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Strategia nationala de dezvoltare a ecoturismului in Romania

Anexa nr. 3.
6LWXDLDUH]HUYDLLORUELRVIHUHLDSDUFXULORUQDLRQDOHLQDWXUDOH
,5H]HUYDLLDOHELRVIHUHL
Nr. crt.
Denumire
1.
5H]HUYDLDELRVIHUHL'HOWD'XQULL1

6XSUDID KD
580.000

Localizare MXGH
TL, CT

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Nr. crt.
Denumire
1.
Retezat
2.
0XQLL5RGQHL
3.
Semenic -&KHLOH&DUDXOXL
4.
&OLPDQL
5.
&HDKOX
6.
Cheile Bicazului +PD
7.
Cheile Nerei %HXQLD
8.
Cozia
9.
Domogled - Valea Cernei
10.
0XQLL0FLQXOXL
11.
Piatra Craiului
12.
Buila 9kQWXUDULD
13.
Defileul Jiului
TOTAL

6XSUDID KD
38.047
46.399
36.664,8
24.041
8.396
6.575
37.100
17.100
60.100
11.321
14.800
4.186
11.127
315.857

Localizare
HD, CS, GJ
BN, MM
CS
BN, MS, HR, SV
NT
HR, NT
CS
VL
CS, MH, GJ
TL
AG, BV
VL
GJ, HD

III. Parcuri naturale (categ. V IUCN)


Nr. crt.
Denumire
1.
%DOWD0LFD%ULOHL
2.
*UGLWHD0XQFHOXOXL Cioclovina
3.
3RULOHGH)LHU
4.
Apuseni
5.
Bucegi
6.
9kQWRUL1HDP
7.
0XQLL0DUDPXUHXOXL
8.
Putna Vrancea
9.
/XQFD-RDVD3UXWXOXL,QIHULRU
10.
Comana
11.
*HRSDUFXO'LQR]DXULORUDUD+DHJXOXL
12.
*HRSDUFXO3ODWRXO0HKHGLQL
13.
/XQFD0XUHXOXL
14.
'HILOHXO0XUHXOXL6XSHULRU
TOTAL

6XSUDID KD
17.529
10.000
115.655,8
75.784
32.663
30.818
148.850
38.204
8.247
24.963
102.392
106.000
17.166
9.156
737.428

Localizare
BR
HD
CS, MH
AB, BH, CJ
BV, DB, PH
NT
MM
VN
GL
GR
HD
MH
AR, TM
MS

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63

Strategia nationala de dezvoltare a ecoturismului in Romania


Anexa nr. 4.
Caracteristici definitorii ale principalelor arii protejate din Romnia

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LGHQWLILFDWH SHVWH  VSHFLL GH SVUL UHSUH]HQtnd aproximativ 81% din avifauna
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SHVWHGLQSRSXODLDPRQGLDOGHFRUPRUDQPLFLSHVWHMXPWDWHGLQSRSXODLDPRQGLDO
GHJkVFFXJkWURX
o mai multe tipuri de peisaje deltaice specifice zonei temperat-continentale:
- SHLVDMXO GHOWHL IOXYLDWLOH FRPSXV GLQ ODFXUL JKLROXUL FDQDOH VDKDOH vQVRLWH GH
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- SHLVDMXO SULQFLSDOHORUEUDH FX DUHDOH GHXVFDW vQ DOWHUQDQFXFHOH inundabile, cu
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- peisajul deltei marine cu areale mai joase sau nalte, prin grinduri, care include
SGXULGHVLOYRVWHS]YRDLHGHOXQFODFXULFDQDOHVHFXQGDUHJKLROXULHWF
- peisajul antropic al satelor componente, caracterizat prin elemente specifice de
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-

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FLUFXUL L YL JODFLDUH GH GLPHQVLXQL PDUL IODQFDWH GH YHUVDQL DEUXSL Circa 100 lacuri
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verile secetoase;
relief carstic n partea de sud-YHVWDPDVLYXOXLLvQ]RQHOHOLPLWURIH
aproape 2% din fondul floristic al parcului este reprezentat de endemisme. Dintre speciile
rare, amintim:EUGLRUJDURILDSLWLF, sngele-voinicului, anghelina, EXQJKLRUXO.
1.750 specii de nevertebrate, dintre care 35 sunt endemice, 150 specii de vertebrate.
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fost cRORQL]DWvQPDVLYXO5HWH]DW
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forme de relief glaciar reprezentative - unele dintre cele mai interesante lacuri glaciare din
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$XULL/DOD0DUH/DOD0LF
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SGXUL UHSUH]HQWDWLYH SHQWUX KDELWDWHOH DOSLQH GLQ 5RPkQLD vQ VSHFLDO vQ ]RQD vQDOW D
versantului sudic;
64

Strategia nationala de dezvoltare a ecoturismului in Romania


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endemice, 45 specii rare.

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copac, FDSUQHDJU
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microforme de relief reprezentDWHSULQWXUQXULDFHODSLH]XULDOYHROHDFXPXOULGHJURKRWL
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specii de plante rare - cetina de negi, WPkLD Ajuga pyramidalis HWF L VSHFLL GHFODUDWH
monumente ale naturii SDSXFXOGRDPQHLIORDUHDGHFROVkQJHOHYRLQLFXOXLWLVDHWF
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montane (broasca cu burta gDOEHQWULWRQXOFDUSDWLFWULWRQXOFXFUHDVWVDODPDQGUDEURDVFD
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VHFWRDUHGHWXQHOHLSRWHFLGHDFFHVVSDWHvQVWkQFGHFWUe om;
65

Strategia nationala de dezvoltare a ecoturismului in Romania


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specii faunistice mediteraneene: pseudoscorpionul Neobisium carpathicum, vipera cu corn.
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specii floristice rare, ocrotite de lege: IORDUHDGHFROLHGHUDDOEHWF
PkQVWLULOH7XUQXL6WQLRDUD
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caracter termofil.
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pinul negru de Banat, alunul turcesc, tisa, iedera DOEDQJHOLFDJKLPSHOH
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R DOWLWXGLQH GH  P QXPHURL PDUWRUL GH HUR]LXQH FX aspect ruiniform (Sfinxul
Dobrogean).
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DIODLFLODOLPLWDQRUGLFLDUWD[RQXOPHGLWHUDQHDQR-pontic Potentilla bifurca este situat la
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DPHQLQDL FX GLVSDULLD L VLQJXUXO ORFGLQ OXPH XQGH VH JVHWH L HVWHSURWHMDW DVRFLDLD
YHJHWDOHQGHPLFGymnospermio (altaicae) - Celtetum (glabratae).
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GHXVFDWYLSHUDFXFRUQRSkUODGHVWHSRLPXOGXQUHDQSLHWUDUXOQHJUXHWF
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o unitate de relief aparte: creasta cu o lungime de 22 km, RULHQWDWNE-69HVWHvQJXVWL
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66

Strategia nationala de dezvoltare a ecoturismului in Romania


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acestea avnd cel mai important habitat din Romnia.
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amygdaloides).
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psrilor din bazinul inferior al Du nrii de Jos,ODMXPWDWHDUXWHORUGHPLJUDLHvQWUHORFXULOH
GHFXLEULWGLQ QRUGXO(XURSHLLUHIXJLLOHGH LHUQDWGLQ$IULFD Au fost ob servate un mare
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Sarmizegetusa Regia.
67

Strategia nationala de dezvoltare a ecoturismului in Romania


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cu sectoare de ngustare (Pescari, Berzasca etc.).
4 zone carstice cu variate forme exo- (doline, uvale, lapiezuri, trepte antitetice, chei  L
HQGRFDUVWLFH VRUEXUL DYHQH SHWHUL  3HVFDUL-&UEXQDUL &R]OD-=YLQHFHD 0DUH YLQLD
Cazane.
ELRGLYHUVLWDWHIORULVWLFLPSUHVLRQDQWSHVWHWD[RQLYHJHWDOLGLQWUHFDUHSODQWH
superioare, 549 specii de alge, 375 specii de licheni, 1.077 specii de ciuperci, 296 specii de
briofite.
IDXQD FDUDFWHULVWLF HVWH FHQWUDO-HXURSHDQ vQ FDUH VH LQWHUSXQ HOHPHQWH HXUDVLDWLFH L
mediteraneene. Deosebit de importante sunt speciile mediteraneene: scorpionul carpatic,
EURDVFDGHSPkQWYHUGHHVWRDVDGHXVFDWRSkUOLDGHIUXQ]DURSkUODGH]LGXULJXWHUXO
YLSHUDFXFRUQOVWXQXOGHVWkQFSUHVXUDEUERDVVSHFLLDIODWHODOLPLWDQRUGLFDDUHDOXOXL
lor de reproducere.
obiectivele cultural-LVWRULFHGHSHWHULWRULXOSDUFXOXLLGLQLPHGLDWDYHFLQWDWHFRQVWLWXLHXQ
HOHPHQWVXSOLPHQWDUGHDWUDFLH

x
x
x
x
x

18. Parcul Natural Apuseni


YDORULSHLVDJLVWLFHLHFRVLVWHPLFHGHRVHELWHGDULXQJUDGULGLFDWGHDQWURSL]DUHIDGHDOWH
zone montane carpatice.
FRPSOH[LWDWHDLGLYHUVLWDWHDUHOLHIXOXLFDUVWLFDEUXSWXULVWkQFRDVHYLDGkQFLLFKHLFUHVWH
VDX FXVWXUL ODSLH]XUL FURUD OL VH DGDXJ XQ PDUH QXPU GH SHWHUL DYHQH GROLQH
ponoare, depresiuni carstice, cursuri subterane de ape (&HWLOH3RQRUXOXL&HWDWHD5GHVHL
*KHDUXO )RFXO 9LX 9DOHD *DOEHQHL ,]EXFXO 3RQRU 3ODWRXO &DUVWLF /XPHD 3LHUGXW
*KHDUXO6FULRDUD 
vQXQHOHSHWHULDXIRVWJVLWHIRVLOHDOHXQRUDQLPDOHFDUHDXWULWvQSHULRDGDJODFLDU XUVXO
GHSHWHUKLHQDGHSHWHUHWF SUHFXPLXUPHDOHRPXOXLSUHLVWRULF
covoruO YHJHWDO HVWH GHVWXO GH PR]DLFDW ILLQG IRUPDW vQ PDUH SDUWH GLQ SGXUL GH IDJ L
PROLGvQWUHFDUHVHLQWHUSXQVXSUDIHHvQWLQVHGHIkQHHLSXQL

x
x

x
x

x
x

19. Parcul Natural Bucegi


PDVLYXOPXQWRVvQFDUHVHvQUHJLVWUHD]FHOPDLPDUHDIOX[WXULVWLFGLQDU
IRUPDLXQLOH FX YDORDUH WXULVWLF FHD PDL PDUH VXQW VWkQFLOH FX IRUPH EL]DUH 6ILQ[XO
Babele, Mecetul Turcesc; abrupturile  &DUDLPDQ &RWLOD -HSLL 0LFL &ROLL 0RUDUXOXL
UHOLHIXOJODFLDUGHPDUHVOEWLFLHLSLWRUHVF0OLHWL9DOHD*DXUDLJQHWLIRUPHOH
68

Strategia nationala de dezvoltare a ecoturismului in Romania

x
x

x
x

x
x

x
x
x

x
x
x
x

FDUVWLFH VSHFWDFXORDVH &KHLOH 7WDUXOXL &KHLOH =QRDJHL 3HWHUD ,DORPLHL 9DOHD


Horoabei; cascadele 8UOWRDUHD,DORPLHL2EkULHL
UHOLHIXOGLYHUVVWUXFWXUDJHRORJLFLDOWLWXGLQHDGHSHVWHPDXSHUPLVLQVWDODUHDXQHL
floreERJDWHL YDULDWH FXSULQ]kQGWRDWHJUXSHOH PDULGHSODQWHVSHFLLGLQWUHFDUH
SODQWHVXSHULRDUH'LQWUHVSHFLLOHSURWHMDWHvQWkOQLPWLVD]kPEUXOJHQLDQD, floarea
GHFRO
VHUHPDUFDQXPUXOPDUHGHPDPLIHUHPDUL XUVUkV LFDSUHQHJUH
3DUFXO1DWXUDO9kQWRUL-1HDP
parcul FRQVWLWXLHXQDGSRVWSHQWUXRVHULHGHVSHFLLIDXQLVWLFHUDUHVDXvQH[WLQFLHvQDOWH
]RQHXUVXOEUXQOXSXOUkVXOYLGUD]LPEUXO vQFDSWLYLWDWHOD5H]HUYDLDGH]LPEUL'UDJR
-9RG 
diversitatea florLVWLFLIDXQLVWLFUHSUH]LQWXQLQGLFDWRUDOVWULLGHDGDSWDUHDOVSHFLLORU
OD HFRVLVWHPHOH ORFDOH Q ]RQ V-DX LGHQWLILFDW XQ QXPU GH  GH WD[RQL FHHD FH
UHSUH]LQWGLQIORUDMXGHXOXL1HDPLDSUR[LPDWLYGLQIORUD5RPkQLHL
obiectivele cultural-LVWRULFHGLQLQWHULRUXOSDUFXOXLLGLQLPHGLDWDYHFLQWDWHFRQVWLWXLHXQ
HOHPHQW VXSOLPHQWDU GH DWUDFLH PQVWLULOH $JDSLD 9UDWHF 1HDP 6HFX 6LKOD
6LKVWULD &HWDWHD 1HDPXOXL &DVHOH PHPRULDOH DOH OXL ,RQ &UHDQJ 0LKDLO 6DGRYHDQX
Veronica Micle, Muzeul Nicolae Popa, mormntul poetei Veronica Micle).
3DUFXO1DWXUDO0XQLL0DUDPXUHXOXL
UHJLXQHXQLFSULQFRPRULOHVDOHQDWXUDOHLFXOWXUDOHERJDWvQWUDGLLLvQ]HVWUDWFXRIORU
LIDXQVOEDWLFVHPQLILFDWLYSHLVDMHvQFkQWWoare;
relieful carstic ]RQHGHHQGRFDUVW GHSHWHULLDYHQHSULQWUHFDUH3HWHUD 9DVLOH
%RORJD GLQ *HDPQX 3HWHUD 0DUH L 3HWHUD FX 0RQHGH GLQ 3LDWUD 0RORQDLD 3HWHUD
GLQ 3LDWUD %LHL 3HWHUD 3LHWULFHDXD HWF  L H[RFDUVW GROLQH - Prislopul Laptelui, Podul
&HDUFQXOXLLL]EXFXUL- Fntna Stanchii)
GHILOHH DWUDFWLYH vQ URFL PHWDPRUILFH 9DVHU  vQ JUHVLL FUHWDFLFH 9LHX  VDX FDOFDUH
LEXL6kOKRL 
QXPHURDVHVSHFLLIORULVWLFHLIDXQLVWLFHUDUHLSURWHMDWH'LQWUHSODQWHOHRFURWLWH de lege se
HYLGHQLD] DQJHOLFD SDSXFXO GRDPQHL JKLQXUD JDOEHQ IORDUHD GH FRO LDU GLQWUH
PDPLIHUHVHUHPDUFFHOHWUHFXWHSH/LVWDURLHD(XURSHL: ursul, lupul, rsul, nurca.
numeroase obiectivele turistice antropice: PkQVWLULOHGLQOHPQGLQ0RLVHL3HWURYD9LHX
GH6XVPX]HXOHWQRJUDILF9LHXGH6XVPRFQLDGHSH9DOHD9DVHUXOXL
22. Parcul Natural Putna - Vrancea
GHILOHXO UkXOXL 3XWQD OXQJ GH  NP VHFLRQDW vQWU-un masiv format din gresii, unde a
JHQHUDWPXOWHUXSWXULGHSDQWvQWUHFDUHVHUHPDUF&DVFDGD3XWQHL
SUH]HQD XQRU KDELWDWH IRUHVWLHUH H[WUHP GH FRPSDFWH LQDFFHVLELOH LGHDOH SHQWUX
carnivorele mari (lup, rs, urs DOGRLOHDDUHDOGLQDUFDGHQVLWDWH 
XQDOW HOHPHQWIDXQLVWLF LPSRUWDQWHVWHFDSUDQHDJUXQH[HPSOXUHXLWde reintroducere.
$FHDVWDVHHVWLPHD]FDDMXQVvQDUHDOXO7LVDUX&R]D3RUFXODSHVWHH[HPSODUH
DUHDOXO /HSD - *UHX - 7XOQLFL HVWH XQXO vQ FDUH WUDGLLLOH PHWHXJUHWL L RELFHLXULOH
locale au fost foarte bine conservate.
23. Parcul Natural /XQFD-RDVD3UXWXOXL,QIHULRU
vQJOREHD]WUHLFRPSRQHQWHGHFRQWLQXLWDWH=RQD3UXWFXUVXOLQIHULRUDO3UXWXOXL]RQFX
RPXOLPHGHODFXULEOLSGXULHOHWHHPODWLQL=RQD'XQUHDFRQIOXHQD3UXWXOXLFX
'XQUHDL]RQD%UDWH /DFXO%UDWHvQDSURSLHUHGH*DODL 
69

Strategia nationala de dezvoltare a ecoturismului in Romania


x

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x

x
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x
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x
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DVH WLSXUL GH KDELWDWH UHJVLWH vQ DQH[HOH 'LUHFWLYHL +DELWDWH 3GXUL DOXYLDOH FX $OQXV
JOXWLQRVD L )UD[LQXV H[FHOVLRU 3DMLWL VWHSLFH VXESDQRQLFH 0ODWLQL GH FRDVW EDOWLFH
5kXULFXPDOXULPkORDVHFXYHJHWDLHGH&KHQRSRGLRQUXEULL%LGHQWLRQ*DOHULLFX6DOL[
DOEDL3RSXOXVDOED/DFXULQDWXUDOHHXWURILFHFXYHJHWDLHGHWLS+\GURFKDULWLRQ 
DSUR[LPDWLYGHVSHFLLGHSVULGLQFDUHVXQWSUHY]XWHvQ'LUHFWLYD3VULLDUDOWH
 VSHFLL VXQW OLVWDWH vQ &RQYHQLD Ge la Berna;  GH VSHFLL L VXEVSHFLL GH SHWL GLQ 
familii.
24. Parcul Natural Comana
QXPHURDVHHFRVLVWHPHQDWXUDOH SGXULLSDMLWL FXPDUHGLYHUVLWDWHWLSLFHSHQWUX]RQDGH
FkPSLH VXGLF FX SXWHUQLFH FDUDFWHUH VSHFLILFH XQHRUL FKLDU GH XQLFDWH alternate cu
WHUHQXULXPHGHDJULFROHDH]ULUXUDOHvQFDUHVHGHVIRDUDFWLYLWLWUDGLLRQDOH
QXPHURDVHH[HPSODUHGHDUERULRFURWLLSUHFXPH[HPSODUHGHSUVOEDWLFFXGLPHQVLXQL
LYkUVWHGHRVHELWGHPDULDOWXULGHVSHFLLGHVWHMDUIUDVLQXlm, arin;
numeroase specii de mamifere, rar ntlnite n ultimele decenii n zona de cmpie: vidra,
SRSkQGXO EXUVXFXO specii ocrotite pe plan european, vulpea, cinele enot, iar dintre
mamiferele mari -FSULRUXOPLVWUHXOFHUEXOFDUSDWLQ'HFXUkQGDIRVWLQWURGXVLFHUEXO
ORSWDU
SHVWHGHVSHFLLGHSVULGLQWUHFDUHPXOWHVXQWUH]LGHQWHVDXFXLEUHVFLDUDOWHOHVXQW
vQSDVDMVDXLHUQHD] YHQLQGGLQULOH QRUGLFH'LQWUHVSHFLLOHSURWHMDWHVHSRWHQXPHUD
DFYLODLSWRDUHPLFRLPXOFOWRUSHOLFDQXOEDU]DDOEFDOLIDUXOURXHWF
RELHFWLYHWXULVWLFHDQWURSLFH0kQVWLUHD&RPDQD
3DUFXO1DWXUDO*HRSDUFXO'LQR]DXULORUDUD+DHJXOXL
IDFWRUXO FKHLH FDUH SHUVRQDOL]HD] DFHVW WHULWRULX HVWH UHSUH]HQWDW GH VLWXULOH FX UHVWXUL GH
dinozaXULGHYkUVW&UHWDFLFVXSHULRU
situri geologice  YXOFDQL SUHLVWRULFL XUPH GH JKHDUL XUPHOH XQXL RFHDQ SUHLVWRULF
EXOJULGHJUDQLW
RFRPXQLWDWHFRPSOH[GHPDPLIHUHGHOD LHUELYRUHPDUL FHUEFSULRU FDUQLYRUHPDUL
XUVEUXQOXSUkV SkQODPDPLIHUHPLFL PDLDOHVUR]WRDUHLFDUQLYRUHPLFL 
numeroase obiectivele cultural-istorice: ELVHULFLOH 'HQVX L 6kQWPULD 2UOHD FHWDWHD
8OSLD7UDLDQD6DUPL]HJHWXVDFHWDWHD&RO
3DUFXO1DWXUDO*HRSDUFXO3ODWRXO0HKHGLQL
ERJLD YDULHWDWHD L DPSORDUHD IHQRPHQHORU FDUVWLFH ODSLH]XUL GROLQH XYDOLL SROLL
=WRQXO  DEUXSWXUL FDOFDURDVH FKHL 7RSROQLHL &RXWHL 5LHQL 0RWUX 0DUH 0RWUX
6HF %XOED HWF SRGXUL QDWXUDOH 3RQRDUHOH YL VHFL VRUEXUL L]EXFXUL ,VYHUQD  SHWHUL
&ORDQL &LRDFD FX %UHEHQHL /D]XUL %XOED 3RQRDUHOH ,VYHUQD %DOWD 7RSROQLD
Femeilor, Epuran etc.);
QHQXPUDWH HOHPHQWH IORULVWLFH PRMGUHDQ DOXQ WXUFHVF OLOLDF DUDU GH EDQDW HWF  L
IDXQLVWLFH YLSHUDFXFRUQVFRUSLRQXOEURDVFDHVWRDVHWF GHQDWXUPHGLWHUDQHDQ
obiective turistice antropice: 6FKLWXO7RSROQLDUXLQHOH0kQVWLULL&RXWHD
3DUFXO1DWXUDO/XQFD0XUHXOXL
SHLVDMXOVSHFLILFGHOXQFDDYkQGFDHOHPHQWSULQFLSDO5kXO0XUHFXFHOHGHLQVXOHGLQ
interiorul parcului, plaje de QLVLS L WXQHOXULOH IRUPDWH GH VOFLLOH FDUH VH DSOHDF DVXSUD
apei;
DVRFLDLLIRUHVWLHUHFYDVL-QDWXUDOHUHSUH]HQWDWLYHSHQWUXUHJLXQH VDOFLHLSORSDOEIUDVLQL
VWHMDU SULQWUHFHOHFkWHYDH[HPSOHGHKDELWDWHGHDFHVWWLSvQFSUH]HQWHvQ(XURSD
70

Strategia nationala de dezvoltare a ecoturismului in Romania


x
x

peste 1000 de specii de plante, dintre acestea, plante rare, protejate precum: Trapa natans,
Salvinia natans, Lindernia procumbens, False pimpernale.
RSRSXODLHERJDWGHSHWL VSHFLL RIRDUWHGLYHUVSRSXODLHGHSVUL VSHFLLGLQ
care mai mulWGHMXPWDWHVXQWPLJUDWRDUHLYL]LWDWRULVH]RQLHUL VSHFLLGHPDPLIHUH
GLQWUH FDUH FHO SXLQ GRX VSHFLL GH OLOLHFL  VSHFLL GH UHSWLOH  VSHFLL GH DPILELHQL L
QXPHURDVH VSHFLL GH QHYHUWHEUDWH 0XOWH VSHFLL SH FDOH GH GLVSDULLH YXOQHUDELOH VDX
DPHQLQDWHYLGUDMGHUXOGHSGXUHOLOLDFXOGHVHDUUDDURLHFRUPRUDQXOPLF
2ELHFWLYHWXULVWLFHDQWURSLFHPkQVWLULOH%H]GLQ+RGR-Bodrog, situl arheologic Ziridava.

3DUFXO1DWXUDO'HILOHXO0XUHXOXL6XSHULRU
'HILOHXO0XUHXOXLFXsectoare IRDUWHvQJXVWHFXYHUVDQLDEUXSLLvQDOLFX QXPHURDVH
FRQXULGHGHMHFLH DOFWXLWH GLQ ERORYQL YXOFDQLF, cu deschideri largi, n zonele Borzia,
5VWROLD/XQFD%UDGXOXL6WkQFHQL
x SGXULOHEWUkQHGHDPHVWHFIDJ-molid-EUDGUHVSHFWLYIDJLPROLGSXUFDUHDOFWXLHVFR
VWUXFWXUFRPSDFWLSXLQGHUDQMDW
x SRSXODLLVHPQLILFDWLYHGHSVUL VSHFLL UHSUH]HQWDWLYHSHQWUXDFHVWWLSGHKDELWDW
VSHFLLDPHQLQDWHODQLYHOXO8QLXQLL(XURSHQHFRFRGHPXQWHLHUXQFFLXYLFKXKXUH]
mare, minunLFLRFQLWRDUHDQHDJUFLRFQLWRDUHGHPXQWHPXVFDUJXOHUDWPXVFDUPLF
x

71

Strategia nationala de dezvoltare a ecoturismului in Romania


Anexa nr. 5.
8QLWLGHFD]DUHvQFDGUXOLvQDSURSLHUHDDULLORUSURWHMDWH
8QLWLGHFD]DUHvQ
8QLWLGHFD]DUHvQ
ariile protejate
vHFLQWDWHDDULLORU
protejate
5H]HUYDLHD%LRVIHUHL
'HOWD'XQULL
103
3DUFXULQDLRQDOH
Retezat
5
12
0XQLL5RGQHL
1
58
Semenic &KHLOH&DUDXOXL
3
13
&OLPDQL
1
50
&HDKOX
0
64
Cheile Bicazului -+PD
5
1
Cheile Nerei -%HXQLD
4
8
Cozia
3
32
Domogled - Valea Cernei
39
3
0XQLL0FLQXOXL
0
1
Piatra Craiului
10
52
Buila -9kQWXUDULD
0
50
Defileul Jiului
2
0
Parcuri naturale
%DOWD0LFD%ULOHL
0
0
*UGLWHD0XQFHOXOXL- Cioclovina
5
3
3RULOHGH)LHU
18
15
Apuseni
150
600
Bucegi
17
225
9kQWRUL1HDP
2
50
0XQLL0DUDPXUHXOXL
39
27
Putna - Vrancea
39
0
/XQFD-RDVD3UXWXOXL,QIHULRU
0
45
Comana
1
1
*HRSDUFXO
'LQR]DXULORU
DUD
+DHJXOXL
27
15
*HRSDUFXO3ODWRXO0HKHGLQL
6
12
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6
18
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Q
Q
Sursa: RNP Romsilva, Planurile de management al vizitatorilor ale parcurilorL207Master Planul pentru
Dezvoltarea Turismului1DLRQDO-2026

72

Strategia nationala de dezvoltare a ecoturismului in Romania


Anexa nr. 6.
Structuri turistice certificateHFRWXULVWLFGHFWUH$VRFLDLDGH(FRWXULVPGLQ5RPkQLD
Nr. Denumire
crt. pensiune
1.
Anita

2.

Codrin

3.

Dora

4.

'XPEUYLD

5.

Iancu

6.

Iris

7.

Mara

8.

Ulpia
Traiana
Equus
Silvania
Mosorel

9.
10.
11.

Kalnoky
TOTAL

1XPU
locuri
22
Jud. Hunedoara, comuna Ru de Mori, Valea Rului Mare, Parcul
1DLRQDO Retezat, Parcul Natural *HRSDUFXO 'LQR]DXULORU DUD
+DHJXOXL
-XG +XQHGRDUD FRPXQD 6ODX GH 6XV VDW 1XFRDUD Parcul
27
1DWXUDO*HRSDUFXO'LQR]DXULORUDUD+DHJXOXL
-XG +XQHGRDUD FRPXQD 5kX GH 0RUL YDOHD 5kXRU 3arcul
22
1DLRQDO Retezat 3DUFXO 1DWXUDO *HRSDUFXO 'LQR]DXULORU DUD
+DHJXOXL
Jud. Hunedoara, comuna Ru de Mori, Valea Rului Mare, Parcul
19
NDLRQDO Retezat
-XG+XQHGRDUDFRPXQD6ODXGH6XVParcul Natural Geoparcul
12
'LQR]DXULORUDUD+DHJXOXL
Jud. Hunedoara, comuna Ru de Mori, Valea Rului Mare, Parcul
19
1DLRQDO 5HWH]DW 3DUFXO 1DWXUDO *HRSDUFXO 'LQR]DXULORU DUD
+DHJXOXL
Jud. Hunedoara, Comuna Ru de Mori, Parcul Natural Geoparcul
19
'LQR]DXULORUDUD+DHJXOXL
Jud. Hunedoara, comuna Sarmisegetusa, Parcul Natural Geoparcul
8
'LQR]DXULORUDUD+DHJXOXL
-XG%UDRYFRPXQDLQFD1RXvQDSURSLHUHGH3arcul NDLRQDO
18
Piatra Craiului
-XG %UDRY 2UD =UQHWL vQ LPHGLDWD DSURSLHUH D 3arcului
36
NDLRQDO Piatra Craiului
2UD%DUDROW6DW0LFORRDUDMXG&RYDVQD
19
221
Amplasament

Sursa: www.eco-romania.ro, www.turismretezat.ro, site-urile web ale pensiunilor turistice

73

Strategia nationala de dezvoltare a ecoturismului in Romania


Anexa nr. 7.
&HQWUHGHYL]LWDUHLSXQFWHOHGHLQIRUPDUHGLQFDGUXOSDUFXULORUQDLRQDOHLQDWXUDOH
Centre de vizitare
Puncte de informare
Categoria
3
0
5H]HUYDLHDELRVIHUHL
'HOWD'XQULL
3 7XOFHD6XOLQD&ULDQ
0
3DUFXUL1DLRQDOH
3
12
Retezat
 1XFRDUD2VWURYHO
1 (Pietrele)
0XQLL5RGQHL
0
 %RUD5RGQD 
Semenic &KHLOH&DUDXOXL
0
1 (Comarnic)
&OLPDQL
0
0
 'XUX,]YRUXO
Muntelui)
 VWDLXQHD/DFX5RX
0
0
 %LOH+HUFXODQH]RQD
Izvoare)
 &HWXLD
0
2 (Prislop, refugiul turistic
&XUPWXUD%XLOHL
0

&HDKOX
Cheile Bicaz -+PD
Cheile Nerei -%HXQLD
Cozia

0
0
0
0

Domogled - Valea Cernei


0XQLL0FLQXOXL
Piatra Craiului

0
0
 =UQHWL

Buila -9kQWXUDULD

Defileul Jiului
Parcuri naturale
%DOWD0LFDD%ULOHL
*UGLWHD0XQFHOXOXL- Cioclovina

0
0
0

0
0
5 (Drobeta Trurnu Severin,

3RULOHGH)LHU

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1RX'XERYD

Apuseni

4 (Sudrigiu, Doda Pilii,


3DGL*kUGDGH6XV)

Bucegi
9kQWRUL1HDP

0
 9UDWHF

0XQLL0DUDPXUHXOXL

 9LHXGH6XV

Putna - Vrancea
Lunca Joasa a Prutului Inferior
Comana
*HRSDUFXO'LQR]DXULORUDUD+DHJXOXL
*HRSDUFXO3ODWRXO0HKHGLQL
/XQFD0XUHXOXL
'HILOHXO0XUHXOXL6XSHULRU
Total

0
0
0
 +DHJ
0
 3GXUHD&HDOD
0

14

19

9 (&DQWRQXO6FULD
%HOL, *KHDUUHIXJLXO
Salvamont Bihor,
*kUGDGH6XV5FKLHOH
WHL2UDGHD
Cluj-Napoca)
0
0
1 (refugiul turistic
/XFFLDVD
0
 $530*DODL2DQFHD)
0
0
0
2 (Pecica, Cenad)
0

31

Sursa: RNP Romsilva, Planurile de management al vizitatorilor ale parcurilor LSDJLQLOHZHEDOHSDUFXULORU

74

Strategia nationala de dezvoltare a ecoturismului in Romania


Anexa nr. 8.
7UDVHHWXULVWLFHvQFDGUXOSDUFXULORUQDLRQDOHLQDWXUDOHGLQ5RPkQLD
Trasee
omologate

Trasee
omologate
FHXUPHD]
a fi nchise

Trasee
neomologate ce
XUPHD]DIL
omologate

Administratori trasee

26 (7 terestre
LSHDS 

1 traseu tematic
(natura trail)

ARBDD

Retezat

31

0XQLL5RGQHL

17

Semenic &KHLOH&DUDXOXL

&OLPDQL

&HDKOX

10
-

Cozia

Domogled - Valea Cernei

35
1 traseu tematic

6
23
19
-

1 traseu tematic
1 traseu tematic
5

%DOWD0LFD%ULOHL

 WHUHVWUHSHDS
1 traseu tematic

APNBMB

*UGLWHD0XQFHOXOXL
Cioclovina

10

CJ Hunedoara

3RULOHGH)LHU

16

Apuseni

23

10

Bucegi

37

9kQWRUL1HDP
0XQLL0DUDPXUHXOXL
Putna - Vrancea
/XQFD-RDVD3UXWXOXL
Inferior
Comana
Geoparcul Dinozaurilor
DUD+DHJXOXL
Geoparcul Platoul
0HKHGLQL

11
-

2 trasee tematice
9
10

APNLJPI

10

APNC

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16

5H]HUYDLHD%LRVIHUHL
'HOWD'XQULL
3DUFXUL1DLRQDOH

Cheile Bicaz -+PD


Cheile Nerei -%HXQLD

0XQLL0FLQXOXL
Piatra Craiului
Buila -9kQWXUDULD
Defileul Jiului
Parcuri naturale

/XQFD0XUHXOXL

'HILOHXO0XUHXOXL6XSHULRU
Q
Q
Sursa: RNP Romsilva, www.ddbra.ro, www.ceahlaupark.ro

2
2 trasee tematice
4
2 trasee tematice
9
21
1 traseu tematic
7
3 trasee tematice
6
6
11
3 trasee tematice

 SHDS
cicloturistice)
Q

&-%LVWULD1VXG&-
MaramXUH$3105
&-&DUD6HYHULQ
6DOYDPRQW0XUH
6DOYDPRQW%LVWULD
Salvamont Vatra Dornei
&-1HDP
CJ Harghita
&-&DUD6HYHULQ
CJ Vlcea
&-&DUD6HYHULQ&-*RUM
&-0HKHGLQL&-
Hunedoara
APNMM
&-%UDRY
Salvamont Vlcea
CJ Gorj, CJ Hunedoara

&-0HKHGLQL$313')
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Slovacilor din Romnia
CJ Bihor, CJ Cluj, CJ Alba
&-'kPERYLD&-%UDRY
CJ Prahova
APNVNT
APNMM

APNLM, ONG Condor


Club Arad

75

Strategia nationala de dezvoltare a ecoturismului in Romania


Anexa nr. 9.

X
X
X
X

P
X
P

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X

P
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P

X
P
X

X
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X
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P
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P
X
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X
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X
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X
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X
X
P
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X
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P
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X
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X
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P
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X
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P
X

Observarea
animalelor

Turism ecvestru

Ornitologie

X
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X
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X
X
X
X
X
X

$WUDFLLFXOWXUDOH

WLLQLILF

Schi fond

Schi

Sporturi nautice
(canoe, caiac,
rafting)

Speologie

Pescuit

Delta DXQULL
3DUFXUL1DLRQDOH
Retezat
0XQLL5RGQHL
Semenic &KHLOH&DUDXOXL
&OLPDQL
&HDKOX
Cheile Bicazului -+PD
Cheile Nerei -%HXQLD
Cozia
Domogled - Valea Cernei
0XQLL0FLQXOXL
Piatra Craiului
Buila -9kQWXUDULD
Defileul Jiului
Parcuri naturale
%DOWD0LFDD%ULOHL
*UGLWHD0XQFHOXOXLCioclovina
3RULOHGH)LHU
Apuseni
Bucegi
9kQWRUL1HDP
0XQLL0DUDPXUHXOXL
Putna - Vrancea
Lunca Joasa a Prutului Inferior
Comana
*HRSDUFXO 'LQR]DXULORU DUD
+DHJXOXL
*HRSDUFXO3ODWRXO0HKHGLQL
/XQFD0XUHXOXL
'HILOHXO0XUHXOXL6XSHULRU

Ciclism

Alpinism

Denumirea parcului

Trasee turistice

$FWLYLWLLDWUDFLLH[LVWHQWHLSUHWDELOHvQSDUFXULOHLUH]HUYDLLOHQDWXUDOH

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X

P
X

P
X
P
X
P
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X

X
X

P
P
P
X

P
P
P
X

P
P
X
X
P

P
P
X
X
P
P

P
P
P
P
P
X
P

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X

P
P
P
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P

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P
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P
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P
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P
P

X
P
P

Sursa: RNP Romsilva L207Master Planul pentru Dezvoltarea Turismului1DLRQDO-2026


X = existent
P = pretabil

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