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World Religions

Judaism @

Animism
Hinduism

Buddhism

Islam A
Christianity =
Sikhism

Religion in the World Today

Click here to see the spread of religions


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CHRISTIANS

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Religion

Date Founded

Sacred Texts

Approximate
Membership

Place of
Worship

Local Religious
Leader
Pastor, priest,
minister, elder

Christianity

30 CE

The Bible

2.1 billion

Church,
Cathedral,
Mission, Temple

Islam

622 CE

Qur'an & Hadith

1.6 billion

mosque

Imam

Hinduism

1500 BCE with


truly ancient
roots

Bhagavad-Gita,
Upanishads, & Rig
Veda

950 million

Mandir(a)
Temple

priest

Buddhism

523 BCE

The Tripitaka
(consisting of the
Vinaya, the Sutras,
and the Abhidharma)

Between 400
million and 1.6
billion [there
are no clear
statistics]

Pagoda
Stupa
Temple

Monk

Tribal
Religions,
Shamanism,
Animism

Prehistory

Oral tradition

232 million

In nature

Shaman

Sikhism

1500 CE

Guru Granth Sahib

24 million

Gurdwaras

Granthi
(reader)

Judaism

Note 3

Torah, Tanach, &


Talmud

14.5 million

Synagogue

Rabbi

Confucianism

520 BCE

Lun Yu

6.3 million

Temple, Shrine,
Seowon

Taoism

550 BCE

Tao-te-Ching

2.7 million

Judaism @
Christianity =
Islam A

Southwest Asia is
the birthplace of
the three major
monotheistic
religions of the
worldand all
exist there today
...
How might that
lead to conflict?

The pyramids were built by labor of the Hebrews before Moses


led them out of Egypt to the Promised Land in what is now
Israel. There Jewish people built Jerusalem and practiced
religion under great leaders and kings like Saul and David.
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The Birth of Christ


The birth of Christ and
his life and teachings
became the basis for the
Christian Church.
Christianity spread
throughout the Roman
Empire after it became
the official religion and
the Roman Catholic
Church became a major
political and religious
force in medieval
Europe.
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Islam: the first globalization?

2011 Houston Independent School District

@
Jerusalem is also a holy city for Christians. Christ was crucified by the
Romans there and the first Christian churches were there. After the
prophet Muhammad died in 632 and Islam began to spread, Muslims also
included Jerusalem and the Dome of the Rock a holy place for Islam.
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The Architecture of
Worship

2011 Houston Independent School District

2007 Houston Independent School District

Secondary Social Studies

2007 Houston Independent School District

Secondary Social Studies

In many Catholic churches, especially


Cathedrals, the three doors represent the
Trinity God the Father, the Son, and the
Holy Spirit. The spires or towers point
toward Heaven and the symbol of Christ
on the cross reminds followers of his
sacrifice for them.

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2011 Houston Independent School District

Hagia Sophia - Turkey


A place of worship in
transition from
Christian to Muslim

2011 Houston Independent School District

2011 Houston Independent School District

2011 Houston Independent School District

2007 Houston Independent School District

2011 Houston Independent School District

2011 Houston Independent School District

Religion in South Asia

HINDUISM

BUDDHISM

ISLAM
Sikhism

2007 Houston Independent School District

2007 Houston Independent School District

HINDUISM
Belief in many gods
Rooted in the Aryan culture
Belief in reincarnation - rebirth of souls
after death
Belief in karma - moral consequences
for ones actions
Belief that people are born into a
certain social class (Caste)
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Caste System
A cornerstone of the Hindu religion and the
culture of India
Four classes (castes) based on occupation

Priests and Scholars (Brahmans)


Rulers and Warriors (Kshatriyas)
Farmers and merchants (Vaisyas)
Artisans and laborers (Sudra)
Untouchables are below and outside of caste
system

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Hindu Gods: Brahma, Vishnu, Shiva

2007 Houston Independent School District

Buddhism Began in India


Siddartha Gautama
The Enlightened
One Buddha
The Four Noble
Truths
Eightfold Path
Belief in Nirvana
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ISLAM
Spread to India via trade routes
Historically important to India
People in present-day Pakistan and
Bangladesh (both part of India until
1947) are mostly Muslim
Many former rulers of India (Mughals)
were Muslim
Today Muslims are a religious minority
in India
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Sikhism is a relatively new


religion when compared to the
other major world religions.
Sikhs originated in India during
th
the Mughal period [15 century].
There are a large number of
Sikhs in the U.S., largely
immigrants from South Asia.
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