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BUKU

TEKNOLOGI SISTEM INJEKSI BAHAN BAKAR BENSIN


Electronic Fuel Injection- EFI

0leh :
Kelas 2B
Angkatan 2014

PROGAM STUDI DIPLOMA III


TEKNIK MESIN OTOMOTIF
POLITEKNIK NEGERI MADIUN
2015
1

KATA PENGANTAR
Puji syukur kami panjatkan kehadirat Tuhan Yang Maha Esa karena dengan rahmat,
karunia, serta taufik dan hidayah-Nya kami dapat menyelesaikan buku tentang
TEKNOLOGI SISTEM INJEKSI BAHAN BAKAR BENSIN Electronic Fuel InjectionEFI ini dengan baik meskipun banyak kekurangan didalamnya. Dan juga kami berterima
kasih pada Bapak Indarto Yuwono, ST selaku Dosen mata kuliah Teknologi Motor Bensin
yang telah memberikan tugas ini kepada kami.
Kami sangat berharap buku ini dapat berguna dalam rangka menambah wawasan
serta pengetahuan kita mengenai system injeksi. Kami juga menyadari sepenuhnya bahwa
di dalam buku ini terdapat kekurangan dan jauh dari kata sempurna. Oleh sebab itu, kami
berharap adanya kritik, saran dan usulan demi perbaikan buku yang telah kami buat di
masa yang akan datang, mengingat tidak ada sesuatu yang sempurna tanpa saran yang
membangun.
Semoga buku sederhana ini dapat dipahami bagi siapapun yang membacanya.
Sekiranya buku yang telah disusun ini dapat berguna bagi kami sendiri maupun orang yang
membacanya. Sebelumnya kami mohon maaf apabila terdapat kesalahan kata-kata yang
kurang berkenan dan kami memohon kritik dan saran yang membangun demi perbaikan di
masa depan.

Madiun, April 2015

Penyusun

DAFTAR ISI
HALAMAN JUDUL......................................................................................................i
KATA PENGANTAR......................................................................................................ii
DAFTAR ISI...................................................................................................................iii
DAFTAR GAMBAR......................................................................................................iv
DAFTAR TABEL...........................................................................................................vi
BAB I Sejarah Singkat Percobaan Sistem Injeksi Bahan Bakar.....................................1
BAB II Sistem Injeksi Bahan Bakar...............................................................................3
BAB III Susunan Dasar Sistem EFI................................................................................10
1. Sistem Bahan Bakar....................................................................................10
2. Sistem Induksi Udara..................................................................................16
3. Sistem Pengontrol Elektronik.....................................................................23
BAB IV Prinsip Kerja Injeksi.........................................................................................38
BAB V Diagnosa Dan Penyetelan..................................................................................45
DAFTAR PUSTAKA

Daftar Gambar
Gambar 2.1 Throttle Body Injection......................................................................4
Gambar 2.2 Multy Poin Injection..........................................................................5
Gambar 2.3 Gasoline Indirect Injection................................................................5
Gambar 2.4 K(Jetronic).........................................................................................8
Gambar 2.5 L(Jetronic).........................................................................................8
Gambar 2.6 D(Jetronic).........................................................................................9
Gambar 3.1 Sistem Dalam EFI..............................................................................10
Gambar 3.2 Fuel Pump..........................................................................................11
Gambar 3.3 Fuel Filter..........................................................................................12
Gambar 3.4 Fuel Pressure Regulator....................................................................13
Gambar 3.5 Pulsation Damper..............................................................................13
Gambar 3.6 Injector...............................................................................................16
Gambar 3.7 Delivery Pipe.....................................................................................16
Gambar 3.8 Skema Udara Masuk Tipe D-EFI......................................................17
Gambar 3.9 Skema Udara Masuk Tipe L-EFI.......................................................17
Gambar 3.10 Throttle Body...................................................................................18
Gambar 3.11 Throttle Position Sensor..................................................................18
Gambar 3.12 Intake Air Temperature....................................................................19
Gambar 3.13 Air Flow Meter posisi menutup.......................................................19
Gambar 3.14 Air Flow Meter posisi membuka.....................................................19
Gambar 3.15 Measuring Plat Type........................................................................20
Gambar 3.16 Measuring Core Tupe H..................................................................20
Gambar 3.17 Fast Idle Air Control (dingin)..........................................................22
Gambar 3.18 Fast Idle Air Control (panas)..........................................................22
Gambar 3.19 ISAS.................................................................................................23
Gambar 3.20 Throttle Body...................................................................................24
Gambar 3.21 TPS..................................................................................................25
Gambar 3.22 Rangkaian TPS................................................................................26
Gambar 3.23 VSS..................................................................................................26
Gambar 3.24 CMP.................................................................................................27
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Gambar 3.25 CKP Sensor......................................................................................27


Gambar 3.26 Sensor EGR.....................................................................................29
Gambar 3.27 Oxygen Sensor.................................................................................29
Gambar 3.28 Sensor MAP.....................................................................................30
Gambar 3.29 Rangkaian Sensor MAP...................................................................31
Gambar 3.30 Sensor CO2.......................................................................................31
Gambar 3.31 Rangkaian Variabel Resistor............................................................32
Gambar 3.32 Knock Sensor...................................................................................33
Gambar 3.33 Sensor Denotasi...............................................................................35
Gambar 3.34 Bank Angle Sensor...........................................................................35
Gambar 3.35 ECM atau ECU................................................................................36
Gambar 4.1 Prinsip Kerja Injeksi..........................................................................38
Gambar 4.2 ETS....................................................................................................39
Gambar 4.3 Grafik Resistance terhadap Temperature...........................................39
Gambar 4.4 Nilai Temperature Sensor..................................................................40
Gambar 4.5 Bypass Valve......................................................................................40
Gambar 4.6 Bentuk Dalam TPS............................................................................41
Gambar 4.7 Bentuk Luar TPS...............................................................................41
Gambar 4.8 Posisi TPS..........................................................................................42
Gambar 4.9 Grafik Signal TPS terhadap Sudut Bukaan Klep Kupu-Kupu...........42
Gambar 4.10 Klep Kupu-Kupu.............................................................................43
Gambar 4.11 Signal ECU......................................................................................43
Gambar 4.12 Injektor.............................................................................................44

Daftar Tabel
Tabel 1. Nama Actuators dan Konsep Kerja.........................................................37
Tabel 3. Mesin Mati (Engine Stalling)..................................................................47
Tabel 4. Mesin Sulit Starter (Poor Starting)..........................................................48
Tabel 5. Putaran Idle Jack (Poor Idling)................................................................49
Tabel 6. Pengendaraan Kurang Baik (Poor Drivability).......................................50