Anda di halaman 1dari 6

t'Eqprerriloerg

yrcr,rnv Me1,6tqIuv06oroE lxugo66pctog pr to ,A.CI-211.1


xCI,txrcQa0eiypcrc,sQCr,gpoytilvff
Tou N" MAPEEAAOY*
[IEPIAHYI-I
Ot orlptubot:tg aur6q nagouotaeouv
rrlv Apepmavtxrl pt0o6o yLC pd,hr1 ouv9i:ottoE
rr,tupo<\tptaroE: ACI-21 1.1 xa9(nE xat yp4otpeg nArlpoqopieg xat nupadetypara yLa.rqv uri)"eor1
t'.eyuortletaxtftv \oxtlttitv xrxt \oxtptuortxd)v avapLyltdr@v oro epyaorrlgLo yLa rqv encx),Tl}euoq
rr1c. T'thctEnaput[AtvraL \nEoga oXTLxaxetpeva nou 6youv 64poorcu0et oe rXvLxGntptodma.
l. fe vrxri
Ano rc crnote),6opcrrcr rtrlv QyootqpLoxcbv 6oxLprilv trrlv crOgcrvrbvxcr rrlv eztipqorl yLc rrlv rurrrxrl
anoxr\"ro11 rou rqyotcr!iou,
exnoveltcrL 1 pel"etrl

ouv06oeorgoxugo8sporog,ps rq pe0o6o rov o,xroiurov oyxtrlv (absolute volume method)" Mnopel vo,
eite 11xcpnuiq Fuller eite q pe0o6og
XQqorl"ronorrl0el
tou ACI-211.1 y..t.),.I-evtxc, ytCI,rTl ooorll sxrsl,eorl
l- r LG Epe) , et qg o u v 0 eo e o l g , o u v ro tc tc r q sfi opevq
bLtrbLxaoia:
a,) Aivovtar 11ngoxa0oqifovtcrr :
r II xarqyopia oxupodepcrtog(;r,1. Cl6l20, C20125,
x . r , . X . 1.
. H seycorporrlro, rou oxugo6e;roroE(xcrrlyoqlc
x aO r or lgf t . X . Sr, 5 2 .x .t.l " .)
. H tunLxrl urozLLorl rou sQyorcf iou (S oe kpycm211
M P a) .
o H p6ylorrl 8Lcrotao\ y,oxy,ourou cr6qavouE(mm).
o O trinoE xcL q e),a1Lorq rrnrQsn6pevrl fiooorrlro
r or pf v r ou ( k g 7 m ' ).
r O peyroroEsrrrQsnopsvogl,oyog vsQou fiQoEroru6vto (N/T)"
o H p6yLorrl irrrQsfirq |egpoxgcola oxupoD6pcrog

(rc).

o Eav 0a eivar cvtl.qoLporo oxuQo6epc.


. Euv 0a yiver XQl1onngoo06torv (enLBpc0uvrLxo,,
urrsQ-QsuotonoLr 1tLxc).
o OL xoxxofrsrgr,xfg o,vo,l,uoeLg
rCIv a0po,vrilv,Tc, r6rxc Bcqn xcr 11u6crtoqQoqnrrxorqrdtoug.

flo).rrrxog Mrllcrvtxog EMfl

p) Ynoloyi[ovta,r ],rorlrsrQroirvrc,r:
o H xoxy.opsrQrxrlcva),uoq tou plypcroE roJv c6qcv6v (Job mix).
c OL o,vcl,oyieg veqor3, rolp6vtou, iertoxoxxrrrv
cbqcviilv xau Xovbq6xoxxrrrv abgcvrilv yrc rrlv
nogaoxeurl lm' ouptuxvrrlp6vou vrrlnori oxugo66pcroE oe kg/m3.
o O reLrxoEl,oyog vsQourrQoEtoLp6vro (N/T).
o H OiLnrr,xnavrox4 rrov Ooxrplov oro, boxLpaorrxc.
o H xc0Lorlrou oxuQo66pctoEota boxLpootrxc.
o O tr3nogxCI,rI doooLoyic rou ngooO^erou.
. H 0egpoxpcolarou oxuQo0epctog(uC).
o To po,r.vopevoBagoErou oxugobepcroE (kgi*').
Axol,orl0oE ylvovrar tcr boxrpoorLxti cvcpiypcta
oro ouyxQorrlpo fioQcyoyltE oxuQoD6pcrtoExo,L, o,v
encl"q0euovrcr,r
or xrrp?loerEI or [rrrQ4osrEyLo.Tc
rou oxuQo86pcroE(avtolr;, xcOLoq,
XoQGXrqQLorLy.o.
rufirxrl anoxl"rorl x.t.l..), rom rl rel,rxq pel"etq ouvOeotog unopcl"),eror orqv eniBl,ep4 yro 6yxELoqxaL
[exLvaer,q sqoQpoyrlrrlg oro Eqyo"
2. H Mel6tq Euv06oeorg
ps ro ACI-211.1
Exugo86patog
H 6rc6rxaola elvoL no]"u cn],r1xcrr ruJronorrlpsvrl.
Xgrlorponorouvtc,L(3) nlvaxsE xor nq6ner vo sxrrE
:
lrerQrlosrnQorlYouFsv(l)E
a) To ptgo imr6tr;toE rrlE cprpou (ano rrlv ?roxxopergqoq rrlE).
F) Tc eLbLxcgcgq (xogeopevoEqgag enLcpcrvelcg
saturatedsurfacedry - SSD) rooo trlE clppou 6oo xo,L
tou lov6gox6xxou ul,Lxorl (cno rny xoxxop6tqqorg
TqE ).

M P a x c t o r c r \ /t i . E ^ , , 7 . 0pte' t z u B r x c
avrolrlif.k:16
avtolrl : Li -- ltt MPa
{ioxiprc sxst Xc,Qc,xrqQrortxri
(flivcxcr la)
'/r(t rov
H 6r.abLxoolanou Uct o.z.o)'.out)t1()ou[{t
(kgim3)
unol,oyropo rcr)v trvuioYrcbv rtr)\' ui.t7"c'.tt'
oupeorvops ro A C I-21i ei vut ri ei rl ; :

y) To gcLvopevo{3agogrou Xovbqoxoxxouu},txou(oe
kg1nr3).
rou aOpcrvoug.
6) O p6yrotoq v"ov,xoq
vu 0s crxo).ou0ilooup
trlv 6Lu6txao[u
u;roptt
evoETrceubclyputoq.
l-r.strtrl
lru

Brtpo lo : Ynol"oyrop6Evegou rkg nrt') ru, cregn.

flc,gcrbetypa

Eotul oTr o psYroro; /.o77.o; ttrll' uoqrcvtrtvgivctL


25mm xcrL6tL q otroLroilpevrlz.s0rort(IXrtpa l) eivut
rl.lv ;tooorrlro rou
8-10cm. Ano tov fllvaza l, Bq[oz.trr
vrQou oe kg7m3oxuErobe;rcrro<.

I t o A CI - 2l l .i o )tq rl b L c rd L x a o i qBa oi [etct ot


x ul. r v 6gr x d, 6 o x i p ra i 5 x 3 0 c rn (6 " x i 2" ). To
ncpa6eLypcrnou crxo).ou0eipcoi[etor o pto xornyoQ lu ov r ox qE fi o u u l ru Qx tt o ro u ( Ap e p LzuvrxouE
K uv ov Lopousn " X. 3 0 0 0p s i 1 1n e g l n o u 2 0 0 k p,cm' (20
MPa). I-lcr iroyouE povo xorovolollE friloQoupevo
orr q x o rq y o p i c 2 0 MP a to u A C I-211.1,
O eolpqooupt
GVrrororxeIneqincluorrlv xctqyopla Cl6l20 tcovveov
EL),rlvLxcuvKct'qyoprcbv lxupo6etrro,rogofiorE uuteg
brlpooleurrlxov orov KuvovLcrpolxugo66potog. To
to ono[o orctv eieylOei pe
Cl6l20 orlpraiveroxuprobepcr
xul,rvbgrxri {ioxipra 15 x 30 cm 6Xerl(cQc,xrqQrcr,wi1

flcrpcrttelypcr :
fLa

mm
75-100

xo.f)Lcr11

ltd,t

pgiozoupero vrQc

1 9 3k g i m 3

xcL c6gc

\ ,50/o

nINAKAE 1 - Ynoloylop6E noo6r4roE vegotroro lmo oxugoDepatoE(oe kg/m')


Nego, oe kg/m3 oxupobe[crroEyro ptyLoro ?roxxacrbgcvoug
ot
,k

KcrOLor1.

l0

rf

,F

12,5

mm

20

25

:*

,F

{c

37,5

50

Ixupo6ep0 XoQLE
cl

75-r00
r50-175
Katc

@
75

@o

mm.

25-50

207

200

11a

t l

243

230

r85

1 a

2t0

150
,64
\-/

\L-l

QCI,XTTXO

180
+r93

205

160
175
185

155
170
180

145
i60
l?0

125

0,5

0,3

0,2

i40

Jteootyyrorl
r[ooooTo

eyxl.olBLoptvou 0,sQc

,s

1'5

oe oxugo6epcr Xt'lelE
u,eQq,xrLx
o, (o/o)

KAEATIO KEAE> 1995-1996

llrltrrer6oer;:
O l n o o o ' r r l r e g t o u u d u r < - r Eu v u p i [ t : u r g X g ' n u t p o T r o t o u v t u ro r o v
unoit;yLrrpt6 <rc trr Lpti'\'rLry[G boxrprrrcrtrxu crvupiylrur(r (]TouE
2 ( t - 2 5 C " . f l i v u r o r . U e Y r ( ) r u ir r S t ; y t ( I r o x c v o v t x o i r t r X q p c t r o g
y(r)\,ro.xu G<)grrvt1,r<r tl:tOicl eivtrt evr(lE Tolv xoxxoperprxrbv
ogi.rrrvrruv q,nobt:xr(bv fiQobrGygcqrdrv. ItqoyyuLep6vu 1ovbp6x<lxxcr cr\Ertrv4 0<r cr:rcrtroitv yevLxdrq, l8 kg iLirotego veqo
y r t r r o < r x u p 6 b t l t < rl u r g i c < r t g c r x t r z t ' xl c r L l 5 k g ) ' L l o t e p o y L ( I r o
t'rxugobepru pE creQ(LXrrxri.ll Xt))'loI r(r)v XnU"rlt(irvnqroo06rtov
:ror.r peLrirvouv r(l vegti, AS'I M C 494. {Ja pertilcreieniotlE to
vepo xctii 501 i1 xcrr nQro(r(irQo. C) oyxo( r(Dv u.lElrirv
:reocrOftu-lvneqrri,trpfigvrroL otri ot-'vo).rxo oyv.o rou vteou.
O O i . t L p t 6 gx o 0 r o r l g y l o r o r r x t r q r t i b r ' l r or o o r o r o n r p L 6 X e r
u b E i r v t ' g p e v u l . r . t r r : q or ( r ) v 3 7 , 5 n t r n ( 1 , 1i 2 i v r c r c r . ; [, 3 c r o l ( o v r c t
o r r g D o x L p r g r n g x c r ( ) L t r t 1 go,r o n o i e g y i v o v t c L p r e t r it q v c c p c r i erorl rtr-rvpeycrlrrtpr(r)vo.,'ri)37,5mm v"irxxrlv, pe r"oox[vLopcr.
e ) G A t r r : o r r T o ( ) o r q r cr o ( ' ( r v ( r F p r t t y p v o vr :t Q o u X Q n o t |'rurrrL<-rirvrclrirrov uno],clytopti ttrlv ],tiyrrrv rorp6vrou, yrcr
boxlpcorrxcr av<rpi,ypatu ot<rv XQqorpofioreitcL crbqcrv69
75 mnr i1 150 ntm. Elvcr
ovop(rcjrtxoir 4i'ylorou trreyeOouG

Fsoor oQor yro ro rtrvr:vrxr-lu oXntr.orr)q Xovbqror.oxxc


abqcrvrl. xc),rr-rg br,<r[3cr0pttr;r6vo.
cno 1o'vbg6xoxxa neo!
].snroxoxxcr.
!--rq ro oxupotlepa to onoio nsQrextr peycl).c ubEtavrl ro
o n o i o 0 c x o o x r v r o O e i o r o x i r < r z . t v o3 ? . 5 m m y r c r : r e p L e x r r x 6 Tnro nQtv rrt boxLurl u6qlu, ro lTooooro rou uvcrpcvopsvot.,
c 6 g c r o t o 1 r r x p o r s Q ou ] , L x o 0 c n p e n e r v o i v c r o n r r l q q o l v t r r l t
otov nlvcxa ornv or4Lq tcov 17.5 nrm. f)otooo, or cQXtz.t'S
oXrrrxeg perpiicreLg Ocr ,"rpenet vcr negtLo.ptpcrvouv ro nQt1o;revo c662c ocrv 6vc nclooor6 rou ouvotrou.
Orav XQnorporroLOUp c6qrcvt'1 peyir)"ov 6ucotcoe ov pre
Xouq).n neprrextrxorrlro rorprvrou crro oxue(ibepa, ro o,riecxrrxo 6ev eivr-rt uvcyxq vc eivcr tnLpl"crBeg orllv crvro1rl.
yro cvcrpr.frl
Itrg neErLooorepeg firQl"fircuoa( r1 anuirrlol
vegou prercirvetcrt
cgz,ern, c,lor vc $el,rrurOei o Lilyog veourorpevrou xar 6ror vc ovrLora0pt[oeL ro untrte].Eopo rqE
preicrnrlgt4g cvtolrlE rou crxuqo6epcrroE Loyio rou o,sQcrxrr,xou. I-evLxdq, yLa c,urcr rG ueycicl ovoprcotLxcr p6ytotcr
pey04 oOpcrvougor xsQtEXrrxorrlrrs oe orQo yrc oxu0o66Iro,ro ,rou 0c unopi40ouv oe cxpaieg urpoog(rretxeg ouvOt1xeg 0a nQen[ vcr ],crpficrvovrcr ul'orplv oxopo xcrt env
exrlOevtcL ].[yo 116ev exti0evrcl or uyqcroia rl rpir[4.

I
l

otlgy1,l 1croI'nE j
ETilycr | - Mtrg4o4 TrlEtQyeoLportlru; ltl rrlv doxtlt4 xa}LorlE (.s/ump lest).

t-K u f l r x u : 1 5x 1 5x 1 5c m
1

n:gatil"'E__--l |

, l

AruotuoetS 6oxrpiou

Agr0p6g orgdroeorv i Agr0p6g IruilIp0,r(')v

I
I

v
t5

25

+
I

l
l
i

> i5 {----

1'a xuBLxcrboxipLc
xQIOrl"rofio rorlvr0 L oTuv
oqrfietur ri xatlyo6liu
crvroxrlE oxuqoDepcrog
c,fio rov 8euerpo opL0pro
1r.x.
yrcr rqv xcrtrlyoqlc:
C16120,0,n6ro
f.1: 20 MPa
I

K u i r v 6 6 r o rl:5 x 3 0c n r

1--

25

Ku)"LvEpLxa6oxlpLcr
otuv
xQrlorponoLouvtc,L
o p r i ( e r a rx a r q v o q I o
CI,vroxrlqoxuQod6pcroE
mto rov nptirto upr.0po

n.x.
yrc,rlv xcrqyop[cl:
Cl6l20, o,notc
f.r: l6 MPa

___1
II[vaxaE La: [Iapcoxeurl \oxrylow mupo\t4tarog.
( A E A T ' I O K E A E I I 9 9 5 -I 9 9 6

l6you (N/T) xat prirgouE


Totp6vtou
tsttpo2o : Ynoi"oyrop6E
O uroioyl.opoE tou ).oyou Negou trQoETorpr6vto
(NiT), yi,vercL uno rov flivuxu 2, aval,oyc ps rq
0iLrurLxricrvroxq rou oxuQobepcrtoExcL azor\,ou0oE.
'ro Ncqo elvtrr yvooro (uro ro
r:iteLr\r1
Fnp" l),
unoiol,iiouU ?tGLro llogoE tou Totpevtou : T.
Etor, yrcr 0).LntLxrlcrvtolil 200kp/cm'> (20MPa)
:
i:XoLrpre

Btlpo 3o : Yroi'oyrop6E 6yxou lovbgoxov.natv ul,txtrtv.


O uno).oyLopoq outoE yi.vercr ofio rov [Ilvaxc

: 3,

xcr BcoerrTlErrprlg tou pttpou l"errorrlros rrlg appou


(M.1\.) xCI,rrou psyrorou xoxv,on tou lovbQoxoxxou
ul"rxou(oe mm).
To prQo l"erroultoE rqg crppou f3qioxetcr ov
c0polooupe o].o. rc ouyzecrroupsvc noooora (o/")
o t a x o o x l v a N o 1 0 0 ,N o 5 0 , N o 3 0 , N o 1 6 ,N o 8 , N o
4 xc.l"3/8tt xaL ai,"ol"ou0cog
0LoLpeoouFrro a0qoLopcr
01crrou : 100.
EtoLyLc Mergo Aenrotqtog aprpou: 2,60 [36rioxoupe:

I - L a: M . n .

0.69

f3gioxoupie

2,60
2-smrn

: 0.69"
r:'roreneLbq. N: i 93 xcu"N
T
t

Bptoxoupe
oylto Xovbpoxox/.o1J=

: ++ -- 2ltokg
rloupe:T- .= =*^
0 .6 9
0 ,6 9
tIINAKAI:2 - LTtoq elrnrrxrlEovrol4E xar l,6youN1T.

A6yog(N/T) yrc oxueoDepc,


xailt F<iOoE
O).rnrrxr1Avtoldl*
u r 2 E p e r ; .( M P a )

laugobepcr
lurqri,gaeqcxtLxo

40

3s
l(!

25
2tf ---l5

->

0,42
0 .4 7
0 .5 4
0,6I
0'69
0.19

nINAKAE : 3 - Ynoi,oytop6E
6yxoulov0pox6xxtuv
abqcvolv.
Ovo;rcotLxo
p6yLoro
p6ye0og
Abqavoug
mm

* Isv

'lnoioyifovtur

xLrrcr ptsoo oQo avrol6E yLo.


o x u q o b e p r c ro L o n o f e g n t q t 6 X o u v o X r i r Q r o o o r e 6 2 or r n o 2 o h
csQo yra oxuqobepcr 1o-rpigcrQoxrLXo. [-r<rsvo ot<r0eqo ].oyo
v r p r o u - t o L p r v r o uq
, crvtolil rou oxuQo66paro< per6vetcr 6oo
culrivr:rcr rl rrrQr.sxrrxorrlrcr oe c6pcr (orr1v neErlrrtoorl nou
trplg

XQnorpoJrorciraraeErcxrLxo).
Il uvrolrl pco[(eraL oe xu],lvdqouE 150 X 300 mm nou 61ouv
ouvtqqrlUei. oe uyqro tJcricrpo yLcr 28 irsQeg oupgtlrvcr pe rqv
Me0o6o C'3l rou ASTM yLc Kcrcoxsurl xor luvt4qrlo4 rrov
boxLtiirr.v rou lxueoberrarog oro EQvo. Auroi elvar or
xulrv0por. or uuvrllQrlpvor,or: uyQo 0c),auo orouE 23 +1,7
C" nqrr.v r-rn<itI boxLprl
H o16oq or orJrov rov [Ilvcrxa Oeolqel ocrv 6e6op6vo evcl
p6yLoto ovopcrorrxo p6ye0og c6Qo.vouq neqinou ono i9 eorg
25 mm. l-lc plcr 6e6op6vr1 nqyrl abqcrvoug, 4 Gvroxrl 11onola
n a q u y e r c l o e 6 v a 6 eb o p e v o i r o y o v e Q o u - r o r p 6 v r o u 0 a
<rulr1Oei 6oo ro ovopcorrxo trre.yloropeyeOog tou o,OprcrvouE
peto)vetcrt.

\,
A

'O1zor
cbpcvoug.crvcpovuba
Xov6qoxoxxou
yro 6LcpoqerlxeE
oxuQobsF0roE
oYxou
TLp6gM6tqouAenrirtrltoErqg npprou.

2,40

2rffi i

2,80

3,00

9,5

0.50

0,46

0,44

12.5

0,59

0,481
a , 5 7i

0,55

0,53

0 , 6 4l

0,62

0,60

0,67

0,6-5

l9
ErlpertiroerE :

0.69m3

0.66

-+ 0,69

2s-37,5

0 , 75

0,73

4 , 7|

0,69

50

0,78

0,76

0,74

0,72

75

0.82

0,80

0,78

0,76

150

0.87

0,85

0,83

0.81

* OL 6yxoL
Baoi(owcr oe abgravn ouuruxvtrlprvo,pe pcp6o
onog rreQryqaqercL
oro ASTM C 29"
Auroi or olxor enrL6yovto,r.
oXrorEyro Jycr
cr/(o uJrsrgrxE
ncqo,youvonuq66epcpe 6vo,Bc0po rQycroruorrlrcgxcr<iLl.4l.o yr.o ouvr10r1evLolupv4 xo,TooxEUTl.I-i<r oxupo6epa
l,ryorego egycolpo. 6nog aut6 crnnrreircr yrc xcrrcroxeuil
oOoorpdlpotog ar6 oxup66epa, pnoQouv vG cul40ouv
nepinou l0%o.fLa oxupo6epcrreerooorrqoepycoLpo,ortllE
elvcn to cvr].r1oLpo,pnopel vc peioOei tu:E i\a/,.

( A E A T I O K E A E D 1 9 9 51- 9 9 6

ubgtrvo{rg(X.A.).
Bqps 4o : YnoloTtop6E pcgtluE Xov686xo?'trrou
orQoostE X 25 Xrurrnprcrc oupqorvo, ps rqv boxtpll
ASTM-C29, 6XoupeBpeL:

Eotur orr oilo rrl bozLprl psrQlloqE eolvogrvou


uiLxou, oupfiuxvo1rvouoe 3
l3apolrgXovbQoy"otl"o\t

/-,-_---\

--+

f.--r'1

13i

trbpovoug :
cporvopevoBcqoqXov6Qoxoxtrou

1550kgimr.

i--_--'-..-^---i

avct m3 ozuQobtporoEeivCI,t:
Tore ro Bcqog rov XovbQoxoy"xovabgclvcr-rv
:
0 , 6 9m 3 x 1 5 5 0k g 7 r n 3 1 0 7 0k g .

ltl
itr

ll
\-

i
,----l

AOcr0rigog X.A. :

1.070kg

BtlFCr5o : Ynoloyrogr6Eavcrloyrdv 6yxotv oe kg/m3 oxuqo66poto5.


Elovtag l3qeLrcr pcrqqrou NsQou,ToLpdvrou?rc{r
lovbgoxo?{,x('rvubprcvorv y.aL sXovrGE ptrQrlost (n
'Etor

poptt, uno}'oylLoupt
sxrtpqost) ta uvrLorotxo eLbr,xcr
tulv
u}.Lxdv.
cvo,}"oyieg
tLg

yrc: eL6Lxol3ogoE(xoQ.fqg. enrq,.- SSD) 1ovDg.ubgcrviirv : 2,68


: 2,65
eLbLxo$aqoE(xoQ.[rig. entcp.- SSD) dppou
: 3,i 5
e rb rx op u p o gto L p 6 v tou(xcr0.P ortl and)

'OyxogNeqou
'Oyxog
Totpevtou

0 "1 9 3 r n ' '

280

0,0t19m3

3,15x1000

'Oyxog
lovbpoxoxxov cOqcrvdlv
'Oyxog

r93
1000

1070
2,681
x 000

0,399 l n3

1,5',/o

0 , 0 1 5m 3
+

eyxl.trlpropsvou ceQc

Ol"rxog c(xrolutoE oyxoE ol"urv


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A m e r i c a nC o n c r e t eI n s t i t u t e( A C l ) " M a n u a l o t ' C o n c r e t e
, .S.A.
P r a c t i c eD, e t r o i t ,M i c h i g a n( 1 9 9 5 ) U

(AEATIO KEAE> I 995-1996