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TUGAS PENDIDIKAN KEWARGANEGARAAN

WAWASAN NUSANTARA

Disusun Oleh :
AUFA ANAM
HARYA BIMASUCI
DIMAS FAJAR DIRGANTARA
MUADZ IZHARUDIN
MUHAMMAD ILHANUL HAKIM

26020110130076
26020110130071
26020110130074
26020110120064
26020110130097

PROGRAM STUDI ILMU KELAUTAN


JURUSAN ILMU KELAUTAN
FAKULTAS PERIKANAN DAN ILMU KELAUTAN
UNIVERSITAS DIPONEGORO
SEMARANG
2013

LEMBAR PENGESAHAN DAN PENILAIAN

NO.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.

MATERI

NILAI

Pendahuluan
Tinjauan Pustaka
Materi Dan Metode
Hasil
Pembahasan
Kesimpulan
Lampiran
Total

Semarang, 9 Juli 2012

Koordinator Mata Kuliah

Koordinator Praktikum

Dr. Rudhi Pribadi

Tutus Wijanarko

NIP. 196411201991031001

NIM. K2D 008 078

DAFTAR ISI
COVER

...............................................................

LEMBAR PENGESAHAN ...............................................................

ii

DAFTAR ISI

..................................................................

iii

BAB 1 PENDAHULUAN

...............................................................

1.1 Latar Belakang

...............................................................

1.2 Tujuan

...............................................................

BAB 2 TINJAUAN PUSTAKA ...........................................................

2.1. Ekosistem Terumbu Karang ...................................................

2.1.1. Terumbu Karang .........................................................

2.1.2. Invertebrata ...............................................................

10

2.1.3. Ikan ............ ................................................................

24

2.2. Ekosistem Mangrove .............................................................

27

2.2.1 Vegetasi Mangrove ......................................................

27

2.2.2 Crustasea

...............................................................

45

2.2.3 Gastropoda ...............................................................

49

2.2.4 Perifiton

...............................................................

57

2.2.5 Sedimen

...............................................................

59

2.2.6 Bivalvia

...............................................................

67

2.3. Sosial Ekonomi Masyarakat ....................................................

70

2.4. Penyu

...............................................................

72

2.5. Coastal Cleanup

...............................................................

80

BAB 3 MATERI DAN METODE ........................................................

82

3.1 Waktu dan Tempat

...............................................................

82

3.2 Alat dan Bahan

...............................................................

82

3.2.1 Ekosistem Terumbu Karang .......................................

82

3.2.2 Ekosistem Mangrove .................................................

84

3.2.3 Coastal CleanUp .......................................................

87

3.3 Metode .................... ................................................................

87

3.3.1 Ekosistem Terumbu Karang .......................................

87

3.3.2 Ekosistem Mangrove .................................................

88

3.3.3 Coastal Cleanup ........................................................

90

BAB IV HASIL

...............................................................

92

4.1 Ekosistem Terumbu Karang ...................................................

92

4.1.1 Karang
4.1.2

...............................................................

Ikan Karang ...........................................................

4.1.3. Invert

92
95

...............................................................

96

4.2 Ekosistem Mangrove...............................................................

98

4.2.1 Vegetasi Mangrove ....................................................

98

4.2.2 Crustasea ...............................................................

103

4.2.3 Gastropoda ...............................................................

106

4.2.4 Perifiton

...............................................................

107

4.2.5 Sedimen

...............................................................

109

4.2.6 Bivalvia

...............................................................

111

4.3 Sosial Ekonomi Masyarakat .....................................................

111

4.4 Penyu

...............................................................

111

4.5 Coastal Cleanup

...............................................................

113

BAB 5 PEMBAHASAN

...............................................................

114

5.1 Ekosistem Terumbu Karang .....................................................


5.1.1 Karang

114

...............................................................

114

5.1.2 Ikan Karang ..............................................................

115

5.1.3 Invert

...............................................................

117

5.2 Ekosistem Mangrove...............................................................

118

5.2.1 Vegetasi Mangrove ...................................................

118

5.2.2 Crustasea ...............................................................

121

5.2.3 Gastropoda ...............................................................

123

5.2.4 Perifiton

...............................................................

126

5.2.5 Sedimen

................................................................

126

5.2.6 Bivalvia

................................................................

128

5.3 Sosial Ekonomi Masyarakat ....................................................

129

5.4 Penyu

...............................................................

129

5.5 Coastal Cleanup

...............................................................

132

...............................................................

133

BAB 6 KESIMPULAN

6.1 Ekosistem Terumbu Karang .....................................................

133

6.2 Ekosistem Mangrove...............................................................

134

6.3 Sosial Ekonomi Masyarakat .....................................................

135

6.4 Penyu

...............................................................

135

6.5 Coastal Cleanup

...............................................................

135

...............................................................

136

LAMPIRAN ........................................................................................

141

DAFTAR PUSTAKA