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RePORT OF CHEMISTRY EXPERIMENt

Solution colligative properties

Gorup :
Dian Muflikhy Putri (06)
Dinda Amrul M (07)
Dyah Listya N (09)
Karunia Sholichah (16)
Nuzul Arif Kurniawan (25)
XII IPA 7
2010

Goal :
To study the influence of concentration and kind of dissolved substance
to the freezing point.
Tool and material :
Thermometer
Reaction tube
Drop pipette
Pail
Ice-tube
NaCl 0,1 M
NaCl 1 M
Glucose 1 M
Glucose 0,1 M
Water

(1 pcs)
(5 pcs)
(2 pcs)
(1 pcs)

Table
No
1
2
3
4
5

Dissolved
substance
Water
Glucose 0,1 M
Glucose 1 M
NaCl 0,1 M
NaCl 1 M

Freezing point
solution (C)
0
-1
-2
-3
-4

Majority between freezing


point of water and solution (C)
0
1
2
3
4

Question :
1. How is the freezing point solution beside the freezing point solvent?
2. How is the relation between decreasing freezing point solution with
concentration?
Answer :
1. Freezing point of solution is lower than the freezing point solvents.
2. The greater the concentration, the lower the freezing point of solution
Conclusion:
The addition of solutes caused a decrease in vapor pressure. This
causes the freezing point of solution is much lower when compared to
the freezing point of pure solvent.
The more concentrated a solution, then also the lower the freezing
point of the solution.
electrolyte solution has a number of particles greater than non
electrolyte solution. Since the number of particles is more, an
electrolyte solution has a lower freezing point than non electrolyte
solution.
Addition of salt to the ice, so ice does not melt quickly, because the
addition of salt lowers the freezing point.

Measurement of temperature using a thermometer, on every solution


that has been frozen