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What does it mean?

A text which analyses, persuades the


reader that something is the case,
gives a point of view and
substantiates what is claimed with
reference to relevant authorities
(readings).

An analytical text can be


found in scientific books,
journals, magazines,
newspaper articles,
academic speech or
lectures, research report
etc.

The generic structure of


analytical exposition

Thesis
Introduces the topic and
shows speaker or writers
position;
Outlines of the arguments
are presented.

Arguments
consists about Point and
Elaboration
Point, states the main
argument
Elaboration, develops and
supports each point of
argument

Reiteration or
conclusion

Reiteration
(restatement),
restates speaker or
writers position

The purpose of
analytical text
to persuade by presenting arguments
to analyze or explain how and why

Generic Features of
Analytical Exposition
It uses mental processes. It is used to

state what the writer or speaker thinks


or feels about something. For example:
realize, feel etc.

It usually uses Simple Present Tense

and Present Perfect Tense.


Enumeration is sometimes necessary
to show the list of given arguments:
Firstly, secondly , Finally, etc.

Evaluative language is another way to


persuade people agree with the writers
opinion e.g. This is the worst, Its true,
Its important, Its clear, I believe, It is
obvious that etc.

Language features
1. Emotive words (e.g. worried,

alarmed etc)
2. Words that qualify statements
(e.g. usual, probably etc)
3. Words that link arguments (e.g.
firstly, however, therefore etc)

Example
The Importance of English
Thesis { I personally think that English is the worlds
most important language. Why do I say that?
Argument 1 { Firstly, English is an international
language. It is spoken by many people all around the
world, either as a first or second language.
Argument 2 { Secondly, English is also the key which
opens doors to scientific and technical knowledge, which
is needed for the economic and political development of
many countries in the world.
Argument 3 { Thirdly, English is a top requirement of
those seeking jobs. Applicants who master either active or
passive English are more favorable than those who do not.
Conclusion { From the fact above, it is obvious that
everybody needs to learn English to greet the global era.

Note

Enumerations such as Firstly,


secondly, thirdly etc are
sometimes given to show the
list of given arguments
Present Tense: I think, English is
international language,
Everybody needs to learn
English etc.