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PHYSICS 131

Answer all items neatly, completely and independently.


1. A spherical charge distribution has a volume charge density which is a function of r, the distance from the center of the distribution,

that is, = (r). If (r) is given below, determine the electric field E as a function of r. Integrate the result to obtain an expression
for the electrostatic potential subject to the restriction that U at = 0.
a)

A
r

= 0
2.

if A is constant for 0 r R
for r R.

Show that the magnetic vector potential of two long parallel wires carrying the same current i in opposite directions, is given by

i r
A 0 ln 2 r
2 r1

where r1 and r2 are distances from field point to the wires and r is a unit vector parallel to the wires.
3.

Show that the emf in a fixed circuit C is given by

d
dt

A dl
C

where A is the vector potential.


4.

The E-field induced by

B B t

can be written explicitly as


1
E(r )
4

(a)

(r r ' ) B (r ' )
r r'

dV '

Verify that E B t and E 0 , by differentiating inside the integral. (b) Show that the gradient of any solution of
Laplaces equation can be added to E.