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BAB IV

NERACA MASSA DAN NERACA PANAS


Kapasitas produksi

: 318000 ton/tahun

Waktu Operasi

: 300 hari kerja/tahun

Basis

: 1 Jam operasi

Satuan

: Kilogram (Kg)

4.1. Neraca Massa


4.1.1. Tanki Fresh Feed
1) Tanki 01 (T-01)

Input (Kg)

Output (Kg)

C6H5CH3

Aliran 1
58797,7909

Aliran 1
58797,7909

C6H4(CH3)2

342,1437

342,1437

C6H6

251,7412

251,7412

Total

59391,6758

59391,6758

Komponen

2) Tanki 02 (T-02)

Input (Kg)

Output (Kg)

C6H3(CH3)3

Aliran 2
25436,7088

Aliran 2
25436,7088

C6H5CH3

296,9585

296,9585

Total

25733,6673

25733,6673

Komponen

4.1.2. Mixing Point (MP-01)

1) Mixing Point (MP-01) Sebelum Recycle


Komponen

Input (Kg)
Aliran 1

C6H5CH3
C6H3(CH3)3
H2
CH4
C6H4(CH3)2
C6H6
Total

Aliran 2

58797,7909
296,9585
25436,7088
342,1437
251,7412
59391,6758
25733,6673
85125,3431

Output (Kg)
Aliran 3
59094,7495
25436,7088
342,1437
251,7412
85125,3431
85125,3431

2) Mixing Point (MP-01) Setelah Recycle


Komponen
C6H5CH3
C6H3(CH3)3
H2
CH4
C6H4(CH3)2
C6H6
Total

Input (Kg)
Aliran 1

Aliran 29

30084,8814
164,9456
128,9417
30378,7687

Aliran 2

28712,9095
296,9585
20427,8184
88,6877
122,7995
28924,3967 20724,7770
85125,3431

Output (Kg)
Aliran 42

Aliran 3

5008,8904
88,5104
5097,4007

59094,7495
25436,7088
342,1437
251,7412
85125,3431
85125,3431

4.1.3. Mixing Point (MP-02)

1) Mixing Point (MP-02) Sebelum Recycle


Komponen
C6H5CH3
C6H3(CH3)3
H2
CH4
C6H4(CH3)2
C6H6
Total

Input (Kg)
Aliran 3

Aliran 4

59094,7495
25436,7088
173,2289
0,1379
342,1437
251,7412
85125,3431
173,3668
85296,2528

Output (Kg)
Aliran 5
59094,7495
25436,7088
173,2289
0,1379
342,1437
251,7412
85298,7098
85296,2528

2) Mixing Point (MP-02) Setelah Recycle


Input (Kg)
Komponen
C6H5CH3
C6H3(CH3)3
H2
CH4
C6H4(CH3)2
C6H6
Total

Output (Kg)

Aliran 3

Aliran 4

Aliran 11

Aliran 5

59094,6645
25436,7088
342,1325
251,7254
85125,2312

14,9591
0,0214
14,9804
85296,2528

0,0850
158,2698
0,1165
0,0111
0,0157
156,4981

59094,7495
25436,7088
342,1437
251,7412
85298,7098
85296,2528

4.1.4. Reaktor 01 (R-01)

Komponen
C6H5CH3
C6H3(CH3)3
H2
CH4
C6H4(CH3)2
C6H6
Total

Input (Kg)

Output (Kg)

Aliran 7

Aliran 8

59094,7495
25436,7088
173,2289
0,1379
342,1437
251,7412
85296,2528

29417,3026
5087,3418
173,2289
0,1379
44399,6456
6218,5962
85296,2528

4.1.5. Partial Condenser 01 (PC-01)

Input (Kg)
Komponen
Aliran 10
C6H5CH3
C6H3(CH3)3
H2
CH4
C6H4(CH3)2
C6H6

29417,3026
5087,3418
173,2289
0,1379
44399,6456
6218,5962

Total

85296,2528

Output (Kg)
Aliran 11
Vapor

Liquid

121,4047
29295,8978
2,1729
5085,1688
168,3722
4,8567
0,1379
55,7115
44343,9341
78,6190
6139,9772
426,4181
84869,8347
85296,2528

4.1.6. Gas Liquid Separator 01 (S-01)

Komponen
C6H5CH3
C6H3(CH3)3
H2
CH4
C6H4(CH3)2
C6H6
Total

Input (Kg)

Output (Kg)

Aliran 11

Aliran 12

Aliran 13

29417,3026
5087,3418
173,2289
0,1379
44399,6456
6218,5962
85296,2528

0,0850
158,2698
0,1165
0,0111
0,0157
158,4982

29417,2176
5087,3417
14,9591
0,0214
44399,6345
6218,5804
85137,7546

85296,2528
4.1.7. Kolom Destilasi 01 (KD-01)

Input (Kg)

Output (Kg)

Komponen
Aliran 14
C6H5CH3
C6H3(CH3)3
H2
CH4
C6H4(CH3)2
C6H6
Total

Aliran 15

29295,8978
292,9590
5085,1688
4,8567
4,8567
44343,9341
0,0679
6139,9772
6017,1776
84869,8347
6315,0613
84869,8347

Aliran 21
29002,9389
5085,1688
44343,8662
122,7995
78554,7734
84869,8347

4.1.8. Kondensor 01 (CD-01)

Input (Kg)
Komponen
Aliran 15
C6H5CH3
C6H3(CH3)3
H2
CH4
C6H4(CH3)2
C6H6
Total

294,4980
4,8822
0,0683
6048,7885
6348,2371
6348,2371

Output (Kg)
Aliran 16
Reflux

Destilat

1,5390
292,9590
0,0255
4,8567
0,0004
0,0679
31,6109
6017,1776
33,1758
6315,0613
6348,2371

4.1.9. Accumulator 01 (ACC-01)

Komponen
C6H5CH3
C6H3(CH3)3
H2
CH4
C6H4(CH3)2

Input (Kg)

Output (Kg)

Aliran 16

Aliran 18

Aliran 19

Aliran 20

294,4980
4,8822
0,0683

4,8567
-

1,5390
0,0255
0,0004

292,9590
0,0679

C6H6
Total

6048,7885
6348,2371

31,6109

4,8567

33,1758
6348,2371

4.1.10. Reboiler 01 (RB-01)

Komponen
C6H5CH3
C6H3(CH3)3
H2
CH4
C6H4(CH3)2
C6H6
Total

Input (Kg)
Aliran 21
32105,7939
5629,2013
49087,9574
135,9371
86958,8897
86958,8897

4.1.11. Kolom Destilasi 02 (KD-02)

Output (Kg)
Aliran 23

Aliran 24

3102,8550
29002,9389
544,0325
5085,1688
4744,0912
44343,8662
13,1376
122,7995
8404,1163
78554,7734
86958,8897

6017,177
6
6310,204
5

Komponen
C6H5CH3
C6H3(CH3)3
H2
CH4
C6H4(CH3)2
C6H6
Total

Input (Kg)

Output (Kg)

Aliran 24
29002,9389
5085,1688
44343,8662
122,7995
78554,7734
78554,7734

Aliran 25
Aliran 30
28712,9095
290,0294
0,0009
5085,1679
88,6877
44255,1785
122,7995
28924,3976
49630,3758
78554,7734

4.1.12. Kondensor 02 (CD-02)

Komponen

Input (Kg)
Aliran 25

Output (Kg)
Aliran 26

Reflux
C6H5CH3
C6H3(CH3)3
H2
CH4
C6H4(CH3)2
C6H6

28739,6115
0,0009
88,7702
122,9137

Total

28951,2964

Destilat

26,7020
28712,9095
0,0009
0,0825
88,6877
0,1142
122,7995
26,8987
28924,3976
28951,2964

4.1.13. Accumulator 02 (ACC-02)

Input (Kg)
Komponen

Output (Kg)

Aliran 26

Aliran 28

C6H5CH3

28739,6115

26,7020

C6H3(CH3)3
H2
CH4
C6H4(CH3)2
C6H6

0,0009
88,7702
122,9137

Total

28951,2964

4.1.14. Reboiler 02 (RB-02)

Aliran 29

28712,909
5
0,0009
0,0825
88,6877
0,1142
122,7995
28924,397
26,8987
6
28951,2964

Input (Kg)
Komponen

Aliran 31

C6H5CH3
C6H3(CH3)3
H2
CH4
C6H4(CH3)2
C6H6

487,2106
8542,4016
74342,7778
0,0001

Total

83372,3900

4.1.15. Kolom Destilasi 03 (KD-03)

Output (Kg)
Aliran 32

Aliran 33

197,1812
290,0294
3457,2337
5085,1679
30087,5993 44255,1785
33742,0142 49630,3758
83372,3900

Input (Kg)
Komponen

Aliran 33

C6H5CH3
C6H3(CH3)3
H2
CH4
C6H4(CH3)2
C6H6

290,0294
5085,1679
44255,1785
-

H cTotal

49630,3758

4.1.16. Kondensor 03 (CD-03)

Output (Kg)
Aliran 34

Aliran 39

290,0294
76,2775
5008,8904
44166,6681
88,5104
44532,9751 5097,4007
49630,3758

Input (Kg)
Komponen

Aliran 34

C6H5CH3
C6H3(CH3)3
H2
CH4
C6H4(CH3)2
C6H6

290,1966
76,3215
44192,1397
-

Total

44558,6579

Output (Kg)
Aliran 35
Reflux

Destilat

0,1673
290,0294
0,0440
76,2775
25,4716
44166,6681
25,6828
44532,9751
44558,6579

4.1.17. Accumulator 03 (ACC-03)

Komponen

Input (Kg)

C6H5CH3
C6H3(CH3)3
H2
CH4
C6H4(CH3)2
C6H6

Aliran 35
290,1966
76,3215
44192,1397
-

Total

44558,6579

Output (Kg)
Aliran 37
0,1673
0,0440
25,4716
25,6828

Aliran 38
290,0294
76,2775
44166,6681
44532,9751
44558,6579

4.1.18. Reboiler 03 (RB-03)

Input (Kg)
Komponen

Aliran 39

C6H5CH3
C6H3(CH3)3
H2
CH4
C6H4(CH3)2
C6H6

54506,0420
963,1573
-

Total

55469,1994

Output (Kg)
Aliran 41

Aliran 42

49497,1517 5008,8904
874,6469
88,5104
50371,7986 5097,4007
55469,1994

4.1.2.

Neraca Panas
Kapasitas

: 318.000 ton/tahun

Operasi Pabrik

: 300 hari/tahun

Basis Perhitungan

: 1 Jam operasi

Temperatur Referensi

: 25 oC

Satuan Panas

: Kilo Joule

4.2.1. Mixing Point 01 (MP-01)

Aliran
Q1
Q2
Q29
Q42
Q3
Total

Panas Masuk
(kJ)
91735,5366
45483,4089
87275,3878
11178,1850
235672,5183

Panas Keluar (kJ)


235672,5183
235672,5183

4.2.2. Mixing Point 02 (MP-02)

Aliran
Q3
Q4
Q11

Panas Masuk (kJ)


235672,1975
976,4237
10699,2100

Panas Keluar (kJ)


-

Q5
Total
247347,8312
4.2.3. Heat Exchanger 01 (HE-01)

Aliran
Q5
Q6
Q8
Q9
Total

247347,8311
247347,8311

Panas Masuk (kJ)


117379,6756
56789196,0636
56906575,7392

Panas Keluar (kJ)


7297480,7038
49608077,5603
56906575,7392

Panas Masuk (kJ)


7297480,7038
48296815,8714
55594296,5752

Panas Keluar (kJ)


55594296,5752
55594296,5752

4.2.4. Furnace 01 (F-01)

Aliran
Q6
Q7
Qf
Total
4.2.5. Reaktor 01 (R-01)

Aliran
Q7
Q8
Qr
Qwi
Qwo
Total

Panas Masuk (kJ)


55594296,5752
950913,6299
56545210,2052

Panas Keluar (kJ)


56789196,0636
-4998554,0081
4754568,1497
56545210,2052

Panas Masuk (kJ)


49609095,0354
2183222,0607
51792317,0961

Panas Keluar (kJ)


23410430,3072
28381886,7889
51792317,0961

4.2.6. Cooler 01 (CL-01)

Aliran
Q9
Q10
Qwi
Qwo
Total

4.2.7. Partial Condenser 01 (PC-01)

Aliran
Q10
Q11V
Q11L
Qwi
Qwo
QLp
Total

Panas Masuk (kJ)


23410430,3072
-21310206,7658
33310,2597
2133533,8011

Panas Keluar (kJ)


11843,2392
111293,6973
2010396,8647
2133533,8011

4.2.8. Gas Liquid Separator (GLS-01)

Aliran
Q11
Q12
Q13
Total
4.2.9. Heater 01 (H-01)

Panas Masuk (kJ)


123136,9364
123136,9364

Panas Keluar (kJ)


11843,23915
111293,6973
123136,9364

Aliran
Q13
Q14
Qwi
Qwo
Total

Panas Masuk (kJ)


111293,6973
2906883,0225
3018176,7197

4.2.10. Kolom Destilasi 01 (KD-01)

Panas Keluar (kJ)


1891090,0229
1127086,6968
3018176,7197

Aliran
Q14
Q21
Qd
Qr
Qrb
Total

Panas Masuk (kJ)


1891090,0229
3948419,6547
5839509,6776

4.2.11. Condenser 01 (CD-01)

Panas Keluar (kJ)


5607179,1778
227904,0419
4426,4579
5839509,6776

Aliran
Q15
Q16
Qwi
Qwo
QLp
Total

Panas Masuk (kJ)


227904,0419
-195347,6016
74,9460
32631,3863

Panas Keluar (kJ)


14202,3673
18429,0190
32631,3863

4.2.12. Reboiler 01 (RB-01)

Aliran
Q21
Q23
Q24
QSin
QSout
Total

Panas Masuk (kJ)


5607179,1778
3948419,6547
2500404,7947
12056003,6272

Panas Keluar (kJ)


5607179,1778
6448824,4494
12056003,6272

4.2.13. Kolom Destilasi 02 (KD-02)

Aliran
Q24
Q30
Qd
Qr
Qrb
Total

Panas Masuk (kJ)


3677936,9612
3079441,0463
6757378,0075

Panas Keluar (kJ)


3897668,0957
1430519,5589
1429190,3529
6757378,0075

4.2.14. Condenser 02 (CD-02)

Aliran
Q25
Q26
Qwi
Qwo
QLp

Panas Masuk (kJ)


1430511,8520
-1279906,1736
37,3909

Panas Keluar (kJ)


40306,3302
110336,7391
-

Total
4.2.15. Reboiler 02 (RB-2)

Aliran
Q30
Q32
Q33
QSin
QSout
Total

150643,0693

150643,0693

Panas Masuk (kJ)


3777055,7412
3079441,0463
2117839,7986
8974336,5861

Panas Keluar (kJ)


3512190,1760
5462146,4101
8974336,5861

4.2.16. Kolom Destilasi 03 (KD-03)

Aliran
Q33
Q34
Q39
Qr
Qrb
Total

Panas Masuk (kJ)


3190520,8714
2998626,2972
6189147,1686

Panas Keluar (kJ)


2894949,7809
396341,3923
2897855,9954
6189147,1686

4.2.17. Condenser 03 (CD-03)

Aliran
Q34
Q35
Qwi
Qwo
QLp
Total

Panas Masuk (kJ)


2894949,7838
-2617151,8518
0,2326
277798,1646

Panas Keluar (kJ)


52181,6257
225616,5389
277798,1646

Panas Masuk (kJ)


3014088,3040
2998626,2972

Panas Keluar (kJ)


-

4.2.18. Reboiler 03 (R-03)

Aliran
Q39
Q41
Q42
QSin
QSout
Total

1602320,1129
7615034,7141

3482471,4022
4132563,3119
7615034,7141

4.2.19. Cooler C-02 (C-02)

Aliran
Q In
Q Out
Qwi
Qwo
Total

Panas Masuk
(kJ)
2691824,6078
-2474011,8453
217812,7626

Panas Keluar
(kJ)
4535,8793
213276,8832
217812,7626