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Start-up for 5/28/15

Complete a quick-write from the following


video.
Your quick-write should include at least 4
sentences in the ABC format. Think about
the following while watching the video.
Why is the immune system important? How
does it perform various functions?

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Non4MkYQpYA

Immunity &
Ch. 40 Section 1
Disease
Pages 1029-1033
Immunity =
protection against
an invading foreign
substance

Objectives: Students will


A.) Summarize the germ theory
and Kochs postulates
B) Compare pathogens and hosts
C) List the five agents of disease
D) Identify three ways disease is
spread
E) Summarize two ways to fight
infection

Obj A.) Summarize the germ


theory

Germ Theory of
Disease

Microorganisms cause disease


Microorganism= tiny unseen
organism
Louis Pasteur and Robert Koch in
mid 1800s

Obj A.) Summarize Kochs


postulates

Kochs
Postulates:
Guidelines used to
determine which
microorganisms
cause disease:
Isolate germ
Grow it in culture
Inject it
Look for the disease

postulates
No
Pathogen

Healthy
Mouse

Suspected
Pathogen

Healthy
Mouse

Suspected
Pathogen

Dead
Mouse

Pathogen
in sick
not
healthy
mouse

Suspected
pathogen

Isolate
and grow
pathogen
Dead
Mouse

Kochs Postulates
Pathogen

Inject
pathogen
into
healthy
organism

Dead
Mouse

Re-isolate
pathogen
to see if it
is the
same as
the
original

Found spiral bacteria in Lyme patients and


infected mice

Lyme Disease Steere 1975


Infected deer tick bites host

Obj B.) Compare pathogens and


hosts
Host =
Pathogen:
hostess
pathos=sufferi
ng
of the
Pathogen
Disease causing
agent 5 Types
party!
Bacteria
Virus
Protist
Fungus
Worms

hosts

Toxin:

Poisons produced by pathogens,


makes you feel sick
Causes harm to host
Example:
Poison Brazilian darts
Tetanus bacteria

Bacteria cover your skin,


liveof
in disease:
your intestines
Obj C): List the 5 agents
and inhabit your private
1. Bacteria
parts.
They usually live in
balance
Causes sore throat
Spread by carriers
Impetigo
Causes pimples
Cleanliness is important
Antibiotics kill
Strep
bacteria without
Throat
harming the hosts
cells

Bronchitis

Untreated Strep bacteria can lead to


Rheumatic Fever - destroys cardiac
cells

Mitral Valve
replacemen
t, damage
caused by
rheumatic
fever

disease:

Agents of disease:

2. Viruses
HIV virus
Common Colds
Flu virus
Polio virus
Antibiotic DO NOT
work
3. Protozoans
Amoebic dysentery
Malaria
4. Fungi
Athletes foot
Ringworm
Yeast infections

2. Viruses

AIDS = break down of the


immune system & death due to
common diseases

disease:
5. Worm (Tapeworm)

For each of the following, circle those that antibiotics can


cure. Why do the antibiotics work?

disease:

STD

Eubacterium

Virus

Syphilis

Chlamydeou
s

Gonorrhea

Herpes

HIV

Aids (death)

no

By common diseases
When the immune
system fails

Cold

Flu

Strep throat

Obj D) Identify three ways disease is spread

Infectious disease:
Tuberculosis Lung
Disease

Disease transmitted from one individual


to another
Spread by
Water
Air
Direct contact
Vectors (infected animals)

Obj D) Identify three ways disease is spread

Carrier:
Carry the
disease
But show
NO
symptoms
Infectious &
spread the
disease

Obj D) Identify three ways disease is spread

Infection:

A growth of a disease causing


organism:
In the host
Depends upon the :
Persons health
Amount of infection
Environmental conditions

Obj E) Summarize two ways to fight infection

1. Disinfectants:
Chemicals that
kill disease
causing
microorganism
s
Use to sterilize
wounds &
tools
Discovered by
Lister

Obj
E) Summarize
two ways
Penicillin
mold
anti-to fight infection

bactericide:

2. Antibiotics = medicine prescribed by a doctor


that kills bacteria, penicillin, tetracycline,
ampicillin

Medicinal Leeches & Blood


letting:
Older Days

Much,
much
older days
Skull
boring
to

drive out
evil spirits of an ill person!
Be happy you live now.

Exit Ticket
1. What type of pathogen will antibiotics
kill?
2. What does HIV destroy?
3. Identify two types of pathogens.
4. List two ways to spread disease.
Complete these to receive your Chapter
40-1 and 40-2 Link Word. It is due
Thursday.