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Project Details:

Page #

Standardized Ribbed Slab Designs to BS 8110-97:

Prepared:

Case-3) Continuous 5m Long Spans & Imposed Loading 2.5kPa

Checked:

CALCULATIONS

REF

1 of 4
Yusuf

OUTPUT

Slab Geometry:

5m

5m

5m

- Design a one-way ribbed slab with 3 equal continuous spans


BS81103.5.2.3 &
3.5.2.4

- It satisfies the criteria of BS8110 for using Table 3.12


For +ve moment, design the most critical section:
i.e. End Span, Span (upport c-r) L =

For -ve moment, design the most critical section:


i.e. First Interior Support
Material Properties:

fy =
fcu =
RCC Weight =

460 N/mm (main & shear reinforcement)


30 N/mm (C25/30 Concrete)
25 kN/m

Loading:

Formwork (SDL) =

1.20 kN/m2
0.4 kN/m2

Characteristic Imposed Load =

2.50 kN/m2

Floor Finishes & Services (SDL) =


BS6399-1

Slab Sizing:

Let topping thickness, hf =

100 mm

Rib width, bw =

230 mm

Flange Width b =
BS81103.4.6.3
Table 3.9

750 mm (Rib spacing)

bw/b =

0.31 > 0.3

Interpolating Basic L/d =

26 -5.15

Let modification factor =

1.5 (to be confirmed later)

Allowable L/d ratio =


Therefore, dmin=
Bottom cover to links =

= 20.8

31.3
159.9 mm
25 mm (includes 5mm for
deviation)

bottom skin =

15 mm

Dia of main bars =

14 mm

Dia of links =

8 mm

hreq =

214.9 mm
Try an overall depth of slab h =

224 mm

Project Details:

Page #

Standardized Ribbed Slab Designs to BS 8110-97:

Prepared:

Case-3) Continuous 5m Long Spans & Imposed Loading 2.5kPa

Checked:

CALCULATIONS

REF

2 of 4
Yusuf

OUTPUT

Ulitmate Load & Moment Calculation:

Width of slab carried by one rib =

750

mm

Self-weight of slab =

2.50 kN/m

Design Dead Load = 1.4xDL =

5.18 kN/m

Design Implosed Load = 1.6xLL =

3.00 kN/m

Total Design Load, w =

8.18 kN/m

Total Design Load on a span, F = wL =


BS81103.5.2.3 &
3.5.2.4

40.91 kN

Ultimate bending moment and shear force as per Table 3.12

0.086FL

0.063FL
BMD

0.063FL

0.086FL
0.4F

0.5F

0.5F
SFD

0.5F

0.6F
Design of End Span (Bottom Reinforcement):

Ultimate Moment M = 0.086 FL =


T section, b =

750

mm, d =

169

mm

100
mm
Mf = 0.45 fcu b hf (d - 0.5hf) = 120.49

kNm

>M

17.6

kNm

Assume 0.9x = hf =

Neutral axis lies in the flange; treat as a rectangular section,


having width b =
BS81103.4.4.4

750

K = M/(fcu b d2) = 0.027

mm, h =

224

mm

< 0.156

hence compression reinforcement is not required


z/d = 0.5+(0.25 - K/0.9) =

0.97

0.95

z = 0.95d = 160.55
As req = M/(0.87 fy z) =

BS8110Table 3.25

274

mm
Minimum reinforcement check: web in tension, bw/b0.4
Asmin =

0.13% bw h =

67

mm

Provide Bottom
Reinforcement
2Y 14

Asprov(mm2)= 308

Project Details:

Page #

Standardized Ribbed Slab Designs to BS 8110-97:

Prepared:

Case-3) Continuous 5m Long Spans & Imposed Loading 2.5kPa

Checked:

CALCULATIONS

REF

3 of 4
Yusuf

OUTPUT

Design of First Interior Support (Top Reinforcement):

Ultimate Moment M = 0.086 FL =

17.6

kNm

Hogging moment over support; slab bottom face in compression.


Ribs are not terminated before the support, hence:
Solid section: b =
BS81103.5.2.3 &
3.5.2.4

BS81103.4.4.4

230

mm, h =

224

mm

Table coefficient include 20% redistribution of moment at support


b = 0.8
K' = 0.402(b b 0.4) 0.18(b b 0.4)2 =

0.132

K = M/(fcu b d2) = 0.051 < K'


hence compression reinforcement is not required
z/d = 0.5+(0.25 - K/0.9) =

0.94

0.95

z = 0.95d = 160.55
As req = M/(0.87 fy z) =

BS8110Table 3.25
3.12.11.2

Provide Top
Reinforcement
2Y 10

274

mm
Minimum reinforcement check: for rectangular sections
Asmin =

0.13% b h =

67

mm

+1Y 12
Asprov(mm2)= 270

Shear Check:

Max. shear force at first interior support = 0.6F =


Ribs are not terminated before the support, hence critical section is at
the face of the load-bearing :
x=

62

24.0

BS8110Eq. 22

Calculate design applied shear stress:

BS8110Table 3.8

Calculate design concrete shear stress:


100 As/bvd = 0.70

v = V/bvd =

(400/d)
BS81103.6.4.7
BS81103.6.6.3

vc = (0.79/gm)*{100As/(bwd)}

kN

mm from support centerline

Shear Force V = (0.6F) - (wx) =

1/4

24.5

1/3

0.62

1.24

(400/d)

1/4

kN
N/mm < vcmax=

4.38

3
0.67
(fcu/25) =

0.74

N/mm

v < vc , no shear
links required

'Where two or more bars are used in a rib, the use of link reinforcement is
Provide Double
recommended to ensure correct cover to reinforcement. The spacing of the
Legged Links
links can generally be of the order of 1 m to 1.5 m depending on the size of
Y8@500mm c/c
the main bars'

Project Details:

Page #

Standardized Ribbed Slab Designs to BS 8110-97:

Prepared:

Case-3) Continuous 5m Long Spans & Imposed Loading 2.5kPa

Checked:

CALCULATIONS

REF
BS81103.4.6.3
Table 3.9

Yusuf

OUTPUT

Deflection Check (Middle of End Span):


Code says that Table 3.9 ratios "are based on limiting the total deflection to
span/250 and this should normally ensure that the part of the deflection
occurring after construction of finishes and partitions will be limited to span/500
or 20 mm, whichever is the lesser, for spans up to 10 m"

bw/b =

0.31

Interpolated Basic L/d =

20.8

> 0.3,

M/bd =

0.82

0.95

fs =

287

N/mm

tension m.f =

1.47

As'prov =

157

mm

As'prov/bd =

compression m.f =

1.04

1.5 =

1.04

BS8110Eq. 8

4 of 4

N/mm

BS8110Eq. 7

Allowable L/d = Basic L/d*m.f =

31.9

Actual L/d =

29.6

1.47

< Allowable L/d

No further checks are required.

0.12

Deflection Check
Satisfactory

Reinforcement in Topping:

Single layer of welded steel fabric is needed for the topping:


Use Mesh A252
BS81103.6.6.2

Taking 1m width of the topping, b =


As = 0.12% b hf =

1000 mm

Maximum spacing Smax = rib spacing/2 =

375 mm

Detailing Diagram:

120 mm2/m

Y8 bars
S = 200 mm
As = 252 mm2/m