Anda di halaman 1dari 5

Laporan Kerja Praktek Perawatan Belt Conveyor

Divisi Maintenance - Coal and Ash


PT. Cirebon Power Services

DAFTAR ISI
COVER
LEMBAR PENGESAHAN
KATA PENGANTAR ...............................................................................................................i
DAFTAR ISI ......................................................................................................................... iii
DAFTAR GAMBAR ............................................................................................................... v
DAFTAR TABEL .................................................................................................................vii

BAB I PENDAHULUAN
1.1 Latar Belakang.................................................................................................................... 1
1.2 Tujuan ................................................................................................................................. 1
1.3 Batasan Masalah ................................................................................................................ 1
1.4 Waktu dan Tempat Pelaksanaan ........................................................................................ 1
1.5 Metode Pengumpulan Data ................................................................................................ 2
1.6 Sistematika Penulisan ......................................................................................................... 2

BAB II TINJAUAN UMUM PERUSAHAAN


2.2 Profil Perusahaan ................................................................................................................ 3
2.3 Struktur Proyek ................................................................................................................... 3
2.4 Profil Proyek ....................................................................................................................... 3
2.5 Pemegang Saham................................................................................................................ 4
2.6 Organisasi Perusahaan ........................................................................................................ 5

BAB III TEORI DASAR


3.1 Pengertian Pembangkit Listrik Tenaga Uap (PLTU) ......................................................... 6
3.2 Komponen utama PLTU..................................................................................................... 7
3.1.1 Boiler ......................................................................................................................... 7
3.1.2 Turbin Uap................................................................................................................. 8
3.1.3 Kondenser ................................................................................................................ 10
3.1.4 Generator ................................................................................................................. 11
3.3 Komponen penunjang PLTU ............................................................................................ 11
3.4 Siklus air pada PLTU ....................................................................................................... 12

Jurusan Teknik Mesin - Universitas Pasundan

Laporan Kerja Praktek Perawatan Belt Conveyor


Divisi Maintenance - Coal and Ash
PT. Cirebon Power Services
3.4 Siklus Rankine .................................................................................................................. 15

BAB IV PERAWATAN BELT CONVEYOR


4.1 Pengertian Coal Handling System .................................................................................... 18
4.1.1 Instalasi Pembongkaran Batubara ........................................................................... 18
4.1.2 Instalasi Penimbunan dan Pengerukan Batubara ..................................................... 20
4.1.3 Metode Penimbunan dan Pengerukan Batubara ...................................................... 20
4.1.4 Gangguan dan Pemeliharaan Timbunan ................................................................. 23
4.2 Instalasi Pemindahan Batubara......................................................................................... 24
4.2.1 Belt Conveyor ........................................................................................................ 24
4.2.2 Transfer Tower ...................................................................................................... 32
4.2.3 Tripper .................................................................................................................... 35
4.2.4 Silo .......................................................................................................................... 36
4.3 Perawatan pada Belt Conveyor ......................................................................................... 36
4.2.1 Preventive Maintenance ........................................................................................ 37
4.2.2 Corrective Maintenance ......................................................................................... 40
4.2.3 Predictive Maintenance .......................................................................................... 40
4.2.4 Breakdown Maintenance ........................................................................................ 41
4.4 Data Hasil Perawatan Belt Conveyor Weekly running inspection .................................... 42

BAB V PENUTUP
5.1 Kesimpulan ....................................................................................................................... 45
5.2 Saran ................................................................................................................................. 45
DAFTAR PUSTAKA ............................................................................................................. 46
LAMPIRAN ........................................................................................................................... 47

Jurusan Teknik Mesin - Universitas Pasundan

ii

Laporan Kerja Praktek Perawatan Belt Conveyor


Divisi Maintenance - Coal and Ash
PT. Cirebon Power Services

DAFTAR GAMBAR
Gambar 2.1 Struktur Proyek ................................................. ...3
Gambar 2.2 Area PLTU Cirebon........................................... ...4
Gambar 2.3 Pemegang Saham ............................................... ...4
Gambar 2.4 Susunan Organisasi............................................ ...5
Gambar 3.1 Boiler (Steam Generator) .................................................................................... 7
Gambar 3.2 Turbin Uap ............................................................................................................ 9
Gambar 3.3 Kondensor ........................................................................................................... 10
Gambar 3.4 Generator ............................................................................................................ 11
Gambar 3.5 Siklus Air PLTU ................................................................................................. 15
Gambar 3.7 Siklus Rankine Sederhana .................................................................................. 15
Gambar 3.8 Diagram T-s ........................................................................................................ 15
Gambar 4.1 Ship unloader ...................................................................................................... 19
Gambar 4.2 Coal pile ............................................................................................................ 20
Gambar 4.3 Telescopic Chute................................................................................................. 21
Gambar 4.4 Stacker reclaimer ................................................................................................ 22
Gambar 4.5 Konstruksi belt conveyor .................................................................................... 25
Gambar 4.6 Belt ...................................................................................................................... 25
Gambar 4.7 Carrying idler dan return idler ........................................................................... 26
Gambar 4.8 Impact idler ........................................................................................................ 26
Gambar 4.9 Motor .................................................................................................................. 27
Gambar 4.10 Kopling fluida ................................................................................................... 27
Gambar 4.11 Counter weight dan Take up Pulley .................................................................. 28
Gambar 4.12 Scrapper ........................................................................................................... 29
Gambar 4.13 Rubber skirt ...................................................................................................... 29
Gambar 4.14 V-Plough ........................................................................................................... 29
Gambar 4.15 Belt Scale .......................................................................................................... 30
Gambar 4.16 Pull Cord Switch ............................................................................................... 30
Gambar 4.17 Underspeed switch ............................................................................................ 31
Gambar 4.18 Belt missalignment switch ................................................................................ 31
Gambar 4.19 Transfer Tower ................................................................................................ 32
Gambar 4.20 Two way Chute ................................................................................................ 32
Jurusan Teknik Mesin - Universitas Pasundan

iii

Laporan Kerja Praktek Perawatan Belt Conveyor


Divisi Maintenance - Coal and Ash
PT. Cirebon Power Services
Gambar 4.21 Magnetic Separator .......................................................................................... 33
Gambar 4.22 Material yang terpisahkan oleh Magnetic Separator ....................................... 33
Gambar 4.23 Metal detector .................................................................................................. 34
Gambar 4.24 Dust suppression nozzle.................................................................................... 34
Gambar 4.25 Penyimpanan sampel batu bara ....................................................................... 35
Gambar 4.26 Tripper .............................................................................................................. 35
Gambar 4.27 Silo .................................................................................................................... 36
Gambar 4.28 Inspeksi temperatur bearing dan Pengecekan oil level..................................... 39
Gambar 4.29 Penggantian Skirt Rubber dan Carrying Idler .................................................. 39
Gambar 4.30 Grafik temperatur bearing pada pulley BC 01- BC 06 ..................................... 44

Jurusan Teknik Mesin - Universitas Pasundan

iv

Laporan Kerja Praktek Perawatan Belt Conveyor


Divisi Maintenance - Coal and Ash
PT. Cirebon Power Services

DAFTAR TABEL
Tabel 4.1 Preventive Maintenance Belt Conveyor .............. ...38
Tabel 4.2 Corrective Maintenance Belt Conveyor ................................................................ 40
Tabel 4.3 Predictive Maintenance Belt Conveyor ............... ...41
Tabel 4.4 Breakdown Maintenance Belt Conveyor ................................................................ 41
Tabel 4.5 Data Preventive maintenance weekly running inspection ...................................... 42

Jurusan Teknik Mesin - Universitas Pasundan