Anda di halaman 1dari 4

DAFTAR PUSTAKA

[1] Di Blasi, C. (2008). Modeling Chemical and Physical Processes of Wood and
Biomass Pyrolysis. Progress in Energy and Combustion Science, 34(1), 47-90.
[2] Puigjaner, Luis. (2011). Syngas from Waste. London : Springer-Verlag.
[3] Garca, R., Pizarro, C., Lavn, A. G., & Bueno, J. L. (2012). Characterization of
Spanish Biomass Wastes for Energy Use. Bioresource technology, 103(1), 249258. pp. 249.
[4] Shen, D.K., Gu, S., Luo, K.H., Bridgewater, A.V., Fang, M.X.. (2009). Kinetic
Study on Thermal Decomposition of Woods in Oxidative Environment. Fuel 88,
1024 1030.
[5] Carlos, R. M., & Ba Khang, D. (2008). Characterization of Biomass Energy
Projects in Southeast Asia. Biomass and Bioenergy, 32(6), 525-532. pp. 1.
[6] Sipahutar, Dorlan. (2011). Teknologi Briket Sekam Padi. Balai Pengkajian
Teknologi Pertanian (BPTP). Riau.
[7] Sinurat, Erikson. (2011). Studi Pemanfaatan Briket Kulit Jambu Mete Dan
Tongkol Jagung Sebagai Bahan Bakar Alternatif. Universitas Hasanuddin.
Makassar.
[8] Liang, X.H., Koziski, J.A.. (2000). Numerical Modeling of Combustion and
Pyrolysis of Cellulosic Biomass in Therogravimetric System. Fuel 79, 1477
1486.
[9] Budi Surono, Untoro. (2010). Peningkatan Kualitas Pembakaran Biomassa
Limbah Tongkol Jagung Sebagai Bahan Bakar Alternatif Dengan Proses
Karbonisasi Dan Pembriketan. Jurnal Rekayasa Proses, Vol.4, No.1. Universitas
Janabadra. Yogyakarta. hal. 14
[10]
Triono, Agus. (2006). Karakteristik Briket Arang Dari Campuran Serbuk
Gergajian Kayu Afrika (Maesopsis eminii Engl) Dan Sengon (Paraserianthes
falcataria L. Nielsen) Dengan Penambahan Tempurung Kelapa (Cocos nucifera
L). Departemen Hasil Hutan, Fakultas Kehutanan. Institut Pertanian Bogor.
[11]
Grover, P. D., & Mishra, S. K. (1996). Biomass Briquetting: Technology and
Practices. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. pp. 7

[12]

Jhonson, Matthew, & Sean Derrick. (2010). Pyrolisis : A Method For Mixed

Polymer Recycling. Green Manufacturing Initiative. Western Michigan


University.
[13]
Clarke, S., & F. Preto. 2011. Biomass Densification For Energy Production.
Factsheet. Ministry Of Agriculture, Food And Rural Affairs. Ontario
[14]
Demirbas, A. (2009). Hydrogen-Rich Gases from Biomass via Pyrolysis and
Air-Steam Gasification. Energy Sources, Part A, 31(19), 1728-1736. pp. 3
[15]
Demirbas, A. (2009). Pyrolysis Mechanisms of Biomass Materials. Energy
Sources, Part A, 31(13), 1186-1193. pp. 4
[16]
Ni, M., Leung, D. Y., Leung, M. K., & Sumathy, K. (2006). An Overview of
Hydrogen Production from Biomass. Fuel processing technology, 87(5), 461-472.
pp. 5
[17]
Venderbosch, R.H., & W. Prins. (2010). Fast Pyrolysis Technology
Development. Biofuels Bioproducts & Biorefining-Biofpr. pp.7
[18]
Hisar, Tambun. (2009). Analisa Pengaruh Temperatur Reaksi Dan
Konsentrasi Katalis Koh Dalam Media Etanol Terhadap Perubahan Karakteristik
Fisika Biodiesel Minyak Kelapa. http:// repository.usu.ac.id/ bitstream/
123456789/ 6108/ 1/ 09E018013.pdf. Diakses tanggal 08 Februari 2012.
[19]
Bridgwater, A.V. and G.V.C. Peacocke. (2000). Fast Pyrolysis Processes
For Biomass. Renewable & Sustainable Energy Reviews. 8
[20]
Kk, M. M., & Demirba, A. (1997). Biomass conversion processes.
Energy Conversion and Management, 38(2), 151-165.
[21]
Couto, H.S., Duarte, J.B.F., Bastos-Netto, D. (2004). Biomass Combustion
Chamber For Cashew Nut Industry. The Sevent-Asia Pacific International
Symposium on Combustion and Energy Utilization. Hongkong SAR. pp 3
[22]
http://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Biomassa. Diakses tanggal 25 April 2013.
[23] http://www.esdm.go.id/news-archives/323-energi-baru-dan-terbarukan/4145saatnya-mengoptimalkan-pemanfaatan-energi-non-fosil.html. Diunduh pada 25
April 2013.
[24]
http://gamaoilgasclub.org/?p=185. Diakses tanggal 25 April 2013.
[25]
http://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Energi_terbaharui. Diakses tanggal 25 April
2013.

[26]

http://www.beritasatu.com/blog/ekonomi/1920-sumber-energi-tidak-hanya-

minyak-bumi.html. Diakses tanggal 25 April 2013.


[27]
Majalah Resonansi. (2011). Gerak Langkah Pengembangan Energi Baru
Terbarukan (EBT) Di Indonesia. Himpunan Ahli Geofisika Indonesia (HAGI).
Edisi 2. hal.6.
[28]

Permchart,

W., Kouprianov, V.I.. (2004). Emission Performance and Combustion Efficiency


of A Conical Fluidized-bed Combustor Firing Various Biomass Fuels. Bioresour.
Technol. 92, 83 91.
[29]
http://www.indoenergi.com/2012/04/keunggulan-dan-kelemahan-energiangin.html. Diakses tanggal 2013.
[30]
http://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tenaga_angin. Diakses tanggal 29 April 2013.
[31]
http://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tenaga_air. Diakses tanggal 29 April 2013.
[32]
http://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Biogas. Diakses tanggal 29 April 2013.
[33]
http://www.indoenergi.com/2012/04/keunggulan-dan-kelemahanbiomassa.html.
Diakses tanggal 29 April 2013.
[34]
Kong, Gan Thay. (2010). Peran Biomassa Bagi Energi Terbarukan.
http://books.google.co.id/books?
id=w10sVVF7FNkC&pg=PA54&lpg=PA54&dq=kandungan+abu+biomassa&so
urce=bl&ots=J0DzoUXtnS&sig=nYDFLQ2a7c28ZLAVadyZ05Hfwfg&hl=id&s
a=X&ei=V0RPUc31J4LxrQeF7YCQBQ&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=kandunga
n%20abu%20biomassa&f=false. Diakses tanggal 29 April 2013.
[35]
http://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sekam. Diakses tanggal 29 April 2013.
[36]
http://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jambu_monyet. Diakses tanggal 29 April 2013.
[37]
http://perkebunan.kaltimprov.go.id/komoditi-26-jambu-mete.html. Diakses
tanggal 29 April 2013.
[38]
Bab
8
Energi

Biomassa

Modul

Dasar

Fisika

Energi.

http://elearning.gunadarma.ac.id/docmodul/dasar_fisika_energi/bab8_energi_bio
massa.pdf. Diakses tanggal 11 Februari 2012.
[39]
Groover, O.C., dan Siddiqui, K.M. (2000). Biomass Briquetting :
Technology and Practices, Field Document No. 46, FAO-Regional Wood Energy
Development Program (RWEDP) In Asia, Bangkok

[40]

Bhattacharya, S.C., Leon, M.A. and Rahman, M.M.. (1996). A Study on

Improved Biomass Briquetting. Energy Program, SERD-AIT, Pathumthani,


Thailand.
[41]
http://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Energi_panas_bumi. Diakses tanggal 29 April
2013.
[42]
http://petualangankudiduniamaya.blogspot.com/2011/04/energi-biomassa1.html. Diakses tanggal 29 April 2013.
[43]
http://www.kamase.org/?p=196. Diakses tanggal 29 April 2013.
[44]
http://www.riomay.com/renewable-technologies/biomass-energy.

Diakses

tanggal 29 April 2013.


[45]
http://indonetwork.co.id/selloffers/Jawa_Timur/all/all/0/briket-arangbatok.html. Diakses tanggal 29 April 2013.
[46]
http://bjbriquette.itrademarket.com/1872698. Diakses tanggal 29 April 2013.
[47]
http://energitakterbatas.blogspot.com/2013/03/briket.html. Diakses tanggal
29 April 2013.
[48]
http://indonetwork.co.id/RUMAH_BRIKET/3568236/briket-round-pillowbulat.htm. Diakses tanggal 29 April 2013.
[49]
http://elib.pdii.lipi.go.id/katalog/index.php/searchkatalog/byId/265184.
Diakses tanggal 29 April 2013.
[50]
Balitbang, (2008). Sekam Padi Sebagai Sumber Energi Alternatif dalam
Rumah Tangga Petani. Badan Litbang Pertanian, Kementrian Pertanian
Republik Indonesia.