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# LC.

1
Fungsi
Jenis
Jumlah

Cooler (HE-302)
: Menurunkan suhu campuran dari tangki penampung Surge vessel (SV-301)
: 2-4 Shell and tube
: 1 Buah

## Fluida Panas (feed)

Laju alir fluida masuk (W)

= 47.104,350 kg/jam
= 103.846,251 lbm/jam

= 102 =

(102 x 95 +32)

= 32 =

(32 x 95 + 32)

= 215,6
= 89,6

## Fluida dingin (water)

Laju alir fluida masuk (W)

= 40.966,217 kg/jam
= 90.314,123 lbm/jam

= 30 =

(30 x 95 +32)

= 86

= 60 =

(60 x 95 +32)

= 140

## Panas yang diserap (Q)

= 5.134.705,709 kj/jam
= 4.866.742,847 Btu/jam

Perhitungan LMTD
Tabel Perhitungan LMTD
Temperatur

Fluida

Panas Fluida

Temperatur tinggi
Temperatur rendah
Differensial

Dingin Differensial

215,6
89,6
126

140
86
54

75,6
3,6

( T 1t 2 )( T 2t 1 )
( T 1t 2 )
LMTD =
ln
( T 2t 1 )

99)
Dimana :
t1

t2

t1

t2

T1

T2

## = temperatur Feed keluar

Maka

:
LMTD =

( 3,6 )( 75,6 )
ln (3,6 ) / ( 75,6 )

= 23,65

Temperatur Kalorik
Tc =

T 1 +T 2
2

tc =

t 1 +t 2
2

215,6+ 89,6
2
140+ 86
2

= 152,6

= 113

## hot fluid : Tube side (feed)

3). Flow area across bundle (a)

## coldfluid : trough side (air)

3). Flow area across bundle (a)

## Dari tabel 10 (Kern, 1965 hal 843) diperoleh at

6,61
144

= 0,0458 ft2

= 0,302 in2
Number of passes (n) = 2

Gs =

W
as

693 x 0,302 2
144 x 2

at =

lbm
103 . 846 , 251
jam
2
0,0458 ft

N t x at '
144 x n

= 0,36 ft2

## 4). Mass Velocity (G)

= 2.262.308,646 lbm/jam.ft

Gt =

W
at

## 5). Reynold Number

Equivalent diameter shell, Des :
Des = 0,73 in

90 .314 ,123
Gt =

0,36 ft 2

## (Fig 28, Kern 1965)

= 0,06 ft

lbm
jam

= 248.563,855 lbm/jam.ft2

## Diketahui temperatur rata-rata (Tc) = 152,6

5). Reynold number

= 0,87 cP

## = 2,1 lbm/ft.jam (Kern,1965-Fig.14)

Res =

D e x Gs

= 0,7 cP
= 1,69 lbm/ft.jam (Kern,1965-Fig.14)

0,06 ft x 219.707,77
=

## Diketahui temperatur rata-rata (tc) = 428

lbm 2
. ft
jam

lbm
2,1
. jam
ft

Tube ID = 0,62 in
= 0,0516 ft ( tabel 10 Kern,1965)
Res =

D et x Gs

= 6.278,115
0,0516 ft x 248 .563 , 855
6). Heat-transfer factor (jH)

## Dari fig. 28 (Kern,1965- hal 838) diperoleh

jH = 44
7). Angka Prandtl

1,69

lbm
. jam
ft

= 7.583,97
6). Menghitung Velocity

lbm 2
. ft
jam

c = 2,32 Btu/lbm.

Gt
3600 p

V=

## 248 .563 , 855

3600 62,4

(Kern,1965-Fig.2)

k = 0,132 Btu/jam.ft.

(Geankoplis,2003

= 1,11

A.2-6)

V=

Cx
k

1
3

7). Suku
Hi= 380 (fig,25 , kern)
t =1

2,32

Btu
lbm
. x 4,88
. jam
lbm
ft
Btu
0,132
. ft .
jam

1
3

hio

= 380 x

= 3,33

hi
t

x (ID/OD)

0,62
0,75

= 314,13 Btu/jam.ft2.
8). Suku
ho
s

ho
s

( )

= jH.

k
De

Cx
k

1
3

(pers. 6.15b

Kern,1965)
Btu
. ft .
jam
0,06 ft

0,132
= 44 x

x 3,33

= 322,28 Btu/jam.ft2.

s=1

ho =

ho
x s
s

## (pers. 6.36 Kern,1965)

= 322,28 Btu/jam.ft2.

U c=

hio h o
hio +ho

## (pers. 6.38 Kern,1965)

Btu 2
. ft . x 322,28
jam
Btu 2
314,13
. ft . +322,28
jam

314,13
=

Btu 2
. ft .
jam
Btu 2
. ft .
jam

= 159,078 Btu/jam.ft2.

L x Nt x a

UD =

Q
A x t

= 2449 ft2

## 4 .866 . 742 , 847

=

Btu
jam

Btu
2449
. ft 2 . x 16,554
jam

Rd =

U c U D
Uc x U D

Btu 2
. ft . 120,06
jam
Btu 2
159,078
. ft . x 120,06
jam

159,078
=

## (pers. 6.13 Kern,1965)

= 0,002

Btu 2
. ft
jam
Btu 2
. ft
jam

= 120,06 Btu/jam.ft2

Jika Rd calculated

## Rd required (0,002) yang diperlukan, maka spesifikasi heater dapat

diterima dan dilanjutkan ke pressure drop. (tabel 8 & hal 108 Kern,1965)
PRESSURE DROP
1) Friction Coefficient

## 1). Friction Coefficient

Res

Ret

= 7.583,97

= 0,0003 ft2/in2

= 6.278,115
= 0,0023 ft2/in2

(fig.29 Kern,1965)

2). P in tube

12 L
B

N+1=

## (pers. 7.43 Kern,1965)

= 1 (fig. 6 Kern,1965)
Pt

12 x 18
8 ,25

(fig. 29 Kern,1965)

= 26,18

f G2t ln
5,22 x 1010 Dt S t

(pers. 7.45

Kern,1965)
=

3) Pressure drop
s

=1

(fig. 6 Kern,1965)

Shell ID = 33 in

0,0003

= 2,75 ft

ft
2 lb
2
x 248 .563 , 855
. ft x 18 ft x 4
2
jam

10
5,22 x 10 x 0,0516 x 1 x 1

Ps

f G s Ds ( N +1)
10
5,22 x 10 Ds S s

= 0,478 Psi

(pers. 7.44

Kern,1965)
=

## Dari fig. 27 Kern,1965 diperoleh :

2

Faktor
2

0,0023

ft
lb
x 219.707,772
. ft 2 x 2,75 ft x (26,18)
2
jam

4n V2
Pr =
10
2 x 5,22 x 10 x 0,06 x 1 x 1
s 2 g'

= 2,55 Psi
Ps

V
2 g'

Kern,1965)

10

= 0,008

(pers. 7.46

psi,maka

Ps

dapat

diterima

## allowable 5 to 10 psi, Kern,1965)

(tabel

4 x2
x
0,008
1

= 0,128 Psi
4). Pt total
P = Pt + Pr

(pers. 7.47

Kern,1965)
= 0,478 Psi + 0,128 Psi
= 0,606 Psi
Ps
psi,maka

Ps

dapat

diterima

10

(tabel

10

(tabel

Ps
psi,maka

Ps

dapat

diterima