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I.

CONTEXTUAL FACTORS

MDD Standard 1
The teacher candidate collects data regarding the institutional and classroom
contexts, the characteristics of the pupils as a group and its diversity, using this
information to plan and deliver instruction.
1. Community in which the school is located and/or serves, municipality
or owner and school factors: Below, describe the geographic location,
community and school population, socioeconomic profile, and race/ethnicity.
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Escuela Diego Portales D-475 is a public school located in Talcahuano, near


Hualpen. The school has students from first grade to eight grade. The
amount of students in the school is about 160 students. The socioeconomic
profile of the school is precarious. Students that attend school have a bad
socioeconomic level and some of them are from an orphanage.

1.1.
How These Factors May Impact My Lessons: Explain specific ways
that these factors may impact your lesson topics, teaching strategies,
assessment techniques, etc.
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Even though students have English from first grade, the school does not
give an importance to this class. Their social environment does not support
the learning of English as a second language giving more importance to
other subjects. Also, the way that students behave in class is without any
respect, making difficult to give instructions or to apply learning strategies.
This is because the lack of interest they have in this subject.

2. Student Characteristics and Their Instructional Implications: Below,


describe how two student characteristics you observed in your student (e.g.,
gender, race/ethnicity, interests, student skill levels) might impact the way you
instruct those students. For example, your planning, motivation, management,
or assessment. For each example of the student characteristic, give a specific
instructional implication that will influence how you plan and implement your
instruction.
2.1 Description of First Characteristic of Student(s) in this Class:
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Interest: This student is from sixth grade. He shows a lot of interest in the
different activities the teacher do and is almost the only one who
participates in class.

2.1.1 How This Characteristic Will Impact my Lesson:


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This characteristic of the student may have a positive impact in my lesson.


This is because I can use this interest in activities to help me motivate other
students to work and learn. I could make a group activity and make him
work with the students with lowest grades so this way he can support them
and help them.

2.2 Description of Second Characteristic of Students in this Class:


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Student Skill level: This student is also from sixth grade. His level of English
is very low and does not pay attention.

2.2.1 How This Characteristic Will Impact my Lesson


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The student may not understand any instruction and this will impact in a
negative way. He may start distracting his classmates and he will not make
any effort to learn.

3. Physical Aspects of the Classroom and Their Instructional Implications:


Below, describe how two physical aspects of the classroom you observed (e.g.,
posters, room arrangement, technology) might impact the way you instruct
students, for example, planning, motivation, management, or assessment. For
each example, give a specific instructional implication that will influence how
you plan and implement your instruction.
3.1 Description of First Physical Aspect:
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Room arrangement: The students sit in rows and they cannot change
positions unless they work in pair or groups.

3.1.1 How This Aspect Will Impact My Lesson


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The room arrangement will impact depending on what I would plan. Because
of the behavior of students it will be difficult to make students stay in their
sits, so a good activity can be more dynamic. This way the impact of the
room arrangement will not be negative.

3.2 Description of Second Physical Aspect:


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Use of posters as reminders: There are some posters showing images of


animals and words in English representing the images.

3.2.1How This Aspect Will Impact My Lesson


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This will have a positive impact in the lessons because with these posters
students will remind some words. I can plan activities related with the
posters and make them use it for learning reasons.

4. Reflects on the importance of knowing about students and the context


to provide quality teaching
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The importance to know about students and their context has to be a


priority for planning a lesson. Teachers must know because it will be more
effective to teach things that students can relate with their context. To put
teaching in context is not easy, but is a necessary step to make students
learn in a better and closer way.