Anda di halaman 1dari 1

Nylon Taffeta

Nylon is processed by first producing cellulose from wood pulp. The cellulose is then
reacted with acetic acid and acetic anhydride with sulfuric acid. Depending on the
desired properties, controlled partial hydrolysis is done to remove sulfate and unwanted
acetate groups. After which, the polymer is dissolved in acetone and drawn into fibers
through extrusion. The resulting nylon is then woven into nylon taffeta, which has a
luxurious feel and appearance, and is relatively fast-drying and moisture degradationresistant.
Shaft
The shaft of an umbrella, which is usually 3/8 in thick, may be made of different
materials, such as wood, steel, plastic, aluminum and fiberglass. For wooden shafts, a
wood-shaping machine, such as turning machines and lathes, is used to shape the
material. On the other hand, metal and polymeric shafts are produced through drawing
or extrusion.
Ribs and stretchers
The ribs of an umbrella are made from U-shaped steel rods for a lighter and strong
frame. The ribs are run underneath the canopy of the umbrella, while being connected
to the shaft by the stretchers.