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BAB 3.

HASIL DAN PEMBAHASAN

3.1 Hasil Pengamatan


3.1.1 Tempe

Bahan

Ulangan

Berat
cawan
(a
gram)

TE
MP
E

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19

10,2473
18,5095
11,7754
11,4431
11,5541
23,2090
11,7145
22,5411
10,9356
10,0918
12,1432
17,3701
17,8301
11,8718
12,0956
18,4360
22,9584
22,8512

Berat
cawan +
sampel (b
gram)

Berat
sampel
awal (g)

12,2463
20,5045
13,7654
13,4782
13,5865
25,2358
13,9172
24,6758
12,9391
12,1077
14,2064
19,4407
19,8346
13,9101
14,0974
20,8179
25,3303
25,2644

1,9990
1,9950
1,9900
2,0351
2,0324
2,0268
2,2027
2,1347
2,0035
2,0159
2,0632
2,0706
2,0045
2,0383
2,0018
2,3819
2,3719
2,4132

Berat
cawan +
sampel
akhir (c
gram)
10,9663
19,2338
12,5027
12,1734
12,3166
23,9119
12,4912
23,3499
11,6812
10,9028
12,9740
18,1928
18,6366
12,6695
12,9214
19,2365
23,7835
23,6771

Berat
sampel
akhir (g)

Berat
air (g)

0,7190
0,7243
0,7273
0,7303
0,7625
0,7029
0,7767
0,8088
0,7456
0,8110
0,8308
0,8227
0,8065
0,7977
0,8258
0,8005
0,8251
0,8259

1,2800
1,2707
1,2627
1,3048
1,2699
1,3239
1,4260
1,3259
1,2579
1,2049
1,2324
1,2479
1,1980
1,2406
1,1760
1,5814
1,5468
1,5873

3.1.2 Tepung Kedelai


Berat
cawan
(a
gram)

Berat
cawan +
sampel (b
gram)

Berat
sampel
awal (g)

11,542

13,5473

2,0052

Berat
cawan +
sampel
akhir (c
gram)
13,3527

22,424

24,4253

2,0011

22,579

24,5841

10,991

Berat
sampel
akhir (g)

Berat air
(g)

1,8106

0,1946

24,2417

1,8175

0,1836

2,0055

24,3982

1,8196

0,1859

13,3216

2,3308

12,8087

1,8179

0,5129

9,936

12,2871

2,3511

11,7521

1,8161

0,535

10,044

12,361

2,3169

11,8653

1,8212

0,4957

23,623

26,00721

2,3845

25,4409

1,81819

0,56631

11,852

14,3171

2,4651

13,6707

1,8187

0,6464

22,699

25,0954

2,3966

24,5109

1,8121

0,5845

10

17,67

19,9906

2,3208

19,4356

1,7658

0,555

11

17,875

20,2592

2,3838

19,6799

1,8045

0,5793

12

23,453

25,8326

2,3795

25,277

1,8239

0,5556

13

11,859

14,2542

2,395

13,7106

1,8514

0,5436

14

11,901

14,211

2,31

13,716

1,815

0,495

15

22,421

24,8056

2,3848

24,2006

1,7798

0,605

16

22,722

25,0904

2,3681

24,4942

1,7719

0,5962

17

23,303

25,6622

2,3592

25,1234

1,8204

0,5388

18

22,281

24,8261

2,5449

24,0914

1,8102

0,7347

Bahan Ulangan

Tepun
g
Kedel
ai

3.2 Hasil Perhitungan


3.2.1 Tempe
Ulang
an
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
Ratarata

Kadar
Air
(%;Bb)
64,032
63,694
63,452
64,114
62,482
65,319
64,738
62,111
62,785
59,769
59,732
60,267
59,765
60,864
58,747
66,392
65,213
65,775

Kadar
Air
(%,bk)
178,02
175,438
173,614
178,666
166,544
188,348
183,597
163,934
168,709
148,569
148,339
151,683
148,543
155,522
142,407
197,551
187,468
192,190

Rata-rata Rata-rata

SD
(Bb)

SD (Bk)

RSD
(%;B
B)

RSD
(%;BK)

63,7261

175,692

0,2911

2,21612

0,456
9

1,2613

63,9724

177,852

1,4238

10,9247

2,225
6

6,1425

63,2118

172,080

1,3644

10,2557

2,158
5

5,9598

59,9232

149,530

0,2987

1,86793

0,498
5

1,2491

59,7923

148,824

1,0589

6,56190

1,770
9

4,4091

65,7938

192,403

0,5896

5,04505

0,896
1

2,6221

62,7366

169,397 0,8377

6,14524

1,334
4

3,6073

3.2.2 Tepung Kedelai


Ulangan

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18

Kadar
Air
(%;Bb)
9,7048
9,1750
9,2695
22,005
22,755
21,395
23,749
26,222
24,388
23,914
24,301
23,349
22,697
21,428
25,369
25,176
22,838
28,869

Kadar
Air
(%,bk)
10,7478
10,1018
10,2165
28,2139
29,4587
27,2183
31,1469
35,5419
32,2554
31,4305
32,1031
30,4622
29,3616
27,2727
33,9926
33,6475
29,5979
40,5867

Ratarata

Ratarata

Ratarata

SD
(Bb)

SD
(Bk)

RSD
(%;BB)

RSD
(%;BK)

9,38308

10,355

0,2825

0,3446

3,01154

3,32842

22,0518

28,297

0,6813

1,1225

3,08982

3,96691

24,7868

32,981

1,2833

2,2856

5,17770

6,93014

23,8550

31,331

0,4787

0,8248

2,00709

2,63268

23,1649

30,209

2,0114

3,4391

8,68300

11,3845

25,6280

34,610

3,0408

5,5573

11,8655

16,0567

21,4782

27,964

1,2964

2,2623

5,63911

7,38323

% kadar air (wb) =

( Berat botol+ sampel )(Berat botol+ sampel setelah dioven)


x 100
( Berat botol+ sampel ) berat botol

% kadar air (db) =

( Berat botol+ sampel )(Berat botol+ sampel setelah dioven)


x 100
( Berat botol+sampel setelah dioven ) berat botol

1. Tepng Kedelai
Wet Basis (Basis Basah)

Ulangan 1 =

(19,990619,4356)
x 100
(1 9,990617,67)

= 23,9142 %

Ulangan 2 =

(20,259219,6799)
x 100
(20,259217,875)

Ulangan 3 =

(25,832625,277)
x 100
(25,832623,453)

Rata-rata =

SD =

= 24,3015 %

= 23,3494 %

kadar air ul.(1+2+3) 23,9142+24,3015+23,3494


=
=23,85505
3
3

(23,914223,85505)2+(24,301523,85505)2 +( 23,349423,85505)2
31

0,22925

= 0,47879

RSD =

SD
x 100
ratarata
0,47879
x 100
23,85505

= 2,00709

Dry Basis (Basis Kering)

Ulangan 1 =

(19,990619,4356)
x 100
(1 9,435617,67)

= 31,4305 %

Ulangan 2 =

(20,259219,6799)
x 100
(19,679917,875)

= 32,1031 %

Ulangan 3 =

(25,832625,277)
x 100
(25,27723,453)

= 30,4622 %

Rata-rata =

SD =

kadar air ul.(1+2+3) 31,4305+32,1031+3 0,4622


=
=31,3319
3
3

(31,430531,3319)2+(32,103131,3319)2 +(30,462231,3319)2
31

SD = 0,680425
SD = 0,82487
RSD =

SD
x 100
ratarata
0,82487
x 100
31,3319

= 2,63268