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Ancillary materials used in packaging

Ancillary material are the materials used along with the packaging materials sometime as a major
component or either working as a side player it plays an important role in packaging.
Function of Ancillary materials

Appearance
Protection
Dispense
To inform
To provide reusability
Support
Adding strength etc

Types of ancillary materials:


1)CAPS &CLOSURES
2)LABLES
3)REINFORCEMENTS
A)SHRINK FILM
B)STAPLES
c)TAPES
d)STRAPS
4)CUSHIONING MATERIALS
1)CAPS AND CLOSURES -FUNCTIONS
PROTECTIVE CONTENMENT
(SPILLAGE & CONTAMINATION)
PRESERVATION OVER STIPULATED TIME PERIOD (SHELF LIFE)
PROTECTION AGAINST PILFERAGE
ACCESS & REUSABILITY
BRAND IMAGING

CAPS &CLOSURE

Categories of cap

Material of composition

system and design

1)Single use

1)plastic (PP,HDPE,LDPE,SAN,ABS etc.)

1)Screw cap

2)multiple use

2)metal (aluminium, tin etc.)

2)ROPP cap

3)Pilfer proof

3)glass

3)flip top

4) composites and laminates

4)Lug cap
5)aerosol valve
6)Friction fit

B)INDUCTION SEALS
construction
1. CAPSULE
2. BOARD/FOAM
3. BARRIER FILM
4. WAX COATING
5. PAPER
6. AL FOIL
7. POLYESTER FILM
8. SEALING FILM/COATING

Advantages AIRTIGHT
HERMATIC
CHILD RESISTANT
PROVIDES CUSION
EASY TO REMOVE
LOW COST

3)LABLES-

LABLES

Functions of label
TO INFORM ABOUT

MATERIAL USED

TYPES OF LABEL

a. PRODUCT

a.PAPER

a.PRESSURE SENSITIVE

b. QUALITY

1)PLAIN

b.SHRINK SLEEVE

c. QUANTITY

2)METALIZED

c.GLUED

d. OWNER

3)FOIL &LAMINATES

d.HEAT SELABLE

e. HANDLING

b.PLASTIC

e.TAGS or LEAFLETS

f.

c)FABRIC

DISTRIBUTION

g. HAZARDS &
h. SECURITY
TO DECORATE
TO PROMOTE
ADHESIVES FOR LABLES
a) WATER BASED
b) STARCH BASED
c) EMULSION TYPE
d) HOT MELT
e) ACRYLIC BASE

QUALITIES OF GOOD LABELa) ADEQUATE TEAR STRENGTH IN WET AND DRY STATE
b) LOW STIFFNESS
c) SUFFICIENT WATER ABSORPTION CAPACITY FOR BACK SIDE
d) SMOOTH FRONT SIDE
e) SHOULD NOT HAVE HIGHER CURLING TENDENCY

f)

GOOD ADHESION PROPERTIES

3) REINFORCEMENT MATERIALS Materials used to preserve integrity of package during handling


and distribution and storage .
Function
HELPS IN
UNITISATION
HANDLING
DISTRIBUTION
MINIMIZING HAZARDS

REINFORCEMENT FUNCTION
MATERIAL
SHRINK SLEEVE
PILFER PROOFING
LABELING
REINFORCEMENT

STAPPLES

SUPPORT
STABLITY

TAPES

TO REINFORCE THE
CLOSURE
TO INCREASE
STABILITY DURING
ROUGH HANDLING
SEALING

STRAPS

UNITISATION
RIGIDITY / SUPPORT
SECURITY

TYPES

MATERIAL USED

BODY
SLEEAVE
CLOSURE
SLEEVE
COMPLETE
SLEEVE

PVC
LDPE
PET G

ROUND
FLAT

METAL PLAIN
METAL WITH COATINGS
BRONZE

IN VARIOUS
DIAMETER
18MM,32MM,72MM
ETC. AS PER
REQUIREMENT

PLASTIC
CELLOPHENE
BOPP
PAPER
GUMMED PAPER TAPE
SINGLE PLY NON
REINFORCED
DOUBLE PLY REINFORCED
PLASTIC
POLYESTER
NYLON
PP
RAYON
METAL

4) COUSHIONING MATERIALS materials used to provide support to the package while


transportation or handling etc.
As name indicates cushioning is to provide an protective environment to the package.
MATERIAL USED EPS (EXPANDED POLYSTYRENE)
EPE (EXPANDED POLYETHYLENE)
RUBBER
CFB
AIR BUBBLE FILM
PAPER SHAVINGS
PU FOAM
THIS IS ONLY INTRODUCTION TO THE ANCILLARY MATERIALS USED THERE ARE MANY
OTHER MATERIAL EVERDAY NEWER MATERIALS ARE COMING REPLACING THE EXISTING
ONE IN ITS FUNCTION, COST , SUSTAINABLITY ETC.

KULDEEPAK PANDEY