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Noah- Chapter 1 (5 slides, 100 seconds)- All about apartheid

Slide 1 Apartheid, a word literally meaning "apart-hood" was a system of racial


segregation and discrimination against the native africans in South Africa solely on
grounds of race. This system was in place by the national party, which was made to
ensure the survival of the white race in south Africa, while reducing the rights and power
of the black community
Slide 2 On May 31, 1902, the second boer war came to an end, and south africa
was a confirmed british colony. Through the 1920s and WWII, racial discrimination and
violence escalated, causing political parties to take action. In 1948, Dr. D.F. Malan led
the National Party, and formed the apartheid.
Slide 3 The white minority (20% of population) used this system to ensure their
dominant rule of south africa. Soon after the apartheid was formed, a marriage act
outlawed Interracial marriage or sexual interaction between races.
Slide 4, In the 1950s, all south africans were categorized by race, and were
required to bring, reference books with them at all times, or risk imprisonment. Soon
after they were forced out of there homes to live in communities separated by race and
ethnicity, with a goal to divide the black community to prevent their unification or an
uprising
Slide 5- Over the course of almost 50 year, more and more laws like these were
passed, oppressing and discriminating against the native african people. The people
were deprived of their rights, their freedom, and their livelihood, all because of the color
of their skin.

Aidan- Chapter 2 (5 slides, 100 seconds)- Dismantling of apartheid


Slide 1- In 1923, in response to the apartheid, the African National Conference,
(ANC) was formed. The ANC aimed to protect the rights of blacks in south africa with
peaceful resistance, including protests and petitions. Soon after, Nelson Mandela took
the main leadership position in the ANC, increasing its members greatly.
Slide 2- Nelson Mandela worked hard as a lawyer and political activist throughout
the 1950s and 60s trying to lower white's rule. After a bombing campaign broke out
Mandela was sentenced to 27 years in prison where he continued to call attention to this
abusive policy. He wrote and inspired people to keep fighting, gaining world wide
support.
Slide 3- World pressure began to play a role in the ending of apartheid. Activists
all around the world began to boycott, refusing to send arms, trade, and accept goods
with South Africa. These acts began to dwindle South Africa's economy. In 1976 the UN
Council voted to impose a mandatory embargo on the sale of arms to South Africa.

Slide 4- In addition South African blacks had non-violent demonstrations


protesting against apartheid. Under pressure from the international community the
Nation Party government, with Pierta Botha (current president under apartheid) sought
to institute some reforms. As a result in 1989 Botha was pressured to step aside in favor
of F.W. de Klerk.
Slide 5- Klerk freed Mandela in 1990 and the two worked together to dismantle
apartheid forever. Klerk repealed most legislation that formed legal basis for apartheid
and it was officially repealed in 1991. In 1994 a new constitution took effect and elections
that year lead to a new government with non white majority and an authorized end to
apartheid.
Marya- Chapter 3 (5 slides, 100 seconds)- All about the TRC
Slide 1: After the end of apartheid the Truth and Reconciliation Commission also
known as the TRC was assembled to help deal with the violence and abuse of human
rights. These abuses had occurred during the time under apartheid. The Truth and
Reconciliation Commission allowed anyone who felt they had been a victim of violence
to come forward and be heard.
Slide 2: The goal of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission was to free all
democracy in South Africa. The purpose of this commission was to grant amnesty to the
perpetrators of crimes relating to human right violations, reparation, and rehabilitation.
The way the Truth and Reconciliation Commission organized this process was by
splitting up into three committees.
Slide 3: The first committee was the Human Rights Violations committee who
worked to investigate human rights abuses that had occurred during the time of
apartheid. The second was the Reparation and Rehabilitation Committee who worked
with restoring victim's dignity and making proposals to help with rehabilitation. Last was
the Amnesty Committee.
Slide 4: This committee considered people for amnesty, granting amnesty to
those charged with atrocities during the apartheid era. The entire truth had to be heard
and the crimes had to be politically motivated. 5392 people were refused amnesty and
849 people were granted amnesty of the 7112 people who requested amnesty.
Slide 5: The road to reconciliation worked well and was a success as witnesses
who identified as victims of human right violations were invited to give statements about
their experiences. Perpetrators of violence could give testimony and request amnesty
from both civil and criminal prosecution leading to the reconciliation of South Africa.
Ian- Chapter 4 (5 slides, 100 seconds)- After effects/how it affected other countries/future

Slide 1: Today the TRC has established a peaceful environment in South Africa.
Many black Africans have had their rights restored. Many towns and villages have risen
out of poverty and have established more modern communities. This is partly because of
the cooperation of the black Africans trying to change their homeland.
Slide 2: Today, about 20 years after the death of apartheid, there are already
signs that racism is making a comeback. Whites are beginning to see themselves as the
victims of racial discrimination and victims of "white genocide". Racial tensions are
beginning to show up in South Africa today.
Slide 3: The transition from the end of the apartheid to today has impressed
many countries. Many nations that needed reconciliation in their country were inspired
by south Africa's trc. The trc of South Africa inspired many countries to start their own trc.
Even though the trc of South Africa is considered a huge success, will the success last?
Slide 4: The only thing that could stop this transition, which South Africa has
been working hard for, is retaliation between the black Africans and the whites as well as
violent riots. There are still some black Africans who still want the whites to experience
the hardships and devastation that the they had to go through the apartheid.
Slide 5: Will History repeat itself? Will South Africa be thrown back into poverty
problem that it has tried to defeat before. Can black Africans forgive the whites of their
harsh and awful crimes of the past? Or will they have a heavy desire of revenge. The
future holds uncertainty for South Africa and there can be no predictions.

Image URLs:
Aidan:
http://www.allartnews.com/rise-and-fall-of-apartheid-photography-and-the-bureaucracy-ofeveryday-life-opens-in-munich/
http://www.people.com/people/package/0,,20763535,00.html
http://prospectjournal.org/2011/10/21/americas-role-in-the-end-of-south-african-apartheid/
http://www.pbs.org/newshour/rundown/nelson-mandela-1/
Noah:
http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2013/12/05/apartheid-history-timeline-nelson-mandela-deathdies-dead_n_3424291.html
http://www.infoplease.com/atlas/country/southafrica.html

http://www.litnet.co.za/Article/df-malan-and-the-rise-of-afrikaner-nationalism-by-lindie-koorts
http://overcomingapartheid.msu.edu/sidebar.php?id=65-258-3
http://overcomingapartheid.msu.edu/sidebar.php?id=65-258-3

Ian:
http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/nelson-mandela/10500676/Nelson-Mandela-wherenow-for-South-Africa.html
http://buzzsouthafrica.com/interesting-details-about-south-african-xenophobic-attack-cause-andcasualties/
http://thisisafrica.me/south-africa-insecurity-state/
http://imgarcade.com/1/happy-people-in-africa/
http://www.abc.net.au/news/2012-10-06/122c000-sacked-as-south-africa-mine-strike-turnsdeadly/4298968

Marya:
http://www.onlanka.com/news/what-sri-lanka-must-know-about-south-africas-truth-andreconciliation-commission.html
https://may131969.wordpress.com/truth-and-reconciliation-commission/
http://adsoftheworld.com/media/outdoor/amnesty_international_50_years_anniversary_poster
http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/607421/Truth-and-Reconciliation-CommissionSouth-Africa-TRC
http://www.theguardian.com/world/2012/oct/10/canadian-psychiatrist-dr-shock-trial