Anda di halaman 1dari 28

Determinacy and

Stability of Structures
Theory of Structure - I

Lecture Outlines
Introduction
Equations
Types

of Equilibrium

of Supports and Restraints

Stability

and Determinacy

Idealized

Department of

Structure

Introduction
Free

Body Diagram

Simplified picture of the structure, isolated from its


supports, on which are shown all the external
forces that act on the structure.
These forces include the applied loads and the
reactions that the supports exert on structure.

Department of

FREE BODY DIAGRAM

Department of

Equations of Equilibrium
For

complete static equilibrium in 2D, three


requirements must be met:
1. External Horizontal forces balance
(translation).
2. External Vertical forces balance
(translation).
3. External Moments balance about any point
(rotational).
Department of

The

above requirements may be stated


mathematically as:
1. Fx = 0

Positive

2. Fy = 0

Positive

3. z = 0

Positive

Department of

Sign Conventions

Types of Supports and


Restraints

Roller Support

Fixed Support

Hinge Support

Simple Support

Department of

Department of

Department of

Department of

10

Hinge
Support

Department of

Roller
Support

11

Department of

12

Department of

13

Department of

14

Department of

15

Stability and Determinacy


Determinate

Structure

A structure for which all the unknown reactions


can be determined using the equations of
equilibrium is referred to as a determinate
structure.

Department of

16

Determinate
Structure

Department of

17

Indeterminate

Structure

The structure possesses more unknown reactions


than equations of equilibrium, is referred to as an
indeterminate structure.

Department of

18

Indeterminate
Structure

Department of

19

Unstable

Structure

A structure in which there are an insufficient


number of reactions to prevent motion from taking
place, is called an unstable structure.

Department of

20

Unstable
Structure

Department of

21

Idealized Structure
The

structure is made in a line form and the


supports are replaced with the reactions.

This

new line shape of a structure along with


the symbolic reactions and applied loadings
(similar to free body diagram), is called the
IDEALIZED STRUCTURE.

Department of

22

Department of

23

Department of

24

Department of

25

Department of

26

Department of

27

Department of

28