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Weblogic Administration

Rakesh kumar
DAY 1

Agenda

Introduction

Types of servers

Difference b/w webservers and Application servers

Weblogic server overview

JDK Installation

Weblogic server installation

Weblogic Domain creation

What is client and server ?

How many types of servers you


know?

Types of server

Application server, a server dedicated to running certain software applications

Communications server, carrier-grade computing platform for communications networks

Compute server, a server intended for intensive (esp. scientific) computations

Database server, provides database services to other computer programs or computers

Fax server, provides fax services for clients

File server, provides remote access to files

Game server, a server that video game clients connect to in order to play online together

Print server, provides printer services

Proxy server, acts as an intermediary for requests from clients seeking resources from
other servers

Web server, a server that HTTP clients connect to in order to send commands and receive
responses along with data contents

Difference b/w webserver and


Application server

Web Server is designed to serve HTTP Content. App Server can also serve HTTP Content but is
not limited to just HTTP. It can be provided other protocol support such as RMI/RPC

Web Server is mostly designed to serve static content, though most Web Servers have
plugins to support scripting languages like Perl, PHP, ASP, JSP etc. through which these servers
can generate dynamic HTTP content.

Most of the application servers have Web Server as integral part of them, that means App
Server can do whatever Web Server is capable of. Additionally App Server have components and
features to support Application level services such as Connection Pooling, Object Pooling,
Transaction Support, Messaging services etc.

As web servers are well suited for static content and app servers for dynamic content, most of
the production environments have web server acting as reverse proxy to app server. That
means while servicing a page request, static contents (such as images/Static HTML) are served
by web server that interprets the request. Using some kind of filtering technique (mostly
extension of requested resource) web server identifies dynamic content request and
transparently forwards to app server

Example of such configuration is Apache Tomcat HTTP Server and Oracle (formerly BEA) WebLogic
Server. Apache Tomcat HTTP Server is Web Server and Oracle WebLogic is Application Server.

Architecture Types

1-Tier

2-Tier

3-Tier

N-tier

The 1-Tier Architecture

The 2-Tier Architecture

The 3-Tier Architecture

The N-Tier Architecture

Application servers widely used in IT

Redhat Jboss

IBM Websphere

Oracle Weblogic

Oracle Webcenter

Oracle Glassfish

Weblogic server

WebLogic is a server software application that runs on a middle tier, between


back-end databases and related applications and browser-based thin clients.
WebLogic is a leading e-commerce online transaction processing (OLTP)
platform, developed to connect users in a distributed computing environment
and to facilitate the integration of mainframe applications with distributed
corporate data and applications.

Weblogic Admin responsibilities

Troubleshooting, Load Balancing, Clustering, Deploying Applications, Performance Tuning and


Maintenance

Create, configure and tune weblogic domains/applications for performance

Code deployments/promotions, performance monitoring and performance tuning

Up gradation of WebLogic servers in development, testing and production environment and applying
patch and service packs

Cluster Configuration Single Cluster, Multiple Clusters and Deployment over clusters

Server Performance Tuning - Thread Dump Analysis, Core Dump Analysis when Server crashed unevenly

JMS Configurations JMS Server, Connection Factory, Foreign JMS server, Message Bridge, Topic/Queue,
Distributed destinations

Creating security roles, group policy, user authentication, auditing and authorization

Node Manager Configuration remote managed server start and stop. SSL communication between admin
server and node manager

Developing WLST scripts and auto deployment process

Tuning JVM heap size to maximize the number of clients accessing the applications.

Major role of weblogic server

All oracle products are built on top of the weblogic server. Below are the few
oracle products which are being widely used in the industry.

Oracle Webcenter

Oracle UCM

Oracle IDM stack

Oracle Weblogic Portal

Oracle Fusion Apps

Oracle SOA

Weblogic server

Artifacts

JAR is java archive file. It contain all class file,image,sound and other files which will
needed in whole application. Computer users can create or extract JAR files using the jar
command that comes with the JDK. They can also use zip tools. The Java Archive (JAR) file
format enables you to bundle multiple files into a single archive file. jar was designed
mainly to facilitate the packaging of java applets or applications into a single archive.

EAR -An Enterprise Archive file represents a J2EE application that can be deployed in a Web
Sphere application server. EAR files are standard Java archive files and have the file
extension .ear. EAR file contain ejb, web or application client module. ear file is complete
j2ee application file that contain all(jar +war)

WAR -Web Archive (WAR) file is a Java archive file used to store jsp,servlets,classes,meta
data information, images and Sound and tag libraries etc. Its standard file extension is .war.
WAR files are used to package Web modules. A WAR file is for a Web application deployed to
a servlet/jsp engine.

What is deployment descriptor ?

A deployment descriptor (DD) refers to a configuration file for an artifact


that is deployed to some container/engine.

In the Java Platform, Enterprise Edition, a deployment descriptor describes


how a component, module or application (such as a web application or
enterprise application) should be deployed. XML is used for the syntax of
these deployment descriptor files.

For web applications, the deployment descriptor must be called web.xml and
must reside in the WEB-INF directory in the web application root. For Java EE
applications, the deployment descriptor must be named application.xml and
must be placed directly in the META-INF directory at the top level of the
application .ear file.

Download

Sun Java /Oracle jrockit

Weblogic Application server

Installing JDK /Oracle jrockit

Install JDK / Jrockit

Set Environment variable JAVA_HOME


Windows:

Right-click on the My Computer icon on your desktop and then click Properties.

Click the Advanced tab.

Click Environment Variables.

Under System Variables, click New.

In the Variable name field, enter JAVA_HOME.

In the Variable value field, enter the installation path of the Java Development Kit.

Click OK.

Click Apply Changes.

Installing JDK /Oracle jrockit

Installing JDK /Oracle jrockit

UNIX
export JAVA_HOME=PATH

Download Weblogic
http://
www.oracle.com/technetwork/middleware/weblogic/downloads/index.html

Weblogic Installation Types

GUI Mode

Console Mode

Silent Mode

What Is GUI-Mode Installation?

GUI-mode installation is the graphics-based method of executing the weblogic


Installation program. It can be run on both Windows and UNIX systems.

To run GUI-mode installation, the console attached to the machine on which


you are installing the software must support a Java-based GUI. All consoles
for Windows systems support Java-based GUIs, but not all consoles for UNIX
systems do.

GUI Mode Installation

Note: In unix, it is always recommended to install weblogic server with the


guest user not with root user.

GUI Mode Installation

Start the Installation by double click the installer file.

Click Next.

GUI Mode Installation

Select an Installation Directory. By default, the Middleware home directory is


named Oracle/Middleware.

Click Next

GUI Mode Installation

Register for Security Updates

Click Next

GUI Mode Installation

Choose a Custom Installation

Click Next

GUI Mode Installation

JDK Selection

Click Next

GUI Mode Installation

Choose Product Installation Directory

Click Next

GUI Mode Installation

Choose Shortcut Location

Click Next

GUI Mode Installation

Install Windows Service

Click Next

GUI Mode Installation

Installation Summary

Click Next

GUI Mode Installation

Status

Click Next

GUI Mode Installation

Installation Complete

Click Next

Console-Mode installation

The console mode installer displays a series of text panels that correspond to
the windows in the graphical installer. To complete the console-mode
installation process, respond to the prompts in each panel by entering the
number associated with your choice or by pressing Enter to accept the
default. To exit the installation process, enter exit in response to any prompt.
To review or change your selection or to go back to a previous panel, enter
previous at the prompt.

Run:
platformXXX_win32 -mode=console -log=C:\logs\platform_install.log

Console-Mode installation

Console mode:

Log in to the target Windows system.

Open a command prompt window.

Go to the directory that contains the installation program.

Launch the installation by entering the name of the installation program

Console-Mode installation

C:\Documents and Settings\username>d:


D:\>cd D:\WLS-Installer
D:\WLS-Installer>dir
Volume in drive D is Data
Volume Serial Number is 123A-4567
Directory of D:\WLS-Installer
07/04/2012 08:02 AM <DIR>
.
07/04/2012 08:02 AM <DIR>
..
07/04/2012 08:02 AM
859,548,533 wls1036_win32.exe
1 File(s) 859,548,533 bytes
2 Dir(s) 34,745,683,968 bytes free
D:\WLS-Installer>wls1036_win32.exe -mode=console

Console-Mode installation

A new prompt will open and you may continue with the installation as follows:

Extracting .....................................................................
............................... Done
<-------------------- Oracle Installer - WebLogic 10.3.6.0 ------------------->
Welcome:
-------This installer will guide you through the installation of WebLogic 10.3.6.0.
Type "Next" or enter to proceed to the next prompt. If you want to change data
entered previously, type "Previous". You may quit the installer at any time by
typing "Exit".
Enter [Exit][Next]>Next

Console-Mode installation

<-------------------- Oracle Installer - WebLogic 10.3.6.0 ------------------->


Choose Middleware Home Directory:
--------------------------------->1* Create a new Middleware Home
2D:\WLS\bea816
3D:\WLS\bea923
4D:\WLS\bea1033
5D:\WLS\bea1032
Enter index number to select OR [Exit][Previous][Next]> Next

Console-Mode installation

<-------------------- Oracle Installer - WebLogic 10.3.6.0 ------------------->


Choose Middleware Home Directory:
--------------------------------"Middleware Home" = [Enter new value or use default "C:\Oracle\Middleware"]
Enter new Middleware Home OR [Exit][Previous][Next]> D:\WLS1036

Console-Mode installation

<-------------------- Oracle Installer - WebLogic 10.3.6.0 ------------------->


Choose Middleware Home Directory:
--------------------------------"Middleware Home" = [D:\WLS1036]
Use above value or select another option:
1 - Enter new Middleware Home
2 - Change to default [C:\Oracle\Middleware]
Enter option number to select OR [Exit][Previous][Next]>Next

Console-Mode installation

<-------------------- Oracle Installer - WebLogic 10.3.6.0 ------------------->


Register for Security Updates:
-----------------------------Provide your email address for security updates and to initiate configuration m
anager.
1Email:[]
2Support Password:[]
3Receive Security Update:[Yes]

Enter index number to select OR [Exit][Previous][Next]> 3

Console-Mode installation

<-------------------- Oracle Installer - WebLogic 10.3.6.0 ------------------->


Register for Security Updates:
-----------------------------Provide your email address for security updates and to initiate configuration m
anager.
"Receive Security Update:" = [Enter new value or use default "Yes"]

Enter [Yes][No]? No

Console-Mode installation

<-------------------- Oracle Installer - WebLogic 10.3.6.0 ------------------->


Register for Security Updates:
-----------------------------Provide your email address for security updates and to initiate configuration m
anager.
"Receive Security Update:" = [Enter new value or use default "Yes"]
** Do you wish to bypass initiation of the configuration manager and
** remain uninformed of critical security issues in your configuration?
Enter [Yes][No]? Yes

Console-Mode installation

<-------------------- Oracle Installer - WebLogic 10.3.6.0 ------------------->


Register for Security Updates:
-----------------------------Provide your email address for security updates and to initiate configuration m
anager.
1Email:[]
2Support Password:[]
3Receive Security Update:[No]

Enter index number to select OR [Exit][Previous][Next]>Next

Console-Mode installation

<-------------------- Oracle Installer - WebLogic 10.3.6.0 ------------------->


Register for Security Updates:
-----------------------------Provide your email address for security updates and to initiate configuration m
anager.
1Email:[]
2Support Password:[]
3Receive Security Update:[No]

Enter index number to select OR [Exit][Previous][Next]>Next

Console-Mode installation
Choose

Install Type:
-------------------Select the type of installation you wish to perform.
->1Typical
Install the following product(s) and component(s):
- WebLogic Server
- Oracle Coherence
2Custom
Choose software products and components to install and perform optional
configuration.

Enter index number to select OR [Exit][Previous][Next]>Next

Console-Mode installation
<--------------------

Oracle Installer - WebLogic 10.3.6.0 ------------------->

Choose Product Installation Directories:


---------------------------------------Middleware Home Directory: [D:\WLS1036]
Product Installation Directories:
1WebLogic Server: [D:\WLS1036\wlserver_10.3]
2Oracle Coherence: [D:\WLS1036\coherence_3.7]
Enter index number to select OR [Exit][Previous][Next]>Next

Console-Mode installation
<--------------------

Oracle Installer - WebLogic 10.3.6.0 ------------------->

Choose Shortcut Location:


------------------------*The installer creates shortcuts to Oracle components, samples, and tools.
*As a user with administrative privileges, you can specify where these
*shortcuts are created.
->1"All Users" Start Menu folder (recommended)
For some installations, this setting may limit the automatic creation of
server shortcuts for users without administrative privileges. Refer to the
documentation for more information.
2Local user's Start Menu folder
Select this option if you need to ensure that other profiles registered on
this machine will not have access to these shortcuts.
Enter index number to select OR [Exit][Previous][Next]>Next

Console-Mode installation
<--------------------

Oracle Installer - WebLogic 10.3.6.0 ------------------->

Choose Shortcut Location:


------------------------*Are you sure you wish to create the shortcuts in the selected location?
*
*"All Users" Start Menu folder (recommended)
*For some installations, this setting may limit the automatic creation of
*server shortcuts for users without administrative privileges. Refer to the
*documentation for more information.
->1Yes.
2No, Go back to the previous screen and make another choice.

Enter index number to select OR [Exit][Previous][Next]>Next

Console-Mode installation
<--------------------

Oracle Installer - WebLogic 10.3.6.0 ------------------->

The following Products and JDKs will be installed:


-------------------------------------------------WebLogic Platform 10.3.6.0
+----WebLogic Server
+----Core Application Server
+----Administration Console
+----Configuration Wizard and Upgrade Framework
+----Web 2.0 HTTP Pub-Sub Server
+----WebLogic SCA
+----WebLogic JDBC Drivers
+----Third Party JDBC Drivers
+----WebLogic Server Clients
+----WebLogic Web Server Plugins
+----UDDI and Xquery Support
+----Evaluation Database
+----Oracle Coherence
+----Coherence Product Files
+----JDKs
+----SUN SDK 1.6.0_29
+----Oracle JRockit 1.6.0_29 SDK
*Estimated size of installation: 1,289.8 MB
Enter [Exit][Previous][Next]>Next

Console-Mode installation
<-------------------- Oracle Installer - WebLogic 10.3.6.0 ------------------->
Installing files..
0%
25%
50%
75%
100%
[------------|------------|------------|------------]
[***************************************************]
<-------------------- Oracle Installer - WebLogic 10.3.6.0 ------------------->
Installing JDK....
0%
25%
50%
75%
100%
[------------|------------|------------|------------]
[***************************************************]
Performing String Substitutions...
<-------------------- Oracle Installer - WebLogic 10.3.6.0 ------------------->
Configuring OCM...
0%
25%
50%
75%
100%
[------------|------------|------------|------------]
[***************************************************]

Console-Mode installation
Creating Domains...
<-------------------- Oracle Installer - WebLogic 10.3.6.0 ------------------->
Installation Complete
Congratulations! Installation is complete.
Press [Enter] to continue or type [Exit]>
Finish installation. Press any key to close this window...

Silent Mode installation

1) Log in to the Windows system.

2)Create a silent.xml file that defines the configuration settings normally


entered by a user during an interactive installation process, such as graphicalmode or console-mode installation.

Silent Mode installation

Silent.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>


<bea-installer>
<input-fields>
<data-value name="BEAHOME" value="D:\WLS1036" />
<data-value name="WLS_INSTALL_DIR" value="D:\WLS1036\wlserver_10.3" />
<data-value name="COMPONENT_PATHS" value="WebLogic Server|Oracle Coherence" />
</input-fields>
</bea-installer>

Silent Mode installation


3) Place the silent.xml file in the same directory as where the WebLogic Server
Package installer is located.
4) Open a command prompt window.
5) Go to the directory that contains the installation program.
6) Start the installer as follows:

Silent Mode installation

C:\Documents and Settings\username>d:


D:\>cd WLS-Installer
D:\WLS-Installer>dir
Volume in drive D is Data
Volume Serial Number is 172C-7213
Directory of D:\WLS-Installer
07/04/2012 11:32 PM <DIR>
.
07/04/2012 11:32 PM <DIR>
..
07/04/2012 11:41 PM
318 silent.xml
12/22/2011 10:31 PM
859,548,533 wls1036_win32.exe
2 File(s) 859,548,851 bytes
2 Dir(s) 34,560,327,680 bytes free
D:\WLS-Installer>wls1036_win32.exe -mode=silent -silent_xml=silent.xml -log=D:\W
LS-Installer\install.log

Weblogic Domain

What Is a Domain?

A domain is the basic administration unit for WebLogic Server instances. A


domain consists of one or more WebLogic Server instances (and their associated
resources) that you manage with a single Administration Server. You can define
multiple domains based on different system administrators' responsibilities,
application boundaries, or geographical locations of servers. Conversely, you can
use a single domain to centralize all WebLogic Server administration activities.
Each domain's configuration is stored in a separate configuration file called
config.xml, which is stored on the Administration Server along with other files
such as logs and security files. When you use the Administration Server to
perform a configuration task, the changes you make apply only to the domain
managed by that Administration Server

Weblogic Domain

Contents of a Domain ?

A domain can include multiple WebLogic Server clusters and non-clustered


WebLogic Server instances. A minimal domain can contain only one WebLogic
Server instance, which functions both as an Administration Server, and as a
Managed serversuch a domain can be useful while developing applications, but
is not recommended for use in a production environment.

Differences Between Configuration Startup Modes


Function

In development mode...

In production mode...

SSL

You can use the demonstration digital


certificates provided by the WebLogic Server
security services. With these certificates, you
can design your application to work within
environments secured by SSL.

A warning message is displayed if you use the


demonstration digital certificates.

Deploying Applications

WebLogic Server instances can automatically


deploy and update applications that reside in
the domain_name/applications directory
(where domain_name is the name of a
domain).

The auto-deployment feature is disabled, so


you must use the WebLogic Server
Administration Console or the
weblogic.Deployer tool.

Log File Rotation

When you start a server, the server


automatically renames (rotates) its local
server log file as server-name.log.n. For the
remainder of the server session, the server
rotates its local log file whenever the size of
the file reaches 500 kilobytes.

A server rotates its local log file after the size


of the file reaches 500 kilobytes.

Execute Queues

The default number of threads available to


Execute Queues is 15.

The default number of threads available to


Execute Queues is 25.

The thread count determines the number of


simultaneous operations that can be
performed by applications that use the
specified execute queue.
By default, all applications use the execute
queue named default. You can create
additional queues to exercise more control
over the resources that your applications use.
JDBC Connection Pool Capacity

The default capacity is 15 connections.

The default capacity is 25 connections.

What is Managed Server ?

Managed Weblogic Server:

Any other server instance other than Administrative Server of a Weblogic domain
is called as Managed Weblogic Server. Managed Servers host the components and
associated resources that constitute the applicationsfor example, JSPs and
EJBs.

What is Administration Server ?

Administration Server is WebLogic Server instance that maintains


configuration data for a domain. You can deploy your application on
administration Server but it is recommended to create managed Server and
deploy your application in managed server and leave Administration domain
for configuration and maintenance.

Note: There will always be atleast one Administration Server in a domain

Weblogic Domain

Weblogic domain creation (Flowchart)

Weblogic domain creation

Step1: Create Domain

Weblogic domain creation

Step2: Select Domain Source

Weblogic domain creation

Step3: Configure Administrator

Weblogic domain creation

Step4: Select JDK & Start Mode- In below screen, you define Mode in which
you wish tostart your domainand JDK (Sun, JRockit or any other JDK)
Production Mode- Domain ismore secure, You need username password to
startdomain or deploy application.
Development Mode-Not very secure, You can Autodeploy application and no
need to provide username/password to start Domain.

Weblogic domain creation

Step5:Customize your domain

On the next screen select Administration Server and Managed Servers,


Clusters and Machines.

Weblogic domain creation

Step6: Configure Managed Server and admin server

Weblogic domain creation

Step7: Summary screen

Thank You