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Activity 2.3.

2 Tensile Testing SSA


Introduction
Tensile testing provides engineers with the ability to verify and establish material
properties related to a specific material. This verification process is critical in insures
the selected material will meet design specifications. In this activity you will interpret
and make sample specific calculations related to the material properties of a dog
bone test sample.

Equipment
Dog bone test sample
SSA 1000 Tensile Tester
Computer with SSA 1000 Software
Dial Caliper
Permanent Marker
Material Testing Formula Sheet

Procedure
1. Identify test sample material
type

:
__Aluminum___________________________
_

2. Using a dial caliper measure


and record five diameter
measurements of the narrowed
dog bone testing region.
a. .097__________
b. ___.095_______
c. _______.094___
d. __.104________
e. ___.095_______
3. Identify and rerecord the
smallest measurement from the
dog bone testing region.

:______.094________________________

4. Using a dial caliper measure


and record the length of the dog
bone.

:_______2_______________________

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5. Position the test sample in the tensile tester as directed by your teacher.
6. Tensile test your test sample as directed by your teacher.
7. Position your broken dog bone
broken end to end.
8. Using a dial caliper measure
and record the length of the dog
bone.

:_____2.08_________________________

9. Using a dial caliper measure the


diameter of the necking region
of the dog bone test sample

:______.083________________________

10. Calculate the test samples total Strain/Deformation The total amount of
elongation of a sample to rupture normalized (divided) by the initial length.

total

total

= total/L0
= .028/2 = 0.014

11. Calculate the test samples ductility- The ability of a material to be deformed
plastically without rupture.
% of Elongation

= total (100)

% of Elongation = 0.014(100)= 1.4%


12. Calculate the test samples reduction in area
Reduction in area = [(A original A final)/A original]*100
Reduction in area ={ (0.047)pi^2 (.0415)pi^2}/ (0.047)pi^2*100
{.0069397782- .0054106079} / .0069397782*100
0.0015291703/ .0069397782 *100
22.03485841 %
13. Create a print screen of your completed tensile test and insert the graph into the
test sample calculations tables.

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Test sample calculations


Proportional Limit Stress
The greatest stress that a material is capable of withstanding without deviation from
straight line proportionality between the stress and strain. If the force applied to a
material is released, the material will return to its original size and shape.
Tensile test results graph (Insert test graph)
Proportional
Limit

Locate the proportional limit on the test graph.


Solve for the proportional limit stress: = P/A

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Yield Point Stress


The point at which a sudden elongation takes place, while the load on the sample
remains the same or actually drops. If the force applied to the material is released,
the material will not return to its original shape.
Tensile test results graph (Insert test graph)
Yield
Point

Locate the Yield Point on the test graph.

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Ultimate
Stress
Ultimate/Tensile Stress
The point at which a maximum load for a sample is achieved. Beyon this point
elongation of the sample continues, but the force exerted decreases.
Tensile test results graph (Insert test graph)

Locate the maximum load location on the test graph.


Solve for the Ultimate/Tensile stress: = P/A (max force/area)

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Breaking/Rupture Point
The maximum amount of stress that can be applied before rupture occurs. The
specimen fractures in the necking region where the material reduces in diameter as
it elongates.
Tensile test results graph (Insert test graph)
Breaking
Point

Locate the Breaking/Rupture Point on the test graph.


Solve for the Breaking/Rupture Point stress: = P/A

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Modulus of Elasticity
A measure of a materials ability to regain its original dimensions after the removal of
a load or force. The modulus is the slope of the straight line portion of the stressstrain diagram up to the proportional limit.
Tensile test results graph (Insert test graph)

Module
of
Elasticity
(slope of
line)

Solve for the Modulus of Elasticity: E = (P1-P2)L0/( 1- 2)A

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Modulus of Resilience
A measure of a materials ability to absorb energy up to the elastic limit. This
modulus is represented by the area under the stress vs. strain curve from 0-force to
the elastic limit.
Tensile test results graph (Insert test graph)

Modulus Of Resilience (this


area)

Identify the Modulus of Resilence on the Graph


Solve for the Modulus of Resilience: Ur = ( yp yp)

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Modulus of Toughness
A measure of a materials ability to plastically deform without fracturing. Work is
performed by the material absorbing energy from the blow or deformation. This
measurement is equal to the area under the stress vs. strain curve from its origin
through the rupture point
Tensile test results graph (Insert test graph)

Modulus of
toughness
(total area
under the
curve)

Identify the Modulus of Toughness on the Graph

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