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DAFTAR ISI

HALAMAN PERNYATAAN ORISINALITAS ................................................ v


STATEMENT OF AUTHENTICITY ................................................................ vi
HALAMAN PENGESAHAN ............................................................................. vii
STATEMENT OF LEGITIMATION .............................................................. viii
KATA PENGANTAR .......................................................................................... ix
HALAMAN PERNYATAAN PERSETUJUAN PUBLIKASI TUGAS
AKHIR UNTUK KEPENTINGAN AKADEMIS ............................................. xi
STATEMENT OF AGREEMENT OF FINAL REPORT PUBLICATION
FOR ACADEMIC PURPOSES ......................................................................... xii
ABSTRAK .......................................................................................................... xiii
ABSTRACT ........................................................................................................ xiv
DAFTAR ISI ........................................................................................................ xv
DAFTAR GAMBAR ......................................................................................... xvii
DAFTAR TABEL ............................................................................................ xviii
BAB 1 PENDAHULUAN .................................................................................... 1
1.1
1.2
1.3
1.4
1.5

Latar Belakang ........................................................................................... 1


Perumusan Masalah ................................................................................... 3
Tujuan Penelitian ....................................................................................... 3
Manfaat Penelitian ..................................................................................... 4
Batasan Penelitian...................................................................................... 4

BAB 2 TINJAUAN PUSTAKA .......................................................................... 5


2.1
2.2
2.3
2.4
2.5
2.6
2.7

Gambaran Umum Jaringan Distribusi Air Bersih ..................................... 5


Komponen-Komponen Dalam Jaringan Distribusi Air Bersih.................. 9
Pola Jaringan Distribusi Air Bersih ......................................................... 11
Kehilangan Energi (Head Loss) Akibat Tekanan .................................... 14
Pedoman Pengembangan Sistem Penyediaan Air Minum ...................... 18
Penelitian Terdahulu ................................................................................ 21
Aplikasi Penunjang Sistem Jaringan Distribusi Air Bersih ..................... 23

BAB 3 METODOLOGI PENELITIAN........................................................... 28


3.1
3.2
3.3
3.4

Pendekatan Penelitian .............................................................................. 28


Kerangka Berpikir ................................................................................... 28
Prosedur Penelitian .................................................................................. 29
Variabel Penelitian .................................................................................. 30
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3.5 Data Penunjang ........................................................................................ 31


3.6 Pengolahan Data ...................................................................................... 32
3.7 Lokasi dan Waktu Penelitian .................................................................. 34
BAB 4 GAMBARAN UMUM ........................................................................... 35
4.1 Profil PDAM Tirta Kahuripan ................................................................. 35
4.2 Gambaran Umum Instalasi Pengolahan Air (IPA) Legong ..................... 36
4.3 Kondisi Eksisting Jaringan Distribusi Air Bersih PDAM Tirta Kahuripan
Cabang Pelayanan 2 Kota Depok ............................................................ 41
4.4 Gambaran Umum Kota Depok ................................................................ 42
BAB 5 HASIL DAN ANALISA ........................................................................ 44
5.1 Jaringan Distribusi Air Bersih Eksisting ................................................. 44
5.2 Menjalankan Program EPANET 2.0 dan WaterGEMS Pada Seluruh
Jaringan Distribusi ................................................................................... 51
5.3 Perbandingan Aplikasi EPANET 2.0 dan WaterGEMS .......................... 58
5.4 Evaluasi dan Optimalisasi Jaringan Distribusi Air Bersih Menggunakan
Aplikasi EPANET 2.0 ............................................................................. 63
BAB 6 KESIMPULAN DAN SARAN .............................................................. 69
6.1 Kesimpulan .............................................................................................. 69
6.2 Saran ........................................................................................................ 70
DAFTAR PUSTAKA .......................................................................................... 71
LAMPIRAN ......................................................................................................... 73

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DAFTAR GAMBAR

Gambar 2.1
Gambar 2.2
Gambar 2.3
Gambar 3.1
Gambar 3.2
Gambar 4.1
Gambar 4.2
Gambar 5.1
Gambar 5.2
Gambar 5.3
Gambar 5.4
Gambar 5.5
Gambar 5.6

Perbesaran Penampang Pipa ........................................................ 16


Penyempitan Penampang Pipa..................................................... 17
Belokan yang Terjadi Pada Pipa .................................................. 17
Kerangka Berpikir Penelitian Optimalisasi Jaringan Distribusi Air
Bersih ........................................................................................... 29
Alur Kerja Penelitian Optimalisasi Jaringan Distribusi Air Bersih
PDAM Tirta Kahuripan cabang pelayanan 2 Kota Depok .......... 30
Lokasi dan Penampakan Kantor Cabang Pelayanan 2 PDAM Tirta
Kahuripan dan IPA Legong ......................................................... 37
Skema Eksisting Sistem Pengolahan Air Bersih Legong ............ 38
Sistem Jaringan Distribusi Air Bersih PDAM Tirta Kahuripan
Cabang Pelayanan 2 dalam EPANET 2.0 ................................... 44
Elevasi setiap Junction Pada Jaringan Distribusi ........................ 49
Titik Acuan Distribusi ................................................................. 50
Output Data Flow pada Aplikasi EPANET 2.0 ........................... 53
Output Data Velocity pada Aplikasi EPANET 2.0 ...................... 54
Output Data Pressure pada Aplikasi EPANET 2.0 ..................... 56

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DAFTAR TABEL

Pipe Headloss Formulas for Full Flow ......................................... 25


Roughness Coefficient for New Pipe ............................................. 25
Jadwal Kegiatan Penelitian ............................................................. 34
Produksi Air PDAM Tirta Kahuripan ............................................ 36
Kapasitas Air Baku dan Air Produksi IPA Legong Bulan JanuariSeptember Tahun 2014 ................................................................... 39
Tabel 4.3 Kualitas Air Baku dan Air Produksi PDAM Tirta Kahuripan
Instalasi Pengolahan Air Legong Tahun 2013 ............................... 40
Tabel 4.4 Data Pipa Distribusi PDAM Tirta Kahuripan Cabang
Pelayanan 2 ..................................................................................... 41
Tabel 4.5 Karakteristik Pompa PDAM Tirta Kahuripan Cabang
Pelayanan 2 ..................................................................................... 42
Tabel 4.6 Karakteristik Unit Reservoir........................................................... 42
Tabel 4.7 Jumlah Penduduk, Luas Wilayah, dan Kepadatan Penduduk
Menurut Kecamatan di Kota Depok, 2013 ..................................... 43
Tabel 5.1 Diameter dan Material Pipa pada Distribusi pada Cabang Pelayanan
2 Kota Depok .................................................................................. 45
Tabel 5.2 Panjang Pipa Distribusi pada Cabang Pelayanan 2 Kota Depok .... 47
Tabel 5.3 Elevasi Junction pada Jaringan Distribusi Cabang Pelayanan 2 Kota
Depok.............................................................................................. 48
Tabel 5.4 Output Data Pipa Jaringan Distribusi Dalam Aplikasi
EPANET 2.0 ................................................................................... 52
Tabel 5.5 Output Data Junction Pada Jaringan Distribusi Dalam Aplikasi
EPANET 2.0 .................................................................................. 55
Tabel 5.6 Output Data Pipa Jaringan Distribusi Dalam Aplikasi
WaterGEMS .................................................................................. 57
Tabel 5.7 Output Data Junction Pada Jaringan Distribusi Dalam Aplikasi
WaterGEMS .................................................................................. 58
Tabel 5.8 Perbandingan Output Data Junction Pada Jaringan Distribusi ...... 59
Tabel 5.9 Perbandingan Output Data Pipa Pada Jaringan Distribusi ............ 60
Tabel 5.10 Elevasi dan Output Data Tekanan dalam Aplikasi EPANET 2.0... 63
Tabel 5.11 Perbandingan data Tekanan dalam Aplikasi EPANET 2.0 dengan
Pengukuran Lapangan pada Titik Acuan ...................................... 64
Tabel 5.12 Perbandingan Output Data Pipa Jaringan Distribusi saat Evaluasi
dan Optimalisasi ............................................................................. 66
Tabel 5.13 Perbandingan Output Data Junction Jaringan Distribusi Evaluasi
dan Optimalisasi ............................................................................. 67
Tabel 6.1 Pipa yang akan diperbaiki untuk Optimalisasi Kinerja Jaringan
Distribusi ........................................................................................ 70
Tabel 2.1
Tabel 2.2
Tabel 3.1
Tabel 4.1
Tabel 4.2

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