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Parts and Functions in Humans

Urinary System

Digestive System

- Organs: kidney, ureter, bladder,

- Oral Cavity (Mouth): site of

- Pharynx: shared passageway for

urethra
Nephron: main filtering structure
of the kidneys
- Glomerulus (Filtration)
- Bowman's Capsule (Filtration)
- Proximal and Distal Tubules
(Reabsorption and Secretion)
- Loop of Henle (Reabsorption)
- Collecting Duct (Excretion)

ingestion of food
food and air

- Esophagus: transports bolus by


peristalsis to the stomach

- Stomach: site of mechanical and


-

Other Organism's Stuctures

- Protonephridia: flame bulb


-

system (flatworm)
Metanephridia: located in each
segment of the earthworm
(annelids)
Malpighian Tubules: releases
waste into digestive tract
(anthropods)
Kidneys: nephron (mammals)

- Sponges: suspension feeders

Connection to Cell Transport

- Filtration uses passive transport


-

to move particles in the blood


from high to low concentration.
Reabsorption moves H2O
bicarbohydrate ions, NaCl,
Nutrients, and K+ back into the
blood using both passive and
active transport.
Secretion moves H+, K+, toxins,
drugs, from blood into the filtrate
in he renal tubules using mainly
active transport, but some
passive.

chemical digestion of food; stores


food.
Small Intestines: nutrient
absorption
Large Intestines: removes excess
water and stores waste
(food particles get trapped in
mucous of collar cells and taken
in by phagocytosis (intracellular
digestion)).
Cindarians: within gastrovascular
cavity
Platyhelminthes: within
gastrovascular cavity (mouth/
anus together)
Mollusca, Annelids, Arthropods,
and Echinoderms: 2 openings for
digestion (one-way tube)

- Villi/microvilli: projections that

aid in increased surface area to


increase absorption of nutrients
through diffusion into the blood.