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Section A[40 marks]

Bahagian A[40 markah]


Answer all questions
Jawab semua soalan
1. Diagram 1 shows the carbon cycle.
Rajah 1 menunjukkan kitar karbon.

Diagram 1/Rajah 1
a) Complete the carbon cycle in Diagram 1 by using the following words.
Lengkapkan kitar karbon dalam Rajah 1dengan menggunakan perkataan-perkataan
berikut.
Respiration
Respirasi

Combustion
Pembakaran

Photosynthesis
Fotosintesis
[3 marks/3 markah]

b) State two functions of plants in the carbon cycle.


Nyatakan dua fungsi tumbuhan dalam kitar karbon.
_________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________
[2 marks/2 markah]

c) Based on the carbon cycle, sate two effects of deforestation.


Berdasarkan kitar karbon, nyatakan dua kesan penebangan hutan.
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
[2 marks/2 markah]

2. Diagram 2 shows some foods.


Rajah 2 menunjukkan beberapa contoh makanan.
a) Which food is rich in carbohydrates? Tick ( ) in the box provided.
Antara yang berikut, manakah yang kaya dengan karbohidrat? Tandakan () di dalam
kotak yang disediakan.

Diagram 2/Rajah 2
[1 mark/1 markah]

b) Circle the words in the box below to show two other foods that are rich in carbohydrates.
Bulatkan perkataan di dalam kotak di bawah untuk menunjukkan dua contoh makanan
yang kaya dengan karbohidrat.
Milk
Susu

Rice
Nasi

Potato
Ubi kentang

Egg
Telur
[2 marks/2 markah]

c) State the function of carbohydrates


Nyatakan fungsi bagi karbohidrat.
____________________________________________________________________
[1 mark/1 markah]

d) State one class of food that has the same function as carbohydrates.
Nyatakan satu kelas makanan yang mempunyai fungsi yang sama dengan karbohidrat.
____________________________________________________________________
[1 mark/1 markah]

3. a) i)Diagram 3.1 shows the human digestive system. Draw lines to match the parts of the digestive
system with the functions.
Rajah 3.1 menunjukkan sistem pencernaan manusia.Padankan bahagian sistem pencernaan
dengan fungsinya.

Diagram 3.1/Rajah 3.1


ii) Name the part in which bile is stored.
Namakan bahagian di mana hempedu disimpan.

[3 marks/3 markah]

__________________________________________________________________________________
[1 mark/1 markah]

b) Diagram 3.2 shows an experiment conducted to show the absorption of digested food
through a Visking tubing.

Diagram 3.2/Rajah 3.2


i)

What is represented by the Visking tubing?


Apakah yang diwakili oleh salur Visking?
____________________________________________________________________________
[1 mark/1 markah]

ii)

What substance diffuses through the Visking tube?


Apakah bahan yang meresap melalui salur Visking?
____________________________________________________________________________
[1 mark/1 markah]

iii)

Explain your answer in (b) (ii).


Terangkan jawapan anda di (b)(ii).
_______________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________
[2 marks/2 markah]

4. Diagram 4 shows a food web in a cabbage farm.


Rajah 4 menunjukkan siratan makanan di suatu kebun kubis.

Caterpillar
Beluncas
Cabbage
Kobis

Chicken
Ayam

Snail
Siput

Diagram 4/Rajah 4

Snake
Ular

a) List all the organisms that act as


Senaraikan semua organisma yang merupakan
i.

the producer in the food web


pengeluar dalam siratan makanan
______________________________________________________________________
[1 mark/1 markah]

ii.

the consumer in the food web


pengguna di dalam siratan makanan tersebut
______________________________________________________________________
[1 mark/1 markah]

b) Based on diagram 4, write one food chain involving the snail.


Berdasarkan Rajah 4, tuliskan satu rantai makanan yang melibatkan siput.
_________________________________________________________________________
[1 mark/1 markah]

c) From Diagram 4, give one pair of organisms that shows the prey-predator relationship.
Dari Rajah 4, berikan satu pasangan organisma yang menunjukkan hubungan mangsapemangsa.
_________________________________________________________________________
[1 mark/1 markah]

d) Suggest one reason why the farmer need not use any pesticide in his farm.
Cadangkan satu sebab mengapa pekebun tidak perlu menggunakan sebarang racun
perosak di kebunnya.
____________________________________________________________________
[1 mark/1 markah]

e) What happens to the number of organisms in Diagram 4 food chain if all the snakes were
trapped?
Apakah yang akan berlaku kepada bilangan organisma dalam rantai makanan Rajah 4
sekiranya semua ular telah diperangkap?
i.

Chicken :_________________________________________________________
Ayam

ii.

Cabbage: _________________________________________________________
Kobis
[2 mark/2 markah]

f) What happens to the equilibrium of the environment if one group of organisms dies?
Apakah yang akan berlaku ke atas keseimbangan alam jika satu organisma di dalamnya
terhapus?
____________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________
[1 mark/1 markah]

5. Diagram 5 shows an experiment carried out to study the electrolysis of water.


Rajah 5 menunjukkan satu eksperimen untuk mengkaji elektrolisis air.

Diagram 5/Rajah 5
a) Name electrode X and electrode Y
Namakan elektrod X dan elektrod Y.
i) Electrode X :__________________________________________________
Elektrod X
ii) Electrode Y :__________________________________________________
Elektrod Y
[2 marks/2 markah]

b) State the gas released in test tubes P and Q


Namakan gas yang terhasil di dalam tabung uji P dan tabung uji Q.
i.

Test tube P :__________________________________________________


Tabung uji P

ii.

Test tube Q :__________________________________________________


Tabung uji Q
[2 marks/2 markah]

c) What is the reaction of gas in test tube Q with a glowing splinter?


Apakah tindak balas gas di dalam tabung uji Q dengan kayu uji berbara?
____________________________________________________________________
[1 mark/1 markah]

d) What is the ratio of the gases collected at positive electrode to negative electrode?
Apakah nisbah gas yang terkumpul pada elektrod positif dan elektrod negatif?
____________________________________________________________________
5

[1 mark/1 markah]

e) Why was the distilled water acidified with sulphuric acid?


Mengapakah air suling dijadikan berasid dengan menggunakan asid sulfurik?
____________________________________________________________________
[1 mark/1 markah]

6.

Diagram 6 shows three containers, X,Y and Z, which contain the same volume of water. All the
containers are placed in the hot sun for 2 hours.
Rajah 6 menunjukkan tiga bekas, X,Y dan Z, yang mempunyai isipadu air yang sama. Kesemua bekasbekas ini diletakkan di bawah panas matahari selama 2 jam.

Diagram 6 / Rajah 6
a) i) Which container will contain the smallest volume of water after 2 hours?
Bekas manakah yang akan mengandungi isipadu air yang paling kecil selepas 2 jam.
______________________________________________________________________
[1 mark/1 markah]

ii) Give one reason for your answer in (a)(i).


Berikan satu sebab bagi jawapan anda di (a)(i).
____________________________________________________________________
[1 mark/1 markah]

b) Aina hangs her wet shirt on a clothes line under the sunlight. Explain how the situation can
help Aina to dry her shirt.
Aina menggantung bajunya yang basah di ampaian di bawah cahaya matahari. Terangkan
bagaimana situasi ini dapat membantu Aina mengeringkan bajunya.
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
[2 marks/2 markah]

c) Dried fish are made by exposing the fish in the sun. Explain one method to make the fish
dry faster.
Ikan kering dihasilkan dengan menjemur ikan di bawah cahaya matahari. Terangkan satu
kaedah supaya ikan mengering dengan lebih cepat.
______________________________________________________________________
[1 mark/1 markah]

Section B[20 marks]


Bahagian B[20 markah]
7.

Diagram 7 shows animals P,Q,R,S and T.


Rajah 7 menunjukkan haiwan-haiwan P,Q,R,S dan T.

Diagram 7 / Rajah 7
a) State one characteristic of any four of animals P, Q, R, S and T.
Nyatakan satu ciri bagi mana-mana empat haiwan P, Q, R, S dan T
P : ......................................................................................................................................
Q : ......................................................................................................................................
R : ......................................................................................................................................
S : ......................................................................................................................................
T : ......................................................................................................................................
[4 marks/4 markah]

b) Classify animals P, Q, R, S and T into two groups based on common characteristics. Name
the animals belonging to each group.
Kelaskan haiwan P, Q, R, S dan T kepada dua kumpulan berdasarkan ciri-ciri sepunya.
Namakan haiwan yang tergolong dalam setiap kumpulan.
P, Q, R, S and T
P, Q, R, S dan T

Common
characteristics
Ciri-ciri sepunya

Name of animals
Nama haiwan

[4 marks/4 markah]

8. A student carries out an experiment. Diagram 8.1 shows the apparatus set up by the student and the
initial temperature of the distilled water. The distilled water is cooled.
Seorang murid menjalankan satu eksperimen. Rajah 8.1 menunjukkan susunan radas dan bacaan suhu
awal air suling. Air suling itu disejukkan.

Diagram 8 / Rajah 8
a) Record the initial temperature of the distilled water.
Rekodkan bacaan suhu awal air suling.
______________________________________________________________________
[1 mark/1 markah]

b) Table 8.1 shows the results of the experiment.


Jadual 8.1 menunjukkan hasil eksperimen.
Time(minutes)
Masa (minit)
Temperature of distilled water (oC)
Suhu air suling (oC)

10

Table 8.1/Jadual 8.1


State the variables in this experiment.
Nyatakan pemboleh ubah dalam eksperimen ini.
Manipulated variable :
Pembolehubah
dimanipulasi

Responding variable :
Pembolehubah
Bergerakbalas

Fixed variable

Pembolehubah
dimalarkan

..
:
[3 marks/3 markah]

c) What is the hypothesis that can be made in this experiment?


Apakah hipotesis yang dapat dibuat bagi eksperimen ini?
______________________________________________________________________
[1 mark/1 markah]

d) Draw a graph of temperature against time based on the results shown in the Table 8.1.
Lukiskan graf suhu melawan masa berdasarkan keputusan yang ditunjukkan dalam jadual
8.1

10

Temperature (oC)/ Suhu (oC)

Temperature (oC) / Suhu (oC)

9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0

6
8
10
Time(min)/ Masa(min)

12
[3 marks/3 markah]

e) Based on the graph drawn in (d).


Berdasarkan graf yang dilukis di (d)
i.

Predict the temperature of the distilled water at the 12th minute.


Ramalkan suhu bagi air suling pada minit ke 12
______________________________________________________________
[1 mark/1 markah]

ii.

State the relationship between the temperature and the time


Nyatakan hubungan di antara suhu dan masa.
______________________________________________________________
[1 mark/1 markah]

f) Why the table salt is is added to the ice?


Mengapakah garam biasa ditambahkan ke dalam ais?
______________________________________________________________________
[1 mark/1 markah]

g) Write one conclusion for this experiment.


Tulis satu kesimpulan untuk eksperimen ini.
______________________________________________________________________
[1 mark/1 markah]

END OF QUESTION PAPER


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