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Beer Brewing

By Andy Berry
Special Thanks to everyone
who did not copyright
their images on Google

Definition of Beer

An alcoholic beverage made from the fermentation

of sugar-rich cereal grains or other starchy materials.

History of Brewing
Oldest prepared drink

In reality its in a four way tie with wine, mead and tea
Wherever grain is grown, beer is made

Beer and Bread are two sides of the same coin:

Its debatable which came first


Either could have been the catalyst for civilization

Nutritious

Fermentation unlocks vitamins


Aids in digestion
Makes grain more nutritious than they are alone!

Historically the safest drink

The boiling of beer made any water safe!

A Little more History of


Brewing
Ancient beer was different

Thick and probably chunky


Served while fermenting
Low alcohol/High calorie
Everyone drank it

Beer inspired the worlds

first food law

The Reinheitsgebot limited beer


ingredients to Barley, water,
hops and the Holy Spirit
Enacted to keep the price of rye
and wheat down for bread

Oldest
known
beer
recipe
Sumarian 4000 BC

Is
Making wine and beer at home
Home Brewing
was legal and quite common up
Legal?
until the Volstead Act 0f 1919
It is legal to brew
100 gallons
per adult in a
household
(200 G. Max)
This wine or beer
can be gifted
or tasted (As
of 2014)
Only Limit:
Homebrew
cannot be
sold!

Volstead Act was repealed in

1933- legalized home wine


making but not beer.
In 1978 a bill reaffirmed the legal

status of wine making and finally


legalized brewing beer at home.

Malted Barley

Or any grain or
pseudo-grain

Water
Hops
Hops are relatively
modern
Historically almost
every spice was used

Holy Ghost or
Godisgood

They didnt know


about yeast so they
attributed
fermentation to
God.

Components of Beer

Malted Barley
Two types of barley

2-rowed
6-rowed
Provides fermentable sugars,

flavor, and color.


Malting process:

Steeping
Germination
Kilning
Purpose:
Allows enzymes to convert
starch to sugar
Kilning make the grain storable

Specialty Grains
Highly kilned grains

add color and roastiness

Black Patent, Coffee, Debittered Black Malt

Cristal malts

adds sweetness, color and body

Cristal L 10-180

Flaked, pearled and other precooked grains

Add body, a distinct smoothness and mouth feel

oatmeal, corn, rye, wheat and rice

Hops
Spice of beer

Bitter balances sweet

Flower (cone) of a

vine-growing plant
Grown all over
Cultivated but rhysomes
Used as:

Whole cones
Pellets
Extracts

Lupulin Glands

Hops
How they are Used

Types of Hops

Beginning of the boil

Bitterness
Last half hour of boil

Bitterness and Flavor


Last 15 minutes of boil

Flavor and Aroma


After the boil

Mostly Aroma

Aroma, Bittering and Dual Purpose

Noble Hops

Dry hopping adds only


Aroma

High Alpha Acid Hops

Take less volume to bitter

American Hops

Grown and bred here


Citrus and grapefuity

After Fermentation

European Grown
Spicy and herbal

Soil, Sun and Water

The same plant will not produce


the same oils and flavors if
moved

Some Caveats
Different places have
different water
Beer Styles are place
dependent
Sometimes minerals
need to be added or
taken away to fit a
style
This is getting pretty
nit picky

Any good tasting water will


make good beer

Brewing is all about yeast wrangling: The art of


keeping our tiny beer making friends happy!

There are three types of yeast


Bread Yeast

Good for bread, bad for beer

Wild Yeast

everywhere around us
Can be good, usually really funky or downright awful
Brewers Yeast

The only consistently alcohol tolerant yeast

Two Types of Brewers Yeast

Yeasts are classified by their behavior


Top-fermenting

Ale yeast
Weiss (Wheat) yeast
Wine Yeast
Bottom-fermenting

Lager yeast

Like it warm
Fruity and easy to grow
Clove and banana
Naturally on Grapes

Like it cold
Finicky and almost tasteless

Yeast is a microscopic fungus


that eats sugar, pees alcohol,
and farts CO2.

Dont think
about it too
Much!

Yeasts Contribution
Yeast adds carbonation
Yeast can add a lot of flavors to beer.
Spicy, Fruity, Yeasty, Cloves, Bananas and Solvent-like
to name a few
Flavor provided by the yeast are affected by
Varity of Yeast
Temperature of fermentation
Gravity of wort (how sugary or not the pre-beer is)
Available O2
How much yeast is present (pitch rate)
In General how happy the Yeast is

Malt Mill

The Brewing Process

Mash Tun

Starches
become
Sugars

Filter
again

Hops

Aeration

Fermentation

Filtering
Brew
Kettle

Hot Wort

Wort is
Chilled

Bottling
and
Enjoying

The Four
Categories of
Beer Making
Dump and stir
Mr. Beer-the kit is it

Extract with specialty


grains
More control and
options
Partial Mash/ Brew in
a Bag
Can make almost
style
All Grain
Anything is possible!

Dont sweat it.


We have been making beer for
thousands of years!

My Best advice for Beer Making


KEEP EVERYTHING CLEAN
REL AX, IT CANT BE THAT HARD,

CAVEMEN
DID IT!
BREW WHAT YOU CANT BUY

Styles of Beer
More than just dark and light
Most of the beer in the world is a single style

The American Light Lager


Bud, Miller, Coors, Natural Ice, Bush and Hams are all variations

on one style
Carlsberg, Amstel, Corona, and Moslen also fall under the light
lager category
If you dont like beer you probably dont like light lagers!
There are 28 internationally recognized styles of beer and 80+
distinct sub-varities!

A Few of my Favorites
Indian Pale Ales

Bitter and hoppy

Dont Ever Say You Dont


Like Beer!

Stouts

Dark and roasty

Siasons

Funky, spicy and fruity

Wheat Beers

clove and banana flavors

Fruit Beers

The fruit shines through

This statement comes from


sheltered taste-buds that
have never experienced
anything other than light
lagers.
There is a world of Beer out
there for the tasting!

How to
Taste a
Beer
The Steps
Look-the first taste is
with the eyes
Smell-is intrinsically
linked with taste
Taste-fills in what
smell cant decipher
Reflect-each beer is
an event
Everyones palate is
different, so trust
your senses!

Appearance

What color is it?


Is the beer clear or cloudy?

Aroma

What do you smell fruit, spice, hops,


cloves, bananas, yeast, or Band-Aids

Mouth Feel
What does it feel like in your mouth?

thin/thick or fizzy/flat

Flavor

Is it malty, grainy, bitter, citrusy, dry or


sweet?

Overall Impression

Making Root Beer


Almost the same as dump and stir beer brewing
I use Extracts

Heat water to sterilize the water, sugar and extract


Cool
Add yeast
Bottle/keg
Wait until carbonated
Chill and drink

The End
Lets Enjoy
Some Good Beer