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HALAMAN JUDUL.....................................................................................

i
LEMBAR PERSETUJUAN.........................................................................ii
DAFTAR ISI...............................................................................................iii
DAFTAR TABEL........................................................................................vi
DAFTAR GAMBAR..................................................................................vii
Bab I Pendahuluan
A.
B.
C.
D.

Latar Belakang...........................................................................1
Rumusan Masalah......................................................................3
Tujuan Penelitian........................................................................3
Manfaat Penelitian......................................................................3

Bab II Tinjauan Pustaka


A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
F.
G.
H.
I.

Vitamin C...................................................................................5
Zinc.............................................................................................8
Rokok ......................................................................................10
Spermatozoa.............................................................................14
Mencit ......................................................................................23
Pengaruh Asap Rokok Terhadap Morfologi Sperma................24
Pengaruh Vitamin C dan Zinc Terhadap Morfologi Sperma....25
Kerangka Konsep.....................................................................27
Hipotesis...................................................................................28

Bab III Metodologi Penelitian


A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
F.
G.
H.
I.
J.
K.

Jenis Penelitian ..............................................................................29


Tempat dan Waktu Penelitian.........................................................29
Subyek dan Obyek Penelitian ........................................................29
Teknik Sampling.............................................................................29
Estimasi Besar Sampel...................................................................30
Kriteria Retriksi..............................................................................30
Pengalokasian Subjek.....................................................................31
Identifikasi Variabel........................................................................31
Definisi Operasional.......................................................................32
Alat dan Bahan Penelitian..............................................................33
Perisiapan Penelitian......................................................................34

L.
M.
N.
O.

Cara Penelitian ..............................................................................34


Analisis Data..................................................................................35
Skema Penelitian............................................................................36
Jadwal Penelitian............................................................................37

DAFTAR PUSTAKA

DAFTAR TABEL

Tabel 1

Kebutuhan Vitamin C Menurut Usia Berdasarkan RDA


(Recommended Dietary Allowance ).

Tabel 2Nilai Normal Spermatozoa Manusia


Tabel 3

Sifat Biologis Mencit (Mus musculus)

Tabel 4

Kandungan Asap Rokok Kretek Gudang Garam Menurut Pusat


Pengujian Obat Dan Makanan Nasional Jakarta Jenis Rokok.
2

DAFTAR GAMBAR

Gambar 1

Morfologi Sperma