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Kaisey Margetts UNIV 3925: Assignment 2

1. Geography: Before you travel abroad, you should know where youre going and some of the
major cities in that country. Visit the U.S. Department of States Country Information webpage
on the country you will be traveling to.

The Capital of Japan is Tokyo

We will be visiting the capital, Tokyo, as well as other cities south of Tokyo. We will also be
visiting the cities of Kumamoto, Matsue, Nara, Hiroshima, and Nagasaki. These cities are
kind of all over the place but all in the southern part of the country. We will cover about
half of this country in the time that we are here. What city will you be visiting, and where is it
in relation to the country's capital (north of the capital, southeast of the capital, etc.)? If you are
planning to visit multiple cities, list up to five of them here, and describe where they are in
relation to each other.
2. Safety: Before you travel abroad, you should be aware of how your safety and security might
be affected so that you can take appropriate precautions.
A. Visit the U.S. Department of State webpages Travel Warnings: More and Travel Alerts:
More to see if the country you plan to travel to is on the Travel Warning list or the Travel Alert
list.
There was no travel alert for Japan.

B. Read the entire U.S. Department of State Country Information webpage on the country (or
countries) you will be traveling to. Describe in approximately 50 words what will be the most
dangerous aspects of visiting that country (or countries) according to the Dept. of State.
The crime rate is below the US national average but there are still precautions to take.
There is a good amount of security and they focus on possible terrorist behavior. Something
to watch is to avoid purchasing pirated or counterfeit goods, it is illegal here in the US and
could be illegal in Japan as well. There are high risk parts of the city which include mostly
bar scenes which I will not be participating in.

3. Travel Documents: Before you travel abroad, you will need to acquire some documents. If you
are traveling outside the U.S., you will definitely need a passport, and you might also need a
visa.
A. Respond in one or two sentences to the following questions. Where does an American go to
get a U.S. passport? How much does it cost? How long does it take? If you already have a
passport, state that you already have a passport and indicate the date your passport expires.
To get a passport you can go to any designated post office with passport service and take
the correct documents as well as an application and then they will mail it to you in a certain
amount of time. A passport costs $110 and then there is a fee of $25 for execution, so total is
$135. This will take 4-6 weeks after everything is submitted unless you pay another $60 to
have it within 2-3 weeks. I already have my passport and the expiration date is 04 January
2022.
B. In addition to a passport, will you need a visa?
No I will not need a visa for this trip.

4. Political: Before you travel abroad, you should know who governs the people you will be
interacting with and how those in positions of power achieved their power. (Why is this
important? Having some knowledge of the country you're in demonstrates your respect for the
people there and your desire to become a global citizen, someone who seeks an understanding of
cultures, institutions, and perspectives beyond their own country.) Indicate the sources of your
information by copying and pasting the URL of the webpage following each of your
responses.
A. Respond in one or two sentences: Who is currently the political leader of the country? (If the
country you will be traveling to have more than one leader, such as a president and a king or a
president and a prime ministeror some other combination of leadersplease list the top two or
three leaders here and explain who has the most political power.)
The chief of state is Emperor Akihito and the Head of Government is Prime Minister
Shinzo Abe. The Prime Minister has more power than the Emperor, the Emperor is a figure

head for the country where as the Prime Minister is the one who holds various
constitutional roles. http://globaledge.msu.edu/countries/japan/government
B. Respond in one or two sentences: When did that person become the political leader, and what
was the process by which the leader came to power? (For example, your response might be that
she was elected in November 2011 because she received the most popular votes, or he was the
leader of the army that took over the government in a political coup in June 2010, etc.)
The Emperor is hereditary and the Prime Minister is appointed by parliament. The current
prime minister was elected as the Prime Minister in 2006, and resigned a year later. He was
reelected in 2012. http://japan.kantei.go.jp/96_abe/meibo/daijin/abe_e.html

C. In approximately 50 words, describe the political institutions of the country. (For example,
does the countrys government have executive, legislative, and judicial branches, as the U.S.
does? Does the country have political parties? Are governmental leaders elected or are they
appointed by someone? Who makes the laws? Are women allowed to be political leaders? Are
women allowed to vote? How long has the current political structure been in place? Does the
country have a constitution? When did the country earn its independence?)
The Japanese government has the same branches of government that the US does,
executive, judicial, and legislative. Women can vote and can be in the House of Councilors,
this was allowed in 1945. Japan has two main political parties, the Democratic Party and
the liberal party. The Prime Minister is the one who is signing the laws while the part of the
legislative branch known as The Diet makes the laws.
5. Economics: Before you travel abroad, you should know what currency you will be using and
how it compares with the U.S. dollar. Briefly answer the following questions. Indicate the
sources of your information by copying and pasting the URL of the webpage following each
of your responses.
A. What is the unit of currency used in the country you will be living in? What is the exchange
rate with the U.S. dollar today? What was the exchange rate one year ago?
The currency that is used in Japan is the Yen. The exchange rate with the US dollar is 1 yen
to 0.0084 US dollar. A year ago the exchange rate was 1 yen to 0.00961 US dollar.
B. Provide a comparative cost of at least three of the following items: a loaf of bread, a cup of
coffee, a new book, a gallon of gasoline, a new T-shirt, a cell phone, a car, a house. List the
average cost of the item in the country you will be visiting next to the average cost of the item in
the United States. Make sure the information you are providing is up to date. State your answers
in U.S. dollars, not in the foreign country's currency. http://www.bls.gov/regions/midatlantic/data/AverageRetailFoodAndEnergyPrices_USandMidwest_Table.htm
http://www.numbeo.com/cost-of-living/city_result.jsp?country=Japan&city=Tokyo
http://www.starbucks.co.jp/en/coffees/medium.html,

A loaf of bread: US- $1.92

Japan- $1.54

A Gallon of Gasoline: US- $2.193


Cup of Coffee: US-$2.19

Japan- $4.86

Japan- $8.90

6. Education: Before you travel abroad, you should know something about the education system
you will be participating in. (Why is this important? For the same reason stated in number 4
above: Having some knowledge of the country you're in demonstrates your respect for the people
there and your desire to become a global citizen, someone who seeks an understanding of
cultures, institutions, and perspectives beyond their own country.) In a paragraph of 50-100
words, describe the primary, secondary, and post-secondary education systems in the country you
will be living in. How is the foreign country's education system different from the U.S.
system? Indicate the sources of your information by copying and pasting the URL of the
webpage following each of your responses.
The Japanese education system was reformed after WWII. They have a system of 6 years of
elementary school, 3 years of junior high, 3 years of high school, and 4 years at university.
The education system is very similar to the US in that way. Japan has a %100 enrollment
rate in elementary school and a %96 rate in high school. They have %46 of their high
school graduates that attend a university. The education system differs from the US in the
way that they have a Ministry of Education that maintains the same level of education
throughout the country. In the US there is a standard but I dont feel like the country has
one way to teach things. Every state is going to have a different approach to education but
the same end goal is hopefully reached.
http://japanese.about.com/od/japaneselessons/a/061000.htm

7. Language: Before you travel abroad, you should know what language the local people speak
and how you will communicate with them. Briefly answer the following questions.
A. What is the local language most commonly spoken where you will be traveling overseas?
Japanese
B. What is your communication skill level in this language (from 0-10, with 10 being native
fluency)? 0, I do not know Japanese.

8. Local transportation: Before you travel abroad, you should know how you will get around. In
a paragraph of approximately 50 words, please describe the transportation system(s) you will
likely use while youre abroad. What are the most common modes of transportation in the city
you will be living in? Do most people drive cars, take the metro system, ride horses, or walk?
How will you get around, and how much will it probably cost you per day or per week or per

month? Indicate the sources of your information by copying and pasting the URL of the
webpage following each of your responses.
http://www.japan-guide.com/e/e627.html
The transportation that we will mostly be using is the train system that they have in Japan.
It is the best way to travel from city to city in Japan. In Japan they have a bullet train
called the Shinkansen which connects Tokyo to most major cities. The cost of this
transportation for 14 days is 46,390 Japanese Yen or $395 US Dollars.
9. Religion: Before you travel abroad, you should know something about the religious beliefs of
the people you will be living among. In a paragraph of approximately 50 words, please describe
the religion (or religions) of the people you will likely encounter while youre abroad. What is
(are) the main religion(s) where youre going? Describe a few ways that the most prominent
local religion there is different from what you are accustomed to in the U.S. Indicate the
sources of your information by copying and pasting the URL of the webpage following each
of your responses. http://www.japan-guide.com/e/e629.html
In the US there is a variety of Religions. There are two main religions in Japan, Shinto and
Buddhism. These two religions co-exist harmoniously and even complement each other in
some ways. Most Japanese people refer to themselves as Buddhists, Shintoists, or both. This
will be different for me because I dont know much about these religions and dont think
that I have ever met someone who is either of these religions. It will be something different
but be so interesting to learn about.
10. In approximately 100 words, explain what you imagine will be some of the most striking
differences between your life in Cedar City, Utah, and the place you will be living during your
EDGE project.
I think that the biggest difference will be that I wont know where I am going and it will be
a new place, new country, and new experiences. This experience will teach me to go with
the flow and to just live in the moment and enjoy my time in this country that has so much
history and culture to it. I feel like the history of Japan goes back so much further than the
US and Utah that it is etched into the people that live there. Learning about the traditions
and just the day to day life of the people there. I am excited to see the similarities and the
differences that come with this adventure.