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APPLIED CHEMISTRY I

NOTES
WATER TECHNOLOGY
1ST SEMESTER

TOPIC COVERED
SOURCES OF WATER
TYPE OF IMPURITIES
USES
SPECIFICATION OF WATER IN
INDUSTRIES
ANALYSIS OF WATER
TYPES OF HARDNESS
HOW TO EXPRESS HARDNESS OF
WATER ?
DIVALENT CATIONS (FORMULA)
FOR OTHER CATIONS (FORMULA)
UNITS OF HARDNESS
OLDER UNITS OF WATER
DETERMINATION OF HARDNESS OF
WATER
HOW TO PERFORM EXPERIMENT TO
TEST HARDNESS OF WATER
NUMERICAL QUESTIONS ON
HARDNESS OF WATER (SOLVED)
ALKANITY OF H20/BASICITY
DETERMINATION OF ALKANITY
FIVE CASES
NUMERICAL QUESTION ON
HARDNESS OF WATER ( SOLVED )
BOILER FEED WATER
WATER FOR BOILER
PHOSPHATE
CLGON
BOILER CORROSION
HOW TO GET RID OF BOILER
CORROSION
WATER SOFTENING PROCESS
PRINCIPLE BEHIND ZEOLITE
METHOD
REGENERATION OF ZEOLITE
LIMITATIONS
ADVANTAGES
DISADVANTAGES
ION EXCHANGE METHOD OR
DEIONISATION METHOD
ADVANTAGES
DISADVANTAGES

LIME AND SODA METHOD


TO CALCULATE AMOUNT OF LIME
TO CALCULATE AMOUNT OF SODA
COLD LIME SODA METHOD AND
HOT LIME SODA METHOD
CAUSTIC EMBRITTLEMENT
HOW IT CORRODES THE MATERIAL
PREVENTION METHOD
PRIMING AND FOAMING
EFFECTS OF PRIMING AND
FOAMING
PREVENTION OF PRIMING
PREVENTION OF FOAMING
BOILER CORROSION
DISADVANTAGES
HOW CAN CO2 REMOVED
DISSOLVED OXYGEN
REMOVAL OF O2
DISSOLVED H+
REMOVAL OF H+
WATER FOR DOMESTIC USE