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Energy Pyramids

Studies of food chains and webs


show there is a regular decrease in
the number, energy, and biomass of
the organisms in successive trophic
levels.

Energy Pyramids are a visual way of


showing this decreasing availability
of resources for the trophic levels in
an ecosystem.

Pyramid of Numbers

At each trophic level


there will always be
fewer organisms than
there were at the
previous level

For example: the


lowest trophic level,
photosynthetic
plankton, are much
more abundant than
daphnia that eats
them.

Pyramid of Energy

10% Rule at each


level only 10% of the
energy is available to
be passed to the next
trophic level

Greater amount of
energy is available at
the producer level
than at the primary
consumer level
(herbivores).

This pattern
continues at all levels
in a food chain.

Pyramid of Biomass

Biomass is a
measure of the total
dry mass of a certain
group or organism

Find the energy in the other


trophic levels
?
?
?
400
Kcal
?

Find the energy in the other


trophic levels
?
1500 Kcal
?
?

Who likes Rootbeer?


I need some volunteers

Loss of Energy