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0FAM CFYoK[<,L VF\U/L4 T[GF 5KLGL VF\U/L4 JrR[GL VF\U/L4
S,[DFGL VF\U/L4 V\U]9M4 VG[ K[<,[ HD6F CFYGM V\U]9MP
HD6M 5Uo K[<,L VF\U/LYL X~ SZL4 V\U]9F 5Z BTD SZMP
0FAM 5Uo K[<,L VF\U/LYL X~ SZL V\U]9F 5Z BTD SZMP
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VFNFA[ A\NUL
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AgG[ VF\BMDF\ +6 +6 JFZ ;]ZDM ,UFJMP
sXDF>,[ lTZlDhL4 >aG[ ;VNf
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V[J]\ VtTZ S[ :5|[ H[DF\ :5|L8 S[ VF<SMC,GL E[/;[/ CMI4
CZlUh G JF5ZMP SFZ6 S[ VF AgG[ J:T]VM CZFD K[P
s!Zf 3Z[YL GLS/JFGF VFNFA o
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>b,F; 5-MP VFD ;JFZDF\ 3Z[YL J]h} SZL VF8,]\ SIF" AFN 5C[,L JFZ
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GLS/[4 TM NZ[S SND p5Z V[S V[S G[SL ,BJFDF\ VFJX[ VG[ V[S V[S
U]GFC DFO SZJFDF\ VFJX[P sD]l:,D XZLOf
3Z[YL GLS/TL J[/F 3ZJF/FVMG[ ;,FD SZMP sAICSLf
5C[,F\ 0FAM 5U 3ZYL ACFZ D]STF VF N]VF 5-Mo
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lAl:D<,FlC TJÞ<T] V,<,FlC4 ,F Cj, J,F S]jJT ><,F
lA<,FlC<Vl,liI, VhLDP
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EZM;M ZFB]\ K]\P DCFG VG[ DM8F V<,FCGL TMOLS VG[ XlST lJGF G
SM. G[S SFI" SZL XSFI K[4 G A]ZF SFI"YL ARL XSFI K[Pcc
tIFZ AFN VF N]VF 5-M o
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J,ßGF J lAl:D<,FlC BZßGF J V,<,FlC ZlaAGF TJÞ<GFP
cc C[ V<,FC¦ C] \ VF5YL 3ZDF\ NFB, YJFDF\ VG[ 3ZYL
VFNFA[ A\NUL
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GLS/JFDF\ E,F. DF\U]\ K]\P V<,FCG]\ GFD ,. VD[ 3ZDF\ 5|J[XLV[
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VFSFX TZO GHZ p9[ TM VF N]VF 5-Mo
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VG[ VF\BMDF\ G}Z EZL N[P DFZL VFU/ VG[ 5FK/ G}Z EZL N[P DFZF
p5Z GLR[ G}Z EZL N[P VG[ C[ V<,FC ¦ DG[ G}Z VTF OZDFJPcc
s!#f Dl:HNGF VFNFA o
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SFRF %IFh VG[ ,;6 BF.G[ G ÔVMPsA]BFZL XP D]l:,D XPf
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TS,LO VG] E J[ 4 H[ D S[ AL0L4 ;LUFZ[ 8 4 U] 8 BF JU[ Z [ BFIv5LG[
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VFNFA[ A\NUL
34
Dl:HNDF\ ,[G4N[G4 N]lGIFGL JFTM SZJL U]GM K[Ps>aG[ DFHCf
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lAl:D<,FlC4 V:;,FT] J :;,FD] V,F Z;}l,<,FlCP
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TDFZL ZCDTGF NZJFhFVM BM,L VF5MPcc VYJFPPPP
Dp„Ú†iE ‚õÛ$ vøÚö oF×Âø Ø( ‘ø Ü$ ö̀ ×#Ö*] äô×#Ö] ÜôŠ»eô
lAl:D<,FlC V<,FC]dD ;l<, V,F D]CdDNP
cc X~ S~\ K]\ V<,FCGF GFDYL4 VG[ C[ V<,FC ChZT D]CdDN
s;<,<,FC] V,IlC J ;<,Df p5Z ZCDTM GFlh, OZDFJPcc
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V<,FC]dDOTC ,L VaJFA ZCDlTSP
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BR"DF\ O]h},BRL" G SZJL Ô[.V[P C]h}Z[ VSZD s;<,<,FC]
V,IlC J ;<,DfGM 5lJ+ >ZXFN K[o H[ DF6; BR" SZJFDF\ DwID
ZFC V5GFJ[ K[4 T[ SNL DMCTFH GYL AGTMP sCNL; XZLOf
 V[ 8 ,[ S[ H[ DF6; 5MTFGL C,F, SDF.G[ 5MTFGL Ô>H
H~ZTM p5Z IMuI ZLT[ BR" SZ[ K[4 T[ SM.GM DMCTFH GCL AG[ VG[
SZH spWFZfGF AMH T/[ GCL VFJ[P
VFNFA[ A\NUL
51
SM. 56 XZ. ;bT H~ZT 8F6[ SZH ,[J]\ ;]gGT K[P
SM. 56 5lZl:YlTDF\ jIFH] SZH G ,[J]\ Ô[.V[P
5ZT SZJFGL lGiIT[ SM. VM/BLTF ;HHG DF6; 5F;[YL
SZH ,[J]\ Ô[.V[P
SZHG]\ ,[6vN[6 5ZC[hUFZ UJFCM ;D1F SZ[P JW] ;FZ]\ VF K[
S[ ,[lBT SZFZ SZJFDF\ VFJ[ VG[ ;CLVM 56 SZJFDF\ VFJ[P
SZH 5ZT SZJFGL lOSZ SZ[P VNFIUL VF;FG AG[ T[ DF8[
GLR[GL N]VF 5-JL Ô[.V[P
Dp„Ú†iEÕø]çø‰ô à»Û$ Âø Ôø×ô–»Ëøeô ±ßôßôÆ»*]æø ÔøÚô]†øuø à»Âø ÔøÖô¡øvøeô ±ßôËôÒ»] Ü$ ö̀ ×ùF Ö*]
V<,FC]dSlOGL lAC,Fl,S VG CZFlDS J VluGGL lAOhl,S VdDG l;JFSP
cc C[ V<,FC¦ TFZF C,F, DF, J0[ DFZL lSOFIT OZDFJL DG[
CZFDYL ARFJP VG[ TFZL DC[ZAFGL J0[ DFZL TFZF l;JFI VgIGF
DMCTFH AGJFYL lCOFhT OZDFJPcc
SH"NFZG[ XSI V[8,L K}8 VF5MP DM0]\ YFI TM J[9L ,MP
UJFCM ;FD[ SH" 5ZT SZMP H[6[ SH" VF%I]\ CT]\ T[G[ VF N]VF
VF5MP
Däq^Ú àe] (oñ^ŠÞE ÔøÖô^Úøæø Ôø×ôa»*] ±Êô äö×#Ö] Õø…ø^eø
AFZS<,FC] OL VCl,S J DFl,SP
cc V<,FC TVF,F TDFZF AF, ArRFVM VG[ TDFZF DF,DF\
AZST VF5[Pcc
SH" 5FK]\ D/JF p5Z SH"NFZG[ VF 5|DF6[ N]VF VF5M o
DÜ׊ÚE Ôøeô äö×#Ö] oÊøæ»*] (±ßôjøn»Êøæ»*]
VJOiTGL4 VjO<,FC] lASP
cc TD[ DFZL ;FY[ JOFNFZL SZL sJFINM 5}ZM SIM"f V<,FC TDFZL
;FY[ sHgGTGM JFINM 5}ZM SZLf JOFNFZL SZ[Pcc
sZ$f ALDFZGF BAZ V\TZ 5]KJFGF VFNFA o
ALDFZ 5F;[ H. V[GF BAZ V\TZ 5}KM4 DFYF 5F;[ A[;MP
DFYF p5Z S[ ANG p5Z CFY O[ZJL lN,F;M VF5TF\ VF 5|DF6[
5-MP äö×#F Ö] ð^³Oø á»?ô …ºç»³ ö̀ ›ø Œø^,³eø Ÿø ccs,F AVŸ; TC}Z]G >gXFV<,FC]f SM.
VFNFA[ A\NUL
52
TS,LOGL JFT GYLP VF ALDFZL >gXFV<,FC TDG[ U]GFCMYL 5FS
SZX[Pcc H[YL A[ ;AZL VG[ lXSFITGF XaNM T[GF DM-[ G VFJ[P VG[ T[G]\
wIFG V<,FCGL IFNDF\ DxU}, ZC[P
 Z;} , ] < ,FC s;<,<,FC] V,IlC J ;<,DfG] \ OZDFG K[ o
D];,DFGM ¦ HIFZ[ TD[ SM. ALDFZ 5F;[ ÔVM TM V[G[ ,F\AF ÒJGGL
B}XBAZL VF5M4 TDFZF SC[JFYL SM.GL hL\NUL ,F\AL TM GYL YJFGL4
5Z\T] ALDFZB}X Y. HX[P slTZlDhL XZLO4 >aG[ DFHC XZLOf
ALDFZGL BAZV\TZ 5]KJFDF\ ;F{YL ;FZL JFT V[GF 5F;[YL
JC[,F p9L HJ]\ K[P
Ô[ ALDFZGL >rKF CMI S[ T[GF 5F;[ JW] A[;JFDF\ VFJ[4 TM
V[GL ,FU6LG[ DFG VF5J]\ Ô[.V[P
ALDFZGL TS,LOGL JW 38 Ô[.4 DMSF 5|DF6[ ALDFZG[ GDFh
VG[ V<,FCGL IFN TZO wIFG V5FJJ]\ Ô[.V[P
 ChP p:DFG lAG VA] < VF; sZlNPfV[ 5MTFGF XZLZDF\
N] o BFJFGL OlZIFN SZL TM Z;} , ] < ,FC s;<,<,FC] V,IlC J
;<,DfV[ OZDFjI] \ o HIF\ N]B T]\ CMI4 tIF\ 5MTFGM CFY D]S M VG[
+6JFZ 5]~ lAl:D<,FC ccÜôn»uô†$ Ö] àôÛFu»†$ ³Ö] äô³×#³Ö] Üô³Š»eô cc 5-M VG[ ;FT
JFZ VF N]VF DF\UM o Ô ø nøËô-»mø á»*] Üôn»¿ôÃøÖ] {ô†»ÃøÖ»] h$ …ø Üøn»¿ôÃøÖ] äø×#Ö] Ùö^*‰»*]
V:V,]<,FC,VhLD ZaA<VlX" <VhLD V\iIxOLIS
cc C]\ DCFG V<,FC4 DCFG VX"GF DFl,S 5ZJZlNUFZYL ;JF,
S~\ K]\ S[ V[ TG[ ;FZM SZL N[Pcc
C]h}Z[ VSZD s;<,<,FC] V,IlC J ;<,DfV[ OZDFjI]\ S[ VF
N]VFYL Ô[ ALDFZGL DMT GM lGWF"lZT ;DI VFJL UIM GlC CMI TM
H~Z ;FÔ[ Y. HX[P slTZlDhL XZLO4 VA}NFJ}N XZLOf
ALDFZ 5F;[ 5MTFGF DF8[56 N]VF SZFJMP
U[ZD]l:,D VM/BLTM ALDFZ 50[ TM T[GF BAZ V\TZ 5]KJF
56 HJ]\ Ô[.V[P
sZ5f D];,DFGM ;FY[ ZC[6L SZ6LGF VFNFA o
S]VF"G XZLODF\ V<,FCGM 5lJ+ >ZXFN K[ o
cc AWF H DMclDGM EF. EF. K[[Pcc s;}P C]hZFT o !_f
VFNFA[ A\NUL
53
C]h}Z[ VSZD s;<,<,FC] V,IlC J ;<,DfV[ 56 VF H
5|DF6[ OZDFjI]\ K[ S[ cc V[S D];,DFG ALÔ D];,DFGGM EF. K[Pcc
DF8[ NZ[S D];,DFG DF8[ H~ZL K[ S[ D];,DFGMGF CSMGL VNFIUL
lJQF[ 4 V<,FC TVF,F VG[ sZ;} , ] < ,FC ;<,<,FC] V,IlC J
;<,DfGF 5lJ+ OZDFGM p5Z VD, SZ[P
V<,FC TVF,FGM C]SD K[ o
cc TDFZFDF\YL SM. ALÔGL ULAT slG\NFf G SZ[P sS]VF"G XZLOf
ccALÔGL E},M XMWJF 5FK/ G 50M[P sS]VF"G XZLOf
DF8[ SM. D];,DFGGL VG]5l:YlTDF\ V[GL A]ZF. AIFG G
SZJL Ô[.V[P VFJF CLG S'tIG[ S]VF"G XZLODF\ 5MTFGF DZ[,F EF.GF
UMxT BFJF AZFAZ U6JFDF\ VFjI]\ K[P
X]\ SM.G[ VF JFT UDX[ S[ ;UF EF.GF DZJF AFN T[GL ,FXDF\YL
UMxT SF5LG[ BFIm SNL GCL\P
VF H 5| D F6[ SM. 56 D] ; ,DFGGL K] 5 L E} , M4 BFDLVM4
U]GFCMGL EF/ D[/JJF 5FK/ 56 G 50J]\ Ô[.V[P
SM. 56 D];,DFGGL BFDLVM4 U]GFCM VgIM ;FD[ BM,JFv
J6"JJF G Ô[.V[P H[ DF6; SM. D];,DFGGL BFDLVM VG[ U]GFCM
XMWJF 5FK/ 50IM ZC[ K[4 V<,FC TVF,F V[G[ 3[Z A[9F V5DFlGT
SZL N[ K[P sCNL; XZLOf
D];,DFG[ TM ALÔ D];,DFGGL BFDLVM K]5FJJL Ô.V[P
 5lZ6FD[ V<,FC TVF,F SIFDTGF lNJ;[ VFJF DF6;GF
U]GFCM 5Z 5ZNM 5F0L N[X[P sCNL; XZLOf
R]U,BMZL G SZMP sCNL; XZLOf
SM.GF 5Z H}9M VFZM5 G ,UF0MP sCNL; XZLOf
 S] V F" G XZLODF\ H} 9 F DF6;M p5Z ,VGT slO8SFZf
OZDFJJFDF\ VFJL K[P DF8[ DÔSDF\ 56 H}9]\ G AM,J]\ Ô[.V[P
BIFGT G SZMP sS]VF"G XZLOf
SM.GF DF, p5Z GFCS SaÔ[ G HDFJMP
SM.GF lJQF[ ANU]DFGL SZJ]\vA]~\ lJRFZJ]\ GCL\P sS]VF"Gf A<S[
D];,DFG lJQF[ C\D[XF ;F~\ lJRFZJ]\ Ô[.V[P
VFNFA[ A\NUL
54
SM.YL h30M SZJFGL 56 S]VFGDF\ DGF. K[P
UF/vV5XaNM AM,JFYL 56 ARMP
SM. 56 h30FDF\ V;tI S[ h],DGL TZO[6 G SZMP
H[ SFDYL D];,DFGMGF A[ ;D]CMDF\ O}8 50[ S[ ,0F. h30M YFI
V[JF SFDYL B}N 56 ARJ]\ Ô[.V[ VG[ VgIMG[ 56 ZMSJF Ô[.V[P
 A[ D] ;,DFGM S[ D] ;,DFGMGL A[ HDFVTMDF\ ,0F.vh30M
YFI TM V[DGF JrR[ ;],[C ;OF.GF 5|ItGM SZJF Ô[.V[P sS]VF"G XZLOf
VYJF ;],[Cv;OF. SZFJGFZGL DNN SZJL Ô[.V[P
SM.GF lJQF[ C;N G SZMP
JFINFG]\ 5F,G SZMP JFINF lB,FOL G SZMP
WMSM G VF5MP 5MTFGF D]VFD,FT VG[ ;\A\WMG[ ;FO ZFBMP
C]h}Z[ VSZD s;<,<,FC] V,IlC J ;<,DfGM 5lJ+ >ZXFN
K[o cc NLG D]VFD,FTG]\ H GFD K[PccsCNL; XZLOf
SM. D];,DFG ;FD[ ClYIFZ G pUFDMP SM.G[ +F\;L GHZ[ 56
G H]VMP sCNL; XZLOf
SM.GL ;FY[ VlEDFG VG[ TSaA]ZYL G JTM"P V<,FC TVF,F
VlEDFGLVMGM N]xDG K[P sCNL; XZLOf
SM.GF lJQF[ lN,DF\ >QFF"4 VNFJT4 lSgGFBMZL4 G ZFBMP
GFRvUFG4 5tTF\4 XTZ\H H[JF U]GFlCT B[,M VG[ DHl,;MDF\
CZlUh EFU G <IMP
XZFA4 VOL64 UF\Ô[4 RZ; VG[ VgI AWF H GXFVM CZFD
K[P DF8[ HIF\ VFJL 5|J'l¿VM YTL CMI4 tIF\ HZF 56 ZMSFJ]\ Ô[.V[
GCLP GXFBMZYL ;,FDvS,FD 56 G SZJL Ô[.V[P CF ¦ ;DÔJ8YL
V[G[ G;LCT SZM4 S[ SM. ZLT[ GXM SZJFG]\ KM0L N[P
B]NF G SZ[4 Ô[ SM. D];,DFGG]\ V5DFG Y. ZCI]\ CMI TM
V[GL H~Z ;CFI SZJL Ô[.V[P sCNL; XZLOf
Ô[ TD[ SM. D];,DFGGL V[JF ;DI[ DNN G SZL4 HIFZ[ V[
DNNGM DMCTFH CTM4 TM V<,FC TVF,F TDFZL 56 V[JF ;DI[ DNN
GlC OZDFJ[ HIFZ[ TD[ DNNGF DMCTFH CXMP
SM. ;UFYL4 NM:TYL4 VM/BLTFYL JFTRLT A\W G SZMP OST
VFNFA[ A\NUL
55
VG[ OST NLG BFTZ SM.YL ;\AW TM0L XSFI K[P sCNL; XZLOf
 Z;} , [ VSZD s;<,<,FC] V,IlC J ;<,DfV[ OZDFjI] \ o
;FRM D];,DFG T[ K[4 H[GF CFY VG[ ÒEYL NZ[S D];,DFG DCO}h
ZC[P DMclDG T[ K[4H[GFYL ALÔ DMclDGG[ DF,LvÔGL BTZM G CMIP
sCNL; XZLOf
SM. DF6; tIF\ ;]WL DMclDG G SC[JFX[4 HIF\ ;]WL 5MTFGF
EF. DF8[ 56 T[ J:T] 5;\N G SZ[4 H[ 5MTFGF DF8[ 5;\N SZ[ K[PsCNL;f
N]lGIFDF\ HIF\ 56 D];,DFGG[ SM. TS,LO 5CM\R[4 T[G]\ NN"
5MTFGF lN,DF\ VG]EJMP
UZLAMYL DCMaAT ZFBMP
lJWJFVM4 ITLDM D];LATMDF\ ;50FI[,FVM VG[ DMCTFÔ[GL
IYFXlST ;CFI SZMP
Ô[ TDFZL l;OFlZXYL Ô[ SM. D];,DFGG]\ SFD Y. XST]\ CMI
TM4 T[DF\ 5FKL 5FGL G SZMP 5Z\T] VF SFD OST V<,FCGL B}XL DF8[
SZJ]\ Ô[.V[P V[G]\ J/TZ D[/JL 5MTFGF ;JFAG[ AZAFN G SZMP
p,DFV[ lSZFD VG[ DM8[ZF\VMGL >hhT SZMP VG[ GFGFVM
;FY[ 5|[D 4 C[T 4 DCMaATYL JTM"P VF 5| DF6[ G SZGFZ[ IFN ZFBJ]\
Ô[.V[ S[ T[G]\ GFD Z;},[ VSZD s;<,<,FC] V,IlC J ;<,DfGL
HDFVTDF\ G ZC[X[P Z;},]<,FC s;<,<,FC] V,IlC J ;<,DfGM
5lJ+ >ZXFN K[o H[ VDFZF DM8[ZF\VMG]\ ;gDFG G SZ[4 GFGFVM p5Z
C[T G SZ[4 T[ VDFZFDF\YL GYLP sCNL; XZLOf
HIFZ[ SM. D];,DFG D/[ TM V[GFYL C;TF RC[Z[ D/M VG[
JFTRLTGL X~VFT ;,FDYL SZMP sCNL; XZLOf
VgIMGL E},M DFO SZJFGL VFNT ZFBMP
D] ;,DFGMGF ;FDFlHS 5`GMDF\ Z; ,. V[G F lGZFSZ6DF\
EFU <IMP 5MTFG[ ;DFHYL V/UF G ZFBMP
GD|TF VG[ lJJ[S V5GFJMP GALV[ SZLD s;<,<,FC] V,IlC
J ;<,DfGM .ZXFN K[4 H[ DF6; V<,FC DF8[ GD| AG[ K[4 V<,FC
T[G[ prRTF AbX[ K[P
NZ[SYL ;FZM JTF"J SZM4 E,[ ;FD[ JF/M DF6; D]l:,D G CMIP
VFNFA[ A\NUL
56
;NJT"G4 V[C;FG4 p5SFZ JU[Z[ G[SLVMDF\ ;FZF A]ZFGM E[N G
ZFBMP GALV[ SZLD s;<,,FC] V,IlC J ;<,DfGM 5lJ+ >ZXFN
K[o H[GL ;FY[ 56 Y. XS[4 G[SL SZMP T[ SM6 K[m S[JM K[m T[ G H]VMP Ô[
T[ U[Z,FIS CMI4 TM TDG[ TDFZL ,FISFTDF\ TM X\SF G CMJL Ô[.V[P
sCNL; XZLOf
V<,FCGM C]SD K[ o cc;FRFVM ;\UFY[ ZCMPcc sS]VF"G[ SZLDf
VF OZDFG p5Z VD, SZJFGL lGiIT[ HIFZ[ 56 VJ;Z D/[4
V<,FCJF/FVMGL ;MAT s;\UFYf V5GFJJM Ô[.V[P
sZ&f 5F0MXLVM ;FY[ JC[JFZGF VFNFA o
V<,FCGM VFN[X K[o
;FZM JTF"J SZM4 GÒSGF 5F0MXLVM ;FY[ VG[ N}ZGF 5F0MXL
;FY[ 56P s;}P lG;FVo&f
5F0MXL ;FY[ ;gDFGYL JT"J]\ Ô[.V[P SFZ6 S[ VF >DFGGL
BFl;IT K[P sA]BFZL XZLOv D]l:,D XZLOf
5F0MXL ;FY[ V[C;FG p5SFZ SZTF ZCMP sAICSLf
5F0MXLG[ TS,LO G VF5JL Ô[.V[P Z;},[ VSZD s;<,<,FC]
V,IlC J ;<,DfGM 5lJ+ >ZXFN K[ o H[GL XZFZTM VG[ TS,LOMYL
T[GM 5F0MXL DCO}H G CMI4 V[ DMclDG GYL CMI XSTMP
sA]BFZL XZLO4 D]l:,D XZLOf
VFJM DF6; HgGTDF\ 56 HX[ GlCP sD]l:,D XZLOf
 5F0MXL ALDFZ CMI TM V[ G F BAZ V\ T Z 5] KL DNN SZJL
Ô[.V[P sD]VHD[ SALZ4 TAZFGLf
DZ6 YFI TM T[GF HGFhF ;FY[ HJ\] Ô[.V[P
sD]VHD[ SALZv TAZFGLf
Ô[ T[ sÔ>h H~ZT[f SZH DF\U[ TM VF5J]\ Ô[.V[Ps cc f
T[GFYL SM. A]~\ SFD Y. ÔI TM T[GF 5Z 5ZNM 5F0L NMP s cc f
V[G[ Ô[ SM. G[VDT 5|F%T YFIs SM. B}XLGM 5|;\U VFJ[ TMf
D]AFZSAFNL VF5JL Ô[.V[P s cc f
D];LAT 5CM\R[ TM XMS jIST SZM VG[ ;CFI SZMP
 5MTFG] \ DSFG V[ G F SZTF\ pR] \ G AGFJM4 H[ Y L V[ G F CJFv
pÔ; ZMSF. ÔIP sD]VHD[ SALZv TAZFGLf
VFNFA[ A\NUL
57
TDFZF BF6FGL B]xA} V[GF DF8[ TS,LOG]\ SFZ6 G AG[P H[ S\.
AG[ T[DF\YL YM0]\ V[GF 3Z[ 56 DMS,J]\ Ô[.V[PsD]VHD[ SALZv TAZFGLf
SIF\S V[J]\ G AG[ S[ TD[ 5[8 EZL BFI ,M4 VG[ 5F0MXL E]bIM
;}. ÔI VG[ V[GL TDG[ BAZ 56 G 50[P s cc f
5F0MXLGF lX1F64 ;]WFZ VG[ VgI J:]TVMGL lOSZ 56 V[GM
CS K[P sD]P >:CFSf
U[Z D]l:,D 5F0MXLGM V[S H CS K[4 cc5F0MXL CMJFGMccP HIFZ[
S[ D] ;,DFG 5F0MXLGF A[ CSM K[P 5F0MXL CMJFGM VG[ D] ;,DFG
CMJFGMP VG[ lZxT[ N FZ 5F0MXLGF +6 CSM K[ 4 5F0MXL CMJFGM4
D];,DFG CMJFGM4 VG[ lZxT[NFZLGMP sD]P AhhFhf
5F0MXLGM CS OST V[G[ TS,LO G VF5JL V[8,M H GYL4
A,S[ T[GL TS,LO ;C[JL 56 V[GM CS K[P
 V[ S CNL;GM ;FZ K[ o V,U ZC[ G FZF D] ; ,DFG SZTF\
D];,DFGM ;FY[ ZCL V[DGL V6UDTL JFTMG[ ;C[GFZ AC[TZ K[P
sZ*f VD| lA, DV~O v GlCI VlG<D]GŸSZ
;FZF SFDMGM C]SD VG[ A]ZF.IMYL ZMSJFGF VFNFA o
S]VF"G XZLODF\ D];,DFGMG[ ;\AMWLG[ B]NF TVF,F OZDFJ[ K[ o
ccTD[ ;J" z [ Q 9 pdDT KM4 ,MSMGL E,F. DF8[ 5[ N F SZJFDF\
VFjIF KMP TD[ G[S JFTMGM C]SD SZM KMP A]ZL JFTMYL ZMSM KM4 VG[
V<,FC p5Z .DFG ZFBM KMPcc s ;}P VF,[ >D|FG o !!_f
;NSFIM"GM C]SD VG[ ANLVMGL ZMS YFD pdDT[ D]l:,DCGL
lJX[QFTF K[4 CNL; XZLODF\ K[ o
ccSM. GFÔ>h SFD YT]\ H]VM4 VG[ XlST CMI TM CFYYL V[G[
ZMSL NMPcc sD]l:,D XZLO4 lTZlDhL XZLOf
H[D S[ VF5GM 5]+ S[ TFAF C[9/GL SM. jIlST lO<D H]V K[4
UFIG UFI K[4 ;\FE/[ K[4 TM VF5GL OZH K[ S[ 5MTFGL XlST VG[
VlWSFZYL V[G[ VFJF SFI"YL ZMSL ,MP
Ô[ T[ GFÔ>h SFI"G[ CFY J0[ ZMSJFGL 5Z XlST G WZFJTF
CMI TM hAFG J0[ ZMSJFGM 5|ItG SZMP VG[ V[8,L XlST 56 G CMI
TM lN,YL V[ SFI"G[ A]~\ ;DÔ[4 VF >DFGGM K[<,M NZÔ[ sTSFÔ[f K[P
sD]l:,D X4 lTZlDhL X4 >aG[ DFHC XPf
VFNFA[ A\NUL
58
V<,FC TVF,FGF Z:TFsGL JFTMf TZO ;DHNFZL VG[ S]G[C
5}J"S ,MSMG[ VFD\l+T SZMP s;]P GCŸ,o !Z5f
SM. D];,DFGG[ U]GM SZTF\ H]VM TM VO;M; jIST SZMP
U]GFCGF SFDDF\ 5|J'¿ D];,DFGG[ G;LCT SZTL J[/F V[GL
.hhT VFA~GM biFF, ZFBMP
SM. U]GM sA]ZF.f ÔC[ZDF\ YFI TM V[G[ ÔC[ZDF\ H ZMSJFDF\
VFJ[P
K]5L ZLT[ ANL VFRGFZG[ V[SF\TDF\ GZDFX VG[ DCMaATYL
;DÔJJFDF\ VFJ[P V[J]\ lJRFZM S[ Ô[ TD[ V[GL HuIFV[ CMT TM4 S[JL
G;LCT 5;\N SZTm
SM. A]ZF. S[ U]GFCDF\ 5|J'T D];,DFGG[ T'rKTFYL G H]VMP
VG[ SM. 5|SFZ[ V[GF U]GFCG[ ÔC[Z G SZMP
SM. GÒSGM ;UMv;\A\WL S[ NM:T sV<,FC G SZ[f Ô[ SM.
U] G FCDF\ ;50FI TM V[ G M ;FY G KM0MP VG[ T[ G [ V[ D F\ Y L ACFZ
SF-JFGF XSI V[8,F 5|ItGM SZMP N]VFVM SZTF ZCM4 tIF\ ;]WL S[ V[
TMAF SZL ,[P
V<,FCGF Z;}, s;<,<,FC] V,IlC J ;<,DfGM VF 5lJ+
>ZXFN IFN ZFBM S[ o
Ô[ SM. HDFVT S[ SF{DGM V[S DF6; U]GM SZ[ K[ VG[ T[ HDFVT
S[ SF{D XlST KTF\ V[G[ U]GFCYL GYL ZMSTL4 TM VFJF ,MSM p5Z DZTF\
5C[,F\ N]lGIFDF\ H VhFA VFJL ÔI K[P sV}ANFJ}N X4 >aG[ DFHC XPf
ALÒ V[S CNL; XZLODF\ K[ o ccC[ ,MSM¦ V<,FCGM C]SD K[ S[
E,F.GM C]SD VG[ A]ZF. sU]GFCfYL V[S ALÔG[ ZMSTF ZCMP SIF\S
V[JM ;DI G VFJL ÔI S[ TD[ N]VF DF\UM VG[ SA}, G YFIP TD[
DFZFYL ;JF, SZM VG[ C]\ TDFZL DF\U 5}ZL G S~\P TD[ TDFZF N]xDGM
lJ~wW DFZFYL ;CFI DF\UM VG[ C]\ TDFZL ;CFI G S~\Pcc
s.aG[ DFHC4>aG[ lCaAFGf
DF8[ NZ[S DF6;[ G[SL4 ;NSFIM" VG[ E,F. V5GFJJL Ô[.V[P
5MTFGF 3ZJF/FVMG[ V[GF 5FA\N AGFJJF Ô[.V[P VG[ VgIMG[ 56
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67
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SQ8NFIS GLJ0[P sVNA]<D]OZNf VYF"T NZ[S DF6; Ô[0[ V[GF DFG
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73
CMI VG[ V[GFYL V[JM JFINM 56 G SZM H[ TD[ 5}ZM G SZL XSMP
slTZlDhL XZLOf
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SZLD s;<,<,FC] V,IlC J ;<,DfGM 5lJ+ >ZXFN K[o B]NFGF
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CSM VNF SZJFDF\ A[NZSFZL G SZJL Ô[.V[P
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