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You answered 13 of 13 questions.


You answered 13 of 13 questions attempted correctly.
<p>Your weighted score is 100%.</p>//
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1

Dmitri Mendeleev organized the chemical


elements:
by number of electrons
by increasing atomic weight and similar
properties Correct! Mendeleev had tried to
organize the chemical elements according to
their atomic weights, assuming that the
properties of the elements would gradually
change as atomic weight increased.
by increasing atomic number and similar
properties
in alphabetical order

The elements in the present periodic table


are arranged according to their:
atomic masses
mass number
atomic number Correct! The modern
periodic table of elements is arranged by atomic
number.
atomic weight

A vertical column in the periodic table is


called a:
valence
branch
group Correct! A group is the name for
vertical a column of elements in the periodic
table. Elements in a particular group share many

similar chemical and physical properties.


period
4

A horizontal row in the periodic table is


called a:
shells
branch
group
period Correct! Rows in the periodic table
are called periods. As one moves from left to
right in a given period, the chemical properties
of the elements slowly change.

The majority of the elements in the periodic


table are:
noble gases
nonmetals
metalloids
metals Correct! Most of the elements in the
periodic table are metals or transition metals.
These have been color-coded as pink and white,
respectively, on the chart.

What does Bohr's theory state?


Electrons occur around the nucleus in
electron shells that have a limited capacity
Correct! Bohr's theory states that electrons are
not located randomly around an atom's nucleus.
Rather, they reside in specific electron shells.
Each shell has a limited capacity for electrons.
As lower shells are filled, additional electrons
reside in more-distant shells.
Electrons are located randomly around an
atom's nucleus
Electrons occur in shells of unlimited
capacity

Electrons don't occur at all in atoms

What is the capacity of the first electron


shell?
sixteen
eight
three
two Correct! The capacity of the first
electron shell is two. When this shell is full,
additional electrons are housed in more-distant
shells.

Which of the following is the electron


configuration for carbon:
C )2e- )8e- )2eC )2e- )6eC )2e- )4e- Correct! Scientists often use
shorthand write the electron configuration of
elements. The parentheses, ), represent electron
shells. Since carbon has six electrons, the first
electron shell is filled to capacity with two
electrons, and the second electron shell has four
electrons.
Ca )2e- )8e- )2e-

Elements in the some group have:


similar symbols
the same number of neutrons
the same number of valence electrons
Correct! Elements in the same group share
similar chemical properties. An elements
chemical properties are determined by the way
its atoms interact with other atoms. But it is only
the outermost or valence - electrons that
interact with other atoms. Elements in the same
group have the same number of valence

electrons; this number is indicated by the group


number.
the same number of electrons

10

Elements in the same period have:

the same number of neutrons


gradually changing properties Correct!
Chemical properties of the elements gradually
change as you move across the row, whereas
elements in the same group share many similar
chemical and physical properties.
similar symbols
identical chemical properties

11

Which element is classified as metalloid?


Ca
Cl
Si Correct! Silicon is classified as a
metalloid. You can see this by using the colorcoded key in the middle of the periodic table.
Zn

12

How many valence electrons does calcium


have?
one
two Correct! You can see on the periodic
table that calcium is in Group IIA. For elements
in groups labeled A in the periodic table (IA, IIA,
etc.), the number of valence electrons
corresponds to the group number. This means
that calcium has two valence electrons.
eight
twenty

13

How many valence electrons does boron


have?
one

two
three Correct! You can see on the periodic
table that boron (B) is in Group IIIA. For
elements in groups labeled A in the periodic
table (IA, IIA, IIIA, etc.), the number of valence
electrons corresponds to the group number. This
means that it has three valence electrons.
four