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BUDIDAYA KELINCI

Abdul Samik
FKH-UA
Desember 2013

KEUNGGULAN KELINCI
Kelinci

Ayam

Kambing

Sapi

Jml anak/th
(ekor)
40

100

1.4

0,8

BB induk
(kg)

4,5

70

500

Protein
(gram)

20

16-20

19

Lemak
(%)

6,8

13

36

32

Jenis-Jenis Kelinci
Kesenangan (Hobi)

Budidaya, Kontes

Laboratorium
Bulu

Angora
Rex

Daging

Tipe besar

BERDASARKAN UKURANNYA :

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.

Kecil (0.9-2.7 kg)


American Fuzzy Lop
Britannia Petite
Dutch
Dwarf Hotot
Florida white
Havana
Himalayan
Holland Lop

9. Jersey wolly
10. Mini Lop
11. Mini Rex
12. Netherland Dwarf
13. Polish
14. Silver
15. Tan

Sedang (2.7-4.1kg)
1. American Sable
2. Belgian Hare
3. English angora
4. English Spot
5. French angora
6. Harlequin
Chinchilla

7. Lilac
8. Rex
9. Rhinelander
10. Satin Angora
11. Silver Marten
12. Standard

Besar (4.110.
Hotot
5kg)
11. New Zealand

1. American
2. American Chinchilla
3. Beveren
4. Californian
5. Champagne d'Argent
6. Cinnamon
7. Creme d'Argent
8. English Lop
9. Giant Angora

12. Palomino
13. Satin
14. Silver Fox

Raksasa (lebih dari


5kg)

1. Checkered Giant,
2. Flemish Giant (Patagonian),
3. French Lop
4. Giant Chinchilla

KEGUNAAN
1. Daging

protein tinggi
cholesterol rendah
lemak rendah

2. Penelitian

produksi antibodi
studi reproduksi
penelitian penyakit
manusia

3. Bulu

- Normal
- Rex
- Angora
- Satin
4. Kesayangan

JENIS-JENIS KELINCI
45 Jenis
5 kelas utama

mini
kecil
sedang
besar
giant

Kandang dan Perlengkapan


Kandang cukup lebar untuk pergerakan

kelinci
Kandang terbuat dr kawat
Lantai kandang terbuat dari kayu yg kuat

Perawatan
Tahan thd suhu

dingin
Tdk tahan thd
suhu panas
Membutuhkan
udara bebas
bergerak
Block drafts in cold
weather

Jenis pakan :
Hijauan : rumput lapangan, limbah sayuran,

daun turi, daun lamtoro, dll.


Hay (rumput kering) : rumput gajah, setaria,
pucuk tebu, dll.
Biji bijian : jagung, sorgum, kacang hijau.
Umbi umbian : wortel,ubi jalar, singkong.
Konsentrat : pellet (pakan buatan dari
dari pabrik), bekatul, dll.

Pemberian pakan
Sistem ad libitum : pemberian pakan selalu

tersedia
Sistem restriction : pemberian pakan yg
disediakan scr terbatas
Kebiasaan Kelinci
Coprophage/caecotrophy : memakan
kotoran sendiri.
Fur eating habit : menggigit dan memakan bulunya
sendiri/ kayu tmp sangkarnya.

Tujuan menyusun
ransum kelinci
memenuhi kebutuhan nutrisi ternak kelinci
agar produksi optimal
keuntungan optimal

Syarat
memahami kebutuhan zat-zat nutrisi kelinci
(feeding standard)
memahami komposisi kimia bahan
mampu merangkum bahan

Pemilihan bahan :
- mudah didapat
- murah harganya
- tidak bersaing dengan keperluan manusia
- terjamin ketersediaannya
- baik kualitasnya

Jumlah pemberian konsentrat :


- Pertumbuhan,penggemukan,pejantan :
50 gr.
- induk bunting : 70 gr.
- induk menyusui : 150 200 gr.
- + rumput lapangan ad lib.

Jumlah pemberian konsentrat :

- Pertumbuhan,penggemukan,pejantan :
50 gr.
- induk bunting : 70 gr.
- induk menyusui : 150 200 gr.
- + rumput lapangan ad lib.

PAKAN
Tempat pakan terbuat

dr stainles
Tempat minum bentuk

ember atau botol


Pakan komersial

(pelet)

Jangan terlalu

banyak makan
selada hijau
Jangan terlalu

banyak memberi
pakan sayur atau
buah
Coprophagy

PAKAN KELINCI
Rumput kering
Jagung
Gandum
Tepung gandum
wortel
Apel
Buncis
Pisang
Nanas

Handling
Jangan dipegang

telinganya
Gunakan baju lengan

panjang
Pegang dg lembut

ISTILAH
Jantan: Buck
Betina: Doe
Muda: Bunny
Anak: Kit
Group: Herd

REPRODUKSI
Pubertas: 5-8 bln
Betina butuh sinar

lampu slm 16 jam/hr


untuk proses
reproduksi
Betina dibawa
kekandang jantan pd
saat kawin (tdk
sebaliknya)

Kebuntingan: 30-32 hr

Doe merontokkan bulu

untuk membuat sarang

Tinggalkan doe sendiri pd

saat melahirkan

Sapih: 4-8 mgg

PENYAKIT KELINCI

Enteritis
Peradangan pd
saluran usus
Menyebabkan
Gejala: tdk mau
kematian pd kelinci makan. Minum air
terlalu banyak
Disebabkan oleh
bakteri dan sanitasi Kematian terjadi 4-7
yg tdk baik
hr stl infeksi
Pengobatan dg
antibiotik broadspectrum

Snuffles
Disebabkan oleh

Pasteurella multocida
Gejala: bersin dg

keluar ingus
Muncul pd hwn yg

stres

Wry Neck
Kepala melintir

kesalah satu sisi


Disebabkan oleh

Pasteurella
multocida
Pengobatan:

antibiotics

Kutu telinga
Parasit eksternal
Mengeleng-

gelengkan kepala,
mengaruk-garuk
telinga
Pengobatan: mineral
oil untuk telinga atau
obat tetes telinga

JENIS-JENIS KELINCI

American Chinchilla
Great for Meat
Very Popular
Great Pets
Docile nature
Need to be

protected from
cold, drafts, wind,
snow and rain.

American Sable
American Sable is

a rich sepia brown


color with brown
eyes.
Weights Sr. Buck8 pounds
Weight Sr. Does 9 pounds

American
The American Blue

Rabbit comes from


Pasadena, Calif.
Intended as a
meat and fur rabbit
Bucks weigh 9
pounds
Does weigh 10
pounds

Californian
Developed in the

USA in 1920s
Rapid maturing
Meat breed
High Quality Fur
Crossed between
Himalayan and
Chinchilla rabbit
breeds.
Weight 7-15 pounds

Champagne dArgent
Sr. Bucks weigh

10 pounds
Sr. Does weigh
10-11 pounds.
Adult color is
bluish white body
with black hairs
with darker nose
and muzzle,
brown eyes

Cinnamon
American breed of

rabbits - developed
in Montana.
Commercial
breeding rabbit
weighing 8.5 - 11
pounds.
Rich, russet dark
brown color - deep
cinnamon.

Dwarf Hotot
Original home was

Germany.
Crossbred from
Netherlands Dwarf
and Dutch.
Small and
Compact, stocky,
docile little rabbit
Average weight2.5 pounds

Dutch
Black Dutch most

common. Other
colors include Blue,
Chocolate, Gray,
Steel, Tortoise.
White shoulders are
distinguishing mark
Well rounded body
Blaze on facewedge shaped.

English Angora
Average size 5.5

pounds.
Colors: lilac,
chocolate, white,
fawn, chestnut,
broken black,
blue,
Fur type rabbit.

French Angora
Average Weight 7.5 to

8 pounds
Good wool producers
Dual Purpose, wood
and meat.
All toenails should be
matched.
Colors-variety of
colors including white,
solids, or brokens

Flemish Giant
Colors: Black,

blue, fawn, light


gray, sandy, steel,
gray, and white.
Sr. Bucks weigh
13 pounds or over
Sr. Does weigh 14
pounds or over.

French Lop
Color Groups:

Agouti, Broken,
self, shaded,
ticked, wide band.
Classificationsbroken pattern or
solid pattern.
Sr. bucks-10.5
pounds
Sr. Does-11 pounds

Florida White
Excellent Meat

rabbit
Pure white color
Pink eyes
Sr. Bucks & Does 5 pounds
Jr. Bucks & Does up to 4.5 pounds.

American Fuzzy Lop


Color Groups:

Agouti, Broken,
Pointed White, Self,
Shaded, Wide Band.
ClassificationsBroken & Solid
pattern
Sr. Bucks - 3.5 lbs.
Sr. Does - 3.75 lbs.

Giant Angora
Fur Type Rabbit
Colors: Ruby

Eyed White
Sr. Bucks - 9.5
lbs.
Sr. Does - 10 lbs.

Giant Chinchilla
Chinchilla color

with brown eyes.


Sr. Bucks - 12-15
pounds.
Sr. Does - 13-16
pounds.
Meat Type rabbit

Havana
Colors: Black,

Blue and
Chocolate
Sr. Bucks & Does
- 5.25 - 5.5
pounds
Jr. Bucks & Doesminimum 2.5
pounds.

Himalayan
Small Size , gentle

nature
Ideal for children
Colors: Black, Blue,
chocolate, and lilac
Sr. Bucks & Does 3.5 pounds
Jr. Bucks & Doesminimum 1.25 lbs.

Holland Lop
Round head with

flat face.
Short lop ears.
Many Color
Groups
Sr. Buck & Does
up to 4 pounds.
Jr. Bucks & Does
up to 2 pounds

Harlequin
Groups include:

Japanese, Magpie
Color varieties:
Black,
blue,chocolate, and
lilac.
Sr. Bucks - 7.5 lbs.
Sr. Does - 8 lbs.

English Lop
Very tolerant and

affectionate animal
Ears must measure
21 from tip to tip to
be shown.
Ears problems a
key factor to
health-scapes.
Sr. Bucks & Does
-9 to 10 lbs.

Mini Satin
Color varieties:

white with light


ivory cast and
pink eyes.
Sr. Bucks & Does
- 4 pounds.

Mini Lop
Very gentle

handling, docile
breed
Chubby faces,
lopped ears,
compact body.
Solid and broken
Sr. Bucks & Does 6 pounds.

Mini Rex
Small, compact type

breed.
Fur-plush and
velvety.
Colors-black, blue,
castor, chocolate,
lilac, lynx, opal, seal,
tortoise, white, red
sable, otter, sand,
Weight - up to 4 lbs.

Netherlands Dwarf
Small, compact

rabbit, round head


and body.
They come in 29
color varieties.
Sr. Bucks & Does
up to 2 pounds.

New Zealand
Meat Rabbits
Color Varieties:

Black, Red and


White.
Sr. Bucks - 10 lbs.
Sr. Does - 11 lbs.
Very hardy, popular
meat breed.

Polish
Originated In

England and
Germany.
Small and Compact
Colors: black, blue,
broken, chocolate,
blue-eyed white,
ruby-eyed white.
Sr. Buck & Doe 2.5 lbs.

Palomino
Color varieties:

Golden, and lynx


Sr. Buck - 9
pounds
Sr. Doe - 10
pounds
Meaty breed

Rex
All purpose breed;

excellent carcass
and excellent FUR.
No other fur
compares
Change colors with
maturity.
Many colors
Sr. Buck - 8 lbs
Sr. Doe - 9 lbs

Rhinelander
Colors: White

body with black


and bright golden
- orange spots,
with brown eyes.
Sr. Bucks - 8 lbs.
Sr. Does - 8.5 lbs.

Satin
Excellent breed to

raise and show.


Ex. meat breed
Hair reflects light and
gives it unique shine.
Colors: black, blue,
broken, chinchilla,
chocolate, copper,
otter, red, siamese
Size - average 9-10
lbs.

Standard Chinchilla
Color: Chinchilla

wih any eye


colcor but pink.
BROWN eyes is
preferred.
Sr. Buck - 6 lbs.
Sr. Doe - 6.5 lbs.

Silver
Small Breed

weighing about 47 lbs. Average is


5-6 pounds.
Very athletic and
active.
Colors: black,
brown, and fawn

English Spot

English Spot

English Lop

French Lop

Holland Lop

Mini Lop

DUTCH

New Zealand White

Florida White

CIRI-CIRI :
-Populer/disukai masyarakat
-Warna putih, mata merah
-Bersifat jinak
-Pertumbuhan cepat, tanpa lemak
-Pada umur 58 hr : 1,8 kg
-50 ekor/th

Flemish Giant

Giant Chinchilla

Standard Chinchilla

KELINCI AMERIKA

1. American

2. AMERICAN CHINCILLA

3.American Fuzzy Lop

4. American Sable

KELINCI ANGORA

1. English Angora

2. French Angora

3. Satin Angora

4. Giant Angora

CALIFORNIAN

CIRI-CIRI :
- Warna putih, kecuali telinga, ujung kaki
dan hidung
-Bersifat produktif
- Pertumbuhan cepat

KELINCI HITAM

Havana

Polish

Budidaya Kelinci Pedaging


Pemilihan jenis kelinci
Manajemen :

Kandang
Pakan
Perkawinan
kesehatan
Pemasaran

Pemilihan Jenis Kelinci


Kebutuhan daging

Putih
Pertulangan bagus

Jumlah anak

8-10 anak

Kesukaan pribadi

3 jenis kelinci pedaging


terpopuler
New Zealand (putih)

Californian

Florida White

Manajemen
Mengenal kelinci

Tingkah laku
Normal
Temp.

103.1 0 F
Detak jantung 180-350 kali/menit
Pernapasan 40-65 kali/menit

Kandang

Sanitas
Suhu
Individu-kelompok
Tipe :
Panggung
Slants
Susun

Panggung/menggantung

Susun + Kipas pengatur suhu

Kartu catatan

Peralatan
sanitasi

Pakan

Perlu air bersih dan


segar
Pellets
Makanan pd
umumnya
Hay tdk biasa
Pakan untuk tipe
pedaging
Hay dan biji-bijian

Pakan untuk Ternak Pedaging


Sapi
6-8 lbs
feed/lb
gain

Domba
4 lbs
feed/lb
gain

Babi

Ayam

2.5-3 2 lbs
lbs
feed/lb
feed/lb gain
gain

Kelinci
4 lbs
feed/lb
gain

Perkawinan

Kartu catatan
Ovulsi tergertak
Kebuntingan = 31-33 hari
Cara perkawinan
Bawa betina ke jantan
Diagnosis kebuntingan pd hr 10-16: palpasi
Hari 28: boks sarang
Hari 31-33: melahirkan

Pasca kelahiran

Jumlah anak
Ambil anak yg mati
15-21 hr stl lahir, boks sarang diambil
Anak disapih umur 30 hr, induk kawin
kembali
Bunting 5 kali/th

Kesehatan

Sanitasi
Pasteurellosis multocida
Parasit eksternal
Kutu
Caplak
Pinjang

Parasit internal
Cacing

Kandungan Nutrisi
DAGING

PROTEIN

LEMAK

KALORI

Kelinci

20.8

10.25

795

Ayam

20.0

11.0

810

Anak sapi

18.8

14.0

910

Kalkun

20.1

22.2

1190

Sapo

16.3

28.0

1440

Domba

15.7

27.7

1420

Babi

11.9

45.0

2050

MODAL AWAL
1 . Kandang & perlengkapanya Rp 450.000 Rp 600.000
2 . Pembelian 5 ekor bibit indukan siap kawin @ Rp 300.000 = Rp 1.500.000
3 . Obat-obatan & vitamin Rp 50.000
Total modal awal = Rp 2.000.000

PENDAPATAN :
1 . 4 induk betina x 6 anakan x 8 masa panen / 2 tahun = 192 ekor
192 ekor x Rp 62.500 ( bobot 2,5 kg ) = Rp 12.000.000
2 . 5 induk afkir x ( 4 kg x Rp 25.000 ) = Rp 500.000
Total pendapatan dari 1 paket indukan (1 jantan 4 betina ) selama 2
tahun adalah Rp 12.000.000 + Rp 500.000 = Rp 12.500.000

KEUNTUNGAN :
Untung = Pendapatan Modal awal
= Rp 12.500.000 Rp 2.000.000
= Rp 10.500.000

Keterangan :
4 induk betina menghasilkan 6 ekor anak kelinci ( 4 12 ekor anak /
kelahiran, standart 8 ekor sesuai jumlah puting induk kelinci ). Masa
Panen dalam 2 tahun adalah 8 x , Masa kebuntingan kelinci 28-35 hari ,
masa sapih 45 hari. Masa pembesaran hingga minggu ke 17 setelah
kelahiran. Harga kelinci hidup Rp 25.000 / kg ( berat minimal 2,5 kg ).

BIAYA OPERASIONAL
Kalau hanya memiliki induk 5 ekor, pakan sehari-hari cukup diberi rumput.
Jika Anda di lingkungan kota/padat penduduk yang kesulitan mendapatkan
pakan bisa menggunakan alternative pakan selain rumput antara lain
konsentrat, pellet, ampas tahu maupun alternative pakan lainnya yang
tentunya harganya ekonomis dan aman bagi kelinci.