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NAMA

NPM
TUGAS

:
:
:

RIZA PRAMANA
148110066
IRIGASI 1

SOAL
DIKETAHUI : SALURAN IRIGASI PADA GAMBAR
a = 2.2 L/dt/Ha

S. TUNTUNGAN

BG

S1T1

BG

S1T2

S3TS1Ki

S3TSIKa

30 ha
a
c

25 ha
a
c

S3TS3Ki

15 ha
a
c

35 ha
a
c

S2TS3

S3TS2Ka1

S3TS2Ki

15 ha
a
c

BG
S3M3Ka1

S3M1Ka2
S2TS4

25 ha
c

S2M3

S2M1

S3TS3Ki2

S2TS2

S1T4
S3M1Ka1

35 ha
a
c

S2TS1

BG

S1T3
S3TS3Ka

44 ha

S2M2
a

S3M3Ka2
S2M4

50 ha
a

30 ha

37 ha
a
c

S3TS2Ka1

S3TS4Ki

S3M2Ka

S3M4Ka

S3TS4Ka
a

40 ha
c

36 ha
a

S3M2Ki
a

c
35 ha
a
c

40 ha
a
c

35 ha
c

S3M4Ki
16 ha
a
c

25 ha
c

30 ha

37 ha
c

S3TS2Ka1

S3TS4Ki

S3M2Ka

S3M4Ka

S3TS4Ka
40 ha
a
c

36 ha
a

S3M2Ki

c
35 ha
a
c

40 ha
a
c

35 ha
a
c

S3M4Ki

25 ha
c

16 ha
a
c

DITANYA : TENTUKAN DIMENSI SALURAN DENGAN MENGGUNAKAN TABEL LENGKUNG TEGAL?


Jawab:
Penyelesaian:
Saluran Primer S1T1 dengan Luas Area = 568 Ha
Kebutuhan Air Normalnya = 2,2 lt/det
di dapat dari tabel Lengukng Tegal Nilai c nya sebesar 0,82
Maka di dapat debit airnya (Q) = Axaxc
Q= 568x2,2x0,82
Q=
1024.672 l/det
Q=
1.024672 m3/det
Rencana Saluran Pasangan Beton Dengan nilai koefesien kekasaran Stickler (k) = 70 di dapat dari tabel
Kecepatan Maksimum untuk saluran pasangan beton = 0,3 m/s
dari tabel karakteristik saluran didapat
n:m=1:1
b/h=1,5
k (koefesien Stickler)=40
F=Q/V
F =(b+mh)xh =(1,5h+h)h

F= 2,5h2
F=1,024672/0.3
F= 3.415573 M2
F= 2,5h2
3.4155733333 =2,5H2
h= (3,41557333/2,5)^0.5
h=
1.168 m

F =(b+mh)xh
3,415573=(b+1x1,2)1,2
b=(3,415573-1,2)/1,2
b=1,8m
Keliling
K=(b+2h)1+m2
K=(1,8++2x1,2)1+12
K=

5.2 m

Jari-jari hidrolis (R) =F/K


R = 3,415573/5,2
R= 0.6568409615 m
Kemiringan Saluran (I) =[v/(R2/3xk)]2
I =[0,3/(0,656842/3x40)]2
I= 3.2168733E-005 m

1,2 m

No

Nama Saluran

SALURAN PRIMER
1 S1T1
2 S1T2
3 S1T3
4 S1T4
SALURAN SEKUNDER
5 S2TS1
6 S2TS2
7 S2TS3
8 S2TS4
9 S2M1
10 S2M2
11 S2M3
12 S2M4
SALURAN TERSIER
13 S3TS1Ki
14 S3TS1Ka1
15 S3TS1Ka2
16 S3TS2Ki
17 S3TS2Ka
18 S3TS3Ka
19 S3TS3Ki
20 S3TS3Ki2
21 S3TS4Ki
22 S3TS4Ka

Luas
Areal

Kebutuhan Air
Normal

Koef.
Lengkung
Tegal

Debit air

Ha

l/det/Ha

m3/det

568
406
270
116

2.2
2.2
2.2
2.2

0.82
0.849
0.903
1.005

1.0247
0.7583
0.5364
0.2565

162
107
136
86
154
119
116
91

2.2
2.2
2.2
2.2
2.2
2.2
2.2
2.2

0.97
1.08
1.01
1.165
0.98
1.045
1.005
1.14

0.3457
0.2542
0.3022
0.2204
0.3320
0.2736
0.2565
0.2282

30
25
30
37
40
15
35
15
36
35

2.2
2.2
2.2
2.2
2.2
2.2
2.2
2.2
2.2
2.2

1.69
1.8
1.69
1.57
1.53
2.095
1.6
2.095
1.59
1.6

0.1115
0.0990
0.1115
0.1278
0.1346
0.0691
0.1232
0.0691
0.1259
0.1232

Lebar
dasar
saluran

Tinggi
saluran

kemiringan talud

1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1

1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1

1.20
1.41
0.98
0.37

1.80
1.05
0.90
0.62

0.59
0.30
0.42
0.21
0.56
0.35
0.31
0.23

0.72
0.65
0.71
0.61
0.71
0.68
0.65
0.62

0.26
0.27
0.26
0.20
0.21
0.34
0.18
0.34
0.21
0.25

0.50
0.45
0.50
0.53
0.57
0.35
0.50
0.35
0.53
0.55

23 S3M1Ka
24 S3M2Ka1
25 S3M2Ka2
26 S3M2Ki
27 S3M3Ka
28 S3M4Ka
29 S3M4Ka2
30 S3M3Ki

35
44
35
40
25
50
25
16

2.2
2.2
2.2
2.2
2.2
2.2
2.2
2.2

1.6
1.485
1.6
1.53
1.8
1.42
1.8
2.06

0.1232
0.1437
0.1232
0.1346
0.0990
0.1562
0.0990
0.0725

1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1

1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1

0.25
0.20
0.23
0.21
0.27
0.30
0.27
0.30

0.55
0.40
0.53
0.57
0.45
0.40
0.45
0.35

b/h

Tabel

Kecepatan

Jari-Jari
hidrolis

koefesien
kekasaran
saluran

kemiringan
saluran

m/det

Tabel

Luas
saluran

Keliling
saluran

F
m2

1.5
1.3
1.2
1.2

3.416
2.528
1.788
0.855

5.200
4.508
3.786
2.618

0.300
0.300
0.300
0.300

0.657
0.561
0.472
0.327

70
70
70
70

3.217E-05
0.000040
0.000050
0.000082

1.2
1
1
1
1.2
1
1
1

1.152
0.847
1.007
0.735
1.107
0.912
0.855
0.761

3.040
2.604
2.839
2.424
2.979
2.701
2.615
2.467

0.300
0.300
0.300
0.300
0.300
0.300
0.300
0.300

0.379
0.325
0.355
0.303
0.372
0.338
0.327
0.308

70
70
70
70
70
70
70
70

0.000067
0.000082
0.000073
0.000090
0.000069
0.000078
0.000082
0.000088

1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1

0.372
0.330
0.372
0.426
0.449
0.230
0.411
0.230
0.420
0.411

2.256
2.167
2.256
2.256
2.353
2.042
2.179
2.042
2.268
2.353

0.300
0.300
0.300
0.300
0.300
0.300
0.300
0.300
0.300
0.300

0.165
0.152
0.165
0.189
0.191
0.113
0.188
0.113
0.185
0.175

70
70
70
70
70
70
70
70
70
70

0.000203
0.000226
0.000203
0.000170
0.000167
0.000337
0.000170
0.000337
0.000174
0.000188

1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1

0.411
0.479
0.411
0.449
0.330
0.521
0.330
0.242

2.353
1.998
2.285
2.353
2.167
2.102
2.167
2.000

0.300
0.300
0.300
0.300
0.300
0.300
0.300
0.300

0.175
0.240
0.180
0.191
0.152
0.248
0.152
0.121

70
70
70
70
70
70
70
70

0.000188
0.000123
0.000181
0.000167
0.000226
0.000118
0.000226
0.000307

NAMA = RIZA PRAMANA


NPM = 148110066
TUGAS = NUMERIK DAN METODE KOMPUTASI
no
x
y

1
4
30

2
6
18

3
8
22

y = 28.58-0.6569x
x
1
2
3
y
27.9 27.3 26.6

4
10
28

5
14
14

6
16
22

4
5
6
26 25.3 24.6

7
20
16

8
22
8

9
24
20

7
8
9
24 23.3 22.7

10 Total
28 152
8 186

10
11
12
22 21.4 20.7

13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
20 19.4 18.7 18.1 17.4 16.8 16.1 15.4 14.8

35

30

25

20

Row 7
Linear (Row 7)

SB-Y
15

10

0
0

10

15
SB-X

20

25

30

0
0

10

15
SB-X

20

25

30

22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
14.1 13.5 12.8 12.2 11.5 10.8 10.2 9.53 8.87

w7
ear (Row 7)

30

Y= 28.58-0.6569X

30

NAMA = RIZA PRAMANA


NPM = 148110066
TUGAS = NUMERIK DAN METODE KOMPUTASI
y=aebx
n

xi
1
2
3
4
5

B=
B=
B=
A=

P=

yi
1
2
3
4
5
15

qi=xi
0.5
1.7
3.4
5.7
8.4
19.7

pi=lny
qi.pi
qi2
1 -0.6931472 -0.69314718
2 0.5306283 1.0612565
3 1.2237754 3.67132629
4 1.7404662 6.9618647
5 2.1282317 10.6411585
15 4.9299544 21.6424588

qipi -qipi
nqi2-(qi)2
-52.31
50
-1.046137
=Pr-B.qr
0.985991 4.124402
4.124402 +

A=lna
4.1244 = lna
a=
61.8
jadi
y=61,8e-1,0461x

-3.13841

-1.04614 q

1
4
9
16
25
55

y=61,8e-1,0461x
x
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
y
21.71066 7.627 2.67943 0.9412969 0.33068248 0.1162 0.04081 0.01 0.00504 0.00177

11
12
13
0 0.00022 8E-005

25

20

15

SUMBU-Y

y=64e-1,0461x
Column C

10

0
0

8
SUMBU-X

10

12

14

16

14
3E-005

y=64e-1,0461x
Column C

NAMA = RIZA PRAMANA


NPM = 148110066
TUGAS = NUMERIK DAN METODE KOMPUTASI
1. Metode Kuadrat Terkecil
1.1
Persamaan Berpangkat
no
x
y
xi.yi

1
2.5
5
12.5

2
3.5
3.4
11.9

3
5
2
10

4
6
1.6
9.6

5
7.5
1.2
9

6
10
0.8
8

7
12.5
0.6
7.5

8
15
0.4
6

9
17.5
0.3
5.25

10
20
0.3
6

xi2

6.25

12.25

25

36

56.25

100

156.25

225

306.25

400

Yr =
xr=
b=

y/n
=
x/n
=
nyixi-yixi

30/10
99,5/10

=
=

nxi2 -(xi)2
=
b

-694.7
3332.25
-0.20847776

=
=

yr-b.xr
3.63435366

3.634

-0.2084777553 x

1.56
9.95

y = 3,6344-0,2084778x
x
1
2
y
3.4258759 3.21739815

3
3.0089203991

4
2.8004426439

5
2.5919648886

6
7
8
9
10
2.3834871333 2.175009378 1.96653162 1.758054 1.549576

6
5
4
3
y=3,6344-0,2084778x
2

data Awal

1
0
0
-1

10

15

20

25

1.2

Fungsi Eksponen
n

xi
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
10

B=
B=
B=
A=

P=

yi
2.5
3.5
5
6
7.5
10
12.5
15
17.5
20
99.5

5
3.4
2
1.6
1.2
0.8
0.6
0.4
0.3
0.3
15.6

qi=Ln xi
0.9162907319
1.2527629685
1.6094379124
1.7917594692
2.0149030205
2.302585093
2.5257286443
2.7080502011
2.8622008809
2.9957322736
20.9794511955

nqipi -qipi
nqi2-(qi)2
-62.58
44.3713801047
-1.4103784039
=Pr-B.qr
0.012048 2.9709445

-2.9588964893

2.9709445 +

-1.4103784039 q

A=lna
2.9709445 = lna
a=
19.510339

Pi=Ln yi
1.6094379124
1.2237754316
0.6931471806
0.4700036292
0.1823215568
-0.2231435513
-0.5108256238
-0.9162907319
-1.2039728043
-1.2039728043
0.120480195

qi.pi
1.4747130427
1.5331005425
1.1155773513
0.8421334533
0.3673602555
-0.5138070149
-1.2902069102
-2.4813613007
-3.4460120212
-3.6067801864
-6.0052827881

q2
0.8395887053
1.5694150552
2.590290394
3.2104019956
4.0598341822
5.3018981105
6.3793051847
7.3335358917
8.1921938828
8.9744118548
48.4508752567

jadi
y=19,51e-1,4104x

x
y

1
2
4.761516 1.16205234

3
0.283599938

4
0.0692128246

5
0.0168914532

6
7
8
9
10
0.0041223746 0.001006069 0.00024553 6.0E-005 1.5E-005

4
y=19,51e-1,4104x

Data Awal

0
0

10

15

20

25

1.3

Persamaan Berpangkat
n

xi
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
10

B=
B=
B=
A=

P=

yi
2.5
3.5
5
6
7.5
10
12.5
15
17.5
20
99.5

5
3.4
2
1.6
1.2
0.8
0.6
0.4
0.3
0.3
15.6

qi=Logxi
0.3979400087
0.5440680444
0.6989700043
0.7781512504
0.8750612634
1
1.096910013
1.1760912591
1.2430380487
1.3010299957
9.1112598875

nqipi -qipi
nqi2-(qi)2
-11.80
8.3689613003
-1.410378
=Pr-B.qr
0.0052324 1.2902648
1.2902648062

A=loga
1.2902648 = loga
a=
19.510339

-1.2850324178

-1.4103784039 q

Pi=Logyi
0.6989700043
0.531478917
0.3010299957
0.2041199827
0.079181246
-0.096910013
-0.2218487496
-0.3979400087
-0.5228787453
-0.5228787453
0.0523238839

qi.pi
0.2781481296
0.289160695
0.2104109374
0.1588362197
0.0692884412
-0.096910013
-0.2433481148
-0.4680137658
-0.6499581752
-0.6802809317
-1.1326665777

q2
0.1583562505
0.2960100369
0.488559067
0.6055193685
0.7657322147
1
1.2032115766
1.3831906496
1.5451435905
1.6926790496
9.1384018039

jadi

y=19,51x-1,4104

x
y

1
19.510

2
7.340

3
4.143

4
2.761

5
2.016

6
1.559

7
1.254

25.000

20.000

15.000
y=19,51x-1,4104
Data Awal

10.000

5.000

0.000
0

10

15

20

25

8
9
10
1.039 0.879877 0.758379

2. Polinomial
a0+a1x+a2x2

y=

n
1.00
2.00
3.00
4.00
5.00
6.00
7.00
8.00
9.00
10.00
10.00

xi

yi

2.50
3.50
5.00
6.00
7.50
10.00
12.50
15.00
17.50
20.00
99.50

5.00
3.40
2.00
1.60
1.20
0.80
0.60
0.40
0.30
0.30
15.60

xi2

xi3

6.25
12.25
25.00
36.00
56.25
100.00
156.25
225.00
306.25
400.00
1,323.25

15.63
42.88
125.00
216.00
421.88
1,000.00
1,953.13
3,375.00
5,359.38
8,000.00
20,508.88

10

99.5

1323.25

a0

99.5

1323.25

20508.875

a1

1323.25

20508.875

344102.3125

a2

xi4
39.06
150.06
625.00
1,296.00
3,164.06
10,000.00
24,414.06
50,625.00
93,789.06
160,000.00
344,102.31

xiyi
12.50
11.90
10.00
9.60
9.00
8.00
7.50
6.00
5.25
6.00
85.75

15.6
=

85.75
723.625

9.95

333.225

132.33 a0
7342.54 a1

7342.5375

169003.25625 a2

-1340.645

-86.92100 a0

3.634353665

1.56
=

-69.47

xi2yi
31.25
41.65
50.00
57.60
67.50
80.00
93.75
90.00
91.88
120.00
723.63

22.03477 a1
0 7212.10330858 a2

0 a0
0 a1

1 a2

0.208477755
190.110736
5.925587522

0.789313354
0.026359957

a0+a1x+a2x2

y=
y=
x
y

5.92558752
1
5.163

-0.7893133538 x+

2
4.452

3
3.795

0.0263599574 x2
4
3.190

5
2.638

6
2.139

7
1.692

8
1.298

9
0.957

10
0.668

6.000

5.000

4.000

Row 199

3.000

Data Awal

2.000

1.000

0.000
0

10

15

20

25

0.000
0

10

15

20

25

y=

a0+a1x+a2x2+a2x3
n

xi
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
10

yi
2.5
3.5
5
6
7.5
10
12.5
15
17.5
20
99.5

xi2
5
3.4
2
1.6
1.2
0.8
0.6
0.4
0.3
0.3
15.6

6.25
12.25
25
36
56.25
100
156.25
225
306.25
400
1323.25

xi3
15.625
42.875
125
216
421.875
1000
1953.125
3375
5359.375
8000
20508.875

xi4
39.0625
150.0625
625
1296
3164.0625
10000
24414.0625
50625
93789.0625
160000
344102.3125

10

99.5

1323.25

20508.875

a0

99.5

1323.25

20508.875

344102.3125

a1

1323.25

20508.875

344102.3125

6041113.71875

a2

20508.875

344102.3125

6041113.71875 109170564.578125

xi5
97.65625
525.21875
3125
7776
23730.46875
100000
305175.7813
759375
1641308.594
3200000
6041113.719

xi6
244.140625
1838.26563
15625
46656
177978.516
1000000
3814697.27
11390625
28722900.4
64000000
109170565
15.6

a3

85.75
723.625
8655.4375

9.95000

132.32500

2050.888

a0

333.22500

7342.53750

140039.006

a1

7342.54

169003.26

3327276.834

a2

140039.01

3327276.83

67109169.202

a3

-23338.4075

-86.92100

-2130.63583

a0

3.63435366

22.03477

420.25360

a1

1.56
=

-69.47
-1340.645

-0.20847776

xiyi
xi2yi
12.5
31.25
11.9
41.65
10
50
9.6
57.6
9
67.5
8
80
7.5
93.75
6
90
5.25 91.875
6
120
85.75 723.625

7212.10331

241549.00827

a2

241549.01

8257272.5207

a3

5856.61017

780.53727

a0

5.9255875

-317.73884

a1

33.49217

a2

167271.46318

a3

-510.611395

a0

8.30824871

a1

a2

a3

190.110736

-0.78931345
0.02635996

-1.75924025
0.12859787
-0.00305259

y=

a0+a1x+a2x2+a2x3

y=

8.3082487 -1.75924025 x +

x
y

1
6.675

2
5.280

0.1285978681 x2
3
4.105

-0.0030525912 x3

4
3.133

5
2.345

6
1.723

7
1.248

8
0.902

9
0.666

10
0.523

8.000

7.000

6.000

5.000

Row 2

4.000

Data
3.000

2.000

1.000

0.000
0

10

15

20

25

Total
10
99.5
15.6
85.75
1323.25

11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
1.341098 1.132621 0.924143 0.715665 0.507187 0.298709581 0.09023183 -0.1182459 -0.326724 -0.535201

11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
3.6E-006 8.7E-007 2.1E-007 5.19E-008 1.27E-008 3.0900E-009 7.5411E-010 1.84E-010 4.5E-011 1.10E-011

11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
0.66299 0.586423 0.523821 0.471835 0.428086 0.390840884 0.35881139 0.331021 0.306717 0.2853121

11
0.433

Row 199
Data Awal

12
0.250

13
0.119

14
0.042

15
0.017

16
0.045

17
0.125

18
0.259

19
0.445

20
0.683

xi3yi
78.125
145.775
250
345.6
506.25
800
1171.875
1350
1607.813
2400
8655.438

11
0.454

12
0.441

13
0.465

Row 278
Data Awal

25

14
0.508

15
0.552

16
0.578

17
0.569

18
0.505

19
0.369

20
0.142