in

Te-Trefri(F)

U(Btu/ft2.da)

A(ft2)

Q1(Btu/da)

poliuretano

0.2

60

72

472

33984

techo

Tex-Tin(F)

correccin

(Tex-Tin(F))corregido

U(Btu/ft2.da)

A(ft2)

verde

70

15

85

102

120

aislamiento

espesor(in)

Trefrigeracin(F)

Tverano(F)

Tver-Trefri(F)

U(Btu/ft2.da)

corcho
prensado

40

60

20

48

Trefrigeracin(F)

Vrefrig(ft3)

Texterior(F)

HR(aire)

Ncambios de aire

Vaire(ft3/da)

20

1500

90

50

11

16500

producto

M(lbm)

Tproducto(F)

Trefrigeracin(F)

pescado

12000

60

-10

moldeado
Respuesta

Q1(Btu/da)

33984
Ejemplo 2

Respuesta

Q1'(Btu/da)

12240
Ejemplo 3

Respuesta

Q1''(Btu/da)

5760
Ejemplo 4

Respuesta

Q2(Btu/da)

43230
Ejemplo 5

Respuesta

Tcongelacin(F) Cprod(alto)(Btu/lbmF)

28

Q3(Btu/da)

1999440
Ejemplo 7

Respuesta

producto

M(lbm)

chanpiones

8000

Q4(Btu/da)

62400

Talmacenamiento(F) U''(Btu/lbm.da)

40

7.8

Q4(Btu/da)

62400

0.86

t(horas)
24

Q1(Btu/da)

12240

A(ft2)

Q1(Btu/da)

120

5760

U'(Btu/ft3)

Q2(Btu/da)

2.62

43230

Qsen(alto)(Btu/da)

f(Btu/lbm)

330240

122

Qfusin(Btu/da) Cprod(bajo)(Btu/lbmF)Qsen(bajo)(Btu/da)

1464000

0.45

205200

Q3(Btu/da)

1999440

Problema muestra
muestra

m(kg)

Tp(C)

alubias verdes

3000

20

exteriores

Te(C)

HRe

focos de iluminacin

nf(focos)

Pfocos(W)

35

60

flurescentes

60

Ti(C)

HRi

aislamiento

95

espuma de poliestireno

longitud(m)

ancho(m)

altura(m)

2.5

interiores

cmara

personas que entran

np(persona)

hp(h/da)

ventiladores

funcionamiento

SOLUCION

1) Transmisin de calor atravs de las paredes y techos


aislamiento

espesor(cm)

m(kg/m3)

Tabla

k(W/m2K)

A(m2)

T(C)

espuma de poliestireno

10

64

0.33

59

30

longitud(m)

ancho(m)

altura(m)

Vcmara(m3)

Tabla

2.5

30

17.5

Te(C)

Ti(C)

HRe

Tabla

h(Kj/m3)

Q2(kJ/da)

Q2(W)

35

60

95.4

50085

579.69

2) Infiltracin de aire
cmara

cont. calor

n(reno/da)

3) Calor por iluminacin


iluminacin

nf(focos)

Pfocos(W)

hf(h/da)

flurescente

P(W)

Q3(W)

flurescentes

60

1.25

150

18.75

4) Calor por personas


np(persona)

hp(h/da)

Ti(C)

Tabla

qp(W)

Q4(W)

240

30

5) Calor liberado por los ventiladores


ventiladores

supuesto(nv)

tiempo(h/da)

Psupuesto(W)

Q5(W)

16

250

333.333

6) Calor de congelacin de los alimentos


muestra

Talmace(C)

Hralmace(%)

Tabla

ce(kJ/kg.K)

T(C)

prdida(%)

m(kg)

alubias verdes

95

3.81

15

10

3000

7) Calor de respiracin de los alimentos


muestra

m(kg)

Tabla

crespiracin(kJ/kg.da)

Q7(W)

11.6

Carga efectiva (W)

factor seg(%)

Carga total (W)

4131.46

10

4544.61

alubias verdes

Po nom refri (W)

6816.92

3000

402.78

nv

Ppotencia(W)

250

hf(h/da)

3
espesor(cm)

m(kg/m3)

10

64

tiempo(h/da)

16

Q1(W)

584.1

Q6(W)

2182.81

Ejemplo 2

cmara

largo(m)ex

ancho(m)ex

altura(m)ex

22.34

13.79

4.9

largo(m)in

ancho(m)in

altura(m)in

22.14

13.59

4.8

productos

carne(%)

pescado(%)

verduras(%)

mariscos(%)

congelados

25

20

15

10

distribucin

n anaqueles1

n anaqueles2

n palets1

n palets2

paredes

17

densidades

carne

pescado

verduras

(kg/m3)

500

450

400

densidad

(kg/m3)

hpalet(m)

anaquel 1

largo(m)

media carga

460

1.8

carga total(kg)

168249.6
velocidadi(m/s)

velocidade(m/s)

hi(kcal/m2.h.C)

he(kcal/m2.h.C)

aislante

8.9

19.7

panel prefabricado

Ksuelo(kcal/m2.h.C)

Ktecho(kcal/m2.h.C)

Kparedes(kcal/m2.h.C)

superficie

Asuelo(m2)

0.154332802

0.163

0.163

exterior

308.0686

Qsuelo(kcal/da)

Qpared(ante)(kcal/da)

Qtecho+paredes(kcal/da)

Qtotal(kcal/da)

Qtotal(W)

45643.2866241845

6473.5776

108245.2598544

Qrenovacin(kcal/da)

Vinterior(m3)

Tinterior(C)

Tantecmara(C)

HR

1444.23648

-20

70

160362.124079 5746.3094461493

antecmara

largo(m)ex

ancho(m)ex

altura(m)ex

14

6.5

Vinterior(m3)

largo(m)in

ancho(m)in

altura(m)in

Vinterior(m3)

1444.23648

4.85

13.7

4.8

318.936

varios(%)

Tinterior(C)

Texterior(C)

30

-20

32

N total palets

distribucin

n anaqueles3

n palets3

N total palets

111

centro

14

84

mariscos

varios

venta

carne(%)

pescado(%)

verduras(%)

mariscos(%)

350

500

productos

25

20

15

10

ancho(m)

Vanaquel 1(m3)

anaquel 2

largo(m)

ancho(m)

Vanaquel 2(m3)

Vcarga(m3)

1.2

2.16

1.5

1.5

(kcal/m.h.C)

esp(cm)

suelo

(kcal/m.h.C)

esp(cm)

densi(kg/m3)

0.0163

10

hormig armado
hormig en masa
poliuretano inyectado

1.4
0.47
0.025

15
5
15

40

Atecho(m2)

Apared(norte)(m2)

Apared(sur)(m2)

Apared(este)(m2)

Apared(oeste)(m2)

Tmx(verano)(C)

Texterior(C)

308.0686

107.232

107.232

66.192

66.192

32

27

Tabla 4

Haire(kJ/m3)

Haire(kcal/m3)

Tabla 3

Vinterior(m3)

V(m3)

46.1

11.028708134

1444.23648

1000
1500
-500

1.9
1.54
0.36
1.58014973

varios(%)

30

Tantecmara(C)

Tsuelo(C)

20