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NAME: Oteyza, Kaye-Ann

LEARNING

YR. & SEC. II-5 BFE


DATE: June 15, 2015

PERSPECTIVES
MS. Z.CUSTODIO 2014-15
THEORIES OF LEARNING ASSIGNMENT #1

Provide an explanation a psychologist working from each perspective might give to explain the behavior.
PERSPECTIVE

MAJOR EMPHASIS

KEY PEOPLE

BEHAVIORAL PSYCHOLOGY

BEHAVIORAL/
LEARNING

IS BASICALLY INTERESTED IN HOW


OUR BEHAVIOR RESULTS FROM THE STIMULI BOTH IN THE
ENVIRONMENT AND WITHIN OURSELVES. THEY STUDY, OFTEN IN
MINUTE DETAIL, THE BEHAVIORS WE EXHIBIT WHILE
CONTROLLING FOR AS MANY OTHER VARIABLES AS POSSIBLE .
OFTEN A GRUELING PROCESS, BUT RESULTS HAVE HELPED US
LEARN A GREAT DEAL ABOUT OUR BEHAVIORS, THE EFFECT OUR
ENVIRONMENT HAS ON US, HOW WE LEARN NEW BEHAVIORS,
AND WHAT MOTIVATES US TO CHANGE OR REMAIN THE SAME .

REFERENCE :
HTTP :// ALLPSYCH. COM /PSYCHOLOGY 101/LEARNING/#.VX9 R SV
MQQKO

B.F.SKINNER
JOHN
WATSON

CRITICISMS

HUMANISTIC PSYCHOLOGY

HUMANISTIC

GETS ITS NAME FROM ITS BELIEF IN


THE BASIC GOODNESS AND RESPECT OF HUMANKIND . ITS
ROOTS ARE BASED IN EXISTENTIAL PSYCHOLOGY OR THE
UNDERSTANDING AND ACCEPTANCE OF ONE S OWN EXISTENCE
AND RESPONSIBILITY .

REFERENCE :
HTTP://ALLPSYCH .COM/ PERSONALITYSYNOPSIS /HUMANISTIC/#.
VX9R8PMQQKO

GESTALT

GESTALT

WAS A HOLISTIC APPROACH AND REJECTED THE


MECHANISTIC PERSPECTIVES OF THE STIMULUS - RESPONSE
MODELS . NUMEROUS NEW CONCEPTS AND APPROACHES
EMERGED FROM THIS DIFFERENT PHILOSOPHICAL PERSPECTIVE

REFERENCE: HTTP://WWW.LIFECIRCLESINC. COM /LEARNINGTHEORIES /GESTALT/GESTALTTHEORY .HTML

CARL
ROBERTS
ABRAHAM
MASLOW

MAX
WERTHEIME
R
WOLFGANG
KOHLER
KURT
KOFFKA

COGNITIVE

THEORY IS FOCUSED ON THE INDIVIDUAL S


THOUGHTS AS THE DETERMINATE OF HIS OR HER EMOTIONS
AND BEHAVIORS AND THEREFORE PERSONALITY .

COGNITIVE

REFERENCE :
HTTP://ALLPSYCH .COM/ PERSONALITYSYNOPSIS /COGNITIVE /#.V
X9 TK_MQQKO

BIOLOGICAL

THE BIOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVE IS A WAY OF LOOKING AT


PSYCHOLOGICAL TOPICS BY STUDYING THE PHYSICAL BASIS FOR
ANIMAL AND HUMAN BEHAVIOR. IT IS ONE OF THE MAJOR
PERSPECTIVES IN PSYCHOLOGY AND INVOLVES SUCH THINGS AS
STUDYING THE BRAIN, IMMUNE SYSTEM , NERVOUS SYSTEM ,
AND GENETICS .

JEAN

PIAGET

CHARLES
DARWIN

REFERENCE :
HTTP://PSYCHOLOGY .ABOUT .COM/ OD/ BINDEX/ G/ BIOLOGICALPERSPECTIVE . HTM

ALTHOUGH

MANY DIFFERENT PSYCHODYNAMIC THEORIES EXIST,


THEY ALL EMPHASIZE UNCONSCIOUS MOTIVES AND DESIRES , AS
WELL AS THE IMPORTANCE OF CHILDHOOD EXPERIENCES IN
SHAPING PERSONALITY .

PSYCHODYNAMI
C

REFERENCE :

SIGMUND
FREUD

HTTP :// WWW. SPARKNOTES. COM /PSYCHOLOGY /PSYCH 101/PERS


ONALITY / SECTION2. RHTML

SOCIOCULTURAL

THE FOCUS OF THE SOCIOCULTURAL PERSPECTIVE IS ON THE


ROLES THAT PARTICIPATION IN SOCIAL INTERACTIONS AND
CULTURALLY ORGANIZED ACTIVITIES PLAY IN INFLUENCING
PSYCHOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENT .

REFERENCE :
HTTP://WWW .EDUCATION. COM /REFERENCE /ARTICLE / SOCIOCULTU
RAL -THEORY/

VYGOTSKY