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1511/1
SAINS
KERTAS 1
MASA 1 %JAM

MAJLIS PENGETUA SEKOLAH MALAYSIA


CAWANGAN PULAU PINANG

MODUL BERFOKUS SPM 2014


SAINS
KERTAS 1
SATU JAM LIMA BELAS MINIT

JANGAN BUKA MODUL BERFOKUS INI SEHINGGA DIBERITAHU


1. Modul Berfokus ini adalah dalam dwibahasa.
2. Soalan dalam Bahasa lnggeris mendahului soalan yang sepadan dalam
Bahasa Melayu.
3. Anda dikehendaki membaca maklumat di halaman

Modul Berfokus ini mengandungi 32 halaman bercetak.

[Lihat sebelah]

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1

Diagram 1 shows a type of neurone.


Rajah 1 menunjukkan sejenis neuron.

Dendrite
Dendrit
Cell body
Badan set

Nucleus
Nuk/eus

Diagram 1
Rajah 1
What is the function of this neurone?
Apakah fungsi neuron ini ?
A

Receives impulses from receptor.


Menerima impuls dari reseptor

Receives impulses from central nervous system


Menerima impuls dari system saraf pusat

Transmits impulses from motor neurone to effector


Menghantar impuls dari neuron motor ke efektor

Transmits impulses from sensory neurone to motor neurone.


Menghantar impuls dari neuron deria ke neuron motor.

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2

Diagram 2 shows the impulse pathway of an action.


Rajah 2 menunjukkan laluan impuls dalam sesuatu tindakan.
Receptor
Reseptor

Spinal cord
Saraf tunjang

Effector
Efektor
Diagram 2
Rajah 2

The action refers to


Tindakan tersebut berlaku pada

knee jerk
sentakan lutut

chewing food
mengunyah makanan

reading a book
membaca buku

walking on a rope
berjalan di atas tali

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Diagram 3 shows one of the human endocrine glands.


Rajah 3 menunjukkan satu ke/enjar endokrin manusia

Duodenum
Duodenum
Kelenjar

Diagram 3
Rajah 3

What is the effect on a person if the gland is removed?


Apakah kesan pada seseorang apabila kelenjar tersebut dibuang?
A

The blood pressure increase


Tek.anan darah akan meningkat

The metabolic rate becomes low


Kadar metabolisme akan menjadi rendah

The blood sugar level increase


Aras gula dalam darah akan meningkat

The secondary sex characteristics are not developed


Ciri seks sekunder tidak berkembang

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Ah Chong was driving from Penang to Kuala Lumpur. On his way, he saw a signage
as follows.
Ah Chong memandu dari Pulau Pinang ke Kuala Lumpur, beliau ternampak
satu peringatan kepada pemandu yang dipamerkan pada lebuh raya seperti
berikut:

"Think of your family"


"Fikirkan keluarga anda"
"Don't drink and and drive"
"Jangan memandu dalam keadaan mabuk"

How does the drinking of alcohol affect the body's nervous coordination?
Bagaimana meminum alkohol menjejaskan koordinasi saraf badan?
A

Sensory neurons are destroyed


Neuron deria dimusnahkan

Quickens nervous response


Mempercepatkan gerak balas saraf

Quickens brain activities


Mempercepatkan aktiviti otak

Slows down transmission of nervous impulse.


Melambatkan penghantaran impuls saraf.

II

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The number of chromosomes in the skin cell of animal X is 24. What is the number of
chromosomes in its testis cell and its sperm cell?
Bilangan kromosom di dalam se/ kulit haiwan X ialah 24. Berapakah bilangan
kromosom yang terdapat di dalam sel testis dan sel spermanya ?
Testis cell
Sel testis
12
24
12
24

A
B

c
D

Sperm cell
Se/ sperma
12
12
24
24

Which of the following graphs in Diagram 4 shows a continuous variation?


Antara graf dalam Rajah 4, yang manakah menunjukkan variasi se/anjar ?

A Number of students
Bilangan pelajar

Blood group A
Kump Darah A

Number of students
Bilan an pelajar

Blood group B
Kump Darah B

Number of students
Bilangan pelajar

Able to roll tongue


Boleh menggulung
lidah

Body weight
Berat badan

Number of students
Bilangan pelajar

Girls

menggulung lidah

Diagram 4
Rajah 4

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Perempuan

Diagram 5 shows formation of a zygote


Rajah 5 menunjukkan proses pembentukan zigot

+
SeiP

22+X

Zygote
Zigot
44+XY

Diagram 5
Rajah 5
What is the chromosome in cell P?
Apakah kromosom bagi sel P?
A

22+X

22+Y

44+XX

44+XY

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Diagram 6 shows an information about a statement.


Rajah 6 menunjukkan maklumat mengenai satu pernyataan.
Two ova released from an ovary are simultaneously
fertilized by two sperms to produce zygotes.
Dua ovum dikeluarkan daripada satu ovari disenyawakan secara
serentak oleh dua sperma untuk menghasilkan dua zigot.

Diagram 6
Rajah 6
What does the statement describe ?
Apakah yang dihuraikan oleh penyataan ini ?

Formation of identical twins


Pembentukan kembar seiras

Formation of non-identical twins


Pembentukan kembar tak seiras

Mutation
Mutasi

Crossing-over
Pindah silang

Diagram 7 shows the change in the state of matter.


Rajah 7 menunjukkan perubahan keadaan jirim.

Process P
Proses P

Diagram 7
Rajah 7
What is process P?
Apakah proses P?

Freezing
Pembekuan
Evaporation
Penyejatan

Condensation
Kondensasi

Sublimation
Pemejalwapan
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D

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Diagram 8 shows the structure of an atom. Which of the following is a neutron?


Rajah 8 menunjukkan struktur satu atom. Antara yang berikut, yang manakah
neutron?

A -\----'~'d
Nucleus
"--_........~~

Nukl~us

Orbits

L:::>--~

Petala

Diagram 8
Rajah 8

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12

The isotopes of Uranium element have different


lsotop untuk unsur Uranium mempunyai perbezaan dalam

nucleon number
nombor nuk/eon

number of proton
bilangan proton

number of electron
bilangan e/ektron

chemical properties
sifat-sifat kimia

The elements placed in the Periodic Table are arranged in the sequence of
Unsur-unsur dalam Jadual Berkala disusun mengikut
A

decreasing boiling point.


penurunan takat didih.

decreasing atomic mass.


penurunan jisim atom.

increasing number of protons.


peningkatan bilangan proton.

increasing number of neutrons.


peningkatan bilangan neutron

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13

Diagram 9 shows a reaction between magnesium and dilute hydrochloric acid.


Rajah 9 menunjukkan satu tindakbalas antara magnesium dengan asid hidrok/orik
cair

Dilute hydrochloric acid


Asid hidroklorik cair

Dilute hydrochloric acid


Asid hidroklorik cair
Magnesium

Magnesium

Beginning of the
experiment
Awal eksperimen

Experiment in
process
Semasa eksperimen

Diagram 9
Rajah 9

What type of reaction is involved in this experiment ?


Apakah jenis tindakbalas yang terlibat dalam eksperimen ini?

Oxidation
Pengoksidaan

Exothermic
Eksotermik

Endothermic
Endotermik

Neutralisation
Peneutralan

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14

Diagram 10 shows an electroplating of an iron ring.


Rajah 10 menunjukkan proses penyaduran cincin besi

..------1111----.,

Silver
Argentum

Iron ring
Cincin besi

Solution X
Larutan X
Diagram 10
Rajah 10
What is solution X ?
Apakah larutan X?

15

Silver nitrate
Argentum nitrat

Iron (II) sulphate


Ferum(/1) sulfat

Aluminium nitrate
Aluminium nitrat

Copper (II) sulphate


Kuprum(/1) sulfat

What type of battery is used in a handphone ?


Apakah jenis bateri yang digunakan dalam telefon bimbit?
A

Alkaline battery
Bateri alkali

Acid-lead battery
Bateri asid-plumbum

Nickel-cadmium battery
Bateri Nikel-cadmium

Silver oxide battery


Bateri argentum oksida

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16

Diagram 11 shows an experiment to study a process in green plants.


Rajah 11 menunjukkan satu eksperimen untuk mengkaji satu proses dalam
tumbuhan hijau.
Oxygen
Oksigen
_-q_ _

=-~.:::

Water
Air

Water weed
Rumpai air
Diagram 11
Rajah 11

What is the condition required for the above observation to occur?


Apakah keadaan yang membolehkan pemerhatian di atas berlaku?

17

Some dilute sulphuric acid is added into the water


Asid sulfurik cair ditambah ke dalam air

The set-up apparatus is placed in the dark


Peralatan eksperimen diletakkan dalam gelap

The water weeds are replaced by a fish


Rumpai air digantikan dengan ikan

The set-up apparatus is placed under sunlight


Peralatan eksperimen di/etakkan di bawah cahaya matahari

Name the process which the nucleus of a radioactive substances produce nuclear
energy?
Namakan proses di mana nukleus bahan radioaktif menghasilkan tenaga nuklear?

Electrolysis
Elektrolisis

Radioactive decay
Pereputan radioaktif

Nuclear fission
Pembelahan nukleus

Exothermic
Eksotermik

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18

The radioisotope used in archeology is


Radioisotop yang digunakan dalam arkeo/ogi ialah

Cobalt-60
Kobalt-60

Uranium-235
Uranium-235

Carbon-14
Karbon-14

Oxygen~18

Oksigen-18

19

Gamma rays are more dangerous than alpha or beta rays because gamma rays
Sinar gamma /ebih bahaya daripada sinar a/fa atau beta kerana sinar gamma
A

are electromagnetic rays


adalah sinar e/ektromagnet

are not deflected by electrical charges


tidak terpesong oleh cas e/ektrik

move at the same speed of light


bergerak sama dengan kelajuan cahaya

have very high penetrating power


mempunyai kuasa penembusan yang sangat tinggi

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20

Diagram 12 shows a part of the fission process of a radioactive substance.


Rajah 12 menunjukkan sebahagian daripada proses pembelahan nucleus suatu
bahan radioaktif

Particle K
Zarah K

Nuclear Energy
Tenaga nuklear

Nucleus Uranium - 235


Nukleus Uranium -235
Diagram 12
Rajah 12
What is particle K ?
Apakah zarah K?
A

Proton
Proton

Electron
Elektron

Neutron
Neutron

Krypton atom
Atom kripton

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21

Diagram 13 shows two flag posts M and N respectively at distances of 10 m and 4 m


from a plane mirror.
Rajah 13 menunjukkan dua bendera M dan N masing-masing pada jarak 10 m dan
4 m dari cermin satah
Plane mirror
Cermin satah
M

4
10m

-~

Diagram 13
Rajah 13
What is the distance of the image of flag post M from the position of N?
Berapakah jarak imej bendera M dari kedudukan N?
A

4m

10m

14m

20m

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22

Diagram 14 shows a magnifying glass.


Rajah 14 menunjukkan sebuah kanta pembesar.

I NS

Diagram 14
Rajah 14
What is the distance between the lens and the word SAINS so that the image formed
will be as above?
Apakah jarak antara kanta dengan perkataan SAINS supaya imej yang terbentuk
seperti di atas?
A

Same as the lens focal length


Sarna dengan jarak fokus kanta

Longer than the lens focal length


Lebih besar daripada jarak fokus kanta

Shorter than the lens focal length


Lebih kecil daripada jarak fokus kanta

Twice the lens focal length


Dua kali jarak fokus kanta

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23

Diagram 15 shows a beam of light passing through a prism.


Rajah 15 menunjukkan satu alur cahaya yang melalui sebuah prisma.
White light
Cahaya putih
Red
Merah

Purple
Ungu
Diagram 15
Rajah 15
What is the process that happened at M ?
Apakah proses di M?

Reflection
Pantulan

Dispersion
Penyebaran

Scattering
Penyerakan

-D

SpliU.AgPemecahan

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24

Diagram 16 shows two spot light which produce red light and light Y.
Rajah 16 menunjukkan dua buah lampu yang memancarkan sinar merah dan sinar

Y.

LightY
Sinar Y

Diagram 16
Rajah 16
What is the colour of light Y?
Apakah warna sinar Y?

Blue
Biru

Green
Hijau

Yellow
Kuning

Cyan
Sian

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25

26

What are superconductors?


Apakah superkonduktor?
A

Materials that are very hard.


Bahan yang sangat keras.

Materials that have no resistance to the flow of electricity.


Bahan yang tidak mempunyai rintangan terhadap a/iran elektrik.

Materials that have resistance to the flow of electricity.


Bahan yang mempunyai rintangan terhadap a/iran e/ektrik.

Materials that are very elastic.


Bahan yang sangat kenya/.

The equation below shows the production of ammonium salt fertilizer.


Persamaan di bawah menunjukkan pembuatan baja garam ammonium.

Ammonia solution
Larutan ammonia

A
A

Sulphuric acid
Asid Sulfurik

What is A?
Apakah A?
A

Ammonium nitirc
Ammonium nitric

Ammonium chloride
Ammonium klorida

Ammonium phosphate
Ammonium fosfat

Ammonium sulphate
Ammonium sulfat

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Water
Air

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27

Diagram 17 shows an aeroplane, a mountain bike and a boat.


Rajah 17 menunjukkan sebuah kapa/ terbang, sebuah basikal dan sebuah bot.

Diagram 17
Rajah 17
Which of the alloy is used to build the vehicles above?
Aloi yang manakah digunakan untuk membina a/at pengangkutan di atas?

28

Steel
Keluli

8 Duralumin
Duralumin

Brass
Loyang

Pewter
Piuter

Which of the condition below will allow the microorganisms to grow and multiply?
Keadaan yang manakah membenarkan mikroorganisma membiak dengan cepat?

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29

Diagram 18 shows the food which are produced by the help of microorganisms.
Rajah 18 menunjukkan makanan yang dihasilkan dengan menggunakan
mikroorganisma.

Diagram 18
Rajah 18
Which of the following pairing of microorganisms and the food is correct?
Pasangan makanan dan mikroorganisma yang manakah betul?

A
B

c
D
30

Yogurt
Yogurt
Bacteria
Bakteria
Bacteria
Bakteria
Algae
Alga
Yeast
Yis

Bread
Roti
Protozoa
Protozoa
Yeast
Yis
Yeast
Yis
Bacteria
Bakteria

Which of the following acts as vector for dengue fever?


Yang manakah berikut merupakan vektor bagi demam denggi?
A

Aedes Mosquitoe
Nyamuk Aedes

C Culex Mosquitoe
Nyamuk Culex

Anopheles Mosquitoe
Nyamuk Anopheles

Housefly
Lalat

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31

32

A student was given a vaccine BCG. It will stimulate his body to produce antibodies
to fight tuberculosis . This student has acquired
Seorang pelajar telah diberi suntikan vaksin BGC. lni akan merangsangkan badan
pelajar itu menghasilkan antibodi untuk melawan penyakit batuk kering. Pe/ajar ini
telah memperolehi
A

natural active immunity


keimunan aktif semulajadi

artificial active immunity


keimunan aktif buatan

natural passive immunity


keimunan pasif semulajadi

artificial passive immunity


keimunan pasif buatan

Table 1 shows the calorific value for three types of food .


Jadual 1 menunjukkan nilai kalori untuk tiga jenis makanan

Food
Malcanan
Bread

Calorific value (kJg'')


Nilai lcalori (k.lg" 1)
10.0

Roti

Cheese
Keju

30.0

Milk

3.0

Susu
Table 1
Jadua/1

A boy takes 200 g of bread, 5 g of cheese and 50 g of milk for breakfast.


Calculate the calorific value in his food.
Seorang budak lelaki mengambil 200 g roti, 5 g keju dan 50 g susu untuk sarapan
pagi. Hitung nilai kalori dalam makanannya.

43 kJ

430 kJ

230 kJ

2300 kJ

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33

34

Which of the following foods contains the highest calorific value ?


Antara makanan yang berikut, yang manakah yang mempunyai nilai kalori paling
tinggi?

Diagram 19 shows the change of the lumen size in an artery.


Rajah 19 menujukkan perubahan di dalam saiz lumen pada arteri.

artery waU

'dinding orteri;

lumen
lumen

lumen
fum n

cholesterol deposit
mendapan /tole. tero/

Diagram 19
Rajah 19
Which food is most probably the cause of change of the lumen size in the artery ?
Makanan manakah penyebab utama perubahan saiz lumen pada arteri ?
A

Rice
Nasi

Cereals
Bijirin

Fa tty meats
Daging berlemak

Vegetables and fruits


Sayur-sayuran dan buah-buahan

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35

36

Which of the following is bad eating habit ?


Antara yang berikut, yang manakah adalah tabiat pemakanan yang tidak baik ?
A

Not wasting food


Tidak membazir makanan

Eating at regular intervals


Makan mengikut jadual yang tetap

Eat less fat but more vegetables


Makan kurang lemak tetapi lebih sayur-sayuran

Eat more salt, sugar and fat


Makan /ebih garam, gu/a dan /emak.

Diagram 20 shows a food chain.


Rajah 20 menunjukkan satu rantai makanan.

Diagram 20
Rajah 20
What will happen to the population of grasshopper and grass if all the snakes are
caught?
Apakah yang akan ber/aku kepada populasi belalang dan rum put jika kesemua u/ar
ditangkap?

Grasshopper
Belalang

Grass
Rumput

Decrease
Berkurang

Increase
Meningkat

Decrease
Berkurang

Decrease
Berkurang

Increase
Meningkat

Increase
Meningkat

Increase
Meningkat

Decrease
Berkurang

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37

38

Which is the main gas which causes the green-house effect ?


Apakah gas utama yang menyebabkan kesan rumah hijau ?
A

Sulphur dioxide
Sulfur dioksida

Nitrogen oxide
Nitrogen oksida

Carbon dioxide
Karbon dioxida

Chlorofluorocarbon(CFC)
Kloroflorokarbon(CFC)

The following word equation shows a chemical reaction.


Persamaan perkataan berikut menunjukkan suatu tindak balas kimia.

Alcohol + Organic acid

Concentrated
Sulphuric Acid

Ester

Water

Alkohol + Asid organik

Asid Sulfurik
Pekat

Ester

Air

What is the process represented by the equation?


Apakah proses yang diwakili oleh persamaan itu?

Fermentation
Penapaian

Polymerisation
Pempolimeran

Esterification
Pengesteran

Saponification
Saponifikasi

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39

The following information shows the uses of substance X.


Maklumat berikut menunjukkan kegunaan bahan X.

Antiseptic
Antiseptik

Solvent
Pelarut

Fuel
Bahan api

What is X?
Apakah X?

40

41

Glucose
Glukosa

Soap
Sa bun

Diesel
Diesel

Alcohol
Alkohol

What is the function of sodium chloride in the process of making soap?


Apakah fungsi natrium klorida dalam proses pembuatan sabun?
A

Increases the formation of bubbles in the soap


Meningkatkan pembentukan buih sabun

Speeds up the formation of soap


Mempercepatkan pembentukan sabun

To lower the solubility of soap in water in order for soap to precipitate


Mengurangkan keterlarutan sabun dalam air agar sabun termendak

To decompose the oil molecules


Menguraikan molekul sabun

Latex coagulates if it is left for a few days because


Lateks akan membeku jika dibiarkan terdedah untuk beberapa hari kerana
A

evaporation occurs on latex


sejatan air ber/aku pada /ateks

the bonds between the particles break


ikatan antara zarah-zarah lateks terputus

action of bacteria that neutralises the latex particles


tindakan bakteria yang meneutralkan zarah-zarah /ateks

the charge of latex particles repel one another


zarah-zarah lateks yang bercas menolak antara satu sama lain

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42 Diagram 21 shows a four stroke petrol engine.


Rajah 21 menunjukkan enjin petrol empat lejang.
Exhaust valve
lnjap ekzos

Intake valve

tnjap masuk

Direction of piston movement


Arah gerakan omboh

Diagram 21
Rajah 21
What is the stage of the stroke?
Apakah peringkat lejang itu?

43

Exhaust stroke
Lejang ekzos

Compression stroke
Lejang mampatan

Power stroke
Lejang kuasa
Intake stroke
Lejang pengambilan

An object with a mass of 5 kg moving with velocity 20 ms -1 .What is the momentum


of the object?
[Momentum=mass x velocity]
Satu jasad berjisim 5 kg bergerak dengan halaju 20 ms -1. Berapakah momentum
jasad itu?
[Momentum=Jisim x halaju]

4 kgms- 1

25 kgms- 1

B
D

15 kgms- 1
100 kgms- 1

44. How do preservatives make food last longer ?


Bagaimanakah bah an a wet boleh menyebabkan makanan tahan lama?
A Its prevents the dehydration of food
Ia menghalang makanan dihidrasi
B Its prevents the growth of microorganism
Ia menghalang pertumbuhan mikroorganisma
C Its makes emulsification easier
Ia menyebabkan lebih mudah emulfikasi
D It makes food more attractive
Ia menyebabkan makanan
lebih menarik
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45

Diagram 22 shows the label on a tin of sardines.


Rajah 22 menunjukkan label pada sebuah tin sardin.

SARDINE

lkan, aula,
tomato, earam,
sos i kandan
pewarna
makanan yana

.serta

Taman Serl Emas


14300 NibongTebal
Pulau Pinang.

Use be-fore : 1.12.2014


Guna sebelum : 1.12.2014

Store In dry place


Slmpan ditempat kering

di~arkan

pt!nstabil

Diagram 22
Rajah 22

What is the missing information on the labels of food according to the Part IV, Food
Regulation 1985?
Apakah maklumat yang tiada dalam label makanan itu mengikut Bahagian IV,
Peraturan -peraturan Makanan 1985?

Ingredient
Kandungan

Expiry date
Tarikh luput

Manufacturing date
Tarikh pembuatan

Nett Weight.
Berat bersih.

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46

47

The suitable way to preserve meat and fish is


Kaedah pengawetan yang sesuai bagi daging dan ikan adalah
A

canning
pengetinan

dehydration
pendehidratan

freezing
penyejukbekuan

pasteurization
pempasteuran

Diagram 23 shows the structure of a type of plastic.


Rajah 23 menunjukkan struktur sejenis plastik.

Diagram 23
Rajah 23

What is the characteristic of this plastic?


Apakah ciri plastik ini?
A

Has a high melting point


Mempunyai takat lebur yang tinggi

Hard and strong


Keras dan kuat

Can be moulded a few times


Boleh diacu berulang kali

Does not dissolve in organic solvents


Tidak larut dalam pelarut organik

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30

48

Which of the following method is the most suitable for disposing of nonbiodegradable plastic?
Antara kaedah berikut, yang manakah paling sesuai untuk melupuskan plastik yang
tidak terbiodegradasi?
A

Expose to sunlight in dumping areas


Dedahkan pada cahaya matahari di kawasan pembuangan sampah

Bury in the ground


Tanam dalam tanah

Burn in incinerator
Bakar dalam insinerator

Throw into drain


Buang ke dalam longkang

49

Diagram 24 shows a part of an electromagnetic spectrum.


Rajah 24 menunjukkan sebahagian daripada spektrum elektromagnet.

panjang gelombang bertambah


wavelength increases

sinar ultraungu
ultraviolet ray

-----~

sinar inframerah
infrared ray

Diagram 24
Rajah 24
What is wave X?
Apakah gelombang X?
A

X-ray
Sinar- X

Gamma ray
Sinargama

Visible light
Cahaya boleh nampak

Microwaves
Gelombang mikro

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31

50

A source produces a sound with a frequency of 120 Hz and a wavelength of 2.0 m.


What is the velocity of the wave?
[Velocity= frequency x wavelength]
Suatu sumber menghasilkan bunyi yang berfrekuensi 120 Hz dengan panjang
gelombang 2. 0 m. Berapakah halaju gelombang itu?
[Halaju=frekuensi x panjang gelombang]
A

6.0 ms-1

24 ms- 1

60 ms-1

240 ms-1

END OF QUESTION PAPER


KERTAS SOALAN TAMAT

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l5ll,2

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TINGKATAN

NAMA

151112
SAINS

KERTAS 2

MASA 2%JAM

MAJLIS PENGETUA SEKOLAH MALAYSIA


(CAWANGAN PULAU PINANG)

MODUL BERFOKUS SPM 2014


SAINS
KERTAS 2
DUA JAM TIGA PULUH MINIT

JANGAN BUKA MODUL BERFOKUS INI SEHINGGA DIBERITAHU


Kod Pemeriksa
Tuliskan nama dan tingkatan anda
pada ruang yang disediakan.
Modul Beiokus ini adalah dalam
dwibahasa.
t.

-_t---r Markah Markah

^ -,-- Penuh
: Bahaoan , SoalAn
^
Diperoleh
ll
15

Soalan adalah dalam Bahasa Melayu


dan Bahasa lnggeris.

.1.

Anda dibenarkan menjawab


keseluruhan atau sebahagian soalan
sama ada dalam Bahasa Melayu atau
Bahasa lnggeris.

s.

Anda dikehendaki membaca


maklumat di halaman belakang Modul
Berfokus ini.

,45
5t6i

* ------_L.
-------]-

r1010
c11

--.
--

-*'----. -*,-..---

-,
-'

10

12

10

,1

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\4odul bcrlbkus ini nrcngandungr 27 halatnan bercctak

t5112

_l

S[-ILIT

-]
l
i

SULIT

For
examiner'
s Use

15 1112

Section A
Sahagian A
[ 20 marks 1
[20 markah 1
Answer all questions in this section.
Jawab semua soalan dalam bahagian ini

Aminah wants to study the type of the attachment of earlobe among the pupils in her
class. Diagram 1 shows the type of earlobe of 18 pupils from the class.
Aminah ingin mengkaji jenis /ekapan cuping telinga dalam kalangan murid di dalam
kelasnya. Rajah 1 menunjukkan /ekapan cuping telinga bagi 18 orang murid dalam
kelas itu.

Diagram 1
Rajah 1

1511/2

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1511/2
r~. 1~ :'d

(a)

rm l 'ldQn'!m 1. de:tcrm!nl- lh," numbr'l o1 pttpils in each group. Complete

For
examiner's
Use

Pci</,1 .. )lkJr' f~.:.ph 1 f(..'fi!'Jf.:. tn ht 'WfLn muud h, rti sotiap kumpulan .


I c..ngluph m JxJ~:_.l i

rrvr~'

AU .dYr.l r,1rlnbc

,_ ,:-n.t:-;)

(; !C'IWJ tdllll] 1

ru: lekc:,o

I
I

Free earlobe
Cuping telinga bebas

I
Nun !her of pup!ls
f:i!iHil(]c'1 rrn:rfd

1(a)

I
I

C6l

1 (~bk 1
J JCI'.' 1/ I

[2 marks ]
[2 markah]

[~.t t rl , ~n the- 1t ~ ~11L 111 T -~b!r i , (\r lW d b, 1r c-hnr t to


ng Hn t the- tyPP l)f lh' JLwhm nt PI ')1r !oLY'.

(b)

~ how

the number of pupils

RcFfa "'kdn f.:c-put;s-~"n c!a/am ,lrftPI 1, /ukiskdn carta bar yang menunjukkan
hi!<~
n mtnr:l t:J~f,H1''!'1 i''t!'S teA., 'P 'fl t !I(Jmq tolinua .

no

[2 marks ]
[2 markah]

Number of rwpil
Bilan an mwtd

t
.. t'

t
t

t'

'
t

-l-

:!

1-

10

.
!-

.'
t

~
I

.
~

6 ,,..,---,..~,.,___ '' 1 ~
1 i
'-

\*'i"'T"'-

~-

...

,- - ---:-o.cc;

0
Allc~L'lcd l.<Htobe

151112

h ..;c l':l! lobe


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CujJi'l~~ tt'l 1 n~a
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p;<fcf,lp

Cupm,_; t.f!ngo

b,

b~!\

Jenis
Type

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1(b)

C6l

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For

examiner's
Use
1(c)

(c)

151112

State the type of variation based on the bar chart in (b).


Nyatakan jenis variasi berdasarkan carta bar di (b) .

[G
[1 mark ]
[1 markah]

Total

A1

CG
15 11 /2

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151112

5
2

Diagram 2 shows an experiment to study the effect of antibiotic on bacterial growth.


Rajah 2 menunjukkan satu eksperimen untuk mengkaji kesan antibiotik ke atas
pertumbuhan bakteria.
Petri dish B
Piring Petri B

Petri dish A
Piring Petri A

Petri dish
Piring Petri

Nutrient agar +
Bacillus subtilis
Agar Nutrien + Bacillus
subtilis
Filter paper soaked in
Filter paper soaked in
distilled water
antibiotic solution
Kertas turas yang direndam
Kertas turas yang direndam
dalam air suling
dalam larutan antibiotik
Diagram 2
Rajah 2

After four days, the appearance of the nutrient agar in each petri dish is observed .
Table 2.1 shows the result.of this experiment.
Se/epas empat hari, keadaan pada agar nutrien dalam setiap piring petri
diperhatikan. Jadual 2. 1 menunjukkan keputusan eksperimen ini.
Petri dish
Piring petri

Filter paper
Kertas turas

Soaked in distilled water


Direndam dalam air suling

Soaked in antibiotic solution


Direndam dalam larutan antibiotik

Observation
Pemerhatian

Table 2.1

151112

Jadua/2.1
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r .-n
examm,
L. sc

SULIT
For
examiner's
Use

1511/2

6
(a)

Tick(.V) tile cnrroct cloor aren of pem dish B in til(~ Table 2.2.
Tandakan (-J) k .IW{}.S.:/11 prmi; v.lng ixluf bac;ji piling petri F3 pada Jadual 2.2.

Clear area
Kdwasan jernih

2(a)

[Gj
TabiD 2 2
-faduaf L?
(b)
2 (b)

[1 mark]
[1 markah]

State the inforenco li1at c,m be made iJa-:,ed on Ute ubsprvation in 2( a).
Nyatakan iniurcns yanq ciapat rliLm:d bcidas"ukan pnmct i w tian di 2(a).

[Gj
(c)

State the w1iiillllr;", in l11is experimen t

[1 mark]
[1 markah]

Nyatakm 1pomiJolcl7iibaft ihJgi ek-spcrtn0n ini-

(ii)
2(c)

C6l
1511/2

Mdn ipu!atoci variabl8

(lorn.boklnlb Jf7 dir:Janipulasiki:-:n

[2 marks]
[2 markah]

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7
(d)

151112

Based on the experiment, state the operational definition of antibiotic.

Berdasarkan eksperimen ini, nyatakan definisi secara operasi bagi antibiotik.

For
examiner's
Use
2(d)

[1 mark]
[1 markah]

[G

Total
A2

1511/2

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~
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For
examiner's
Use

151112

8
3

Diagram 3 shows a ticker tape obtained from an experiment which uses a trolley
moving down an inclined plane. The ticker timer makes 50 ticks in 1 second.

Rajah 3 menunjukkan pita detik yang diperoleh daripada satu eksperimen yang
menggunakan sebuah troli yang bergerak menuruni landasan. Jangkamasa detik
membuat 50 detik dalam masa 1 saat.

Direction of movement I
Arah pergerakan

X em
Diagram 3
Rajah 3

(a)

Based on Diagram 3, state the type of motion of the trolley.

Berdasarkan Rajah 3, nyatakan jenis gerakan bagi troli itu.

3(a)

[8
[1 mark]
[1 markah]
(b)
3(b)

[8

151112

Based on Diagram 3, measure X and write down the length.

Berdasarkan Rajah 3, ukur X dan catatkan panjangnya.

-------

em

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[1 mark]
[1 markah]

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9
(c)

151112
For
examiner's
Use

Calculate the velocity of the trolley.

Kira halaju troli tersebut.


[Time for 1 tick = 0.02 s ]
[ Masa untuk 1 detik

=0.02 s]

Displacement]
.
----[Veloetty = - - 'Time

[Halaju

Sesaran]
M
as a

3(c)

[2 marks]
[2 markah]

(d)

[B

Mark (..f) on the ticker tape that shows the highest velocity in Table 3.

Tandakan (..f) pada pita detik yang mempunyai halaju tertinggi dalam
Jadua/3.

I I I I I I
Table 3
Jadua/3

1511/2

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[1 mark]
[1 markah]

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3(d)

UJ
Total
A3

SULTT
For
examiner's
Use

15 11 /2

10
4

Diagram 4 shows an experiment to compare the hardness of alloy and pure metal.
Rajah 4 menunjukkan satu eksperimen yang mengkaji kekerasan aloi berbanding
/ogam tulen.

C-Ciamp
Penyepit C

------- -r

block P
blok P

Initial length
Panjang awal
_____ ____-+:
~~~

Diagram 4
Rajah 4
The length of block P is measured after the C-clamp is tighten. Table 4.1 shows the
results of the experiment.
Panjang blok P diukur selepas penyepit C diketatkan. Jadual 4. 1 menunjukkan
keputusan eksperimen.

Type of block
Jenis blok

Initial length/ em
Panjang awa/1 em

Final length I em
Panjang akhir/ em

Difference
between the in itial
length and fina l
length/em
Perbezaan antara
panjang awal dan
panjang akhirlcm

I
Copper
Kuprum

Brass
Loyang

4.5

Table 4.1
Jadua/4. 1
(a)
4(a)

CG
1511/2

Observe Table 4.1. Write down the difference between the initial length and
final length for brass in Table 4.1.
Perhatikan Jadua/ 4. Tuliskan perbezaan antara panjang awal dan panjang
akhir bagi loyang pada Jadua/ 4. 1.
[1 mark ]
[1 markah]

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11
(b)

151112
For
examiner's
Use

State one hypothesis of this experiment.


Nyatakan satu hipotesis bagi eksperimen ini.

4(b)

[1 mark]
[1 markah]
(c)

[:GJ

State one constant variable in this experiment.


4(c)

Nyatakan satu pembolehubah dimalarkan bagi eksperimen ini.

[:GJ
[1 mark]
[1 markah]

(d)

What is the relationship between the hardness of the block and difference
between the initial and final length of the block?
Apakah hubungan antara kekerasan blok dengan perbezaan panjang awal
dan panjang akhir bagi blok itu?

4(d)

[:GJ

[1 mark]
[1 markah]
(e)

Mark("') the substances which are the composition of brass.


Tandakan (...J)bahan-bahan yang merupakan komposisi bagi loyang.

[1 mark]
[1 markah]

Tin
Timah
Aluminium
Aluminium
Copper
Kuprum
Magnesium
Magnesium
Zinc
Zink

4(e)

Table 4.2

[:GJ

Jadua/4.2

Total
A4

1511/2

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151 112

12

SULIT
For
examiner 's
Use

Section B
Sahagian B
[ 30 marks]
[30 markah]
Answer all questions in this section.
Jawab semua soalan dalam bahagian ini

Diagram 5 shows the endocrine system of man.


Rajah 5 menunjukkan sistem endokrin seorang lelaki.

Pituitary
Pituitari
Q

Adrenal
Adrenal

Testis
Testis

Diagram 5
Rajah 5

(a)
5(a)

Which gland acts as the master gland in the endocrine system ?


Kelenjar yang manakah bertindak sebagai kelenjar utama dalam sistem
endokrin?

[E
[1 mark]
[1 markah]

1511/2

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14
6

151 1/2

Diagram 6 shows the white light ray that is projected onto colour filters
Rajah 6 menunjukkan sinar cahaya putih dipancarkan ke alas penapis warna.

White light

White screen
Skrin putih

Red
Merah

Cahava Putih

Ray box

.......................::;,.

KotakSinar
Green
Hiiau

Colour filter W
Penapis Warna W

Red Colour filter


Penapis warna merah

Diagram 6
Rajah 6
(a)

What is the colour of filter Wand light Yin Diagram 6?


Apakah warna penapis W dan warna cahaya Ypada Rajah?
(i)

Filter W/
Penapis W

(ii)

6(a)

LQ

Colour of light Y
Warna cahaya Y

[2 marks]
[2 markah ]

6(b)

[:GJ

(b)

(c)

6(c)

Mark with P for the primary colour filter in Diagram 6.


Tandakan dengan huruf P bagi penapis warna primer pada Rajah 6.
[1 mark]
[1 markah]
What will happen to the other components of white light when it passes
through the colour filter W?
Apakah yang terjadi kepada juzuk warna yang lain dalam cahaya putih
selepas melalui penapis warna W?

[:GJ
1511/2

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[1 mark]
[1 markah]

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15
(d)

151 112

What colour will appear on the white screen if red filter colour is replaced with
cyan filter colour?

Apakah warna yang akan kelihatan di skrin putih jika penapis warna merah
diganti dengan penapis warna sian?

For
examiner's
Use

6(d)

[1 mark]
[1 markah ]
(e)

LG

During the last school holidays, Ahmad and his family went to 1-City , Shah
Alam. While they were sitting under the light, he was shocked when he saw
that his red shirt turned black. In your opinion, what is the colour of the light ?

Pada cuti sekolah yang /alu , Ahmad dan ke/uarganya berkunjung ke /-City ,
Shah A/am. Ketika mereka sedang duduk di bawah cahaya /ampu, Ahmad
terkejut apabila dia mendapati bajunya yang berwarna merah kelihatan hitam.
Pada pendapat anda, apakah warna cahaya lampu tersebut ?

[1 mark]
[1 markah ]

6(e)

LG

Total

86

[B
151112

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For
examiner's
Use

1511 /2

16

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7

Diagram 7 shows two individuals, N and L, who are suffering from different health
problems due to poor eating habits.

Rajah 7 menunjukkan dua individu , N dan L yang menghidapi masalah kesihatan


akibat tabiat pemakanan yang tidak sihat.

N
(a)

Diagram 7
Rajah 7

Based on Diagram 7, state the health problem suffered by the individuals.

Berdasarkan Rajah 7, nyatakan masalah kesihatan yang dihidapi oleh individu


terse but.
7(a)

[L]

(i)

N: _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __

(ii)

L: _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __
[2 marks]
[2 markah]

(b)

Give one reason of the health problem stated in ?(a).

Berikan satu sebab yang mengakibatkan masa/ah kesihatan yang dinyatakan


di 7(a).
7(b)

[L]

(i)

N: _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __

(ii)

L: _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __
[2 marks]
[2 markah]

151112

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17
(c)

151 1/2

State one health problem that may happen to individual N.


Nyatakan satu masa/ah kesihatan yang mungkin terjadi pada individu N.

For
examiner's
Use

7(c)

[1 mark]
[1 markah]

(d)

LG

Suggest one way to help individual L.


Cadangkan satu cara untuk membantu individu L.
7(d )

[1 mark]
[1 markah]

LG

Total

87

1511/2

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For
examiner's
Use

1511/2

18
8

Figure 8.1 shows a structure of soap molecule.


Rajah 8. 1 menunjukkan satu struktur molekul sabun.

L
Diagram 8.1
Rajah 8.1

8(a)

[G

(a)

Name part K in the box provided in Diagram 8.1 .


Namakan bahagian K dalam petak yang disediakan dalam Rajah 8. 1.

[1 mark]
[1 markah]
(b)
8(b)

Based on Diagram 8.1, which part of the soap molecule that dissolves in
water?
Berdasarkan Rajah 8. 1, bahagian sa bun yang manakah Ia rut dalam air?

[G
[1 mark]
[1 markah]

1511/2

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151112

19

For
examiner's
Use

Diagram 8.2 shows the process of making soap.

Rajah 8.2 menunjukkan proses pembuatan sabun.


Common salt
Garam biasa

Glass rod
Rod kaca

20 ml oil+ 80
ml sodium
hydroxide
solution

Filter paper
Kertas turas

...

20 ml minyak
+ 80ml
larutan
natrium
hidroksida

Soap
Sa bun
Filter funnel
Corong turas
filtrate
Hasil turasan

Diagram 8.2
Rajah 8.2
(c)

Name one other substance that can replace sodium hydroxide solution in
Diagram 8.2 .

Namakan satu bahan lain yang dapat menggantikan larutan natrium


hidroksida dalam Rajah 8.2.
8(c)

CG

[1 mark]
[1 markah]
(d)

Why is common salt used in the preparation of soap?

Mengapakah garam biasa digunakan dalam penyediaan sabun?


8(d)

CG

[1 mark]
[1 markah]
(e)

Complete the following chemical equation in words to represent the reaction of


making soap.

Lengkapkan persamaan kimia di bawah untuk mewakili tindak balas


pembuatan sabun.

Palm oil

+ sodium hydroxide

---+

Minyak sawit + natrium hidroksida - +

'-1_ _ _ ___,I

._I_ _ _ ____,

I I

I
[1 mark]

151112

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8(e)

.~

[1 markah]
SULIT

l_____L_2j

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20
(f)

For
examiner's
Use

1511/2

How does soap wet the surface of a substance?

Bagaimanakah sabun dapat membasahi permukaan bahan?

8(f)

LG

[1 mark]
[1 markah]

Total

88

~
9

Diagram 9.1 shows a wave.

Rajah 9. 1 menunjukkan satu gelombang.

Sesaran (m)
Displacement (m)

jarak (m)
Distance (m)

Diagram 9.1
Rajah 9.1
(a)

Name X andY.

Namakan X dan Y.

X
y
9(a)

[2 marks]
[2 markah]

[1]
(b)

1511/2

Diagram 9.2 shows a block diagram of radio transmission system.

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For
examiner's
Use

SULIT

1511/2

23
Section C
Sahagian C

[ 20 marks]
[ 20 markah]
Answer Question 10 ar 1d eill ll' f UuPslion 11 or Question 12 .
Jawab soalan 10 dun ~:~1111. 1 <~dn soui.Jrr 11 atau soalan 12.

10

Study the following stalerm 11L


Kaji pernyataan bot ikut

Melting poi nt of molecular substances and atomic substances are difference.


Takat lebur ball..m motckul dan bahan atom adalah berbeza.

(a)

(b)

Suggest one llypoU I(' . h to invostig <J te the above statement

[ 1 mark]

CadangkaJ t s~1tlJ !JipulLo.;is unluJ.. monyiasat pernyataan di atas

[ 1 markah 1

Using 20 !J of 111.m fill itllJ!.>, 20 u of sulphur, crucible, wire gauze, tripod stand, Bunsen
burner W1d unulller dJJp,1i nlus, describe 2n experiment to test your hypothesis in 1O(a)
based on t11c lollowli ILJ cr itcri .. L
Dengan munggun;Jkan 20 g StJrbuk besi, 20 g sulfur, mangkuk pijar, kasa dawai,
tungku kal<i tiga, ptt wnu Hunson dan radas lain, huraikan satu eksperimen untuk
mengkaji ltipolr sis d1 tO (u) !Jordasarkan kriteria berikut.
(i)

(i)

(ii)

(iii)

(iv)

1511/2

Aim ol ll11. expvrli!IC'IIl

[ 1 mark]

Tuju.Jn t k.e;jJL Jiilit

[ 1 markah 1

il

ldonlificaliur1 l"f VJ i iaiJios

[ 2 marks]

MunyL'17dlfK1.Ai p, n tfJolchubah

[ 2 markah 1

List of cl pp<.~mlu , md illi:llerials

[ 1 mark]

Sc'lt~l di 1uclas

[ 1 markah 1

d. 111 b<..~flan

ProcodUi o 0 1 n Julhod

[ 4 marks]

Prosedur atau kaedah

[ 4 markah 1

Tabulation of dnta

[ 1 mark]

Penjadua/an data

[ 1 markah 1

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21

151112

Rajah 9. 2 menunjukkan rajah blok bagi suatu sistem pemancar radio.

bunyi ~
sound ~\
mikrofon
microphone ,

\I
aerial

aerial

amplifier

O'Tlpi1(ier

pengayun
oscillator

Diagram 9.2
Rajah 9.2

(i)

Name the component P.


Namakan komponen P.

[1 mark]
[1 markah]
(ii)

State the function of component P.


Nyatakan fungsi komponen P.

9(b)(ii)

[1 mark]
[1 markah]
(c)

Based on Diagram 9.2 , state the function of amplifier.


Berdasarkan Rajah 9. 2 , nyatakan fungsi amplifier.

[1 mark]
[1 markah]

151112

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SULIT

LG

SULIT
For

examiner's
Use

22
(d)

151112

Sketch the wave transmitted by the aerial in the box provided .


Lakar gelombang yang dipancarkan oleh aerial dalam petak yang disediakan.

9(d)

c=G

[1 mark]
[1 markah]

Total

89

~
1511 /2

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SULIT
11

1511/2

24

a)

State two examples of waste produced by burning of fossil fuel and explain
their effects to the environment.

Nyatakan dua contoh sisa buangan yang dihasilkan oleh pembakaran bahan
api fosil dan terangkan kesannya terhadap a/am sekitar.
[4 marks]
[4 markah]
b)

A factory has been built in a village . It produces a lot of gases which are
poisonous and harmful to the human beings.
Explain methods to overcome this problem.

Sebuah kilang telah didirikan di sebuah kampung. Ia menge/uarkan gas gas yang beracun dan berbahaya kepada manusia .
Terangkan langkah-langkah untuk mengatasi masalah ini.

Your answer should include the following:


Jawapan anda hendak/ah mengandungi perkara berikut:

1511/2

Identify the problem


Mengenalpasti masa/ah

[1 mark]
[1 markah]

Clarification of the problem


Penjelasan masalah

[1 mark]
[1 markah]

Suggest three methods to solve the problem


Cadangkan tiga kaedah untuk menyelesaikan masalah itu

[3 marks]
[3 markah]

Choose the best method and explain your choice .


Pilih kaedah terbaik dan jelaskan pilihan anda

[1 mark]
[1 markah]

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12

1511/2

25

SULIT

There are two types of changes of matter: physical changes and chemical changes
Terdapat dua jenis perubahan jirim iaitu perubahan fizik dan perubahan kimia.

(a)

State four differences between physical changes and chemical changes.


Nyata empat perbezaan antara perubahan fizik dengan perubahan kimia

[4 marks]
[4 markah]

(b)

Diagram 12 shows three experiments that was conducted by a pupil to study the
chemical changes.
Rajah 12 menunjukkan tiga eksperimen yang dijalankan oleh seorang murid untuk
mengkaji perubahan kimia.

[4 marks]
[4 markah]

Mixture of iron powder


"71"-- with sulphur powder
~~~~!~~$

Campuran serbukferum
dengan serbuk sulfur

Magnesium ribbon
Pita Magnesium

Chemical changes
Perubahan kimia

't;~ "'~

L._
~

Evaporation dish
Mangkukpenyejat

Copper (II) sulphate


Kuprum(l/)sulfat
Zinc plate
VrT--Kepingan zink

DIAGRAM 12
RAJAH 12

15 11/2

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r5lU2

26

Based on the Diagram 12, construct the concePt of chethi<al change' Youranswer should be
based on the following aspects:
Berdasarkan Rajah 12, bina satu konsep tet*ang Perubahan kinia" JowaPan anda hendaklah
berdasarkan aspek-aspek yang berikut:

(i)

ldentify two common characleriStics.

[2 marks ]
12 markah I

Kenal pasti dua ciri sepunya.

(ii)

Give another one examplc of chemtcal change.


Beri satu contoh lain bagi pcrub'4han klmia,.

(iii)

Give two examples of non-chernicat change.

[2 marks ]
markah I

12

Beri dua contoh bukan perubahen kimia.

(iv)

Relate the comman charactcristica


Hubungkaitkan ciri sepunya

trtltk

[1 mark ]
l1 markah I

to congf.rwil,|p- aruceptof chemical chanoe.


me fibina

konkP paubahan kimia[1 mark ]


11 markah I

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SULIT

LIS PENGETUA SEKOLAH MALAYSIA


CAWANGAN PULAU PINANG

MODUL BERFOKUS sPM

2014

L'L1,IL

SCIENCE
Paper 1

Septernber

1% hour
Satu Jam Lima Belas

Mlnlt

Skema Jawapan

UNTUK KEGUNAAN PEMERIKSA SAHAJA

www'mvsfioolchildren.com

INI MENGANDUNGI 2HAI.AMAN BERCETAK


PEMTURAN PEMARMHAN
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Modul Berfokos Sains SPM 2014


Skema Jawapan

Soalan
1 .
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

Jwp
A

Soalan
11
12

13

14
15
16
17
18
19
20

D, ,

B
B
B
B
B
B

,,.

Jwp
,.

A ...

c
c
D

c
c
D

Soalan
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30

Jwp

c
c
B
A

B
D
B
A

B
A

Soalan
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40

Jwp
B

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c
c
D
A

c
c
D

Soalan
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50

Jwp

c
c
D
B

c
c
c
c
D

MAJLIS PENGETUA SEKOLAH MALAYSIA


CAWANGAN PULAU PINANG

MOfll:TL BERFOKUS SPM 2014

1511/2

SCIENCE
Paper2
September
2 Yz hour
Two hours and thirty minutes

Skema Jawapan
UNTUK KEGUNAAN PEMERIKSA SAHAJA

2 .

... ' ;,

PERATURAN PEMARKAHAN INIMENGANDUNGI 16 HALAMAN BERCETAK

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1511(PP)

Question

1(a)

Mark Scheme

Able to determine the number of attached earlobe against free earlobe.


Sample answer
Type
Jenis

Attached earlobe
Cuping telinga
melekap

Cuping telinga
be bas

10

Number of pupils
Bilangan murid

Sub
Mark

Total
Mark

1+1

Free earlobe

2 correct -2 marks
1 correct -1 mark
0 correct- 0 mark

(b)

Able to draw 2 bars with correct height


Able to draw 2 bars with correct width
Sample answer
Number of pupils
Bilangan murld

12

10
8
6
4

2
0
Attached
earlobe
Cuping telinga
melekap

(c)

Free earlobe
Cuping telinga
be bas

Able to state the type of variation


Sample answer
Discontinuous variation II Variasi tak se/anjar

1511(PP)

Jenis
Type

TOTAL

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===

Question

2(a)

1511(PP)

Mark Scheme

Sub
Mark

Total
Mark

Able to tick the correct diagram


answer
clear area
kawasan jernih

(b)

Able to state the inference


Sample answer
Petri dish B showed clear area around the filter paper because antibiotic kills
bacteria.

Piring petri 8 menunjukkan kawasan jernih yang mengelilingi kertas turas


kerana antibiotik memusnahkan baktf:!ria.

(c)

Able to state the responding variable


Sample answer

(i)

Clear area
Kawasan jernih

Able to state the manipulated variable


Sample answer

u-

__

---

______u

(ii)

Presence of antibiotic
Kehadiran antibiotik

(d)

Able to state the operational definition for antibiotic

Sample answer

AntJ~ic:>tic !s_a sub~!anc~J~at, Pr9dU<;:.e~ _qle.a.rare~.. .

-. ,.. .
Antibiotik adalah bahan yang menghasi!kan kawasan jernih.

TOTAL

1511(PP)

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Question

3(a)

1511(PP)

Mark Scheme

Able to state type of motion.


answer

Sub
Mark

Total
Mark

1+ 1

Velocity decreases
Ha/aju berkurang
(b)

Able to measure the length.


answer
12.7 em( 0.1)

(c)

Able to calculate the velocity


answer
Velocity=

displacement
time

12.7 em
10 tick x 0.02s

= 63.5 cms 1

sesaran
mas a

Halaju =

12.7 em
= 10 detik x 0.02s

= 63.5 cms 1
[1 mark for value I 1 markah untuk pengisian nila1]
[1 mark for c:m~w~r I 1 mlr_k~h !lntuk jawapan]

(d)

Able to tick the correct diagram.


answer

..

I I I
.

'

'

,.

I II
:

..;

I
-5-

'

1511{PP)

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1511(PP)

Question

4(a)

Mark Scheme

AbJe to calculate the difference


Sample answer

Sub
Mark

Total
Mark

TOTAL

0.5
(b)

Able to state hypothesis


Sample answer
Alloy is harder than pure metal.
Aloi adalah lebih keras daripada logam tulen.

(c)

Able to state the constant variable


Sample answer
Initial length of the block I size of C-clamp
Panjang awal blok I saiz penyepit -C

(d)

Able to state the relationship between the hardness of the block and
difference between the initial and final length of the block
Sample answer

1. When the hardness of the block increases, the decrease the difference
between the initial and final length of the block deacrease
Kekerasan blok bertambah, perbezaan panjang awal dan panjang
akhir bagi blok itu berkurang

2. The harder the block, the lesser the difference between the inial and
final length of block.
..

(e)

- - - -- -

Semakin keras blok, semakin kurang perbezaan panjang awal dan


.. .
---- - .
. .
. ..-panjang-akhir--bagi-elek-:-

Able to tick the correct composition for the alloy


Sample answer

Tin I Timah.
Aluminium I Aluminium

Coppet/ Kuprum
.

,\'

Magnesium I
Magnesium
Zinc I Zink
[ 2 ticks for 1 mark ]

1511(PP)

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Question

5(a)

Mark Scheme

Able to state the master gland in the endocrine system.


Sample answer

1511(PP)

Sub
Mark

Total
Mark

Pituitary gland I Kelenjar pituitari


(b)

Able to name gland Q


Sample answer
Thyroid gland I Kelenjar tiroid.

(c)(i)

Able to state the hormone that is produced by gland R


Sample answer
Insulin

(c)(ii)

Able to state one effect if gland R do~s not produce sufficient hormone.
Sample answer
Diabetis I kencing manis.

(d)

Able to state the correct hormone


answer
Adrenaline II Adrenalin

(e)

Able to name the gland.


Sample answer
TestiS:

'

TOTAL

--

1511(PP)

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Question

6(a)

Mark Scheme

Able to state colour of filter W and light Y.


Answer
(i)
(ii)

(b)

1511(PP)

Sub
Mark

Total
Mark

1+1

Yellow I kuning .
Red I merah .

Able to mark P for the primary colour filter.


Answer

White light

Ray box

Red
Merah

Cahaya Putih

White
screen
Skrinputih

>

~otakSinar
Green
Hijau

Colour filter W
Penapis Warna W

(c)

Red Colour filter


Penapis warna

Able to state what happen to the other compenent.


Answer

Absorbed I diserap

(d)
Able to state the colour appear on white screen if red filter is replaced
-
- - -_____ _withcyan-filter.colour.
Answer
Green I hijau.

(e)

Able to state the colour of light.


Answer
Blue II Green II Biru II Hijau

-TOTAL

1511(PP)

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Question

7(a)

Mark Scheme

Able to state the health problem.


Answer
(i)
(ii)

(b)

1511(PP)

Sub
Mark

Total
Mark

1+1

1+1

N : Obesity I Kegendutan
L : Anorexia II Anoreksia

Able to state one reason of the health problem.


answer
(i)

N: Over eating I Makan ber/ebihan

(ii)

L: Loss of at appetite I refuse to eat I psychological disturbance.


Kehilangan se/era makan llenggan makan II gangguan
psikologi

(c)

Able to state health problem that may happen to individual N.


answer
Heart disease II artherosclerosis II diabetis II high blood pressure II kidney
problem/
Penyakit jantung llarterioskeloris II kencing man is II tekanan darah tinggi II
penyakit buah pinggang

(d)

Able to state suggest one way to help individual L.


Answer
Eat balanced diet II psychotherapy II take medicine II reduce stress II support
/love from family members I friends.
Makan makanan seimbang II terapi kaunseling II mengambil ubat II
mengurangkan tekanan II sokongan lkasih sayang daripada ke/uarga-1-rakan- -

TOTAL

1511(PP)

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-6

Question

8(a)

1511(PP)

Mark Scheme

Able to name part K


Answer

Sub
Mark

Total
Mark

Tail I hydrocarbon I organic


Ekor I hidrokarbon I organik

(b)

Able to state the part of soap molecule that dissolves in water.


Answer
L I head I hydrophilic I loniG
L I kepala I hidrofilik I lonik

(c)

Able to state one other substance that can be used to replace sodium
hydroxide.

Potassium hydroxide solution


Larutan kalium hidroksida

(d)

Able to state the reason for using common salt in preparation of soap.
Answer

To reduce the solubility of soap in water/to precipitate out the soap formed II
Untuk mengurangkan keterlarutan sabun/untuk memendakkan. sa bun yang
terbentuk

(e)

Able to complete the chemical changes equation.


Answer
Palm oil +

sodlu~ hydroxide

- - . [ - soap

Minyak sawit + natrium hidroksida

(f)

-1

sabun

I+ I
I +I

glycerol
gliserol

I
I

Able to explain how does soap wet the surface of substance.


Answer

Soap reduces the surface tension of water


Sabun mengurangkan ketegangan permukaan air

TOTAL

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Mark Scheme

Question

9(a)

1511(PP)

Able to name X and Y


Sample answer

Sub
Mark

Total
Mark

1+1

1+1

X :Amplitude 1/Amplitud
Y: Wavelength// Panjang gelombang.

(b)

Able to name component P and state the function.


Sample answer

(i)

Modulator /Modulator

(ii)

Combines audio waves with radio waves// modulation.


Menggabungkan gelombang audio dengan gelombang radio II modulasi.

(c)

Able to state the function of amplifier.


Sample answer

To amplify the modulated wave.


Untuk menguatkan gelombang termodulasi.

. (d)

.. Ab_hLto ske.tch the wavetransmitted by aerial.


Sample answer

I
I
I
I

1511(PP)

"~ ~

A , ~ /:

:v v v:

:v vv:

\
I
I

:v
'

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11

Question

10(a)

1511(PP)

Mark Scheme

Able to relate manipulated variable and responding variable


Sample answer

Sub
.Mark

Total
Mark

1+1

1. Melting point of atomic substances is higher than molecular substance


(vice versa) //
Takat lebur bahan atom adalah lebih tinggi daripada bahan molekul
(sebaliknya)

2. Melting point of atomic substance is lower than molecular substance


(vice versa) //
Takat /ebur bahan atom adalah lebih rendah daripada mo/eku/
(sebaliknya)

3. Melting point of atomic substance is higher.


Takat lebur bahan atom adalah lebih tinggi.
(b )(i)

Able to state the aim of experiment


Sample answer
To investigate melting point of atomic substances and molecular substances
are different.
II Untuk mengkaji takat /ebur bah an atom dan bahan molekul adalah berbeza

(ii)

J'

Able to state any two variables


Sample answer
Constant variable
1. Amount/ weight of substances 1/amaun/berat bahan
2. 20 gram substances/20 g bahan
Manipulated variable
1. Type of substances//jenis bahan
. . 2. 20 g .iron .filing-ar:td 20 g suiJ:>hur//20 g serbuk-besi dan 2() g sulfur

- -- - - - - -

---

Responding variable
1. Melting point//takat lebur
(iii)

Able to list the apparatus needed


,.
answer

20 g iron filings, 20 g sulphur, crucible, wire gauze, tripod stand, Bunsen


burner and thermometer
20 g serbuk besi; 20 g sulfur, mangkuk pijar, kasa dawai, tungkv kaki tiga
Bunsen dan termometer.

1511(PP)

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- --

12

Question

(iv)

1511(PP)

Mark Scheme

Able to list at least 4 steps for the methods


sample answer

Sub
Mark

Total
Mark

1. Put 20 g of iron fillings in crucible//diagram//masukkan 20 g serbuk besi


ke dalam mangkuk pijar
2. Heat until meltllpanaskan hingga /ebur
3. Measure the melting point and write in the table// ukur takat /ebur dan
catat dalam jadua/
4. Repeat step 1 - 3 using sulphur// ulang langkah 1- 3 dengan
menggunakan sulfur
(v)

Able to construct a table which consists of manipulated variable and


responding variable

Type of substances II Jenis bahan

Melting point II
takat lebur

Molecular substanceslsuplhur II
Bahan molekullsulfur

Atomic substances I ion fillings II


bahan atom I serbuk besi

TOTAL

1511(PP)

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10

.'

13

Question

11 (a)

1511(PP)

Mark Scheme

Able to state two examples of waste products and explain the effects.
Contoh sisa buangan yang dihasilkan oleh pembakaran bahan api fosil
Example
Contoh
Sulphur dioxide
Sulfur dioksida
Nitrogen dioxide
Nitrogen dioksida

Carbon dioxide
Karbon dioksida

Soot
Jelaga
Dust
Debu
Smoke
Asap

Sub
Mark

Total
Mark

1+1 +1+1

Effect on the environment


Kesan ke atas a/am sekitar
Acid ra in
Hulan asid
Acid rain//green house effect//global temperature
increase//global warming//melting of ice cap//sea level
increase raises . ,
Hujan asid/1 Kesan rumah hijau 1/pehingkatan suhu
Bumi 1/pemanasan global 1/ais di kutub- kutub
mencair/1 peninqkatan p_aras air /aut
Green house effect//increase in global
temperature//global warming//melting of ice
cap//increase in sea level.
Kesan rumah hijau 1/peningkatan suhu Bumi
1/pemanasan global 1/ais di kutub- kutub mencair/1
peningkatan para& air /aut
Photosynthesis is disrupted
Proses fotosintesis terganggu
Photosynthesis is disrupted
Proses fotosintesis terganggu
Photosynthesis is disrupted
Proses fotosintesis terganggu

Any two correct examples and effect


Nota: Mana- mana dua contoh dan kesan yang betul
. (b)

Able to identify the problem


Mengena1pasti masalah

- - ___ :

-- - --- ~:- - ~ --~ ! .. -. - -

...._ .. ~- - -- - - -.:.... -

, . ..

-.

Jawapan
Production of poisonous and harmful gases to human being
Penghasilan gas-gas beracun dan berbahaya kepada man usia
Able to clarify the problem
Penjelasan masalah
Jawapan
Because the factory has been built in a village.
Kerana ki/ang telah didirikan di kawasan kampung

1511(PP)

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14
Question

1511(PP)

Mark Scheme

Able to suggest three method to soft problem.


Jawapan
M1
M1
M2
M2
M3
M3
. M4
M4
M5
MS
M6
M6

Sub
Mark

Total
Mark

1+1+1

Install air cleaner system.


Menggunakan sistem pembersih udara
Install and electrostatic depositor on factory chimneys
Menggunakan pemendak e/ektrostatik pada cerobong
Treat the waste before disposing or releasing .
Merawat sisa sebelum dibuang/ /epaskan
Install filter at chimneys
Memasang penapis pada cerobong asap
Raise .the height chimneys
Meninggikan cerobong asap
Enforcement of law.
Menguatkuasakan undang-undang
[Any three]
[ Mana-mana tiga ]

Able to state the best method and explain the choice.


Any method stated above.
Mana-mana satu kaedah.

Explaination
To reduce the toxic and dangerous substances in the gases// to reduce the
volume of gases.
Dapat mengurangkan kandungan bahan beracun dan berbahaya yang
terdapat di dalam gas yang dibebaskan/1 dapat mengurangkan jumlah gas
yang dibebaskan

10

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15

Question

12(a)

Mark Scheme

Able to state the differences between chemical and physical


changes:
Sample answers
Chemical changes //
Perubahan Kimia
1. New substance is formed
//bahan baru terbentuk
2. Not reversible//
Diffid.iltto' reoet~El
. perubahan tidak berbalik
3.CheiTI"icaf composition of
origi'rial substance are
different froijl--ttie product 11
Komposisi kfmT
a bah an asal
berbeza deilgan hasil
4. Mass of original substance
is different from the product.//
Jisfm bahan asal berbeza
dengan hasil
5. Require lot of (heat)
energy II Memerlukan tenaga
{haba) yang tinggi

Sub
Mark

Total
Mark

2+2

1+1

Physical changes//
Perubahan Fizik
1. No new substance is
formed //tiada bahan baru
terbentuk
2 . .Re.v~rs i ble/1 Easy to
revesell perubahan berbalik
3.Che'mical composition of
originalsubstance remains the
same.// Komposisi kimia
bahan asal sama dengan hasil
4.Mass of original substance
is the same as the product II
Jisim bahan asal adalah
sama dengan hasil
6. Require a little of (heat)
energy// Memerlukan tenaga
{haba) yang rendah.
[Any four// mana-mana 4]

(b)

Able to state two common characteristics:


Sample answers
1. New substance is formed II Terdapat bahan baru terbentuk
2. Not reversible// Difficult to reverse //perubahan adalah tidak
. . - --- -- --- - - -.
- -- ----.berbalik
3. Chemical composition of original substance are different
from the product II
Komposisi kimia bahan asal berbeza dengan hasil
4.' Mass of original substance is different from the product.//
Jisim bahan asal berbeza dengan hasil
5. Require a lot of (heat) energy //Memerlukan tenaga (haba)
yang tinggi
[Any two II Mana- mana dua]

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16

Question

1511(PP)

Mark Scheme

Able to state other example of chemical changes

Sub
Mark

Total
Mark

Rusting (of iron)// neutralisation (of acid and alkali)// Decomposition of


copper carbonate// Decaying//
Pengaratan besi II Peneutralan asid dan alkali)// Penguraian kuprum karbonat
II Pereputan

. 1+1

Able to state two non examples of chemical changes:

Melting of ice// Boiling of water II Evaporation of water// Dissolving sugar in


water// Iodine sublimation.//
Peleburan ais II Pendidihan air// Penyejatan air IIKelarutan gula dalam air
//Pemejalwapan iodin
[Any two II Mana- mana dua]

Able to relate the common characteristics to construct the concept of


chemical change.

Chemical change is a process in which a new substance is formed and it is


not reversible. II
Perubahan kimia ialah proses di mana terdapat bahan baru terbentuk dan
perubahan adalah tidak berbalik.

-10

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