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Testing the SEL-311L Line Current Differential Relay with ProTesT

YAKOV KNOBEL
Sr. APPLICATION ENGINEER
DOBLE ENGINEERING COMPANY, USA.

SEL-311L Line Current Differential


With Full Distance Backup
87L Restrain

87L Operate

SEL-311L

Zone 3

87L Restrain

SEL-311L

Zone 1
Zone 2
Zone 4

SEL 311L Line Current Differential


Relay

Line Current Differential for Two or Three


Terminal with Tapped Load Overcurrent

Backup Options from simple Overcurrent to


Full 4 Zone Pilot Aided Distance

Protest Plan concentrates on 87 and


Tapped Load O/C

See SEL 311C test plan for other element


tests

Relays Include Test Aids

SEL 311L with Setting APP=87L


Bus

87L
52

50

51

67

SEL 311L with Setting APP=311L


Bus

87L

50

52

51

21/68 67
81 27/59

25/
79

Line Current Differential Testing


z

Communications Channel is an Integral


Component of the Protection

Testing at Local Terminal May Result


in Tripping at Remote Terminal

Single and Multi- Ended Testing


Methods are Available

Relays Include Test Aids

Single-Ended Testing
z

Each SEL-311L May Be Tested


Independently

Remote 87L Must Be Blocked to


Prevent Tripping

Built-in Features

Stub Bus Logic

Loop Back

Loop Back for Testing with One Relay


z

Simulates Internal Faults Only.

Differential Current Is 2 x Applied Test


Current.

87L Pickup Is One Half of Setting


Value.

Alpha Plane Will Always Plot at 1 @ 0


Degree.

Channel Loop Back


z

If the Channels Are Disconnected, 87L


Is Blocked.

Relay Provides Internal and External


Channel Loop Back.

Local 87L Is Enabled During Loop


Back, Remote Is Disabled.

Hot-Standby Channel Must Be


Disabled.

Internal Loop Back


z

Differential Current Is 2 x Applied Test


Current.

Available With All Channel Interfaces.

No External Equipment Is Required.

External Loop Back


z

Differential Current Is 2 x Applied Test


Current.

Available With All Channel Interfaces.

Fiber Channel May Be Jumpered at


Rear of Relay, or at Any Patch Panel
Between the Relays.

Multiplexed Channel Loop Back


Provided by Equipment Manufacturer.

SEL 311L Differential Element


The SEL-311L restraint characteristic
Surrounds the ideal external fault and load
current point
Allows for errors in both magnitude and
phase angle caused by CT saturation, channel
asymmetry etc.
Is adjustable both in angular extent and
radial reach.

SEL 311L Differential Element


Operate
Region

Operate
Region

Channel
Asymmetry Remote CT
Source
Saturation Impedances,
Local CT
Fault Location
Saturation
F1
F2
Remote CT
Saturation
Operate
Region

Restraint
Region

Local CT
Saturation
Operate
Region

SEL-311L Metering
z

Local and Remote Currents

Phase, Zero Sequence, Negative


Sequence, and Positive Sequence
Currents

Difference Currents

Alpha Plane Radius and Angle

Use as calibration and connection test

Meter Values Proper CT Connections


Local

I MAG (A Pri) 587.199 589.804 584.416


I ANG (DEG)
Channel X

-0.20 -120.10
A

Vector Sum

179.50
A

59.90
B

6.590

5.432 587.139

3I0
7.787
3I0

3I2

11.490

10.793

I ANG (DEG)

148.90 -120.10 -104.20 -142.00

RADIUS
ANG (DEG)

1.000
179.70

I1

5.726 587.858
100.70

6.043
A

4.400

0.00

3I2

-60.20 -175.50
C

I1

71.30

I MAG (A Pri)
Alpha Plane

6.188

3I2

120.10 -101.30

I MAG (A Pri) 592.394 583.617 587.570


I ANG (DEG)

3I0

179.70
I1
3.160

86.30

0.980

1.000

0.000

0.000

179.90

179.60

0.00

0.00

103.00

ZERO-SEQ NEG-SEQ POS-SEQ


1.000
179.70

Inrush Protection
z

Increases the minimum trip thresholds


and slows the relay operation

Active when relay it detects that local or


remote breaker is open.

Defeated in test plan by setting the relay


52a logic to assert (52A = 1).

Otherwise use test set logic sources to


simulate 52a

COM Report - Channel Information


=>>COM X
SEL-311L 87L
Date: 03/14/01 Time: 11:05:44.616
EXAMPLE: BUS B, BREAKER 3
FID=SEL-311L-X108-V0-Z001001-D20010312
CID=BA2B
Summary for 87L Channel X
Channel Status Alarms
ROKX = 1 DBADX = 0 RBADX = 0 AVAX = 0
For 03/14/01 07:30:52.612 to 0
COMM. LOG SUMMARY
COMM. STATISTICS
# of Error records 33
Last error
Data Error
Data Error
17
Longest failure
0.005 sec.
Dropout
16
Lost Packets, prev. 24 hours 81
Test Mode Entered
One Way Delay (Ping-Pong) 0 msec.
=>>

Test Connections
SEL 311L
Relay L
OUT104
OUT104

3A /0

SENSE

IA

SENSE

IB

IA

CHX

IC
IA

SEL 11L
Relay R

3A /-120

IB

3A /-240

IC

3A /180

I1

IA

3A /+60

I2

IB

3A /-60

I3

IC

IB

OUT104

IC

OUT104

IA
IB
IC

CHX

ZPLBOI Plot Overlay Shows Alpha


Plane Characteristic

PlotII Overlay Shows Characteristic as


Traditional Slope Curves

Conclusion
z

Protest & F6000 provide resources needed


for all tests: single,double and three terminal

Tests prove unique differential characteristic

Relay Commissioning Test should be


completed as per SEL 311L manual

Satellite Synchronized tests tests on


complete system possible after installation

Relay Operating Time Curves

Operate Time [cyc]

1.5

87L2
1.0

87LPH
0.5

0.0
0.0

Multiples of

8
10
I OP Pickup

12

State Simulation for Go-No-Go/Timing


Go-NoGo
tests can be
used after
installation
with
Satellite
Synch. Test
Set

THANK YOU