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RIGHT BALL DROP:

TIME = 42 min
TEMPERATURE = 66OC

LEFT BALL DROP:

TIME = 42 min
TEMPERATURE = 66 OC

CALCULATION:
Softening Point = (R1 + R2) / 2
Where, R is the temperature reading upon the ball touches the bottom plate.
Softening Point = (66 C+ 66 C) / 2
= 66 OC
Determine Penetration Index of the bitumen.
i.

From Nomograph of Penetration Index


Softening Point

: 66 oC (From above - Softening Test)

Penetration Point

: 26.8 mm (From Experiment 6 - Penetration Test)

So, the intercept on line C is the PI of the bitumen which is = 0.7


ii.

By Formula below:

Therefore, substituting all the values into E1

Thus,

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