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CivilBay Anchor Bolt Design Software Using ACI 318-14 and CSA A23.

3-14 Code
http://asp.civilbay.com
CivilBay anchor bolt design software http://asp.civilbay.com is a complete anchorage design software for
structural engineers to satisfy the design provisions of ACI 318-14, ACI 318-11, ACI 318M-14, ACI 318M-11
and CSA A23.3-14 code.
1. It can design both anchor bolt and anchor stud as per ACI 318-14, ACI 318-11, ACI 318M-14, ACI 318M-11
and CSA A23.3-14 code, in US imperial or metric unit
2. User can design anchor bolt or anchor stud with using or not using anchor reinforcement option
3. It fully incorporates the seismic design methodologies as per above design codes
4. User has the options of design anchor bolt or anchor stud as single anchor, pre-defined pattern of group
anchors, or any custom layout of group anchors
5. It can design base plate and anchor bolt at the same time using one input
6. It can design vertical vessel circular pattern anchor bolt sitting on octagon or circular concrete pedestal as per
methodologies stated in ASCE Anchorage Design for Petrochemical Facilities-2013 and PIP STE03350
Vertical Vessel Foundation Design Guide-2008
7. User can design the anchor forces in 2 direction simultaneously and apply axial and moment forces in x and y
directions at the same time
8. It provides a fully-interactive 3D graphic user interface and the design result is visually represented in realtime.
To take a free trial online, please visit http://asp.civilbay.com/03-index/12-conc-anchor.aspx

Anchor Bolt or Anchor Stud Design Using ACI 318-11 or ACI 318-14 Code

ANCHOR BOLT DESIGN

ACI 318-14 Code - Using Anchor Reinforcement

Result Summary
Anchor Rod Embedment, Spacing and Edge Distance

OK

Min Rquired Anchor Reinft. Development Length

ratio=0.87

OK

Overall

ratio=0.85

OK

Seismic Design

Tension=

OK

Shear=

OK

Code Reference

Select anchor bolt design code

ACI 318-14

Select design using or not using anchor reinforcement

Using Anchor Reinforcement

Select design for anchor bolt or anchor stud

Anchor Bolt

Concrete strength

f'c= 4.0

[ksi]

Anchor Bolt Data


Anchor bolt material
Anchor tensile strength

= F1554 Grade 36
futa=58.0

[ksi]

ACI 318-14

Anchor is ductile steel element


Anchor bolt diameter
Anchor bolt has sleeve
Anchor bolt head type
Anchor effective cross section area
Anchor bolt head bearing area

da = 1
= No

Select anchor bolt pattern

6/3/2015

[in]

PIP STE05121

Heavy Hex

Ase=0.606

[in ]

Abrg= 1.501

[in ]

Anchor bolt 1/8" (3mm) corrosion allowance = No


Type C1 - 4 Bolt

2.3 & 17.3.3 (a)

2
2

Page 1 of 5

Anchor Bolt or Anchor Stud Design Using ACI 318-11 or ACI 318-14 Code

Nu=-10.00
Muy=15.00

col dx=12.70

Vuy=25.00

Vux=15.00

Mux=25.00

c4=5.00

s2=16.00

c2=5.00

Anchor Bolt Forces


Nu= -10.00

Factored tension or compression

[kips]

Anchor Bolt Forces in Y Axis Direction


Factored moment

Anchor Bolt Forces in X Axis Direction


Mux= 25.00

Mux and Muy are concurrent


Factored shear force

in compression

= No
Vuy= 25.00

[kip-ft]

Muy= 15.00

[kip-ft]

[kips]

Vux= 15.00

[kips]

Min Required

Anchor Bolt Group Layout Dimensions


Anchor Bolt Exterior Bolt Line Spacing

PIP STE05121

Exterior bolt line spacing s1

s1= 16.00

[in]

4.00

OK

Exterior bolt line spacing s2

s2= 16.00

[in]

4.00

OK

Anchor Bolt Edge Distance

Page A -1 Table 1

PIP STE05121

Anchor bolt edge distance c1

c1= 5.00

[in]

4.50

OK

Anchor bolt edge distance c2

c2= 5.00

[in]

4.50

OK

Anchor bolt edge distance c3

c3= 5.00

[in]

4.50

OK

Anchor bolt edge distance c4

c4= 5.00

[in]

4.50

OK

Column depth in X axis direction

dx= 12.70

[in]

Column depth in Y axis direction

dy= 12.70

[in]

Page A -1 Table 1

Column Depth

PIP STE05121
Anchor bolt embedment depth

hef= 14.00

[in]

12.00

OK

Pedestal height

ha= 18.00

[in]

17.00

OK

Page A -1 Table 1

Anchor Reinforcement Input

ACI 318-14

To be considered effective for resisting anchor tension, vertical reinforcing bars shall be located

R17.4.2.9

6/3/2015

Page 2 of 5

Anchor Bolt or Anchor Stud Design Using ACI 318-11 or ACI 318-14 Code
within 0.5hef from the outmost anchor's centerline
dar= 4.00

Avg ver. bar center to anchor rod center distance


No of ver. rebar effective to resist tensile anchors - Mux case

n-Mux= 4.0

No of ver. rebar effective to resist tensile anchors - Muy case

n-Muy= 4.0

=1.000

Ver. rebar size No.

[in] dia

Ver. rebar top anchorage option

180 Degree Hook or Hairpin

[in]

single rebar area As=0.790

[in2]

To be considered effective for resisting anchor shear, hor. reinft shall be located
within min( 0.5c1, 0.3c2 ) from the outmost anchor's centerline

R17.5.2.9

min (0.5c1, 0.3c2)=1.50


nlay= 2

No of tie layer that are effective to resist anchor shear


No of tie leg that are effective to resist anchor shear Vux

nleg-Vux= 2.0

No of tie leg that are effective to resist anchor shear Vuy

nleg-Vuy= 2.0

Hor. tie rebar size No.

=0.500

[in] dia

For anchor reinft shear breakout strength calc

[in]

single rebar area As=0.200

[in ]

100% hor. tie bars develop full yield strength

Rebar yield strength - ver. rebar

fy-v= 60.0

[ksi]

Rebar yield strength - hor. rebar

fy-h= 60.0

[ksi]

Consider only half of total anchor bolt


carrying shear due to oversize bolt hole

= No

Provide built-up grout pad ?

= Yes

17.5.1.3

Seismic Input

ACI 318-14

Seismic design category SDC >= C

= Yes

17.2.3.1

Anchor bolt load E <= 0.2U

Tensile= No

Anchor bolt satisfies opion

Tensile = Option D

Shear= No

Shear= Option C

17.2.3.4.1 & 17.2.3.5.1

17.2.3.4.3 & 17.2.3.5.3

CONCLUSION

Result for Anchor Bolt Forces in Y Axis Direction

View Detail Calc

Anchor Rod Embedment, Spacing and Edge Distance

OK

ACI 318-14
25.4.3.1

Min Rquired Anchor Reinft. Development Length

ratio=0.87

OK

Overall

ratio=0.85

OK

Anchor Rod Tensile Resistance

ratio=0.31

OK

Anchor Reinft Tensile Breakout Resistance

ratio=0.17

OK

Anchor Pullout Resistance

ratio=0.33

OK

Side Blowout Resistance

ratio=0.31

OK

ratio=0.57

OK

Tension

Shear
Anchor Rod Shear Resistance

6/3/2015

Page 3 of 5

Anchor Bolt or Anchor Stud Design Using ACI 318-11 or ACI 318-14 Code
Anchor Reinft Shear Breakout Resistance
Strut Bearing Strength

ratio=0.59

OK

Tie Reinforcement

ratio=0.69

OK

Conc. Pryout Not Govern When hef >= 12da

OK

Tension Shear Interaction


ratio=0.85

Tension Shear Interaction

OK

Seismic Design
Tension

ACI 318-14
Applicable

OK

17.2.3.4

OK

17.2.3.5

Seismic SDC>=C and E>0.2U , Option D is selected to satisfy additional seismic requirements as
per 17.2.3.4.3

Shear

Applicable

Seismic SDC>=C and E>0.2U , Option C is selected to satisfy additional seismic requirements as
per 17.2.3.5.3

Result for Anchor Bolt Forces in X Axis Direction

View Detail Calc

Anchor Rod Embedment, Spacing and Edge Distance

OK

ACI 318-14
25.4.3.1

Min Rquired Anchor Reinft. Development Length

ratio=0.87

OK

Overall

ratio=0.42

OK

Anchor Rod Tensile Resistance

ratio=0.15

OK

Anchor Reinft Tensile Breakout Resistance

ratio=0.08

OK

Anchor Pullout Resistance

ratio=0.16

OK

Side Blowout Resistance

ratio=0.15

OK

ratio=0.34

OK

Strut Bearing Strength

ratio=0.35

OK

Tie Reinforcement

ratio=0.42

OK

Tension

Shear
Anchor Rod Shear Resistance
Anchor Reinft Shear Breakout Resistance

Conc. Pryout Not Govern When hef >= 12da

OK

Tension Shear Interaction


ratio=0.00

Tension Shear Interaction

OK

Seismic Design
Tension

ACI 318-14
Applicable

OK

17.2.3.4

OK

17.2.3.5

Seismic SDC>=C and E>0.2U , Option D is selected to satisfy additional seismic requirements as
per 17.2.3.4.3

Shear

6/3/2015

Applicable

Page 4 of 5

Anchor Bolt or Anchor Stud Design Using ACI 318-11 or ACI 318-14 Code
Seismic SDC>=C and E>0.2U , Option C is selected to satisfy additional seismic requirements as
per 17.2.3.5.3

6/3/2015

Page 5 of 5

Anchor Bolt Design With Tension, Shear and Moment Using Anchor Reinforcement

ANCHOR BOLT DESIGN

Combined Tension, Shear and Moment

Design for Anchor Force in Y Direction

Result Summary
Anchor Rod Embedment, Spacing and Edge Distance

OK

Min Rquired Anchor Reinft. Development Length

ratio=0.87

OK

Overall

ratio=0.85

OK

Seismic Design

Tension=

OK

Shear=

OK

Design Code Reference


Anchor bolt design based on

Code Abbreviation

ACI 318-14 Building Code Requirements for Structural Concrete and Commentary

ACI 318-14

PIP STE05121 Anchor Bolt Design Guide-2006

PIP STE05121

AISC Design Guide 1: Base Plate and Anchor Rod Design 2nd Ed

AISC Design Guide 1


Code Reference

Anchor Bolt Data


Factored moment

Mu= 25.00

[kip-ft]

Factored tension or compression

Nu= -10.00

[kips]

Factored shear force

Vu= 25.00

[kips]

6/3/2015

in compression

Page 1 of 9

Anchor Bolt Design With Tension, Shear and Moment Using Anchor Reinforcement

No of bolt line for resisting moment

= 2 Bolt Line

No of bolt along outermost bolt line

= 2.0

Min Required
Outermost bolt line spacing s1

s1= 16.00

[in]

4.00

OK

Outermost bolt line spacing s2

s2= 16.00

[in]

4.00

OK

d= 12.70

[in]

Column depth

Concrete strength
Anchor bolt material
Anchor tensile strength

f'c= 4.0

[ksi]

= F1554 Grade 36
futa=58.0

[ksi]

ACI 318-14

Anchor is ductile steel element


Anchor bolt diameter
Anchor bolt has sleeve

da = 1
= No

Page A -1 Table 1

2.3 & 17.3.3 (a)

[in]

PIP STE05121

Anchor bolt embedment depth

hef= 14.00

[in]

12.00

OK

Pedestal height

ha= 18.00

[in]

17.00

OK

Pedestal width

bc= 26.00

[in]

Pedestal depth

dc= 26.00

[in]

Page A -1 Table 1

PIP STE05121
Anchor bolt edge distance c1

c1= 5.00

[in]

4.50

OK

Anchor bolt edge distance c2

c2= 5.00

[in]

4.50

OK

Anchor bolt edge distance c3

c3= 5.00

[in]

4.50

OK

Anchor bolt edge distance c4

c4= 5.00

[in]

4.50

OK

6/3/2015

Page A -1 Table 1

Page 2 of 9

Anchor Bolt Design With Tension, Shear and Moment Using Anchor Reinforcement

ACI 318-14
To be considered effective for resisting anchor tension, vertical reinforcing bars shall be located

R17.4.2.9

within 0.5hef from the outmost anchor's centerline


Avg ver. bar center to anchor rod center distance

dar= 4.00

No of ver. rebar that are effective for resisting anchor tension

nv= 4.0

=1.000

Ver. rebar size No.

[in] dia

Ver. rebar top anchorage option

180 Degree Hook or Hairpin

[in]

single rebar area As=0.790

[in ]

ACI 318-14

To be considered effective for resisting anchor shear, hor. reinft shall be located
within min( 0.5c1, 0.3c2 ) from the outmost anchor's centerline

R17.5.2.9

min (0.5c1, 0.3c2)=1.50

No of tie leg that are effective to resist anchor shear

nleg= 2.0

No of tie layer that are effective to resist anchor shear

nlay= 2

Hor. tie rebar size No.

=0.500

For anchor reinft shear breakout strength calc

[in] dia

fy-v= 60.0

[ksi]

Rebar yield strength - hor. rebar

fy-h= 60.0

[ksi]

n= 4.0

No of anchor bolt carrying tension

nt= 2.0

No of anchor bolt carrying shear

ns= 4.0

[in ]

100% hor. tie bars develop full yield strength

Rebar yield strength - ver. rebar

Total no of anchor bolt

single rebar area As=0.200

[in]

For side-face blowout check use


No of anchor bolt along width edge

Anchor bolt head type


Anchor effective cross section area
Anchor bolt head bearing area

6/3/2015

nbw= 2.0

Heavy Hex

Ase=0.606

[in ]

Abrg= 1.501

[in ]

2
2

Page 3 of 9

Anchor Bolt Design With Tension, Shear and Moment Using Anchor Reinforcement

Anchor bolt 1/8" (3mm) corrosion allowance = No

ACI 318-14

Provide built-up grout pad ?

= Yes

17.5.1.3

Seismic design category SDC >= C

= Yes

17.2.3.1

Anchor bolt load E <= 0.2U

Tensile= No

Anchor bolt satisfies opion

Tensile = Option D

Shear= No

Shear= Option C

17.2.3.4.1 & 17.2.3.5.1

Strength reduction factors

17.2.3.4.3 & 17.2.3.5.3

ACI 318-14

s=0.75

Anchor reinforcement

17.4.2.9 & 17.5.2.9

Anchor rod - ductile steel

t,s=0.75

v,s=0.65

17.3.3 (a)

Concrete - condition A

t,c=0.75

v,c=0.75

17.3.3 (c)

CONCLUSION
Anchor Rod Embedment, Spacing and Edge Distance

OK

ACI 318-14
25.4.3.1

Min Rquired Anchor Reinft. Development Length

ratio=0.87

OK

Overall

ratio=0.85

OK

Anchor Rod Tensile Resistance

ratio=0.31

OK

Anchor Reinft Tensile Breakout Resistance

ratio=0.17

OK

Anchor Pullout Resistance

ratio=0.33

OK

Side Blowout Resistance

ratio=0.31

OK

ratio=0.57

OK

Strut Bearing Strength

ratio=0.59

OK

Tie Reinforcement

ratio=0.69

OK

Tension

Shear
Anchor Rod Shear Resistance
Anchor Reinft Shear Breakout Resistance

Conc. Pryout Not Govern When hef >= 12da

OK

Tension Shear Interaction


ratio=0.85

Tension Shear Interaction

OK

Seismic Design
Tension

ACI 318-14
Applicable

OK

17.2.3.4

OK

17.2.3.5

Seismic SDC>=C and E>0.2U , Option D is selected to satisfy additional seismic requirements as
per 17.2.3.4.3

Shear

Applicable

Seismic SDC>=C and E>0.2U , Option C is selected to satisfy additional seismic requirements as
per 17.2.3.5.3

6/3/2015

Page 4 of 9

Anchor Bolt Design With Tension, Shear and Moment Using Anchor Reinforcement

Assumptions

ACI 318-14
17.4.2.6, 17.4.3.6,

1. Concrete is cracked

17.5.2.7

2. Condition A - supplementary reinforcement is provided

17.3.3 (c)

3. Load combinations shall be per ACI 318-14 5.3.1

17.3.3

4. Anchor reinft strength is used to replace concrete tension / shear breakout strength as per

17.4.2.9 & 17.5.2.9

ACI 318-14 clause 17.4.2.9 and 17.5.2.9


5. For tie reinft, only the top most 2 or 3 layers of ties (2" from TOC and 2x3" after) are effective
6. Strut-and-Tie model is used to anlyze the shear transfer and to design the required tie reinft
17.2.1

7. For anchor group subject to moment, the anchor tensile load is designed using elastic analysis
and there is no redistribution of the forces between highly stressed and less stressed anchors
8. For anchor tensile force calc in anchor group subject to moment, assume the compression
resultant is at the outside edge of the compression flange and base plate exhibits rigid-body
rotation. This simplified approach yields conservative output
9. Anchor reinft used in structures with SDC>=C shall meet requirements specified in 17.2.3.7

17.2.3.7

10. Anchor bolt washer shall be tack welded to base plate for all anchor bolts to transfer shear

AISC Design Guide 1


Section 3.5.3

CACULATION
Anchor Tensile Force
Single bolt tensile force

T1=8.24

Sum of bolt tensile force

Nu= ni Ti

[kips]

No of bolt for T1 nT1=2.0


=16.48

[kips]

Anchor Rod Tensile Resistance

ACI 318-14

t,s

Nsa=

t,s

Ase futa

ratio=0.31

=26.36
>T1

[kips]
OK

Anchor Reinft Tensile Breakout Resistance


Min required full yield tension ldh
Actual development lenngth

ldh=180 degree hook case


la=hef - c (2 in) - dar x tan35

ACI 318-14
= 13.28

[in]

= 9.20

[in]

>8.00

6/3/2015

17.4.1.2 Eq 17.4.1.2

OK

25.4.3.1, 25.4.3.2

25.4.3.1

Page 5 of 9

Anchor Bolt Design With Tension, Shear and Moment Using Anchor Reinforcement

ACI 318-14
Anchor reinft breakout resistance

s Nn=s x fy-v x nv x As x (la / ld , if la < ld)

=98.49

ratio=0.17

>Nu

[kips]

ACI 318-14
N p=8 Abrg fc'

t,c Npn=

Seismic design strength reduction

25.4.10.1

OK

Anchor Pullout Resistance


Single bolt pullout resistance

17.2.3.4.5, 17.4.2.9,

t,c

c,p Np

=48.03

[kips]

17.4.3.4 Eq 17.4.3.4

=33.62

[kips]

17.4.3.1 Eq 17.4.3.1

c,p=1 for cracked conc

17.4.3.6

17.3.3(c)

t,c=0.70

pullout strength is always Condition B

=x 0.75 applicable
ratio=0.33

=25.22
>T1

[kips]

17.2.3.4.4

OK

Side Blowout Resistance


ACI 318-14

Failure Along Pedestal Width Edge


Tensile load carried by anchors close to edge which may cause side-face blowout
along pedestal width edge

Check if side blowout applicable

Nbuw=nT1 x T1

=16.48

[kips]

c=min ( c1, c3 )

=5.00

[in]

s=s2

=16.00

[in]

hef=14.00
>2.5c

Single anchor SB resistance

R17.4.4.2

[in]
side bowout is applicable

t,c Nsb=

17.4.4.1
=46.49

[kips]

17.4.4.1 Eq 17.4.4.1

= 71.29

[kips]

17.4.4.2 Eq 17.4.4.2

=53.46

[kips]

17.2.3.4.4

Multiple anchors side blowout


work as group
Seismic design strength reduction

tcNsbgw=(1+s/ 6c) x t,c Nsb


=x 0.75 applicable
ratio=0.31

Group side blowout resistance

6/3/2015

tc Nsbg=

>Nbuw

=53.46

OK

[kips]

Page 6 of 9

Anchor Bolt Design With Tension, Shear and Moment Using Anchor Reinforcement

Nr=min ( nt Nsa, Nn, nt Npn, Nsbg )

Govern Tensile Resistance

=50.43

[kips]

Anchor Rod Shear Resistance

ACI 318-14

Reduction due to built-up grout pad

v,sVsa= v,s

ns 0.6 Ase futa

=54.83

[kips]

17.5.1.2 (b)

=x 0.8 , applicable

=43.86

[kips]

17.5.1.3

ratio=0.57

>Vu

OK

Anchor Reinft Shear Breakout Resistance

ACI 318-14

Strut-and-Tie model is used to anlyze the shear transfer and to design the required tie reinft
STM strength reduction factor

st=0.75

Strut-and-Tie model geometry

dv=2.250

Table 21.2.1 (g)

[in]

=45
Strut compression force

Cs=0.5 Vu / sin

dh=2.250

[in]

dt=3.182

[in]

=17.68

[kips]

Strut Bearing Strength


Strut compressive strength

ACI 318-14
fce=0.85 f'c

=3.4

[ksi]

23.4.3

=8.00

[in]

17.5.2.2

=8.00

[in ]

=81.60

[kips]

* Bearing of anchor bolt


Anchor bearing length
Anchor bearing area
Anchor bearing resistance

le=min( 8da , hef )


Abrg =le x da
Cr=ns x st x fce x Abrg

>Vu

OK

* Bearing of ver reinft bar

6/3/2015

Page 7 of 9

Anchor Bolt Design With Tension, Shear and Moment Using Anchor Reinforcement

Ver bar bearing area


Ver bar bearing resistance

Abrg =(le +1.5 x dt - da/2 -db/2) x db


Cr=st x fce x Abrg
ratio=0.59

=11.77

[in ]

=30.02

[kips]

>Cs

OK

Tie Reinforcement
* For tie reinft, only the top most 2 or 3 layers of ties (2" from TOC and 2x3" after) are effective
* For enclosed tie, at hook location the tie cannot develop full yield strength fy . Use the pullout resistance in
tension of a single hooked bolt as per ACI 318-14 Eq 17.4.3.5 as the max force can be developed at hook Th
* Assume 100% of hor. tie bars can develop full yield strength

Total number of hor tie bar

n=nleg (leg) x nlay (layer)

=4
ACI 318-14

Pull out resistance at hook

Single tie bar tension resistance

Total tie bar tension resistance

Th=t,c 0.9 fc' eh da

=3.04

[kips]

eh=4.5 db

=2.250

[in]

Tr=s x fy-h x As

=9.00

[kips]

sVn=1.0 x n x Tr

=36.00

[kips]

ratio=0.69

>Vu

17.4.3.5 Eq 17.4.3.5

17.2.3.5.4 & 17.5.2.9

OK

Conc. Pryout Shear Resistance


The pryout failure is only critical for short and stiff anchors. It is reasonable to assume that for general
cast-in place headed anchors with hef > = 12da , the pryout failure will not govern

12da=12.00

[in]

hef=14.00
>12da

Govern Shear Resistance

Vr=min ( v,sVsa , sVn )

=36.00

[in]
OK

[kips]

Tension Shear Interaction


Check if Nu >0.2Nn and Vu >0.2 Vn

ACI 318-14
=Yes
N u / N n + Vu / Vn
ratio=0.85

17.6.1 & 17.6.2


=1.02
<1.2

17.6.3 Eq 17.6.3
OK

Seismic Design
Tension
Option D is selected.

6/3/2015

Applicable

OK

ACI 318-14

Page 8 of 9

Anchor Bolt Design With Tension, Shear and Moment Using Anchor Reinforcement
User has to ensure that the tensile load Nu user input above includes the seismic load E, with E increased
by multiplying overstrength factor o

17.2.3.4.3(d)

Seismic SDC>=C and E>0.2U , Option D is selected to satisfy additional seismic requirements as
per 17.2.3.4.3

Shear

Applicable

OK

Option C is selected.
User has to ensure that the shear load Vu user input above includes the seismic load E, with E increased
by multiplying overstrength factor o

ACI 318-14
17.2.3.5.3(c)

Seismic SDC>=C and E>0.2U , Option C is selected to satisfy additional seismic requirements as
per 17.2.3.5.3

6/3/2015

Page 9 of 9

Anchor Bolt Design With Tension, Shear and Moment Using Anchor Reinforcement

ANCHOR BOLT DESIGN

Combined Tension, Shear and Moment

Design for Anchor Force in X Direction

Result Summary
Anchor Rod Embedment, Spacing and Edge Distance

OK

Min Rquired Anchor Reinft. Development Length

ratio=0.87

OK

Overall

ratio=0.42

OK

Seismic Design

Tension=

OK

Shear=

OK

Design Code Reference


Anchor bolt design based on

Code Abbreviation

ACI 318-14 Building Code Requirements for Structural Concrete and Commentary

ACI 318-14

PIP STE05121 Anchor Bolt Design Guide-2006

PIP STE05121

AISC Design Guide 1: Base Plate and Anchor Rod Design 2nd Ed

AISC Design Guide 1


Code Reference

Anchor Bolt Data


Factored moment

Mu= 15.00

[kip-ft]

Factored tension or compression

Nu= -10.00

[kips]

Factored shear force

Vu= 15.00

[kips]

6/3/2015

in compression

Page 1 of 9

Anchor Bolt Design With Tension, Shear and Moment Using Anchor Reinforcement

No of bolt line for resisting moment

= 2 Bolt Line

No of bolt along outermost bolt line

= 2.0

Min Required
Outermost bolt line spacing s1

s1= 16.00

[in]

4.00

OK

Outermost bolt line spacing s2

s2= 16.00

[in]

4.00

OK

d= 12.70

[in]

Column depth

Concrete strength
Anchor bolt material
Anchor tensile strength

f'c= 4.0

[ksi]

= F1554 Grade 36
futa=58.0

[ksi]

ACI 318-14

Anchor is ductile steel element


Anchor bolt diameter
Anchor bolt has sleeve

da = 1
= No

Page A -1 Table 1

2.3 & 17.3.3 (a)

[in]

PIP STE05121

Anchor bolt embedment depth

hef= 14.00

[in]

12.00

OK

Pedestal height

ha= 18.00

[in]

17.00

OK

Pedestal width

bc= 26.00

[in]

Pedestal depth

dc= 26.00

[in]

Page A -1 Table 1

PIP STE05121
Anchor bolt edge distance c1

c1= 5.00

[in]

4.50

OK

Anchor bolt edge distance c2

c2= 5.00

[in]

4.50

OK

Anchor bolt edge distance c3

c3= 5.00

[in]

4.50

OK

Anchor bolt edge distance c4

c4= 5.00

[in]

4.50

OK

6/3/2015

Page A -1 Table 1

Page 2 of 9

Anchor Bolt Design With Tension, Shear and Moment Using Anchor Reinforcement

ACI 318-14
To be considered effective for resisting anchor tension, vertical reinforcing bars shall be located

R17.4.2.9

within 0.5hef from the outmost anchor's centerline


Avg ver. bar center to anchor rod center distance

dar= 4.00

No of ver. rebar that are effective for resisting anchor tension

nv= 4.0

=1.000

Ver. rebar size No.

[in] dia

Ver. rebar top anchorage option

180 Degree Hook or Hairpin

[in]

single rebar area As=0.790

[in ]

ACI 318-14

To be considered effective for resisting anchor shear, hor. reinft shall be located
within min( 0.5c1, 0.3c2 ) from the outmost anchor's centerline

R17.5.2.9

min (0.5c1, 0.3c2)=1.50

No of tie leg that are effective to resist anchor shear

nleg= 2.0

No of tie layer that are effective to resist anchor shear

nlay= 2

Hor. tie rebar size No.

=0.500

For anchor reinft shear breakout strength calc

[in] dia

fy-v= 60.0

[ksi]

Rebar yield strength - hor. rebar

fy-h= 60.0

[ksi]

n= 4.0

No of anchor bolt carrying tension

nt= 2.0

No of anchor bolt carrying shear

ns= 4.0

[in ]

100% hor. tie bars develop full yield strength

Rebar yield strength - ver. rebar

Total no of anchor bolt

single rebar area As=0.200

[in]

For side-face blowout check use


No of anchor bolt along width edge

Anchor bolt head type


Anchor effective cross section area
Anchor bolt head bearing area

6/3/2015

nbw= 2.0

Heavy Hex

Ase=0.606

[in ]

Abrg= 1.501

[in ]

2
2

Page 3 of 9

Anchor Bolt Design With Tension, Shear and Moment Using Anchor Reinforcement

Anchor bolt 1/8" (3mm) corrosion allowance = No

ACI 318-14

Provide built-up grout pad ?

= Yes

17.5.1.3

Seismic design category SDC >= C

= Yes

17.2.3.1

Anchor bolt load E <= 0.2U

Tensile= No

Anchor bolt satisfies opion

Tensile = Option D

Shear= No

Shear= Option C

17.2.3.4.1 & 17.2.3.5.1

Strength reduction factors

17.2.3.4.3 & 17.2.3.5.3

ACI 318-14

s=0.75

Anchor reinforcement

17.4.2.9 & 17.5.2.9

Anchor rod - ductile steel

t,s=0.75

v,s=0.65

17.3.3 (a)

Concrete - condition A

t,c=0.75

v,c=0.75

17.3.3 (c)

CONCLUSION
Anchor Rod Embedment, Spacing and Edge Distance

OK

ACI 318-14
25.4.3.1

Min Rquired Anchor Reinft. Development Length

ratio=0.87

OK

Overall

ratio=0.42

OK

Anchor Rod Tensile Resistance

ratio=0.15

OK

Anchor Reinft Tensile Breakout Resistance

ratio=0.08

OK

Anchor Pullout Resistance

ratio=0.16

OK

Side Blowout Resistance

ratio=0.15

OK

ratio=0.34

OK

Strut Bearing Strength

ratio=0.35

OK

Tie Reinforcement

ratio=0.42

OK

Tension

Shear
Anchor Rod Shear Resistance
Anchor Reinft Shear Breakout Resistance

Conc. Pryout Not Govern When hef >= 12da

OK

Tension Shear Interaction


ratio=0.00

Tension Shear Interaction

OK

Seismic Design
Tension

ACI 318-14
Applicable

OK

17.2.3.4

OK

17.2.3.5

Seismic SDC>=C and E>0.2U , Option D is selected to satisfy additional seismic requirements as
per 17.2.3.4.3

Shear

Applicable

Seismic SDC>=C and E>0.2U , Option C is selected to satisfy additional seismic requirements as
per 17.2.3.5.3

6/3/2015

Page 4 of 9

Anchor Bolt Design With Tension, Shear and Moment Using Anchor Reinforcement

Assumptions

ACI 318-14
17.4.2.6, 17.4.3.6,

1. Concrete is cracked

17.5.2.7

2. Condition A - supplementary reinforcement is provided

17.3.3 (c)

3. Load combinations shall be per ACI 318-14 5.3.1

17.3.3

4. Anchor reinft strength is used to replace concrete tension / shear breakout strength as per

17.4.2.9 & 17.5.2.9

ACI 318-14 clause 17.4.2.9 and 17.5.2.9


5. For tie reinft, only the top most 2 or 3 layers of ties (2" from TOC and 2x3" after) are effective
6. Strut-and-Tie model is used to anlyze the shear transfer and to design the required tie reinft
17.2.1

7. For anchor group subject to moment, the anchor tensile load is designed using elastic analysis
and there is no redistribution of the forces between highly stressed and less stressed anchors
8. For anchor tensile force calc in anchor group subject to moment, assume the compression
resultant is at the outside edge of the compression flange and base plate exhibits rigid-body
rotation. This simplified approach yields conservative output
9. Anchor reinft used in structures with SDC>=C shall meet requirements specified in 17.2.3.7

17.2.3.7

10. Anchor bolt washer shall be tack welded to base plate for all anchor bolts to transfer shear

AISC Design Guide 1


Section 3.5.3

CACULATION
Anchor Tensile Force
Single bolt tensile force

T1=4.06

Sum of bolt tensile force

Nu= ni Ti

[kips]

No of bolt for T1 nT1=2.0


=8.12

[kips]

Anchor Rod Tensile Resistance

ACI 318-14

t,s

Nsa=

t,s

Ase futa

ratio=0.15

=26.36
>T1

[kips]
OK

Anchor Reinft Tensile Breakout Resistance


Min required full yield tension ldh
Actual development lenngth

ldh=180 degree hook case


la=hef - c (2 in) - dar x tan35

ACI 318-14
= 13.28

[in]

= 9.20

[in]

>8.00

6/3/2015

17.4.1.2 Eq 17.4.1.2

OK

25.4.3.1, 25.4.3.2

25.4.3.1

Page 5 of 9

Anchor Bolt Design With Tension, Shear and Moment Using Anchor Reinforcement

ACI 318-14
Anchor reinft breakout resistance

s Nn=s x fy-v x nv x As x (la / ld , if la < ld)

=98.49

ratio=0.08

>Nu

[kips]

ACI 318-14
N p=8 Abrg fc'

t,c Npn=

Seismic design strength reduction

25.4.10.1

OK

Anchor Pullout Resistance


Single bolt pullout resistance

17.2.3.4.5, 17.4.2.9,

t,c

c,p Np

=48.03

[kips]

17.4.3.4 Eq 17.4.3.4

=33.62

[kips]

17.4.3.1 Eq 17.4.3.1

c,p=1 for cracked conc

17.4.3.6

17.3.3(c)

t,c=0.70

pullout strength is always Condition B

=x 0.75 applicable
ratio=0.16

=25.22
>T1

[kips]

17.2.3.4.4

OK

Side Blowout Resistance


ACI 318-14

Failure Along Pedestal Width Edge


Tensile load carried by anchors close to edge which may cause side-face blowout
along pedestal width edge

Check if side blowout applicable

Nbuw=nT1 x T1

=8.12

[kips]

c=min ( c1, c3 )

=5.00

[in]

s=s2

=16.00

[in]

hef=14.00
>2.5c

Single anchor SB resistance

R17.4.4.2

[in]
side bowout is applicable

t,c Nsb=

17.4.4.1
=46.49

[kips]

17.4.4.1 Eq 17.4.4.1

= 71.29

[kips]

17.4.4.2 Eq 17.4.4.2

=53.46

[kips]

17.2.3.4.4

Multiple anchors side blowout


work as group
Seismic design strength reduction

tcNsbgw=(1+s/ 6c) x t,c Nsb


=x 0.75 applicable
ratio=0.15

Group side blowout resistance

6/3/2015

tc Nsbg=

>Nbuw

=53.46

OK

[kips]

Page 6 of 9

Anchor Bolt Design With Tension, Shear and Moment Using Anchor Reinforcement

Nr=min ( nt Nsa, Nn, nt Npn, Nsbg )

Govern Tensile Resistance

=50.43

[kips]

Anchor Rod Shear Resistance

ACI 318-14

Reduction due to built-up grout pad

v,sVsa= v,s

ns 0.6 Ase futa

=54.83

[kips]

17.5.1.2 (b)

=x 0.8 , applicable

=43.86

[kips]

17.5.1.3

ratio=0.34

>Vu

OK

Anchor Reinft Shear Breakout Resistance

ACI 318-14

Strut-and-Tie model is used to anlyze the shear transfer and to design the required tie reinft
STM strength reduction factor

st=0.75

Strut-and-Tie model geometry

dv=2.250

Table 21.2.1 (g)

[in]

=45
Strut compression force

Cs=0.5 Vu / sin

dh=2.250

[in]

dt=3.182

[in]

=10.61

[kips]

Strut Bearing Strength


Strut compressive strength

ACI 318-14
fce=0.85 f'c

=3.4

[ksi]

23.4.3

=8.00

[in]

17.5.2.2

=8.00

[in ]

=81.60

[kips]

* Bearing of anchor bolt


Anchor bearing length
Anchor bearing area
Anchor bearing resistance

le=min( 8da , hef )


Abrg =le x da
Cr=ns x st x fce x Abrg

>Vu

OK

* Bearing of ver reinft bar

6/3/2015

Page 7 of 9

Anchor Bolt Design With Tension, Shear and Moment Using Anchor Reinforcement

Ver bar bearing area


Ver bar bearing resistance

Abrg =(le +1.5 x dt - da/2 -db/2) x db


Cr=st x fce x Abrg
ratio=0.35

=11.77

[in ]

=30.02

[kips]

>Cs

OK

Tie Reinforcement
* For tie reinft, only the top most 2 or 3 layers of ties (2" from TOC and 2x3" after) are effective
* For enclosed tie, at hook location the tie cannot develop full yield strength fy . Use the pullout resistance in
tension of a single hooked bolt as per ACI 318-14 Eq 17.4.3.5 as the max force can be developed at hook Th
* Assume 100% of hor. tie bars can develop full yield strength

Total number of hor tie bar

n=nleg (leg) x nlay (layer)

=4
ACI 318-14

Pull out resistance at hook

Single tie bar tension resistance

Total tie bar tension resistance

Th=t,c 0.9 fc' eh da

=3.04

[kips]

eh=4.5 db

=2.250

[in]

Tr=s x fy-h x As

=9.00

[kips]

sVn=1.0 x n x Tr

=36.00

[kips]

ratio=0.42

>Vu

17.4.3.5 Eq 17.4.3.5

17.2.3.5.4 & 17.5.2.9

OK

Conc. Pryout Shear Resistance


The pryout failure is only critical for short and stiff anchors. It is reasonable to assume that for general
cast-in place headed anchors with hef > = 12da , the pryout failure will not govern

12da=12.00

[in]

hef=14.00
>12da

Govern Shear Resistance

Vr=min ( v,sVsa , sVn )

=36.00

[in]
OK

[kips]

Tension Shear Interaction


Check if Nu >0.2Nn and Vu >0.2 Vn

ACI 318-14
=No
N u / N n + Vu / Vn
ratio=0.00

17.6.1 & 17.6.2


=0.00
<1.2

17.6.3 Eq 17.6.3
OK

Seismic Design
Tension
Option D is selected.

6/3/2015

Applicable

OK

ACI 318-14

Page 8 of 9

Anchor Bolt Design With Tension, Shear and Moment Using Anchor Reinforcement
User has to ensure that the tensile load Nu user input above includes the seismic load E, with E increased
by multiplying overstrength factor o

17.2.3.4.3(d)

Seismic SDC>=C and E>0.2U , Option D is selected to satisfy additional seismic requirements as
per 17.2.3.4.3

Shear

Applicable

OK

Option C is selected.
User has to ensure that the shear load Vu user input above includes the seismic load E, with E increased
by multiplying overstrength factor o

ACI 318-14
17.2.3.5.3(c)

Seismic SDC>=C and E>0.2U , Option C is selected to satisfy additional seismic requirements as
per 17.2.3.5.3

6/3/2015

Page 9 of 9

Anchor Bolt or Anchor Stud Design Using ACI 318-11 or ACI 318-14 Code

ANCHOR BOLT DESIGN

ACI 318-14 Code - Not Using Anchor Reinforcement

Result Summary
Anchor Rod Embedment, Spacing and Edge Distance

Warn

ratio=3.45

Overall
Seismic Design

NG

Tension=

OK

Shear=

OK

Code Reference

Select anchor bolt design code

ACI 318-14

Select design using or not using anchor reinforcement

Not Using Anchor Reinforcemen

Select design for anchor bolt or anchor stud

Anchor Bolt

Concrete strength

f'c= 4.0

[ksi]

Anchor Bolt Data


Anchor bolt material
Anchor tensile strength

= F1554 Grade 36
futa=58.0

[ksi]

ACI 318-14

Anchor is ductile steel element


Anchor bolt diameter
Anchor bolt has sleeve
Anchor bolt head type
Anchor effective cross section area
Anchor bolt head bearing area

da = 1
= No

Select anchor bolt pattern

6/3/2015

[in]

PIP STE05121

Heavy Hex

Ase=0.606

2
[in ]

Abrg= 1.501

[in ]

Anchor bolt 1/8" (3mm) corrosion allowance = No


Type C1 - 4 Bolt

2.3 & 17.3.3 (a)

Page 1 of 4

Anchor Bolt or Anchor Stud Design Using ACI 318-11 or ACI 318-14 Code

Nu=-10.00
Muy=15.00

col dx=12.70

Vuy=25.00

Vux=15.00

Mux=25.00

c4=5.00

s2=16.00

c2=5.00

Anchor Bolt Forces


Nu= -10.00

Factored tension or compression

[kips]

Anchor Bolt Forces in Y Axis Direction


Factored moment

Anchor Bolt Forces in X Axis Direction


Mux= 25.00

Mux and Muy are concurrent


Factored shear force

in compression

= No
Vuy= 25.00

[kip-ft]

Muy= 15.00

[kip-ft]

[kips]

Vux= 15.00

[kips]

Min Required

Anchor Bolt Group Layout Dimensions


Anchor Bolt Exterior Bolt Line Spacing

PIP STE05121

Exterior bolt line spacing s1

s1= 16.00

[in]

4.00

OK

Exterior bolt line spacing s2

s2= 16.00

[in]

4.00

OK

Anchor Bolt Edge Distance

Page A -1 Table 1

PIP STE05121

Anchor bolt edge distance c1

c1= 5.00

[in]

4.50

OK

Anchor bolt edge distance c2

c2= 5.00

[in]

4.50

OK

Anchor bolt edge distance c3

c3= 5.00

[in]

4.50

OK

Anchor bolt edge distance c4

c4= 5.00

[in]

4.50

OK

Column depth in X axis direction

dx= 12.70

[in]

Column depth in Y axis direction

dy= 12.70

[in]

Page A -1 Table 1

Column Depth

PIP STE05121
Anchor bolt embedment depth

hef= 14.00

[in]

12.00

Page A -1 Table 1
ACI 318-14

ci 1.5hef for at least two edges to avoid reducing of hef when Nu > 0

Warn

17.4.2.3

Anchor bolt adjusted hef for design

hef= 5.33

[in]

12.00

Warn

17.4.2.3

Pedestal height

ha= 18.00

[in]

17.00

OK

6/3/2015

Page 2 of 4

Anchor Bolt or Anchor Stud Design Using ACI 318-11 or ACI 318-14 Code

Consider only half of total anchor bolt


carrying shear due to oversize bolt hole
Oversized holes in base plate ?

= No

= Yes

Supplementary reinforcement

ACI 318-14

For tension
For shear

= Yes

Condition A

17.3.3 (c)

c,v= 1.2

Condition A

17.5.2.7

Concrete cracking

= Cracked

Provide built-up grout pad ?

= Yes

17.4.2.6, 17.4.3.6,
17.5.2.7

17.5.1.3

Seismic Input

ACI 318-14

Seismic design category SDC >= C

= Yes

17.2.3.1

Anchor bolt load E <= 0.2U

Tensile= No

Anchor bolt satisfies opion

Tensile = Option D

Shear= No

Shear= Option C

17.2.3.4.1 & 17.2.3.5.1

17.2.3.4.3 & 17.2.3.5.3

CONCLUSION

Result for Anchor Bolt Forces in Y Axis Direction

View Detail Calc

Anchor Rod Embedment, Spacing and Edge Distance

Warn

ratio=3.45

NG

Anchor Rod Tensile Resistance

ratio=0.31

OK

Concrete Tensile Breakout Resistance

ratio=1.34

NG

Anchor Pullout Resistance

ratio=0.33

OK

Side Blowout Resistance

ratio=0.31

OK

Anchor Rod Shear Resistance

ratio=0.57

OK

Concrete Shear Breakout Resistance - Perpendicular To Edge

ratio=2.80

NG

Concrete Shear Breakout Resistance - Parallel To Edge

ratio=1.31

NG

Concrete Pryout Shear Resistance

ratio=1.09

NG

ratio=3.45

NG

Overall
Tension

Shear

Tension Shear Interaction


Tension Shear Interaction

Seismic Design
Tension

ACI 318-14
Applicable

OK

17.2.3.4

OK

17.2.3.5

Seismic SDC>=C and E>0.2U , Option D is selected to satisfy additional seismic requirements as
per 17.2.3.4.3

Shear

6/3/2015

Applicable

Page 3 of 4

Anchor Bolt or Anchor Stud Design Using ACI 318-11 or ACI 318-14 Code
Seismic SDC>=C and E>0.2U , Option C is selected to satisfy additional seismic requirements as
per 17.2.3.5.3

Result for Anchor Bolt Forces in X Axis Direction

View Detail Calc

Anchor Rod Embedment, Spacing and Edge Distance

Warn

ratio=1.95

NG

Anchor Rod Tensile Resistance

ratio=0.15

OK

Concrete Tensile Breakout Resistance

ratio=0.66

OK

Anchor Pullout Resistance

ratio=0.16

OK

Side Blowout Resistance

ratio=0.15

OK

Anchor Rod Shear Resistance

ratio=0.34

OK

Concrete Shear Breakout Resistance - Perpendicular To Edge

ratio=1.68

NG

Concrete Shear Breakout Resistance - Parallel To Edge

ratio=0.79

OK

Concrete Pryout Shear Resistance

ratio=0.65

OK

ratio=1.95

NG

Overall
Tension

Shear

Tension Shear Interaction


Tension Shear Interaction

Seismic Design
Tension

ACI 318-14
Applicable

OK

17.2.3.4

OK

17.2.3.5

Seismic SDC>=C and E>0.2U , Option D is selected to satisfy additional seismic requirements as
per 17.2.3.4.3

Shear

Applicable

Seismic SDC>=C and E>0.2U , Option C is selected to satisfy additional seismic requirements as
per 17.2.3.5.3

6/3/2015

Page 4 of 4

Anchor Bolt Design With Tension, Shear and Moment Not Using Anchor Reinforcement

ANCHOR BOLT DESIGN

Combined Tension, Shear and Moment

Design for Anchor Force in Y Direction

Result Summary
Anchor Rod Embedment, Spacing and Edge Distance

Warn

ratio=3.45

Overall
Seismic Design

NG

Tension=

OK

Shear=

OK

Design Code Reference


Anchor bolt design based on

Code Abbreviation

ACI 318-14 Building Code Requirements for Structural Concrete and Commentary

ACI 318-14

PIP STE05121 Anchor Bolt Design Guide-2006

PIP STE05121

AISC Design Guide 1: Base Plate and Anchor Rod Design 2nd Ed

AISC Design Guide 1

Anchor Bolt Data

Code Reference

Factored moment

Mu= 25.00

[kip-ft]

Factored tension or compression

Nu= -10.00

[kips]

Factored shear force

Vu= 25.00

[kips]

No of bolt line for resisting moment

6/3/2015

= 2 Bolt Line

in compression

Page 1 of 11

Anchor Bolt Design With Tension, Shear and Moment Not Using Anchor Reinforcement

No of bolt along outermost bolt line


No of bolt along side edge

= 2.0
nbd= 2.0
Min Required

PIP STE05121

Outermost bolt line spacing s1

s1= 16.00

[in]

4.00

OK

Outermost bolt line spacing s2

s2= 16.00

[in]

4.00

OK

=16.00

[in]

d= 12.70

[in]

Max spacing between anchors in tension

Column depth
Concrete strength
Anchor bolt material
Anchor tensile strength

f'c= 4.0

[ksi]

= F1554 Grade 36
futa=58.0

[ksi]

ACI 318-14

Anchor is ductile steel element


Anchor bolt diameter
Anchor bolt has sleeve

da = 1
= No

Page A -1 Table 1

2.3 & 17.3.3 (a)

[in]

PIP STE05121
PIP STE05121

Anchor bolt edge distance c1

c1= 5.00

[in]

4.50

OK

Anchor bolt edge distance c2

c2= 5.00

[in]

4.50

OK

Anchor bolt edge distance c3

c3= 5.00

[in]

4.50

OK

Anchor bolt edge distance c4

c4= 5.00

[in]

4.50

OK

hef= 14.00

[in]

Anchor bolt embedment depth

Page A -1 Table 1

ACI 318-14

ci 1.5hef for at least two edges to avoid reducing of hef when Nu > 0

Warn

17.4.2.3

Anchor bolt adjusted hef for design

hef=5.33

[in]

12.00

Warn

17.4.2.3

Concrete thickness

ha= 18.00

[in]

17.00

OK

6/3/2015

Page 2 of 11

Anchor Bolt Design With Tension, Shear and Moment Not Using Anchor Reinforcement

For conc shear breakout check use


Number of anchor at bolt line 1

n1= 2.0

Number of anchor at bolt line 2

n2= 2.0

Total no of anchor bolt

n= 4.0

No of anchor bolt carrying tension

nt= 2.0

No of anchor bolt carrying shear

ns= 4.0

Oversized holes in base plate ?

Anchor bolt head type

= Yes

Heavy Hex

Anchor effective cross section area


Anchor bolt head bearing area

Ase=0.606

[in ]

Abrg= 1.501

[in ]

Anchor bolt 1/8" (3mm) corrosion allowance = No

2
2

Supplementary reinforcement
For tension
For shear

ACI 318-14
= Yes

Condition A

17.3.3 (c)

c,v= 1.2

Condition A

17.5.2.7
ACI 318-14

Provide built-up grout pad ?

= Yes

Concrete cracking

= Cracked

17.5.1.3
17.4.2.6, 17.4.3.6,

17.5.2.7
ACI 318-14

Seismic design category SDC >= C

= Yes

17.2.3.1

Anchor bolt load E <= 0.2U

Tensile= No

Anchor bolt satisfies opion

Tensile = Option D

Shear= No

Shear= Option C

17.2.3.4.1 & 17.2.3.5.1

Strength reduction factors


Anchor reinforcement

17.2.3.4.3 & 17.2.3.5.3

ACI 318-14

s=0.75

17.4.2.9 & 17.5.2.9

Anchor rod - ductile steel

t,s=0.75

v,s=0.65

17.3.3 (a)

Concrete

t,c=0.75 Cdn-A

v,c=0.75 Cdn-A

17.3.3 (c)

CONCLUSION
Anchor Rod Embedment, Spacing and Edge Distance

Warn

ratio=3.45

NG

Anchor Rod Tensile Resistance

ratio=0.31

OK

Concrete Tensile Breakout Resistance

ratio=1.34

NG

Anchor Pullout Resistance

ratio=0.33

OK

Overall
Tension

6/3/2015

Page 3 of 11

Anchor Bolt Design With Tension, Shear and Moment Not Using Anchor Reinforcement
ratio=0.31

OK

Anchor Rod Shear Resistance

ratio=0.57

OK

Concrete Shear Breakout Resistance - Perpendicular To Edge

ratio=2.80

NG

Concrete Shear Breakout Resistance - Parallel To Edge

ratio=1.31

NG

Concrete Pryout Shear Resistance

ratio=1.09

NG

ratio=3.45

NG

Side Blowout Resistance


Shear

Tension Shear Interaction


Tension Shear Interaction

Seismic Design
Tension

ACI 318-14
Applicable

OK

17.2.3.4

OK

17.2.3.5

Seismic SDC>=C and E>0.2U , Option D is selected to satisfy additional seismic requirements as
per 17.2.3.4.3

Shear

Applicable

Seismic SDC>=C and E>0.2U , Option C is selected to satisfy additional seismic requirements as
per 17.2.3.5.3

Assumptions

ACI 318-14
17.4.2.6, 17.4.3.6,

1. Concrete is cracked

17.5.2.7

2. Condition A - supplementary reinforcement provided

17.3.3 (c)

3. Load combinations shall be per ACI 318-14 5.3.1

17.3.3

4. Shear load acts through center of bolt group ec,V =1.0

17.5.2.5

5. For anchor group subject to moment, the anchor tensile load is designed using elastic analysis

17.2.1

and there is no redistribution of the forces between highly stressed and less stressed anchors
6. For anchor tensile force calc in anchor group subject to moment, assume the compression
resultant is at the outside edge of the compression flange and base plate exhibits rigid-body
rotation. This simplified approach yields conservative output
7. Anchor bolt washer shall be tack welded to base plate for all anchor bolts to transfer shear

AISC Design Guide 1


Section 3.5.3

CACULATION
Anchor Tensile Force
Single bolt tensile force

T1=8.24

Sum of bolt tensile force

Nu= ni Ti

Tensile bolts outer distance stb

stb=0.00

[kips]

No of bolt for T1 nT1=2.0


=16.48

[kips]

[in]

Eccentricity e'N -- distance between resultant of tensile load and centroid of anchors

6/3/2015

Page 4 of 11

Anchor Bolt Design With Tension, Shear and Moment Not Using Anchor Reinforcement
e'N=0.00

loaded in tension

[in]

ec,N=

Eccentricity modification factor

=1.00

Anchor Rod Tensile Resistance

ACI 318-14

t,s

Nsa=

t,s

Ase futa

ratio=0.31

=26.36
>T1

[kips]
OK

Concrete Tensile Breakout Resistance

ACI 318-14
Nb=24fc hef1.5 if hef <11" or hef>25"

=18.70

[kips]

fc hef(5/3) if 11" hef 25"


Projected conc failure area

17.4.1.2 Eq 17.4.1.2

1.5 hef=

17.4.2.2 Eq 17.4.2.2b
=8.00

[in]

=338.0

[in ]

=256.0

[in ]

ANC=min ( ANC, nt ANCO )

=338.0

[in ]

cmin=min( c1, c2, c3, c4 )

=5.00

[in]

ANC=[stb+min(c1,1.5hef)+min(c3,1.5hef)]x

17.4.2.2 Eq 17.4.2.2a

[s2+min(c2,1.5hef)+min(c4,1.5hef)]
ANCO=9 hef2

Min edge distance

17.4.2.1 Eq 17.4.2.1c

17.4.2.1

Eccentricity effects

ec,N=

=1.00

17.4.2.4

Edge effects

ed,N=min[ (0.7+0.3cmin/1.5hef), 1.0 ]

=0.89

17.4.2.5

Concrete cracking
Concrete splitting

Concrete breakout resistance

c,N=1.00 for cracked concrete

17.4.2.6

cp,N=1.00 for cast-in anchor

tcNcbg= tc

Seismic design strength reduction

ANC
ANCO

ec,N ed,N c,N cp,N Nb

=x 0.75 applicable
ratio=1.34

17.4.2.7

=16.43

[kips]

17.4.2.1 Eq 17.4.2.1b

=12.32

[kips]

17.2.3.4.4

<Nu

NG

Anchor Pullout Resistance


Single bolt pullout resistance

ACI 318-14
N p=8 Abrg fc'

t,c Npn=

Seismic design strength reduction

t,c

c,p Np

=48.03

[kips]

17.4.3.4 Eq 17.4.3.4

=33.62

[kips]

17.4.3.1 Eq 17.4.3.1

c,p=1.00 for cracked concrete

17.4.3.6

17.3.3(c)

t,c=0.70

pullout strength is always Condition B

=x 0.75 applicable
ratio=0.33

=25.22
>T1

[kips]

17.2.3.4.4

OK

Side Blowout Resistance


Failure Along Pedestal Width Edge

6/3/2015

ACI 318-14

Page 5 of 11

Anchor Bolt Design With Tension, Shear and Moment Not Using Anchor Reinforcement

Tensile load carried by anchors close to edge which may cause side-face blowout
Nbuw=nT1 T1

along pedestal width edge

=16.48

[kips]

c=min ( c1, c3 )

=5.00

[in]

s=s2

=16.00

[in]

hef=14.00

Check if side blowout applicable

>2.5c
Single anchor SB resistance

R17.4.4.2

[in]
side bowout is applicable

t,c Nsb=

17.4.4.1
=46.49

[kips]

17.4.4.1 Eq 17.4.4.1

= 71.29

[kips]

17.4.4.2 Eq 17.4.4.2

=53.46

[kips]

17.2.3.4.4

Multiple anchors side blowout


work as group

tcNsbgw=(1+s/ 6c) x t,c Nsb

Seismic design strength reduction

=x 0.75 applicable
ratio=0.31

Group side blowout resistance

>Nbuw

tc Nsbg=

Nr=min( nt Nsa , Ncbg , nt Npn , Nsbg)

Govern Tensile Resistance

OK

=53.46

[kips]

=12.32

[kips]

Anchor Rod Shear Resistance

ACI 318-14

Reduction due to built-up grout pad

v,sVsa= v,s

ns 0.6 Ase futa

=54.83

[kips]

17.5.1.2 (b)

=x 0.8 , applicable

=43.86

[kips]

17.5.1.3

ratio=0.57

>Vu

OK

Conc. Shear Breakout Resistance - Perpendicular To Edge


Mode 1 Failure cone at front anchors, strength check against 0.5 x Vu
Mode 3 Failure cone at front anchors, strength check against 1.0 x Vu , applicable when oversized holes are used in base plate

6/3/2015

Page 6 of 11

Anchor Bolt Design With Tension, Shear and Moment Not Using Anchor Reinforcement

Bolt edge distance

c1=

=5.00

Limiting ca1 when anchors are influenced by 3 or more edges


Bolt edge distance - adjusted

[in]

=No

17.5.2.4

c1=ca1 needs NOT to be adjusted

=5.00

[in]

c2=

=5.00

[in]

1.5c1=

=7.50

[in]

Avc=[min(c2,1.5c1) + s2 + min(c4,1.5c1)]x =195.0

[in ]

min(1.5c1, ha)
Avco=4.5c12

ACI 318-14

17.5.2.4

ACI 318-14
17.5.2.1
ACI 318-14

=112.5

[in ]

=195.0

17.5.2.1 Eq 17.5.2.1c

[in ]

17.5.2.1

=8.00

[in]

17.5.2.2

Vb1=

=7.50

[kips]

17.5.2.2 Eq 17.5.2.2a

Vb2=

=6.36

[kips]

17.5.2.2 Eq 17.5.2.2b

=6.36

[kips]

17.5.2.2

Avc=min ( Avc, n1 Avco )


le=min( 8da , hef )

Vb=min( Vb1 , Vb2 )


Eccentricity effects

ec,v=1.0 shear acts through center of group

Edge effects

ed,v=min[ (0.7+0.3c2/1.5c1), 1.0 ]

17.5.2.5
=0.90

17.5.2.6

Concrete cracking

c,v=concrete is cracked

=1.20

17.5.2.7

Member thickness

h,v=max[ (sqrt(1.5c1 / ha) , 1.0 ]

=1.00

17.5.2.8
ACI 318-14

Conc shear breakout resistance


Mode 3 is used for checking

Vcbg= v,c

Avc

=8.94

[kips]

Vcbg1=1.0 x Vcbg

=8.94

[kips]

ca1=c1 + s1

=21.00

[in]

Avco

ec,v ed,v c,v h,v Vb

17.5.2.1 Eq 17.5.2.1b

Mode 2 Failure cone at back anchors

Bolt edge distance

Limiting ca1 when anchors are influenced by 3 or more edges

6/3/2015

=Yes

ACI 318-14
17.5.2.4

Page 7 of 11

Anchor Bolt Design With Tension, Shear and Moment Not Using Anchor Reinforcement

Bolt edge distance - adjusted

ca1=ca1 needs to be adjusted


c2=
1.5ca1=

=12.00

[in]

=5.00

[in]

=18.00

[in]

Avc=[min(c2,1.5ca1)+ s2 + min(c4,1.5ca1)]x =468.0

[in ]

min(1.5ca1, ha)
Avco=4.5ca12

17.5.2.4

ACI 318-14
17.5.2.1
ACI 318-14

=648.0

[in ]

=468.0

17.5.2.1 Eq 17.5.2.1c

[in ]

17.5.2.1

=8.00

[in]

17.5.2.2

Vb1=

=27.89

[kips]

17.5.2.2 Eq 17.5.2.2a

Vb2=

=23.66

[kips]

17.5.2.2 Eq 17.5.2.2b

=23.66

[kips]

17.5.2.2

Avc=min ( Avc, n2 Avco )


le=min( 8da , hef )

Vb=min( Vb1 , Vb2 )


Eccentricity effects

ec,v=1.0 shear acts through center of group

Edge effects

ed,v=min[ (0.7+0.3c2/1.5ca1), 1.0 ]

17.5.2.5
=0.78

17.5.2.6

Concrete cracking

c,v=concrete is cracked

=1.20

17.5.2.7

Member thickness

h,v=max[ (sqrt(1.5ca1 / ha) , 1.0 ]

=1.00

17.5.2.8
ACI 318-14

Conc shear breakout resistance

Min shear breakout resistance

Vcbg2= v,c

Avc
Avco

ec,v ed,v c,v h,v Vb

v,cVcbg=min ( Vcbg1 , Vcbg2 )

=12.05

[kips]

=8.94

[kips]

17.5.2.1 Eq 17.5.2.1b

shear perpendicular to edge


ratio=2.80

<Vu

NG

Conc. Shear Breakout Resistance - Parallel To Edge

Mode 1 Shear taken evenly by all anchor bolts, strength check against 0.5 x Vu

Bolt edge distance

6/3/2015

ca1=min(c2 , c4)

=5.00

[in]

ACI 318-14

Page 8 of 11

Anchor Bolt Design With Tension, Shear and Moment Not Using Anchor Reinforcement
Limiting ca1 when anchors are influenced by 3 or more edges
Bolt edge distance - adjusted

ca1=ca1 needs NOT to be adjusted


1.5ca1=

=No

17.5.2.4

=5.00

[in]

17.5.2.4

=7.50

[in]

ACI 318-14

Avc=[min(c1,1.5ca1) + s1+ min(c3,1.5ca1)]x =195.0

[in ]

min(1.5ca1, ha)
Avco=4.5ca12

17.5.2.1
ACI 318-14

=112.5

[in ]

=195.0

17.5.2.1 Eq 17.5.2.1c

[in ]

17.5.2.1

=8.00

[in]

17.5.2.2

Vb1=

=7.50

[kips]

17.5.2.2 Eq 17.5.2.2a

Vb2=

=6.36

[kips]

17.5.2.2 Eq 17.5.2.2b

=6.36

[kips]

17.5.2.2

Avc=min ( Avc, nbd Avco )


le=min( 8da , hef )

Vb=min( Vb1 , Vb2 )


Eccentricity effects

ec,v=1.0 shear acts through center of group

Edge effects

ed,v=

17.5.2.5
=1.00

17.5.2.1 (c)

Concrete cracking

c,v=concrete is cracked

=1.20

17.5.2.7

Member thickness

h,v=max[ (sqrt(1.5ca1 / ha) , 1.0 ]

=1.00

17.5.2.8
ACI 318-14

Conc shear breakout resistance

Vcbg-p1= 2xv,c

Avc
Avco

ec,v ed,v c,v h,v Vb

=19.86

[kips]

17.5.2.1 Eq 17.5.2.1b
17.5.2.1 (c)

Mode 2 Shear taken evenly by back anchor bolts, strength check against 0.5 x Vu

Bolt edge distance

ca1=min(c2 , c4)

Limiting ca1 when anchors are influenced by 3 or more edges


Bolt edge distance - adjusted

ca1=ca1 needs NOT to be adjusted


1.5ca1=
Avc=[min(s1+c1,1.5ca1) +min(c3,1.5ca1)]x

=5.00

[in]

=No

17.5.2.4

=5.00

[in]

17.5.2.4

=7.50

[in]

ACI 318-14

=93.8

[in ]

min(1.5ca1, ha)
Avco=4.5ca12

17.5.2.1
ACI 318-14

=112.5

[in ]

=93.8

17.5.2.1 Eq 17.5.2.1c

[in ]

17.5.2.1

=8.00

[in]

17.5.2.2

Vb1=

=7.50

[kips]

17.5.2.2 Eq 17.5.2.2a

Vb2=

=6.36

[kips]

17.5.2.2 Eq 17.5.2.2b

=6.36

[kips]

17.5.2.2

Avc=min ( Avc, nbd Avco )


le=min( 8da , hef )

Vb=min( Vb1 , Vb2 )


Eccentricity effects

ec,v=1.0 shear acts through center of group

Edge effects

ed,v=

6/3/2015

ACI 318-14

17.5.2.5
=1.00

17.5.2.1 (c)

Page 9 of 11

Anchor Bolt Design With Tension, Shear and Moment Not Using Anchor Reinforcement

Concrete cracking

c,v=concrete is cracked

=1.20

17.5.2.7

Member thickness

h,v=max[ (sqrt(1.5ca1 / ha) , 1.0 ]

=1.00

17.5.2.8
ACI 318-14

Conc shear breakout resistance

Vcbg-p2= 2xv,c

Avc
Avco

ec,v ed,v c,v h,v Vb

=9.55

[kips]

17.5.2.1 Eq 17.5.2.1b
17.5.2.1 (c)

Mode 3 Shear taken evenly by front anchor bolts, strength check against 0.5 x Vu

Bolt edge distance

ca1=min(c2 , c4)

=5.00

Limiting ca1 when anchors are influenced by 3 or more edges


Bolt edge distance - adjusted

ca1=ca1 needs NOT to be adjusted


1.5ca1=

[in]

=No

17.5.2.4

=5.00

[in]

17.5.2.4

=7.50

[in]

ACI 318-14

Avc=[min(c1,1.5ca1) + min(s1+c3,1.5ca1)]x =93.8

[in ]

min(1.5ca1, ha)
Avco=4.5ca12

ACI 318-14

17.5.2.1
ACI 318-14

=112.5

[in ]

=93.8

17.5.2.1 Eq 17.5.2.1c

[in ]

17.5.2.1

=8.00

[in]

17.5.2.2

Vb1=

=7.50

[kips]

17.5.2.2 Eq 17.5.2.2a

Vb2=

=6.36

[kips]

17.5.2.2 Eq 17.5.2.2b

=6.36

[kips]

17.5.2.2

Avc=min ( Avc, nbd Avco )


le=min( 8da , hef )

Vb=min( Vb1 , Vb2 )


Eccentricity effects

ec,v=1.0 shear acts through center of group

Edge effects

ed,v=

17.5.2.5
=1.00

17.5.2.1 (c)

Concrete cracking

c,v=concrete is cracked

=1.20

17.5.2.7

Member thickness

h,v=max[ (sqrt(1.5ca1 / ha) , 1.0 ]

=1.00

17.5.2.8
ACI 318-14

Conc shear breakout resistance

Vcbg-p3= 2xv,c

Avc
Avco

ec,v ed,v c,v h,v Vb

=9.55

[kips]

17.5.2.1 Eq 17.5.2.1b
17.5.2.1 (c)

Min shear breakout resistance

vcVcbgp=min(Vcbg-p1 ,Vcbg-p2 , Vcbg-p3 )x2 side

=19.09

[kips]

shear parallel to edge


ratio=1.31

<Vu

NG

Conc. Pryout Shear Resistance

ACI 318-14
kcp=2.0

Factored shear pryout resistance

v,cVcpg=v,c kcp Ncbg

6/3/2015

17.5.3.1

v,c=0.7

=30.67

pryout strength is always Condition B

[kips]

17.5.3.1 Eq 17.5.3.1b
17.3.3 (c)

Page 10 of 11

Anchor Bolt Design With Tension, Shear and Moment Not Using Anchor Reinforcement

Seismic design strength reduction

=x 0.75 applicable
ratio=1.09

Govern Shear Resistance

Vr=min ( Vsa , Vcbg , Vcbg-p , Vcpg )

=23.00
<Vu

=8.94

[kips]
NG

[kips]

Tension Shear Interaction


Check if Nu >0.2Nn and Vu >0.2 Vn

17.2.3.4.4

ACI 318-14
=Yes
N u / N n + Vu / Vn
ratio=3.45

17.6.1 & 17.6.2


=4.14
>1.2

17.6.3 Eq 17.6.3
NG

Seismic Design
Tension

Applicable

OK

Option D is selected.

ACI 318-14

User has to ensure that the tensile load Nu user input above includes the seismic load E, with E increased
by multiplying overstrength factor o

17.2.3.4.3(d)

Seismic SDC>=C and E>0.2U , Option D is selected to satisfy additional seismic requirements as
per 17.2.3.4.3

Shear

Applicable

OK

Option C is selected.
User has to ensure that the shear load Vu user input above includes the seismic load E, with E increased
by multiplying overstrength factor o

ACI 318-14
17.2.3.5.3(c)

Seismic SDC>=C and E>0.2U , Option C is selected to satisfy additional seismic requirements as
per 17.2.3.5.3

6/3/2015

Page 11 of 11

Anchor Bolt Design With Tension, Shear and Moment Not Using Anchor Reinforcement

ANCHOR BOLT DESIGN

Combined Tension, Shear and Moment

Design for Anchor Force in X Direction

Result Summary
Anchor Rod Embedment, Spacing and Edge Distance

Warn

ratio=1.95

Overall
Seismic Design

NG

Tension=

OK

Shear=

OK

Design Code Reference


Anchor bolt design based on

Code Abbreviation

ACI 318-14 Building Code Requirements for Structural Concrete and Commentary

ACI 318-14

PIP STE05121 Anchor Bolt Design Guide-2006

PIP STE05121

AISC Design Guide 1: Base Plate and Anchor Rod Design 2nd Ed

AISC Design Guide 1

Anchor Bolt Data

Code Reference

Factored moment

Mu= 15.00

[kip-ft]

Factored tension or compression

Nu= -10.00

[kips]

Factored shear force

Vu= 15.00

[kips]

No of bolt line for resisting moment

6/3/2015

= 2 Bolt Line

in compression

Page 1 of 11

Anchor Bolt Design With Tension, Shear and Moment Not Using Anchor Reinforcement

No of bolt along outermost bolt line


No of bolt along side edge

= 2.0
nbd= 2.0
Min Required

PIP STE05121

Outermost bolt line spacing s1

s1= 16.00

[in]

4.00

OK

Outermost bolt line spacing s2

s2= 16.00

[in]

4.00

OK

=16.00

[in]

d= 12.70

[in]

Max spacing between anchors in tension

Column depth
Concrete strength
Anchor bolt material
Anchor tensile strength

f'c= 4.0

[ksi]

= F1554 Grade 36
futa=58.0

[ksi]

ACI 318-14

Anchor is ductile steel element


Anchor bolt diameter
Anchor bolt has sleeve

da = 1
= No

Page A -1 Table 1

2.3 & 17.3.3 (a)

[in]

PIP STE05121
PIP STE05121

Anchor bolt edge distance c1

c1= 5.00

[in]

4.50

OK

Anchor bolt edge distance c2

c2= 5.00

[in]

4.50

OK

Anchor bolt edge distance c3

c3= 5.00

[in]

4.50

OK

Anchor bolt edge distance c4

c4= 5.00

[in]

4.50

OK

hef= 14.00

[in]

Anchor bolt embedment depth

Page A -1 Table 1

ACI 318-14

ci 1.5hef for at least two edges to avoid reducing of hef when Nu > 0

Warn

17.4.2.3

Anchor bolt adjusted hef for design

hef=5.33

[in]

12.00

Warn

17.4.2.3

Concrete thickness

ha= 18.00

[in]

17.00

OK

6/3/2015

Page 2 of 11

Anchor Bolt Design With Tension, Shear and Moment Not Using Anchor Reinforcement

For conc shear breakout check use


Number of anchor at bolt line 1

n1= 2.0

Number of anchor at bolt line 2

n2= 2.0

Total no of anchor bolt

n= 4.0

No of anchor bolt carrying tension

nt= 2.0

No of anchor bolt carrying shear

ns= 4.0

Oversized holes in base plate ?

Anchor bolt head type

= Yes

Heavy Hex

Anchor effective cross section area


Anchor bolt head bearing area

Ase=0.606

[in ]

Abrg= 1.501

[in ]

Anchor bolt 1/8" (3mm) corrosion allowance = No

2
2

Supplementary reinforcement
For tension
For shear

ACI 318-14
= Yes

Condition A

17.3.3 (c)

c,v= 1.2

Condition A

17.5.2.7
ACI 318-14

Provide built-up grout pad ?

= Yes

Concrete cracking

= Cracked

17.5.1.3
17.4.2.6, 17.4.3.6,

17.5.2.7
ACI 318-14

Seismic design category SDC >= C

= Yes

17.2.3.1

Anchor bolt load E <= 0.2U

Tensile= No

Anchor bolt satisfies opion

Tensile = Option D

Shear= No

Shear= Option C

17.2.3.4.1 & 17.2.3.5.1

Strength reduction factors


Anchor reinforcement

17.2.3.4.3 & 17.2.3.5.3

ACI 318-14

s=0.75

17.4.2.9 & 17.5.2.9

Anchor rod - ductile steel

t,s=0.75

v,s=0.65

17.3.3 (a)

Concrete

t,c=0.75 Cdn-A

v,c=0.75 Cdn-A

17.3.3 (c)

CONCLUSION
Anchor Rod Embedment, Spacing and Edge Distance

Warn

ratio=1.95

NG

Anchor Rod Tensile Resistance

ratio=0.15

OK

Concrete Tensile Breakout Resistance

ratio=0.66

OK

Anchor Pullout Resistance

ratio=0.16

OK

Overall
Tension

6/3/2015

Page 3 of 11

Anchor Bolt Design With Tension, Shear and Moment Not Using Anchor Reinforcement
ratio=0.15

OK

Anchor Rod Shear Resistance

ratio=0.34

OK

Concrete Shear Breakout Resistance - Perpendicular To Edge

ratio=1.68

NG

Concrete Shear Breakout Resistance - Parallel To Edge

ratio=0.79

OK

Concrete Pryout Shear Resistance

ratio=0.65

OK

ratio=1.95

NG

Side Blowout Resistance


Shear

Tension Shear Interaction


Tension Shear Interaction

Seismic Design
Tension

ACI 318-14
Applicable

OK

17.2.3.4

OK

17.2.3.5

Seismic SDC>=C and E>0.2U , Option D is selected to satisfy additional seismic requirements as
per 17.2.3.4.3

Shear

Applicable

Seismic SDC>=C and E>0.2U , Option C is selected to satisfy additional seismic requirements as
per 17.2.3.5.3

Assumptions

ACI 318-14
17.4.2.6, 17.4.3.6,

1. Concrete is cracked

17.5.2.7

2. Condition A - supplementary reinforcement provided

17.3.3 (c)

3. Load combinations shall be per ACI 318-14 5.3.1

17.3.3

4. Shear load acts through center of bolt group ec,V =1.0

17.5.2.5

5. For anchor group subject to moment, the anchor tensile load is designed using elastic analysis

17.2.1

and there is no redistribution of the forces between highly stressed and less stressed anchors
6. For anchor tensile force calc in anchor group subject to moment, assume the compression
resultant is at the outside edge of the compression flange and base plate exhibits rigid-body
rotation. This simplified approach yields conservative output
7. Anchor bolt washer shall be tack welded to base plate for all anchor bolts to transfer shear

AISC Design Guide 1


Section 3.5.3

CACULATION
Anchor Tensile Force
Single bolt tensile force

T1=4.06

Sum of bolt tensile force

Nu= ni Ti

Tensile bolts outer distance stb

stb=0.00

[kips]

No of bolt for T1 nT1=2.0


=8.12

[kips]

[in]

Eccentricity e'N -- distance between resultant of tensile load and centroid of anchors

6/3/2015

Page 4 of 11

Anchor Bolt Design With Tension, Shear and Moment Not Using Anchor Reinforcement
e'N=0.00

loaded in tension

[in]

ec,N=

Eccentricity modification factor

=1.00

Anchor Rod Tensile Resistance

ACI 318-14

t,s

Nsa=

t,s

Ase futa

ratio=0.15

=26.36
>T1

[kips]
OK

Concrete Tensile Breakout Resistance

ACI 318-14
Nb=24fc hef1.5 if hef <11" or hef>25"

=18.70

[kips]

fc hef(5/3) if 11" hef 25"


Projected conc failure area

17.4.1.2 Eq 17.4.1.2

1.5 hef=

17.4.2.2 Eq 17.4.2.2b
=8.00

[in]

=338.0

[in ]

=256.0

[in ]

ANC=min ( ANC, nt ANCO )

=338.0

[in ]

cmin=min( c1, c2, c3, c4 )

=5.00

[in]

ANC=[stb+min(c1,1.5hef)+min(c3,1.5hef)]x

17.4.2.2 Eq 17.4.2.2a

[s2+min(c2,1.5hef)+min(c4,1.5hef)]
ANCO=9 hef2

Min edge distance

17.4.2.1 Eq 17.4.2.1c

17.4.2.1

Eccentricity effects

ec,N=

=1.00

17.4.2.4

Edge effects

ed,N=min[ (0.7+0.3cmin/1.5hef), 1.0 ]

=0.89

17.4.2.5

Concrete cracking
Concrete splitting

Concrete breakout resistance

c,N=1.00 for cracked concrete

17.4.2.6

cp,N=1.00 for cast-in anchor

tcNcbg= tc

Seismic design strength reduction

ANC
ANCO

ec,N ed,N c,N cp,N Nb

=x 0.75 applicable
ratio=0.66

17.4.2.7

=16.43

[kips]

17.4.2.1 Eq 17.4.2.1b

=12.32

[kips]

17.2.3.4.4

>Nu

OK

Anchor Pullout Resistance


Single bolt pullout resistance

ACI 318-14
N p=8 Abrg fc'

t,c Npn=

Seismic design strength reduction

t,c

c,p Np

=48.03

[kips]

17.4.3.4 Eq 17.4.3.4

=33.62

[kips]

17.4.3.1 Eq 17.4.3.1

c,p=1.00 for cracked concrete

17.4.3.6

17.3.3(c)

t,c=0.70

pullout strength is always Condition B

=x 0.75 applicable
ratio=0.16

=25.22
>T1

[kips]

17.2.3.4.4

OK

Side Blowout Resistance


Failure Along Pedestal Width Edge

6/3/2015

ACI 318-14

Page 5 of 11

Anchor Bolt Design With Tension, Shear and Moment Not Using Anchor Reinforcement

Tensile load carried by anchors close to edge which may cause side-face blowout
Nbuw=nT1 T1

along pedestal width edge

=8.12

[kips]

c=min ( c1, c3 )

=5.00

[in]

s=s2

=16.00

[in]

hef=14.00

Check if side blowout applicable

>2.5c
Single anchor SB resistance

R17.4.4.2

[in]
side bowout is applicable

t,c Nsb=

17.4.4.1
=46.49

[kips]

17.4.4.1 Eq 17.4.4.1

= 71.29

[kips]

17.4.4.2 Eq 17.4.4.2

=53.46

[kips]

17.2.3.4.4

Multiple anchors side blowout


work as group

tcNsbgw=(1+s/ 6c) x t,c Nsb

Seismic design strength reduction

=x 0.75 applicable
ratio=0.15

Group side blowout resistance

>Nbuw

tc Nsbg=

Nr=min( nt Nsa , Ncbg , nt Npn , Nsbg)

Govern Tensile Resistance

OK

=53.46

[kips]

=12.32

[kips]

Anchor Rod Shear Resistance

ACI 318-14

Reduction due to built-up grout pad

v,sVsa= v,s

ns 0.6 Ase futa

=54.83

[kips]

17.5.1.2 (b)

=x 0.8 , applicable

=43.86

[kips]

17.5.1.3

ratio=0.34

>Vu

OK

Conc. Shear Breakout Resistance - Perpendicular To Edge


Mode 1 Failure cone at front anchors, strength check against 0.5 x Vu
Mode 3 Failure cone at front anchors, strength check against 1.0 x Vu , applicable when oversized holes are used in base plate

6/3/2015

Page 6 of 11

Anchor Bolt Design With Tension, Shear and Moment Not Using Anchor Reinforcement

Bolt edge distance

c1=

=5.00

Limiting ca1 when anchors are influenced by 3 or more edges


Bolt edge distance - adjusted

[in]

=No

17.5.2.4

c1=ca1 needs NOT to be adjusted

=5.00

[in]

c2=

=5.00

[in]

1.5c1=

=7.50

[in]

Avc=[min(c2,1.5c1) + s2 + min(c4,1.5c1)]x =195.0

[in ]

min(1.5c1, ha)
Avco=4.5c12

ACI 318-14

17.5.2.4

ACI 318-14
17.5.2.1
ACI 318-14

=112.5

[in ]

=195.0

17.5.2.1 Eq 17.5.2.1c

[in ]

17.5.2.1

=8.00

[in]

17.5.2.2

Vb1=

=7.50

[kips]

17.5.2.2 Eq 17.5.2.2a

Vb2=

=6.36

[kips]

17.5.2.2 Eq 17.5.2.2b

=6.36

[kips]

17.5.2.2

Avc=min ( Avc, n1 Avco )


le=min( 8da , hef )

Vb=min( Vb1 , Vb2 )


Eccentricity effects

ec,v=1.0 shear acts through center of group

Edge effects

ed,v=min[ (0.7+0.3c2/1.5c1), 1.0 ]

17.5.2.5
=0.90

17.5.2.6

Concrete cracking

c,v=concrete is cracked

=1.20

17.5.2.7

Member thickness

h,v=max[ (sqrt(1.5c1 / ha) , 1.0 ]

=1.00

17.5.2.8
ACI 318-14

Conc shear breakout resistance


Mode 3 is used for checking

Vcbg= v,c

Avc

=8.94

[kips]

Vcbg1=1.0 x Vcbg

=8.94

[kips]

ca1=c1 + s1

=21.00

[in]

Avco

ec,v ed,v c,v h,v Vb

17.5.2.1 Eq 17.5.2.1b

Mode 2 Failure cone at back anchors

Bolt edge distance

Limiting ca1 when anchors are influenced by 3 or more edges

6/3/2015

=Yes

ACI 318-14
17.5.2.4

Page 7 of 11

Anchor Bolt Design With Tension, Shear and Moment Not Using Anchor Reinforcement

Bolt edge distance - adjusted

ca1=ca1 needs to be adjusted


c2=
1.5ca1=

=12.00

[in]

=5.00

[in]

=18.00

[in]

Avc=[min(c2,1.5ca1)+ s2 + min(c4,1.5ca1)]x =468.0

[in ]

min(1.5ca1, ha)
Avco=4.5ca12

17.5.2.4

ACI 318-14
17.5.2.1
ACI 318-14

=648.0

[in ]

=468.0

17.5.2.1 Eq 17.5.2.1c

[in ]

17.5.2.1

=8.00

[in]

17.5.2.2

Vb1=

=27.89

[kips]

17.5.2.2 Eq 17.5.2.2a

Vb2=

=23.66

[kips]

17.5.2.2 Eq 17.5.2.2b

=23.66

[kips]

17.5.2.2

Avc=min ( Avc, n2 Avco )


le=min( 8da , hef )

Vb=min( Vb1 , Vb2 )


Eccentricity effects

ec,v=1.0 shear acts through center of group

Edge effects

ed,v=min[ (0.7+0.3c2/1.5ca1), 1.0 ]

17.5.2.5
=0.78

17.5.2.6

Concrete cracking

c,v=concrete is cracked

=1.20

17.5.2.7

Member thickness

h,v=max[ (sqrt(1.5ca1 / ha) , 1.0 ]

=1.00

17.5.2.8
ACI 318-14

Conc shear breakout resistance

Min shear breakout resistance

Vcbg2= v,c

Avc
Avco

ec,v ed,v c,v h,v Vb

v,cVcbg=min ( Vcbg1 , Vcbg2 )

=12.05

[kips]

=8.94

[kips]

17.5.2.1 Eq 17.5.2.1b

shear perpendicular to edge


ratio=1.68

<Vu

NG

Conc. Shear Breakout Resistance - Parallel To Edge

Mode 1 Shear taken evenly by all anchor bolts, strength check against 0.5 x Vu

Bolt edge distance

6/3/2015

ca1=min(c2 , c4)

=5.00

[in]

ACI 318-14

Page 8 of 11

Anchor Bolt Design With Tension, Shear and Moment Not Using Anchor Reinforcement
Limiting ca1 when anchors are influenced by 3 or more edges
Bolt edge distance - adjusted

ca1=ca1 needs NOT to be adjusted


1.5ca1=

=No

17.5.2.4

=5.00

[in]

17.5.2.4

=7.50

[in]

ACI 318-14

Avc=[min(c1,1.5ca1) + s1+ min(c3,1.5ca1)]x =195.0

[in ]

min(1.5ca1, ha)
Avco=4.5ca12

17.5.2.1
ACI 318-14

=112.5

[in ]

=195.0

17.5.2.1 Eq 17.5.2.1c

[in ]

17.5.2.1

=8.00

[in]

17.5.2.2

Vb1=

=7.50

[kips]

17.5.2.2 Eq 17.5.2.2a

Vb2=

=6.36

[kips]

17.5.2.2 Eq 17.5.2.2b

=6.36

[kips]

17.5.2.2

Avc=min ( Avc, nbd Avco )


le=min( 8da , hef )

Vb=min( Vb1 , Vb2 )


Eccentricity effects

ec,v=1.0 shear acts through center of group

Edge effects

ed,v=

17.5.2.5
=1.00

17.5.2.1 (c)

Concrete cracking

c,v=concrete is cracked

=1.20

17.5.2.7

Member thickness

h,v=max[ (sqrt(1.5ca1 / ha) , 1.0 ]

=1.00

17.5.2.8
ACI 318-14

Conc shear breakout resistance

Vcbg-p1= 2xv,c

Avc
Avco

ec,v ed,v c,v h,v Vb

=19.86

[kips]

17.5.2.1 Eq 17.5.2.1b
17.5.2.1 (c)

Mode 2 Shear taken evenly by back anchor bolts, strength check against 0.5 x Vu

Bolt edge distance

ca1=min(c2 , c4)

Limiting ca1 when anchors are influenced by 3 or more edges


Bolt edge distance - adjusted

ca1=ca1 needs NOT to be adjusted


1.5ca1=
Avc=[min(s1+c1,1.5ca1) +min(c3,1.5ca1)]x

=5.00

[in]

=No

17.5.2.4

=5.00

[in]

17.5.2.4

=7.50

[in]

ACI 318-14

=93.8

[in ]

min(1.5ca1, ha)
Avco=4.5ca12

17.5.2.1
ACI 318-14

=112.5

[in ]

=93.8

17.5.2.1 Eq 17.5.2.1c

[in ]

17.5.2.1

=8.00

[in]

17.5.2.2

Vb1=

=7.50

[kips]

17.5.2.2 Eq 17.5.2.2a

Vb2=

=6.36

[kips]

17.5.2.2 Eq 17.5.2.2b

=6.36

[kips]

17.5.2.2

Avc=min ( Avc, nbd Avco )


le=min( 8da , hef )

Vb=min( Vb1 , Vb2 )


Eccentricity effects

ec,v=1.0 shear acts through center of group

Edge effects

ed,v=

6/3/2015

ACI 318-14

17.5.2.5
=1.00

17.5.2.1 (c)

Page 9 of 11

Anchor Bolt Design With Tension, Shear and Moment Not Using Anchor Reinforcement

Concrete cracking

c,v=concrete is cracked

=1.20

17.5.2.7

Member thickness

h,v=max[ (sqrt(1.5ca1 / ha) , 1.0 ]

=1.00

17.5.2.8
ACI 318-14

Conc shear breakout resistance

Vcbg-p2= 2xv,c

Avc
Avco

ec,v ed,v c,v h,v Vb

=9.55

[kips]

17.5.2.1 Eq 17.5.2.1b
17.5.2.1 (c)

Mode 3 Shear taken evenly by front anchor bolts, strength check against 0.5 x Vu

Bolt edge distance

ca1=min(c2 , c4)

=5.00

Limiting ca1 when anchors are influenced by 3 or more edges


Bolt edge distance - adjusted

ca1=ca1 needs NOT to be adjusted


1.5ca1=

[in]

=No

17.5.2.4

=5.00

[in]

17.5.2.4

=7.50

[in]

ACI 318-14

Avc=[min(c1,1.5ca1) + min(s1+c3,1.5ca1)]x =93.8

[in ]

min(1.5ca1, ha)
Avco=4.5ca12

ACI 318-14

17.5.2.1
ACI 318-14

=112.5

[in ]

=93.8

17.5.2.1 Eq 17.5.2.1c

[in ]

17.5.2.1

=8.00

[in]

17.5.2.2

Vb1=

=7.50

[kips]

17.5.2.2 Eq 17.5.2.2a

Vb2=

=6.36

[kips]

17.5.2.2 Eq 17.5.2.2b

=6.36

[kips]

17.5.2.2

Avc=min ( Avc, nbd Avco )


le=min( 8da , hef )

Vb=min( Vb1 , Vb2 )


Eccentricity effects

ec,v=1.0 shear acts through center of group

Edge effects

ed,v=

17.5.2.5
=1.00

17.5.2.1 (c)

Concrete cracking

c,v=concrete is cracked

=1.20

17.5.2.7

Member thickness

h,v=max[ (sqrt(1.5ca1 / ha) , 1.0 ]

=1.00

17.5.2.8
ACI 318-14

Conc shear breakout resistance

Vcbg-p3= 2xv,c

Avc
Avco

ec,v ed,v c,v h,v Vb

=9.55

[kips]

17.5.2.1 Eq 17.5.2.1b
17.5.2.1 (c)

Min shear breakout resistance

vcVcbgp=min(Vcbg-p1 ,Vcbg-p2 , Vcbg-p3 )x2 side

=19.09

[kips]

shear parallel to edge


ratio=0.79

>Vu

OK

Conc. Pryout Shear Resistance

ACI 318-14
kcp=2.0

Factored shear pryout resistance

v,cVcpg=v,c kcp Ncbg

6/3/2015

17.5.3.1

v,c=0.7

=30.67

pryout strength is always Condition B

[kips]

17.5.3.1 Eq 17.5.3.1b
17.3.3 (c)

Page 10 of 11

Anchor Bolt Design With Tension, Shear and Moment Not Using Anchor Reinforcement

Seismic design strength reduction

=x 0.75 applicable
ratio=0.65

Govern Shear Resistance

Vr=min ( Vsa , Vcbg , Vcbg-p , Vcpg )

=23.00
>Vu

=8.94

[kips]
OK

[kips]

Tension Shear Interaction


Check if Nu >0.2Nn and Vu >0.2 Vn

17.2.3.4.4

ACI 318-14
=Yes
N u / N n + Vu / Vn
ratio=1.95

17.6.1 & 17.6.2


=2.34
>1.2

17.6.3 Eq 17.6.3
NG

Seismic Design
Tension

Applicable

OK

Option D is selected.

ACI 318-14

User has to ensure that the tensile load Nu user input above includes the seismic load E, with E increased
by multiplying overstrength factor o

17.2.3.4.3(d)

Seismic SDC>=C and E>0.2U , Option D is selected to satisfy additional seismic requirements as
per 17.2.3.4.3

Shear

Applicable

OK

Option C is selected.
User has to ensure that the shear load Vu user input above includes the seismic load E, with E increased
by multiplying overstrength factor o

ACI 318-14
17.2.3.5.3(c)

Seismic SDC>=C and E>0.2U , Option C is selected to satisfy additional seismic requirements as
per 17.2.3.5.3

6/3/2015

Page 11 of 11

Vertical Vessel Circular Pattern Anchor Bolt Design - ACI 318-14

VERTICAL VESSEL CIRCULAR PATTERN ANCHOR BOLT DESIGN

Result Summary
Anchor Rod Embedment, Spacing and Edge Distance

Warn

ratio=0.73

Overall
Seismic Design

OK

Tension=

NA

Shear=

NA

Design Code Reference


Anchor bolt design based on

Code Abbreviation

ACI 318-14 Building Code Requirements for Structural Concrete and Commentary

ACI 318-14

PIP STE03350 Vertical Vessel Foundation Design Guide-2008

PIP STE03350

PIP STE05121 Anchor Bolt Design Guide-2006

PIP STE05121

ASCE Anchorage Design for Petrochemical Facilities-2013

ASCE Anchorage
Code Reference

Design Option

Select anchor bolt design code

ACI 318-14

Select design using or not using anchor reinforcement

Not Using Anchor Reinforcement

Concrete Mat or Pedestal Input

ANC

Select concrete mat shape


Octagon mat face-to-face distance
No of anchor bolt

6/3/2015

= Octagon Shape
Dp= 159.36

[in]

Nab= 12

Page 1 of 4

Vertical Vessel Circular Pattern Anchor Bolt Design - ACI 318-14

Anchor bolt bolt circle diameter

Dbc= 144.00

[in]

Anchor Bolt Forces Input


Anchor bolt loads input by

= Input Mu & Vu and Let Program Calc Single Bolt Tensile & Shear

Factored moment at base of vessel

Mu= 1328.0

[kip-ft]

Factored shear at base of vessel

Vu= 44.00

[kips]

Empty vessel weight

De= 98.00

[kips]

f'c= 5.2

[ksi]

Anchor Bolt Data Input


Concrete strength
Anchor bolt material
Anchor tensile strength

= F1554 Grade 36
futa=58.0

[ksi]

ACI 318-14

Anchor is ductile steel element


Anchor bolt diameter

da = 1 1/2 [in]

Anchor bolt has sleeve

= No

Anchor bolt head type

= Heavy Hex

Anchor effective cross section area


Anchor bolt head bearing area

2.3 & 17.3.3 (a)

Ase=1.410

[in ]

Abrg= 3.118

[in ]

Anchor bolt 1/8" (3mm) corrosion allowance = No

2
2

Min Required

PIP STE05121

Anchor bolt embedment depth

hef= 14.50

[in]

18.00

Warn

Pedestal height

ha= 18.00

[in]

17.50

OK

Supplementary reinforcement
For tension
For shear

ACI 318-14
= No

Condition B

17.3.3 (c)

c,v= 1.2

Condition A

17.5.2.7

Concrete cracking

= Uncracked

Provide built-up grout pad ?

= Yes

Seismic Input
Seismic design category SDC >= C

Page A -1 Table 1

17.4.2.6, 17.4.3.6,
17.5.2.7
17.5.1.3
ACI 318-14

= No

17.2.3.1

Design Basis and Assumptions

6/3/2015

Page 2 of 4

Vertical Vessel Circular Pattern Anchor Bolt Design - ACI 318-14


The design of circular pattern anchor bolt group uses the Method 2 Sawcut with hef and Neutral Axis at Center as stated in the
following references
1. ASCE Anchorage Design for Petrochemical Facilities - 2013

Example 2 Step 5(c) on Page 145

2. ASCE 2010 Structural Congress - Concrete Breakout Strength in Tension for Vertical Vessel Anchorage in Octagon Pedestals
The design of circular pattern anchor bolt group is simplified as design of a single anchor bolt with 3 side free edges sawcut at
midway between adjacent anchors. The simplified design method uses the following assumptions
1. The moment is resisted only by the anchor bolt group and it does not take into account the contribution of concrete compression
force against base plate in the moment equilibrium
2. The neutral axis is not shifted and is located at center of vessel
3. It does not consider strain compatibility between the concrete and steel elements which comprise the anchorage.
4. In the assumed 3 side free edges sawcut model, when anchor is located less than 1.5hef from three or more edges, the reduced
hef' is used to calculate concrete projected failure area ANC
The utilization ratio of simplified method used in this calculation is conservative compared to the accurate but more complex
approach. The detail comparison and analysis of this simplified method is addressed in reference 2 above.

CONCLUSION

View Detail Calc

Anchor Rod Embedment, Spacing and Edge Distance

Warn

ratio=0.73

OK

Anchor Rod Tensile Resistance

ratio=0.48

OK

Concrete Tensile Breakout Resistance

ratio=0.73

OK

Anchor Pullout Resistance

ratio=0.23

OK

Side Blowout Resistance

ratio=0.00

NA

Anchor Rod Shear Resistance

ratio=0.00

OK

Concrete Shear Breakout Resistance - Perpendicular To Edge

ratio=0.00

OK

Concrete Shear Breakout Resistance - Parallel To Edge

ratio=0.00

OK

Concrete Pryout Shear Resistance

ratio=0.00

OK

ratio=0.00

OK

Overall
Tension

Shear

Tension Shear Interaction


Tension Shear Interaction

Seismic Design
Tension

ACI 318-14
Not Applicable

NA

17.2.3.4

NA

17.2.3.5

Seismic SDC< C or E<=0.2U , additional seismic requirements in 17.2.3.4.3 is NOT required, as


per 17.2.3.1 & 17.2.3.4.1

Shear

Not Applicable

Seismic SDC< C or E<=0.2U , additional seismic requirements in 17.2.3.5.3 is NOT required, as


per 17.2.3.1 & 17.2.3.5.1

6/3/2015

Page 3 of 4

Vertical Vessel Circular Pattern Anchor Bolt Design - ACI 318-14

CACULATION

Single Anchor Bolt Tensile and Shear Load


Factored compression at top of
concrete pedestal
Factored frictional resistance

PIP STE03350

Pu =Mu /0.667 Dbc + 0.9 De /2

Vf= Pu = 0.75 x 0.55 x Pu


> Vu

=210.10

[kips]

Section 4.6.2 Eq 5

=86.67

[kips]

Section 4.6.2 Eq 6

shear load taken by the friction

Section 4.6.2 Eq 7

Factored single bolt tensile load

Nua=4 Mu / (Nab x Dbc) - 0.9 De / Nab

=29.54

[kips]

Factored single bolt shear load

Vua=shear load taken by the friction

=0.00

[kips]

c1=(Dp - Dbc) / 2

=7.68

[in]

c3=Dp - c1

=151.68

[in]

c2=

=19.29

[in]

c4=c2

=19.29

[in]

ACI 318-14

=12.86

[in]

17.4.2.3

Section 4.6.1 Eq 4

Single Anchor Bolt Edge Distances and Projected Failure Area


Anchor bolt edge distance

Effective embedment depth

hef'=

Octagon side edge length

Sp=Dp / (1+2)

=66.01

[in]

Octagon shape conc mat area

Ap =

=21038

[in ]

ANC=

=1026

[in ]

Projected conc failure area

6/3/2015

Page 4 of 4

Single Anchor Bolt Design With Tension and Shear Not Using Anchor Reinforcement

ANCHOR BOLT DESIGN

Combined Tension and Shear

Result Summary
Anchor Rod Embedment, Spacing and Edge Distance

Warn

ratio=0.73

Overall
Seismic Design

OK

Tension=

NA

Shear=

NA

Design Code Reference


Anchor bolt design based on

Code Abbreviation

ACI 318-14 Building Code Requirements for Structural Concrete and Commentary

ACI 318-14

PIP STE05121 Anchor Bolt Design Guide-2006

PIP STE05121
Code Reference

Anchor Bolt Data


Factored tensile force

Nu= 29.54

[kips]

Factored shear force

Vu= 0.00

[kips]

Concrete strength

f'c= 5.2

[ksi]

Anchor bolt material


Anchor tensile strength

= F1554 Grade 36
futa=58.0

[ksi]

ACI 318-14

Anchor is ductile steel element


Anchor bolt diameter
Anchor bolt has sleeve

2.3 & 17.3.3 (a)

da = 1 1/2 [in]
= No

PIP STE05121
Min Required

Anchor bolt edge distance c1

c1= 7.68

[in]

Anchor bolt edge distance c2

c2= 19.29

[in]

Anchor bolt edge distance c3

c3= 151.68

[in]

Anchor bolt edge distance c4

c4= 19.29

[in]

hef= 14.50

[in]

Anchor bolt embedment depth

6.00

18.00

PIP STE05121
OK

Warn

Page A -1 Table 1

ACI 318-14

ci 1.5hef for at least two edges to avoid reducing of hef when Nu > 0

17.4.2.3

Anchor bolt adjusted hef for design

hef=12.86

[in]

17.4.2.3

Concrete thickness

ha= 18.00

[in]

Anchor bolt head type


Anchor effective cross section area
Anchor bolt head bearing area

6/3/2015

17.50

OK

Heavy Hex

Ase=1.410

[in ]

Abrg= 3.118

[in ]

2
2

Page 1 of 6

Single Anchor Bolt Design With Tension and Shear Not Using Anchor Reinforcement

ACI 318-14

= No

Condition B

17.3.3 (c)

c,v= 1.2

Condition A

17.5.2.7

Anchor bolt 1/8" (3mm) corrosion allowance = No


Supplementary reinforcement
For tension
For shear

ACI 318-14

Provide built-up grout pad ?

= Yes

Concrete cracking

= Uncracked

17.5.1.3
17.4.2.6, 17.4.3.6,

17.5.2.7
ACI 318-14

Seismic design category SDC >= C

= No

17.2.3.1

Strength reduction factors

ACI 318-14

s=0.75

Anchor reinforcement

17.4.2.9 & 17.5.2.9

Anchor rod - ductile steel

t,s=0.75

v,s=0.65

17.3.3 (a)

Concrete

t,c=0.70 Cdn-B

v,c=0.75 Cdn-A

17.3.3 (c)

CONCLUSION
Anchor Rod Embedment, Spacing and Edge Distance

Warn

ratio=0.73

OK

Anchor Rod Tensile Resistance

ratio=0.48

OK

Concrete Tensile Breakout Resistance

ratio=0.73

OK

Anchor Pullout Resistance

ratio=0.23

OK

Side Blowout Resistance

ratio=0.00

NA

Anchor Rod Shear Resistance

ratio=0.00

OK

Concrete Shear Breakout Resistance - Perpendicular To Edge

ratio=0.00

OK

Concrete Shear Breakout Resistance - Parallel To Edge

ratio=0.00

OK

Concrete Pryout Shear Resistance

ratio=0.00

OK

ratio=0.00

OK

Overall
Tension

Shear

Tension Shear Interaction


Tension Shear Interaction

Seismic Design
Tension

ACI 318-14
Not Applicable

NA

17.2.3.4

NA

17.2.3.5

Seismic SDC< C or E<=0.2U , additional seismic requirements in 17.2.3.4.3 is NOT required, as


per 17.2.3.1 & 17.2.3.4.1

Shear

6/3/2015

Not Applicable

Page 2 of 6

Single Anchor Bolt Design With Tension and Shear Not Using Anchor Reinforcement
Seismic SDC< C or E<=0.2U , additional seismic requirements in 17.2.3.5.3 is NOT required, as
per 17.2.3.1 & 17.2.3.5.1

Assumptions

ACI 318-14
17.4.2.6, 17.4.3.6,

1. Concrete is uncracked

17.5.2.7

2. Condition B - no supplementary reinforcement provided

17.3.3 (c)

3. Load combinations shall be per ACI 318-14 5.3.1

17.3.3

4. Tensile load acts through center of bolt group ec,N =1.0

17.4.2.4

5. Shear load acts through center of bolt group ec,V =1.0

17.5.2.5

CACULATION
Anchor Rod Tensile Resistance

ACI 318-14

t,s

Nsa=

t,s

Ase futa

ratio=0.48

=61.34
>Nu

[kips]
OK

Concrete Tensile Breakout Resistance

ACI 318-14
Nb=24fc hef1.5 if hef <11" or hef>25"

=81.44

[kips]

fc hef(5/3) if 11" hef 25"

ANCO=9 hef2

[in ]

ANC=min ( ANC, 1x ANCO )

=1026.0

[in ]

cmin=min( c1, c2, c3, c4 )

=7.68

[in]

ec,N=1.0 for no eccentric load

Edge effects

ed,N=min[ (0.7+0.3cmin/1.5hef), 1.0 ]

Concrete cracking
Concrete splitting

Concrete breakout resistance

[in ]

=1488.4

Eccentricity effects

17.4.2.1 Eq 17.4.2.1c

17.4.2.1

17.4.2.4
=0.82

17.4.2.5

c,N=1.25 for uncracked concrete

17.4.2.6

cp,N=1.00 for cast-in anchor

tcNcbg= tc

Seismic design strength reduction

ANC
ANCO

ec,N ed,N c,N cp,N Nb

=x 1.0 not applicable


ratio=0.73

17.4.2.7

=40.25

[kips]

17.4.2.1 Eq 17.4.2.1b

=40.25

[kips]

17.2.3.4.4

>Nu

OK

Anchor Pullout Resistance


Single bolt pullout resistance

ACI 318-14
N p=8 Abrg fc'

t,c Npn=

6/3/2015

17.4.2.2 Eq 17.4.2.2a
17.4.2.2 Eq 17.4.2.2b

refer to octagon conc mat input section


ANC=
=1026.0
for detail calc of ANC

Min edge distance

17.4.1.2 Eq 17.4.1.2

t,c

c,p Np

=129.71

[kips]

17.4.3.4 Eq 17.4.3.4

=127.11

[kips]

17.4.3.1 Eq 17.4.3.1

c,p=1.40 for uncracked concrete

17.4.3.6

17.3.3(c)

t,c=0.70

pullout strength is always Condition B

Page 3 of 6

Single Anchor Bolt Design With Tension and Shear Not Using Anchor Reinforcement

Seismic design strength reduction

=x 1.0 not applicable


ratio=0.23

=127.11
>Nu

[kips]

17.2.3.4.4

OK

Side Blowout Resistance


c=min ( c1, c2, c3, c4 )
hef=14.50

Check if side blowout applicable

<2.5c
Single anchor SB resistance

[in]

[in]

ACI 318-14

side bowout is NOT applicable

17.4.4.1

t,c Nsb=

=0.00

=( 1+ ca2 / ca1 ) / 4

Edge reduction factor

=7.68

[kips]

=0.88

17.4.4.1 Eq 17.4.4.1
17.4.4.1

SB resistance after edge reduction

tcNsb= t,c Nsb x [1+ca2 / ca1] / 4

=0.00

[kips]

17.4.4.1

Seismic design strength reduction

=x 1.0 not applicable

=0.00

[kips]

17.2.3.4.4

Nu

NA

ratio=0.00

Nr=min ( Nsa, Ncb, Npn, Nsb )

Govern Tensile Resistance

=40.25

[kips]

Anchor Rod Shear Resistance

ACI 318-14

Reduction due to built-up grout pad

v,sVsa= v,s

0.6 Ase futa

=x 0.8 , applicable
ratio=0.00

=31.89

[kips]

17.5.1.2 (b)

=25.52

[kips]

17.5.1.3

>Vu

OK

Conc. Shear Breakout Resistance - Perpendicular To Edge

Bolt edge distance

ca1=c1

Limiting ca1 when anchors are influenced by 3 or more edges


Bolt edge distance - adjusted

ca1=ca1 needs NOT to be adjusted


1.5ca1=

6/3/2015

=7.68

[in]

=No

ACI 318-14
17.5.2.4

=7.68

[in]

17.5.2.4

=11.52

[in]

ACI 318-14

Page 4 of 6

Single Anchor Bolt Design With Tension and Shear Not Using Anchor Reinforcement
Avc=[min(c2,1.5ca1)+ s2 +min(c4,1.5ca1)]x =265.4

[in ]

min(1.5ca1, ha)
Avco=4.5ca12

17.5.2.1
ACI 318-14

=265.4

[in ]

=265.4

17.5.2.1 Eq 17.5.2.1c

[in ]

17.5.2.1

=12.00

[in]

17.5.2.2

Vb1=

=19.94

[kips]

17.5.2.2 Eq 17.5.2.2a

Vb2=

=13.81

[kips]

17.5.2.2 Eq 17.5.2.2b

=13.81

[kips]

17.5.2.2

Avc=min ( Avc, 1x Avco )


le=min( 8da , hef )

Vb=min( Vb1 , Vb2 )


Eccentricity effects

ec,v=1.0 shear acts through center of group

Edge effects

ed,v=min[ (0.7+0.3c2/1.5c1), 1.0 ]

17.5.2.5
=1.00

17.5.2.6

Concrete cracking

c,v=concrete is uncracked

=1.40

17.5.2.7

Member thickness

h,v=max[ (sqrt(1.5c1 / ha) , 1.0 ]

=1.00

17.5.2.8
ACI 318-14

Conc shear breakout resistance

Vcb= v,c

Avc
Avco

ec,v ed,v c,v h,v Vb

=14.50

[kips]

17.5.2.1 Eq 17.5.2.1b

- perpendicular to edge
ratio=0.00

>Vu

OK

Conc. Shear Breakout Resistance - Parallel To Edge

Bolt edge distance

ca1=min(c2 , c4)

Limiting ca1 when anchors are influenced by 3 or more edges


Bolt edge distance - adjusted

ca1=ca1 needs NOT to be adjusted


1.5ca1=

=19.29

[in]

=No

17.5.2.4

=19.29

[in]

17.5.2.4

=28.94

[in]

ACI 318-14

Avc=[min(c1,1.5ca1) + s1+ min(c3,1.5ca1)]x =659.1

[in ]

min(1.5ca1, ha)
Avco=4.5ca12

ACI 318-14

17.5.2.1
ACI 318-14

=1674.5

[in ]

=659.1

17.5.2.1 Eq 17.5.2.1c

[in ]

17.5.2.1

=12.00

[in]

17.5.2.2

Vb1=

=79.39

[kips]

17.5.2.2 Eq 17.5.2.2a

Vb2=

=54.98

[kips]

17.5.2.2 Eq 17.5.2.2b

=54.98

[kips]

17.5.2.2

Avc=min ( Avc, nbd Avco )


le=min( 8da , hef )

Vb=min( Vb1 , Vb2 )


Eccentricity effects

ec,v=1.0 shear acts through center of group

Edge effects

ed,v=

17.5.2.5
=1.00

17.5.2.1 (c)

Concrete cracking

c,v=concrete is uncracked

=1.40

17.5.2.7

Member thickness

h,v=max[ (sqrt(1.5ca1 / ha) , 1.0 ]

=1.27

17.5.2.8

6/3/2015

Page 5 of 6

Single Anchor Bolt Design With Tension and Shear Not Using Anchor Reinforcement

ACI 318-14
Conc shear breakout resistance

Vcb-p= 2xv,c

Avc
Avco

ec,v ed,v c,v h,v Vb

=57.62

[kips]

- parallel to edge

17.5.2.1 (c)
ratio=0.00

>Vu

OK

Conc. Pryout Shear Resistance

ACI 318-14
kcp=2.0

Factored shear pryout resistance

17.5.3.1

v,cVcp=v,c kcp Ncb

Seismic design strength reduction

v,c=0.7

=80.51

[kips]

pryout strength is always Condition B

=x 1.0 not applicable


ratio=0.00

Govern Shear Resistance

Vr=min ( Vsa , Vcb , Vcb-p , Vcp )

=80.51
>Vu

=14.50

17.5.3.1 Eq 17.5.3.1b
17.3.3 (c)

[kips]

17.2.3.4.4

OK

[kips]

Tension Shear Interaction


Check if Nu >0.2Nn and Vu >0.2 Vn

17.5.2.1 Eq 17.5.2.1b

ACI 318-14
=No
N u / N n + Vu / Vn
ratio=0.00

17.6.1 & 17.6.2


=0.00
<1.2

17.6.3 Eq 17.6.3
OK

Seismic Design
Tension

Not Applicable

NA

Seismic SDC< C or E<=0.2U , additional seismic requirements in 17.2.3.4.3 is NOT required, as


per 17.2.3.1 & 17.2.3.4.1

Shear

Not Applicable

NA

Seismic SDC< C or E<=0.2U , additional seismic requirements in 17.2.3.5.3 is NOT required, as


per 17.2.3.1 & 17.2.3.5.1

6/3/2015

Page 6 of 6