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SATUAN KERJA KHUSUS

PELAKSANA KEGIATAN USAHA HULU MINYAK DAN GAS BUMI


(SKK Migas)

BADAN PENGKAJIAN & PENERAPAN TEKNOLOGI


Potensi & Tantangan Eksplorasi Hidrokarbon di Indonesia Bagian Timur dan Frontier
Focus Group Discussion Jakarta 15 April 2015

Geologi Indonesia Timur:


Implikasi untuk Hidrokarbon
Awang H. Satyana
Staf Khusus Kepala SKK Migas

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HC seep, sea bed


core, satelite

Kejadian dan Penemuan Hidrokarbon Indonesia Timur

Pembahasan
1. Tektonik & Struktur

2. Cekungan Sedimen & Stratigrafi


3. Dari Selat Makassar ke Papua
4. Konsep Eksplorasi Terbukti
5. Peluang & Tantangan

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Pembahasan
1. Tektonik & Struktur

2. Cekungan Sedimen & Stratigrafi


3. Dari Selat Makassar ke Papua
4. Konsep Eksplorasi Terbukti
5. Peluang & Tantangan

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Eurasian Plate

Pacific Plate

Philippine Plate

Sunda Shelf
Sahul Shelf
Indian Plate

Australian Plate
mod. after Hall (1999-2012)
Hall (1999)

Tataan Tektonik Indonesia Masa Kini

Akresi Terrane Indonesia

Ingram et al. (2004)

Rekonstruksi Tektonik : 150-50 Ma

Hall (2012)

Rekonstruksi Tektonik: 40-10 Ma

Hall (2012)

Struktur Utama Indonesia Timur

OIL/GAS

Pembahasan
1. Tektonik & Struktur

2. Cekungan Sedimen & Stratigrafi


3. Dari Selat Makassar ke Papua
4. Konsep Eksplorasi Terbukti
5. Peluang & Tantangan

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10

CEKUNGAN INDONESIA

Pertamina and Beicip (1985)

Pertamina & Corelab (1999)

Pertamina & Corelab (1999)

PENAMPANG GEOLOGI CEKUNGAN INDONESIA TIMUR

Kolom Stratigrafi Cekungan Indonesia


Indonesia Barat

Indonesia Timur

mod. after Netherwood (2000)

mod. after Netherwood (2000)

Stratigrafi Cekungan Indonesia Timur

mod. after Netherwood (2000)

Pembahasan
1. Tektonik & Struktur

2. Cekungan Sedimen & Stratigrafi


3. Dari Selat Makassar ke Papua
4. Konsep Eksplorasi Terbukti
5. Peluang & Tantangan

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Selat Makassar
Celebes Sea

East Makassar
Foldbelt

Gorontalo
Basin

Banggai
Basin

Barito Basin

Paternoster
Platform

East Makassar
Foldbelt

South
Makassar Basin

Bone
Basin

Structural setting of Makassar Straits

Isochrone map at the top of the basement showing the


major structural lineaments affecting the basement.
Del Negro et al. (2013)

Mesozoic
110E

Sibumasu
Terrane

115E

East Malaya
Terrane

500 KM

?
?
?

SW Borneo
Terrane
Meratus

Luk Ulo

?
5S

earlier
different
ages

future
Jiwo/ Bayat

Jurassic-Early Cretaceous
subduction
Late Cretaceous subduction

Gondwanan microcontinents
sites of subduction fossil

Satyana (2014, 2015)

Early-Middle Jurassic:
subduction of Meso-Tethys
in Meratus trench (180-165
Ma Hauran schists; Middle
Jurassic radiolaria).
Subduction continued
through Early Cretaceous
until mid-Cretaceous in
Meratus and Barru-Bantimala
trenches (137 Ma Bantimala
eclogite).
Subduction continued until
mid-Cretaceous in Luk Ulo
(124-102 Ma), Meratus (131101 Ma), Bantimala (113 Ma)
trenches.
112 Ma: collision of West
Sulawesi microcontinent
onto Bantimala trench. Postcollision Bantimala
radiolarian chert
110-90 Ma: collision of
Paternoster-Kangean onto
Meratus trench.
98 Ma: docking of SE Java
microcontinent to the east of
Luk Ulo. Bayat
metamorphism.
Late Cretaceous subduction
behind Paternoster-Kangean/
Paternoster trench
(vocaniclastic Haruyan &
Pitap Group in Meratus, 8366 Ma). Ciletuh subduction?

Presence of pre-Tertiary section at


Paternoster-Kangean microntinent

pre-Tertiary section

Emmet et al. (2009)

Kejadian dan Penemuan Migas di Sulawesi

Jablonski et al. (2007)

Drifting and
collision history of
Banggai-Sula
microcontinent

Triassic and Jurassic Rifting


Alpha-1A
42.5S
Upper Cretaceous

JO
RecentRecentPleistocene

Callovian

Eocene
Rift

JC

Upper Cretaceous &


Younger

Middle Jurassic

JH

42.5S
Triassic
Intrusive
Oxfordian
Rift
JO

TWT Eocene Structure Map with


Regional Tectonics

JH
Triassic Rift

Sedimentary Section/
Australian Affinity

Section

Jalur Benturan Australia vs. Busur Banda: Timor-Tanimbar-Seram

Pairault et al. (2003)

Deformation of the Seram Orogen

30 km

Stratigrafi Busur Banda Timor-Tanimbar-Seram


Mola gas show,
Timor

Bula, Seram

(Charlton, 2004)

S
S

Oseil & Bula, Seram


Timor oil seeps

Northwest - North Shelf of Australia


Neogene
tectonic history

Arafura Sea

Keep et al. (2006)

Edwards et al. (2006)

Hydrocarbon occurrences of northwest shelf of Australia

Seismic section crossing NW Shelf of Australia to Banda Arc

Barber et al. (2003)

Seismic section crossing Southwest Timor showing


similar configuration with Abadi Field

Geologic setting of Papua and Papua New Guinea

SB

Hall (2007)

Hall (2007)

Elemen Tektonik Kepala Burung


Yudhanto & Pasaribu (2012)

Kompleks Lapangan Gas Tangguh: Jurassic Petroleum System

Hall (2007)

Fields at the Central Ranges of Papua and PNG

Schroder et al. (2000)

Papuas Central Range: Rekor Dunia Tes Sumur Eksplorasi

Antelope-2 DST (PNG): 705 MMscfd and 11,200 bcpd (129,000 boepd)

Pembahasan
1. Tektonik & Struktur

2. Cekungan Sedimen & Stratigrafi


3. Dari Selat Makassar ke Papua
4. Konsep Eksplorasi Terbukti
5. Peluang & Tantangan

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39

EXPLORATION PLAY TYPES MESOZOIC-PALEOZOIC EASTERN INDONESIA

mod. Nayoan et al. (1991)

EXPLORATION PLAY TYPES MESOZOIC-PALEOZOIC EASTERN INDONESIA

mod. Nayoan et al. (1991)

Pembahasan
1. Tektonik & Struktur

2. Cekungan Sedimen & Stratigrafi


3. Dari Selat Makassar ke Papua
4. Konsep Eksplorasi Terbukti
5. Peluang & Tantangan

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42

STATUS CEKUNGAN SEDIMEN INDONESIA


STATUS OF SEDIMENTARY BASINS OF INDONESIA

Peta jumlah dan batas cekungan berdasarkan publikasi Badan Geologi (2010)

BERPRODUKSI (PRODUCING)

(Map of number and outline of basins are based on Geological Agency of Indonesia, 2010)

SUDAH DIBOR, ADA PENEMUAN (DRILLED WITH DISCOVERY)


SUDAH DIBOR, BELUM ADA PENEMUAN (DRILLED WITH NO DISCOVERY YET)

BELUM DIBOR (UNDRILLED)

Satyana (2012)

Areas in Eastern Indonesia prospective for exploration

OIL FIELD

GAS FIELD

mod. after Howes and Tisnawijaya (1995)

Australian Passive Margin & Banda Arc Collision

Eksplorasi Indonesia Timur


Tantangan umum:
- High risk: complicated geology & target reservoir
dalam, atau target baru tanpa referensi
- High cost wells: laut dalam dan teknologi tinggi,
lokasi jauh tidak ada sarana jalan
- Frontier area: operator umumnya beroperasi
sendiri (stand alone)
- Minimum infrastructure: tantangan untuk
pengembangan masa depan
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47

Risiko dan Potensi Eksplorasi Indonesia Barat & Indonesia Timur

Eastern
Indonesia
Western Indonesia

Pre-Tertiary
Basins/ Plays

Tertiary Basins/ Plays

mod. after Sujanto and Hartoyo (1994)

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48

Terima kasih atas perhatian Anda.

no exploration,
no discovery,
no production!
aharun@skkmigas.go.id
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