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Brain drain has become a major concern of the developing countries especially, India.

The
term, which was emerged in 1960s when the skilled workforce started emigrating from the
poor countries to the rich countries in search of better job opportunities and living conditions,
became a hot topic of discussion over the years.
When the expatriates are going abroad in search of greener pastures, India has been losing
its major skilled workforce that includes doctors, engineers, scientists and technicians. If we
analyze the brain drain trends in India, we could find that there are many reasons why the
country fails to hold back its talented youth.
In the recent years, the cut-offs for admissions became close to 100% in the best Indian
universities. While the institutes are in the race of getting the best students in the country,
the ambitious youth who fail to meet the irrational demands had to compromise on their
dream of occupying a seat in any of the prestigious Indian universities. This leads them to
explore the scope of higher education abroad. A recent study conducted by Indian Institute
of Management- Bangalore (IIM-B) showed that the students going for higher studies abroad
has increased by 256% in the last 10 years. When 53,000 Indian students went abroad for
higher studies in 2000, the figure shot up to 1.9 lakh in 2010.
Over the years, India has become a major supplier of skilled and talented young people to
the Western countries, particularly European Union. The increasing trend of brain drain of
the skilled workers finally persuaded the government to take action. While India is putting the
best foot forward to curb brain drain, there are signs of reverse brain drain where a few best
brains are returning to India. With better economic policies and the human capital to execute
them, there is still hope for India.