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TEST CODE

%.

FORM TP 2014243

A2234020

MAY/JLNE 2OI4

CARIBBEAN EXAMTNATIONS COUNCIL


CARIBBEAN ADVANC ED P ROFICI

EN

CY EXAM INATION

{I

PURE MATHEMATICS

UNIT2-Prper02
ANALYSIS, MATRICES AND COMPLEX NUMBERS
2 hoars 30 minutes
28 MAY 2014 (p.m.)

READ THE FOLLOWING INSTRUCTIONS CAR.EFULLY.

l.

This examination paper consists of THREE sections-

2.

AnswerALL questions fiom the THREE sections.

3.

Each section consists of TWO questions.

4.

Write your solutions, with full working, in the answr booklet provided.

5.

Unless otherwise stated in the question, any numerical answer that is not
exact MUST be written correct to three significant figwes-

Examinatio4 Materials Perm itted


Graph paper (provided)

Mathematical formulae and tables (provided) - Revised 2012


Mathematical instruments
Silent, non-programmable, electronic calculator

-I
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I
I
I
I
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DO NOT TURN THIS PAGE UNTIL YOU ARE 'I]OLD TO DO


Copyright O 2013 Caribbean Examinations Council
All riehts reserved.

SO.

SECTION A
Module I
Answer BOTH questions.

l.

(a)

(i)

Differentiate' with respect to x,


-y

(ii)

= ln

(f + 4)--r tan_r ( + )

[5 marksl

A curve is defined parametrically as

-r=acos3 tr-y=asin] t,
Show that the tangent at the point P (*, y) is the line

ycos

(b)

t+x

sin

/:a

sin /cos

Lettheroots of the quadraticequation

t.

[7 marksl

+3x + 9 = 0be o and p.

(i)

Determine the nature o{the roots of the equation'

(ii)

Express

where

a and p in the farfi

--n

<0<

reiq, where

r is the modulus

J2

marksl

and 0 is the argument'

[4 marksl

n-

.,'+ Ft.

(iii)

Using de Moiwe's theorem, or otherwise, compute

(iv)

Hence, or otherwise, obtain the quadratic equation whose roots are

14
ct3

marksl

and Br'

[3 marksl

Totsl25 marks

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022340201cAP8 2014

-3-

(a)

Let F,G)

(i)

(ii)

(ln "r)" dr.

Show that

(x) = r (lnx)"

Hence, or otherwise, show that

\(2\-F'3 (l):2(lnz)'-6
(b)

(i)

,"+2y+l

j-Bv decomoosins
-"^..o + 2f +
.vo
f+2v+l
f+Zy+t
l

(ii)

[3 marksl

- n F, -,,(x).

Hence, find I
J

y+l

i+2v+l

j;frTTaY'

(ln2)2 +

12ln2-6.

[7 marks]

into partial fractions, show that

).,
Ly
. _____:.-

Cl +

l)'

[7 marksl

l8 marksl

Total25 marks

GO ON TO THE NEXT PAGE


022340201CAPE 2014

-4SECTION B
Module 2
Answer BOTH questions.

3.

(ai

Prove, by mathematical induction, that fbr n e N

(i)

s,: r "**+.++......
(ii)
(b)

Hence, or otherwise,

find

.;-:z-;-'.

[8 marksl

n"l * t,.

13

marksl

Find the Maclaurin expansion for

(r): (l + x): sin -r


up to and including the term

ll4 marksl

in.t'.

Total25 marks

4.

(a)

(i)

For the binomial expansion of (2x + 3):0, show that the ratio of the term in xo to
the term in xr

(ii)

(b)

(c)

is*.3

[5 marksl

a)

Determine the FIRST THREE terms of the binomial expansion

b)

Hence, obtain an estimate for (1.01)'0.

Showthat

nt

(,?:;kt * ry:

of(l

[7 marksl

(n+l)!
l,?-r+TfFi-'

nt.
*

+ 2x)r0.

16

3.r + 4 has a root in the interval

[],

marksl

3]-

(i)

Show that the function f(x) = -x3

(ii)

By taking xr= 2"1 as a first approximation of the root in the interval [l ' 3], use the
Newton-Raphson method to obtain a second approximation, -r," in the interval
[4 marksl
ll, 31.

[3 marksl

Total25 marks

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a2n4azjlcAPE 2014

-5SECTION C
Module 3
Answer BOTH questions.

f,.

(a)

(i)

Five teams are to meet at a round table. Each team consists of two members AND
one leader. How many seating anangements are possible if each team sits together
with the leader of the team in the middle?
[7 marksl

(ii)

In an experiment, individuals were asked to colour a shape by selecting from two


available colours, red and blue. The individuals chose one colour, two colours or
no colour.
In total, 80% of the individuals used colours and 600 individuals used no colour.

(b)

a)

Given that 40Yo ofthe individuals used red and 5Ao/o used blue, calculate the
probability that an individual used BOTH colours.
[4 marksl

b)

Determine the TOTAL number of individuals that participated in the


experiment.
12 marksl

A and B are the two maffices given below.

A-

(i)
(ii)
(iii)

I x-l
302
210

B:

Determine the range of values

Given that det (AB)


Hence, obtain A-r.

r25

234
112

ofx for which A-texists.

-21, show thatr = 3.

[4 marks]
14

marksl

[4 marksl

Total25 marks

GO ON TO THE NEXT PAGE


022340201CAPE 2014

-66.

(a)

(i)

Show that the general solution of the differential equation

y'+ytanJ=secx

is

(ii)

y:sinx+Ccos.r.

Hence, obtain the particular solution where

[l0marksl

t : $.
y: +and
+
\12

[4 marksl

(b)
A differential equation is given as y" - 5y' : ,"t'. Given that a particular solution is
'
[11 marksl
!r(x): Ai e5' +'Bxex,soG the differential equation"
.
Totsl25 marks

END OF TEST

rF YOU FINISII BEFORE TIME IS CALLED, CHECK YOUR WORK ON THIS TEST.

0223402A1CAPE 2014

CAPE2014
PureMathUnit2Paper02
Solutions
Qu
1(a)(i)

Details

CK AK R Tot

dy
2x

x
2
2
x
tan 1
2
dx x 4
2
1 x

x
2

= tan

(ii) dy

dx

3a sin t cos t
sin t

2
3a cos t sin t
cos t

3
Tangent: y a sin t

sin t
x a cos3 t
cos t

y cos t x sin t a sin t cos t sin 2 t cos 2 t

y cos t x sin t a sin t cos t

(b)(i) 32 4 (1) (9) 0 complex roots

(ii)
3
3

1 i 3

3 3 arg ( )

1 i 3

2
3

arg ( )

a 3e

(iii)

2 i
3

3e
3

2 i
3

2 i
2 i
a 3 3 e 3 27 e 2 i 3 3 e 3 27 e 2 i

3
3
54

(iv) 3 3 27 2 729 x 2 54 x 729 0

Qu
2(a)(i)

Fn ( x) x ln x n

Details

CK AK R Tot

x
n 1
n ln ( x) dx

Fn ( x) x ln x n n Fn 1 ( x)

(ii)

F0

dx x

F0 (2) 2

F1 (2) 2 ln 2 2
F2 (2) 2 ln 2 4 (ln 2) 4
2

F3 (2) 2 ln 2 6 ln 2 12 ln 2 12
3

F0 (1) 1

F1 (1) ln 1 1
F2 (1) ln 1 2
2

F3 (1) ln 1 6
3

F3 (2) F3 (1) 2 ln 2 6 ln 2 12 ln 2 6
3

(b)(i) y 2 2 y 1 Ay B y 2 1 Cy D

comparing coefficients y : A 0
3

y2 : B 1
y: C 2

constant : D 0

(ii) 1

1
2y
1
1

d
y
tan
y
2
2
2
y2 1

y
1

y
1

1
2
4

Qu
3(a)(i)

Details
LetthestatementP n be S n 2

1
2

n 1

CK AK R Tot

AssumeP n istrue:n=1,n=2aretrue
Forn=k,k,k>2P k = 2

1
2

k 1

Addingthe(k+1)thtermgives Pk 1 2

1
2

k 1

k 1 1

1
1
1
2 k 1 1 2 k 1 1
2
2
2

(ii)

Bytheaboveassumptionandproofforn=1andn=2
P n istrueforalln,

lim 2 lim

(b)

1
2n 1

Alternativelyuse: 1 2 x x 2 sin ( x )

x
x
x3
2

= x
2 x x 6 x x 6
6

Qu
4(a)(i)

20

20

14

C 6 (3)

2 x

Details
6

C 7 (3)13 2 x 77520 3 128 x 6


7

13

38760 3 64 x 6
3

13
7
4x
77520 3 128 x
14

(ii)a) 1 2 x 10 1 20 x 180 x 2

b) subsx=0.005 1 20 (0.005) 180 (0.005) 2 1.1045

(b)
n! n r 1
n! r

n r 1n r ! r r 1 ! n r 1n r ! r r 1 !

n r 1
n!
r

n r !r 1 ! n r 1 r n r 1 r

n!
n 1


n r ! r 1 ! n r 1 r

CK AK R Tot

38760 3 64 x
14

n 1 !
n r 1 ! r !

(c)(i)

(ii)

f(1)=6f(3)=14byI.V.T.andcontinuity1<x<3

5(a)(i)

(ii)a)

b)

#ofteams=5..hence(51)!waysofarranging5teams
Sincetheleadersitsinthemiddleeachteamcanbearrangedin2ways
Totalarrangements=4!X25=768

P(redorblue=P(red)+P(blue)P(redandblue)
P(redandblue)=0.40+0.500.80=0.10

2.13 3 (2.1)
x2 2 . 1
2
3 2.1 3

100%=

600
100 3000
20

4
2.201564 2.20

Qu
Details
5(b)(i) 1(02)x(04)1(30)0

5
x

CK AK R Tot

(ii) AB 5 4 x ( 2) 5) 15 12 x

x=3

(iii) detA=2+123=7

3
2 4

6(a)(i)

ysecx=tanx+Cy=sinx+Ccosx

(ii) 2
1
1

C
C 1

(b)

y=sinx+cosx

y(p ) e 5 x

y(p ) 5 y xe5 x 10 A 1 A

2 1 6
1 1

cofA= 1 2
5 A = 4
2 5
7
6 5 9
5 9

3
I e

tan x dx

sec x

d
y sec x dx
dx

sec 2 x dx

25 Ax

y( p ) e 5 x 5 Ax 2 2 Ax 5 Bx B
2

20 Ax 25 Bx 2 A 10 B

1
25
1 5x
1
y( p ) ( x ) e 5 x x 2
xe
25
10

1
10

2 A 5B 0 B

2
CF: u 5u 0 u 0, u 5

y e5 x

1 2 5x
1
xe
x e5 x
10
25