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# UAS

## NAMA : TATY YUNIARTI

NIM. 95014318

DOSEN
IR. SRI HETTY SUSANTIN, M.ENG

## PRORAM STUDI MAGISTER PENGELOLAAN SUMBER DAYA AIR

INSTITUT TEKNOLOGI BANDUNG
2015

## Problem 1 - Lateral Pressure

Dik:
A
=
=

17.4 kN/m3
26 o
14.36 kN/m3

c=
z
H=

6m

B
Dit:
a) Kedalaman zc
b) Tekanan aktif rankine dan lokasinya sebelum tensile crack terjadi
c) Tekanan aktif rankine dan lokasinya sesudah tensile crack terjadi
Jawab:
>>

Ka

=
=

tg2 (45+/2)
0.390

a) Kedalaman zc
_=2/()

17.4

2.64

14.36
0.62

>>

_=_._=.._2(_
)
=
0.00

17.946248

-17.95

_=_._=.._2(_
)

=
=

>>

40.76
22.82

kN/m2

kN/m2

17.946248

-17.95
I
zc

2.641

H-Zc

3.36

ket:
(+)

II

>>

Gaya
Pa1

Pa2

=
=

0.5
x
-23.702253 kN/m

-17.95

2.64

=
=

0.5
x
38.3173728 kN/m

3.36

22.82

>>

## Tekanan tanah aktif rankine (Pa) sebelum tensile crack

Pa
=
Pa1
+
Pa2
-23.702253
38.317373
=
+
= 14.6151199 kN/m

>>

## Lokasi Pa sebelum tensile crack

=(
)/_

-23.7
38.3

x ((
x(

2/3
1/3

x
x

2.64
3.36

)+
)

14.61512
=
=

+
42.90
14.61512
-5.3675404 m
bawah titik B)
-121.34

bawah titik B)
c)sesudah tensile crack
>>

_=_._=.._2(_ )

=
=

22.82
4.87 kN/m2

_=_._=.._2(_
)
=
40.76

22.82

=
>>

kN/m2

17.946248

17.946248

A
I
zc

ket:
(+)

2.641
c

H-Zc

4.87

3.36

II
I
B

>>

Gaya
Pa1

Pa2

=
=

0.5
x
30.1364905 kN/m

17.95

=
=

3.36
x
16.3617646 kN/m

4.87

>>

## Tekanan tanah aktif rankine (Pa) setelah tensile crack

Pa
=
Pa1
+
Pa2
16.361765
= 30.1364905
+
= 46.4982551 kN/m

>>

3.36

x
x

3.36
3.36

=(
)/_

30.1
16.4

x
x

1/3
1/2

46.498255
=
=

+
27.48
46.498255
1.31647542 m
atas titik B)
33.74

alaman zc

22.82

3.36

22.82

## Problem 2 - Cantilever Retaining wall

Dik:
x1 =

0.25 m
A
1 =

16 kN/m3

1 =

32 o
0 kN/m3

c1 =
H=

B
2 =

18 kN/m

2 =

1.5

15 o
45 kN/m3

c2 =

x5 =
C
x3

x2 =

1.2 m

0.5 m

Dit:
SF guling dan SF geser dengan teori rankine
catatan: Drainase berfungsi maksimal dan tekanan tanah lateral pasif dipertimbangkan

Jawab:
active earth pressure coefficient (Ka)
(deg)
28
30
0
0.361
0.333
5
0.366
0.337
10
0.38
0.35
15
0.409
0.373
20
0.461
0.414
25
0.573
0.494
>>

Koefisien
=
i
=
=

1/3 1
1/3
10.67

32

32
0.307
0.311
0.321
0.341
0.374
0.434

'(deg)
34
0.283
0.286
0.294
0.311
0.338
0.385

36
0.26
0.262
0.27
0.283
0.306
0.343

cos i =
cos I ^2 =
cos 2 =
cos 2 ^2=

10

38
0.283
0.24
0.246
0.258
0.277
0.307

0.984807753
0.9698463104
0.9659
0.9330

I =
=
10
1
=
32
Ka1
=
0.321
_= cos +( ^2
^2 2) /(cos ( ^2
^2 ) 2)

Kp

>>

1.46156

## Tekanan tanah lateral aktif

_=_._1=1.0._12_1 (_1 )

=
=

0.00

0.00 kN/m2

0.00

_=_._1=1.._12_1 (_1 )

=
=

30.82
30.82
kN/m2

0.00

_=_._1=1.(+5)._12_1 (_1 )

=
=

0.00

0.984807753

1.1767
0.7929

40
0.217
0.219
0.225
0.235
0.25
0.275

x4 =
3m

0.5

>>

## Tekanan tanah lateral pasif

_=_._2=2.._2+2_2 (_2 )

39.46 +
231.72 kN/m2

=
=

>>

192.25

## Diagram tekanan tanah lateral

A

6
I

Pa

30.82
B
II
Pp
1.5

III
C

33.38

231.7

>>

Resultante Gaya-Gaya
aktif
Pa1

=
=
=
=
=
=

0.5
x
92.448 kN/m
30.82
x
46.224 kN/m
0.50
x(
1.926 kN/m

30.82

33.38

Pa

=
=

92.448
+
140.60 kN/m

46.22

Pp

=
=

0.5
x
173.787132 kN/m

231.72

=
=
=

0
173.787132
33.19 kN/m

Pa2
Pa3

6.00

1.50
30.82

)x

1.5

1.9

pasif

Resultante
H
Pp-Pa

>>

1.50

140.60

aktif
_(=(
)/_ )

92.448

x ((

1/3

6.00 ) +

46.22

x(

1/2

1.50 ) +

1.93

x(

1/3

1.50 ) +
140.60

323.568

2.554795 m

34.67

+
140.60

0.96

1.5 )

pasif
_(=(
)/_ )

>>

173.7871

0.50

x(

1/3
173.787132

1.50 )

10

Gaya Vertikal
0.25 m

x1 =

W3
beton

24 kN/m3

B1

tan 10

0.176326981

6
B2

W4

W2
x
1
D

W1

1.5
B3

x5 =

x3

x2 =

1.2 m

0.5 m

Berat DPT
B1

B2

B3

=
=
=

alas
0.25
36

=
=
=

1/2
1/2
18.00

=
=
=

alas
4.70
56.4

x
x

tinggi
6

x
x

beton

alas
0.25

x
x

tinggi
6

tinggi
0.5

x
x

beton

tinggi
1

x
x

18

alas
0.04166667

x
x

tinggi
1

x
x

18

alas
3

x
x

tinggi
0.5289809421

x
x

16

tinggi
6

x
x

16

24

kN/m2
x
x

x
x

beton
24

kN/m2
x
x

24

kN/m2

Berat tanah
W1

W2

W3

W4

=
=
=

alas
1.2
21.6

=
=
=

1/2
1/2
0.75

=
=
=
=
=
=

x
x
kN/m2
x
x

kN/m2

1/2
x
1/2
x
25.39109 kN/m2
alas
3
288

x
x
kN/m2

x4 =
3m

0.5

T
3
T
3
0.5289809

>>

## Perhitungan Momen terhadap titik C

Gaya Vertikal Lengan
W1
W2
W3
W4
B1
B2
B3
jml

>>

Gaya Horisontal

lengan

140.60
173.787132

21.6
1
Pa
0.75
1.166667 Pp
25.3911 6.676327
288
3.5
36
3.5
18.0
2.5
56.4
0.25
446.141

2.55
0.50

33.19 3.0547945

Momen Guling
359.199
21.60
86.893566146
0.88
169.52
1008.00
126.00
45.00
14.10
1385.09 446.092566146

Stabilitas geser
'=k1.2

= 2/3 _2

c'a =k2c'2

_=( ()
+_2. )/()

446.1411

>>

Momen Tahan

## 8.742823 > 1.5

0.17632698

SF guling

=
=
=

0.1763269807

45

33.189132

Stabilitas guling
Momen tahan
Momen guling
1385.09419
446.092566
3.10494792 > 2

(ok)

2/32 =

10

4.7

## Problem 3- Cantilever Sheet Pile

Dik

A
sand
1 =

16 kN/m3

1 =
c1 =

30 o
0 kN/m3

1sat =

18 kN/m3

1' =

30 o
0 kN/m3

L1=

B
sand
w =

9.81 kN/m3

c1' =

L2=

7m

DL (Dredge Line)
clay
2' =

D?

0o
40 kN/m3

c2' =
E
Dit:
a) Hitung kedalaman penetrasi (D teori)?
b) Jika Dact = 0.3 D teori, hitung panjang turap?
c) Momem maksimum?
Jawab
a) D teori
sand
>>

Ka1

Kp1

clay
=
=

tg2 (45-1/2)

=
=

tg2 (45+1/2)

Ka2

0.333
Kp2

3.000

=
=

tg2 (45-2/2)

=
=

tg2 (45+2/2)

1.0

1.0

## >> Tekanan tanah lateral aktif

_=_._1=1.0._12_1 (_1 )

0.00

=
=

0.00 kN/m2

_=_._1=1.1._12_1 (_1 )

5.333
5.333 kN/m2

Titik C
Di kanan -> aktif

_1=_._1=(1.1+1^.2)_12_1

(_1 )
(lap.I)

24.44
24.44 kN/m2

=
=

_2=_._2=(1.1+1^.2)_22_2

(_2 )
(lap.
2)

73.33
-6.67

=
=

kN/m2

80

+
kN/m2

80

Di kiri ->pasif
_=_._1=.._2+2_2 (_2 )

=
=

0.00
80.00

Titik E
Di kanan -> pasif

=(
=

16.00
153.33

+
+

57.33
8.19

+
D

## Di kiri -> aktif

_=_._1=^.._22_2 (_2 )

=
=

8.19
8.19

D
D

80
80

8.19 D)

1.0

80

A
sand
L1=

I
B

5.33
sand

II

L2=
106.885

Pa =

7m

III
86.67
F

## 24.44 DL (Dredge Line)

clay

Pc
D?
G
D
Z

Pe
H
233.33

E
>> Gaya- gaya lateral diatas Dredge Line
Pa1
=
0.5
x
=
2.67 kN/m
Pa2

Pa3

5.33

1.00

=
=

5.33
37.33

7.00

=
=

0.5
x
66.885 kN/m

19.11

7.00

Pa2
37.333333

+
+

Pa3
66.885

1/3
1/2
1/3

x
x
x

kN/m

Pa
=
Pa1
+
2.666667
=
+
=
106.885 kN/m
>> Lokasi Pa
=(
)/_

2.67
37.33
66.9

x(
x(
x(

1.00
7.00
7.00

)+
)
)

106.9
=
=

19.56

130.7
106.885

156.1

2.865577 m

## >> Gaya- gaya lateral dibawah Dredge Line

Superposisi di titik C
_
=
_80.0
2
=
86.7
kN/m
=
Pc

=
=

86.67
86.67

-6.67

Superposisi di titik E
= _
153.3
+
= ( _
=
233.3
+
=
233.3 kN/m
Pe

=
=

0.5
160

8.19
0

)-(

320

8.19 D

80.0

>>
+
+

Pa
106.9

Pe
160

z-

H
=
Pc
=
86.67 D =
z
=

0
0
0
86.67

D-

106.9
160

>>

ME

=
=

160

(+)+(13 )(12 )

106.9

2.865577 + D

0.541688

D-

0.668031

0
0
1/3 z

86.67

306.28722

106.9

D+

53.333333

306.28722

106.885

D+

53.333333 0.541688

D-

0.6680313 )2 -

306.28722

106.885

D+

53.333333 0.293425

D2 -

0.7237284

306.28722 +
-27.68565 D2 +

106.885 D +

15.649352

68.28615 D +

330.09

z2

D2-

## dari rumus diatas di dapatkan nilai D teori sebesar =

sehingga nilai z dapat dihitung:
z
=
0.541688
=
2.648798
=
1.980766 m

D aktual
=
1.3
1.3
=
=
6.35687

D-

0.6680313
0.6680313

x
x
m

D teori
4.8899

## Panjang turap yang dibutuhkan

=
=
=

43.335 D2

38.59885 D+

43.335 D2
D+

0.446266 -

23.80

4.8899 m

L1 +L2 +D aktual
1
+
14.35687 m

6.35687

c) Momen Maksimum
>> overbudden pressure
=11+^ 2

=(
=

16

)+ (

8.19

2.865577

1/2

0.62

73.33 kN/m2

## >> Momen Maksimum

_=[(_/(4_2)+)(1/2 _/(4_2))]

106.885

106.885

=
=

438.1022
372.1947 kN

106.885
86.67
4.099
-

65.907484

1/2D

106.885
86.67

43.335 D2

43.3

D2