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DAFTAR ISI

KATA PENGANTAR..................................................................................................... i
DAFTAR ISI................................................................................................................. iii
DAFTAR TABEL.......................................................................................................... vi
DAFTAR GAMBAR.................................................................................................... vii
BAB I PENDAHULUAN
1.1. Latar Belakang............................................................................................ 1
1.2. Lokasi Pekerjaan Waduk............................................................................. 2
1.3. Maksud dan Tujuan Model Fisik................................................................ 4
1.4. Lingkup Pekerjaan...................................................................................... 4
1.5. Lokasi Laboratorium Uji Model Fisik Hidrolika...................................... 5
BAB II DATA TEKNIS PERENCANAAN PROTOTIPE
2.1. Data Teknis................................................................................................. 6
2.1.1. Hidrologi Perencanaan ......................................................................6
2.1.2. Data Teknis Konstruksi .....................................................................7
2.2. Gambar Teknis Perencanaan Prototipe........................................................9
2.2.1. Dareah Tampungan Waduk pada Bagian Inlet Pelimpah ..................9
2.2.2. Pelimpah .........................................................................................10
2.2.3. Saluran Transisi dan Saluran Peluncur ............................................11
2.2.4. Peredam Energi ...............................................................................11
2.2.5. Alur Sungai di Hilir Peredam Energi ..............................................12
BAB III METODE PELAKSANAAN
3.1. Umum .......................................................................................................14
3.2. Skala Model Fisik......................................................................................14
3.2.1. Tipe-tipe Kesebangunan Hidrolika..................................................15
3.2.2. Klasifikasi Skala Model...................................................................17
3.2.3. Skala Model.....................................................................................18
3.2.4. Model Froude (Gaya Gravitasi) Skala Model Sama.....................18
3.2.5. Pemilihan Skala Model....................................................................21
3.3. Penentuan Elevasi pada Model Fisik.........................................................21
3.3.1. Waterpass.........................................................................................21
3.3.2. Penentuan elevasi dari IPG..............................................................22
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3.4. Langkah Pembuatan Suatu Bangunan.......................................................22


3.5. Pengukuran Debit.......................................................................................24
3.6. Pengukuran Kecepatan...............................................................................24
3.6.1. Pengukuran Kecepatan Aliran dengan Current Meter ....................24
3.6.2. Pengukuran Kecepatan Aliran dengan Tabung Pitot .......................25
3.7. Alat Pengukur Tekanan dengan Pizometer................................................27
3.8. Pengukuran Muka Air................................................................................27
3.9. Tinggi Air di Atas Pelimpah ......................................................................27
BAB IV PELAKSANAAN UJI MODEL FISIK HIDROLIK
4.1. Tata Laksana Pekerjaan Model Fisik.........................................................35
4.2. Peralatan Pengujian di Laboratorium Model Fisik....................................35
4.3. Ketersediaan Ruangan dan Sisitem Sirkulasi Air di Laboratorium...........36
4.4. Pertimbangan Pemilihan dan Penetapan Skala Model Fisik......................38
4.5. Debit Pengaliran Melalui Bangunan Ukur Debit Tipe Rechbox ..............40
4.6. Pembuatan Konstruksi Model Fisik ..........................................................42
4.7. Rancangan Percobaan dan Pengamatan Model Fisik................................42
4.8. Dokumentasi..............................................................................................43
BAB V HASIL UJI MODEL FISIK HIDROLIK
5.1. Model Fisik Seri O (Original Design).......................................................52
5.1.1. Kolam Tampungan Waduk ..............................................................53
5.1.2. Saluran Pengarah ............................................................................53
5.1.3. Mercu Pelimpah ..............................................................................54
5.1.4. Saluran Transisi ...............................................................................55
5.1.5. Saluran Peluncur .............................................................................56
5.1.6. Peredam Energi ...............................................................................56
5.1.7. Saluran Hilir ....................................................................................57
5.2. Model Seri I ..............................................................................................57
5.2.1. Saluran Pengarah.............................................................................58
5.2.2. Pelimpah .........................................................................................58
5.2.3. Saluran Transisi................................................................................59
5.2.4. Saluran Peluncur..............................................................................60
5.3. Model Seri II ............................................................................................60
5.3.1. Saluran Transisi dan Saluran Peluncur............................................61
5.4. Model Seri III ............................................................................................61
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5.4.1. Saluran Peluncur..............................................................................62


5.4.2. Peredam Energi................................................................................63
5.5. Model Seri IV ...........................................................................................63
5.5.1. Saluran Peluncur..............................................................................64
5.6. Final Design

.........................................................................................64

BAB VI PENUTUP
6.1. Kesimpulan................................................................................................65
6.2. Saran..........................................................................................................66
DAFTAR PUSTAKA
LAMPIRAN

DAFTAR TABEL

Tabel 3.1

Besaran pemodelan......................................................................................17

Tabel 3.2

Nilai kehilangan tinggi untuk berbagai tipe pelimpah.................................25

Tabel 4.1

Analisa ketelitian penetapan skala model minimal metode Russel


berdasarkan debit banjir rancangan Q2th.......................................................32

Tabel 4.2

Perhitungan debit dan tinggi air di atas ambang pelimpah..........................33

Tabel 4.3

Operasional pompa di model fisik...............................................................33

Tabel 4.4

Perhitungan debit bangunan ukur debit Rechbox.......................................34

Tabel 4.5

Pelaksanaan pekerjaan pembuatan model fisik dan proses setiap harinya. .37

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DAFTAR GAMBAR

Gambar 1.1.

Lokasi pekerjaan waduk...........................................................................2

Gambar 1.2.

Laboratorium Hidrolika Terapan, Jurusan Teknik Pengairan Fakultas


Teknik Universitas Brawijaya.................................................................. 4

Gambar 2.1.

Cakupan daerah tampungan waduk dan model fisik ...............................8

Gambar 2.2.

Denah situasi pelimpah.............................................................................9

Gambar 2.3.

Denah peredam energi..............................................................................9

Gambar 2.4.

Alur sungai di hilir peredam energi........................................................10

Gambar 3.1.

Kesebangunan hidrolika..........................................................................16

Gambar 3.2.

Waterpass yang digunakan dalam pengukuran.......................................19

Gambar 3.3.

Alat ukur debit tipe Rechbox..................................................................22

Gambar 3.4.

Current meter - SEBA............................................................................ 23

Gambar 3.5.

Prinsip kerja Tabung Pitot...................................................................... 24

Gambar 3.6.

Instrumen Tabung Pitot untuk pengukuran di laboratorium.................. 24

Gambar 3.7.

Alat ukur tekanan statik dengan lubang pizometer................................ 24

Gambar 3.8.

Tinggi muka air di atas pelimpah ...........................................................26

Gambar 4.1.

Skema lokasi Model Fisik Waduk Gondang ..........................................30

Gambar 4.2.

Sirkulasi air di laboratorium untuk model fisik .....................................30

Gambar 4.3.

Alat ukur Rechbox .................................................................................34

Gambar 4.4.

Kurva liku debit Rechbox ......................................................................35

Gambar 5.1.

Kondisi daerah tampungan waduk di model fisik hidrolik ....................46

Gambar 5.2.

Kondisi saluran pengarah di model fisik hidrolik ..................................47

Gambar 5.3.

Kondisi pelimpah di model fisik hidrolik ..............................................47

Gambar 5.4.

Kondisi saluran samping di model fisik hidrolik ...................................48

Gambar 5.5.

Kondisi saluran transisi di model fisik hidrolik .....................................49

Gambar 5.6.

Kondisi saluran peluncur di model fisik hidrolik ..................................50

Gambar 5.7.

Kondisi peredam energi di model fisik hidrolik ....................................50

Gambar 5.8.

Kondisi saluran hilir di model fisik hidrolik ..........................................51

Gambar 5.9.

Model Seri I : Mengubah inlet saluran pengarah ke pelimpah ..............51

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Gambar 5.10. Model Seri I : Membuat ambang tambahan pada saluran transisi dan
menghilangkan endsill pada peredam energi ........................................52
Gambar 5.11. Model Seri I: Kondisi aliran pada saluran pengarah ..............................52
Gambar 5.12. Model Seri I: Kondisi aliran pada pelimpah ..........................................53
Gambar 5.13. Model Seri I: Kondisi aliran pada saluran samping ...............................53
Gambar 5.14. Model Seri I: Kondisi aliran pada saluran transisi .................................54
Gambar 5.15. Model Seri I: Kondisi aliran pada saluran peluncur ..............................54
Gambar 5.16. Model Seri I: Kondisi aliran pada peredam energi ................................55
Gambar 5.17. Model Seri II: Menghilangkan ambang tambahan dan memberi baffle
block .......................................................................................................55
Gambar 5.18. Model Seri II: Kondisi aliran pada saluran samping .............................56
Gambar 5.19. Final Design: Menambah baffle block dan menaikkan hilir dari saluran
transisi ....................................................................................................57
Gambar 5.20. Pola gerusan banjir rancangan Q100 saluran hilir pada final design........58

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